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Constructivist Instruction

Author: Sigmund Tobias
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135847924
Size: 49.21 MB
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Constructivist Instruction: Success or Failure? brings together leading thinkers from both sides of the hotly debated controversy about constructivist approaches to instruction. Although constructivist theories and practice now dominate the fields of the learning sciences, instructional technology, curriculum and teaching, and educational psychology, they have also been the subject of sharp criticism regarding sparse research support and adverse research findings. This volume presents: the evidence for and against constructivism; the challenges from information-processing theorists; and commentaries from leading researchers in areas such as text comprehension, technology, as well as math and science education, who discuss the constructivist framework from their perspectives. Chapters present detailed views from both sides of the controversy. A distinctive feature of the book is the dialogue built into it between the different positions. Each chapter concludes with discussions in which two authors with opposing views raise questions about the chapter, followed by the author(s)’ responses to those questions; for some chapters there are several cycles of questions and answers. These discussions, and concluding chapters by the editors, clarify, and occasionally narrow the differences between positions and identify needed research.

Vygotsky For Educators

Author: Yuriy V. Karpov
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107065429
Size: 33.44 MB
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The first book to present the contemporary Vygotskian approach to learning and development from birth through adolescence to English-speaking educators.

The Wiley Handbook Of Christianity And Education

Author: William Jeynes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119098378
Size: 40.14 MB
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A comprehensive source that demonstrates how 21st century Christianity can interrelate with current educational trends and aspirations The Wiley Handbook of Christianity and Education provides a resource for students and scholars interested in the most important issues, trends, and developments in the relationship between Christianity and education. It offers a historical understanding of these two intertwined subjects with a view to creating a context for the myriad issues that characterize—and challenge—the relationship between Christianity and education today. Presented in three parts, the book starts with thought-provoking essays covering major issues in Christian education such as the movement away from God in American education; the Christian paradigm based on love and character vs. academic industrial models of American education; why religion is good for society, offenders, and prisons; the resurgence of vocational exploration and its integrative potential for higher education; and more. It then looks at Christianity and education around the globe—faith-based schooling in a pluralistic democracy; religious expectations in the Latino home; church-based and community-centered higher education; etc. The third part examines how humanity is determining the relationship between Christianity and education with chapters covering the use of Christian paradigm of living and learning; enrollment, student demographic, and capacity trends in Christian schools after the introduction of private schools; empirical studies on the perceptions of intellectual diversity at elite universities in the US; and more. Provides the breadth and depth of knowledge necessary to gain a sophisticated and nuanced understanding of the complex relationship between Christianity and education and its place in contemporary society A long overdue assessment of the subject, one that takes into account the enormous changes in Christian education Presents a global consideration of the subject Examines Christian education across elementary, secondary, and post-secondary levels The Wiley Handbook of Christianity and Education will be of great interest to Christian educators in the academic world, the teaching profession, the ministry, and the college and graduate level student body.

Quality Teaching In Primary Science Education

Author: Mark W. Hackling
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319443836
Size: 42.52 MB
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​This edited volume explores how primary school teachers create rich opportunities for science learning, higher order thinking and reasoning, and how the teaching of science in Australia, Germany and Taiwan is culturally framed. It draws from the international and cross-cultural science education study EQUALPRIME: Exploring quality primary education in different cultures: A cross-national study of teaching and learning in primary science classrooms. Video cases of Year 4 science teaching were gathered by research teams based at Edith Cowan University, Deakin University, the Freie Universität Berlin, the National Taiwan Normal University and the National Taipei University of Education. Meetings of these research teams over a five year period at which data were shared, analysed and interpreted have revealed significant new insights into the social and cultural framing of primary science teaching, the complexities of conducting cross-cultural video-based research studies, and the strategies and semiotic resources employed by teachers to engage students in reasoning and meaning making. The book’s purpose is to disseminate the new insights into quality science teaching and how it is framed in different cultures; methodological advancements in the field of video-based classroom research in cross-cultural settings; and, implications for practice, teacher education and research. “The chapters (of this book) address issues of contemporary relevance and theoretical significance: embodiment, discursive moves, the social unit of learning and instruction, inquiry, and reasoning through representations. Through all of these, the EQUALPRIME team manages to connect the multiple cultural perspectives that characterise this research study. The ‘meta-reflection’ chapters offer a different form of connection, linking cultural and theoretical perspectives on reasoning, quality teaching and video-based research methodologies. The final two chapters offer connective links to implications for practice in teacher education and in cross-cultural comparative research into teaching and learning. These multiple and extensive connections constitute one of the books most significant accomplishments. The EQUALPRIME project, as reported in this book, provides an important empirical base that must be considered by any system seeking to promote sophisticated science learning and instructional practices in primary school classrooms. By exploring the classroom realisation of aspirational science pedagogies, the EQUALPRIME project also speaks to those involved in teacher education and to teachers. I commend this book to the reader. It offers important insights, together with a model of effective, collegial, collaborative inter-cultural research. It will help us to move forward in important ways”. Professor David Clarke, Melbourne University

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Science

Author: Gregory J. Feist, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826106242
Size: 46.78 MB
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"Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This handbook is the definitive resource for scholars and students interested in how research and theory within each of the major domains of psychologyódevelopmental, cognitive, personality, and socialóhave been applied to understand the nature of scientific thought and behavior. Edited by two esteemed pioneers in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science, it is the first empirically based compendium of its time. The handbook provides a comprehensive examination of how scientific thinking is learned and evolves from infancy to adolescence and adulthood, and combines developmental and cognitive approaches to show the categorical similarities and differences in thinking between children, adolescents, adults, and scientists. Chapters highlight the breadth and depth of psychological perspectives in the studies of science, from creativity and genius, gender, and conflict and cooperation, to postmodernism and psychobiography. A section on applications offers findings and ideas that can be put to use by educators, policymakers, and science administrators. Contributors examine the importance of mental models in solving difficult technical problems, and the significance of leadership and organizational structure in successful innovation. The final section of the book is devoted to the future of this new field, focusing on how to continue to develop a healthy psychology of science. Key Features: Presents the only empirically based compendium of current knowledge about the psychology of scientific thought and behavior Edited by two pioneers in the discipline of psychology of science Describes how scientific thinking is learned and changes throughout the life span Addresses creativity and genius, gender, conflict and cooperation, postmodernism, and psychobiography Covers applications of the psychology of science that can be used by educators, policymakers, and science administrators

Demokratie Und Erziehung

Author: John Dewey
Publisher: Beltz
ISBN: 9783407220578
Size: 16.18 MB
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Ein Schlüsselwerk der internationalen Reformpädagogik. Systematisch begründet der amerikanische Philosoph und Pädagoge Erziehung und Demokratie als Formen "gemeinsamer und miteinander geteilter Erfahrung". Die Schule als Modell für Demokratie wird zur Grundlage des Lehrens und Lernens in modernen Gesellschaften. "Demokratie und Erziehung", 1916 erstmals erschienen, gilt als das Hauptwerk John Deweys und als Schlüsselwerk der internationalen Reformpädagogik. Dewey entwickelt eine moderne Pädagogik aus der Idee, "Erziehung" als demokratische Erfahrung zu begründen, wie andererseits "Demokratie" als Medium der Erziehungserfahrung zu verstehen. Erziehung ist nicht Funktion oder Instrument der Politik, sondern sie verwirklicht sich als Demokratie. Die Schule wird zur "Keimzelle" der demokratischen Gesellschaft. Deweys Forderung nach einer Schule, die sich nicht als Ort gesellschaftlicher Reproduktion, sondern als Ort gesellschaftlicher Transformation versteht, sein Verständnis von Schule als Modell für Demokratie ist auch in der heutigen Erziehungswissenschaft noch aktuell. Den zweiten Teil seines Werkes bestimmen sehr konkrete Ausführungen zur Methodik und Didaktik der Schule als Lernumwelt, in deren Mittelpunkt er den Begriff des "Erfahrungslernens" stellt. Diese Ausgabe schließt mit einer umfangreichen, aktualisierten Auswahlbibliografie.

Die Psychologie Des Kindes

Author: Jean Piaget
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783423350303
Size: 16.24 MB
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Die Autoren stellen die Entwicklung der Intelligenz des Kindes bis zu seinem Eintritt in die Erwachsenengesellschaft dar. Ein grundlegendes Buch zum Verständnis des menschlichen Erkennens und der kindlichen Psyche.

Quality Of Instruction In Physics

Author: Hans E. Fischer
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830980558
Size: 40.37 MB
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This book reports the findings from the tri-national video study Quality of Instruction in Physics (QuIP). Within the scope of the QuIP study, physics instruction was investigated in a total of 103 classes from-Finland, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) and German-speaking Switzerland. The main aim was to identify typical patterns of physics instruction of the three samples and to investigate conditions under which these patterns are successful with respect to students' learning, interest and motivation. Among others instructional characteristics, the quality of students' practical work, successful patterns of sequencing, the subject matter structure and teaching strategies were investigated by means of analyses of video-recorded lessons. Variables external to instruction that were investigated included teachers' professional knowledge and students' cognitive abilities. The study followed a pre-post-design with data collection prior to and after an instructional unit on electrical energy and power. The results are well in line with the findings from large-scale international studies indicating a particularly successful instructional pattern in Finland. A comparison of characterisation of instruction in comparison between the three countries reveals important findings for the improvement of the teaching and learning of physics in secondary school education.