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Contributions Toward Evidence Based Psychocardiology

Author: Jochen Jordan
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
Size: 12.45 MB
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Although there is extensive research on the psychosocial factors that influence the etiology, progression, and effective treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD), these findings are seldom applied in clinical situations. There are several possible reasons for this, including the questionable quality of some of the research, and a lack of productive dialog between psychologists and physicians. This book aims to correct that situation. The chapters in this volume are based on a systematic meta-analysis of the international literature by 40 German scientists who convened to evaluate the research and discarded all but the highest quality data on psychological aspects of CHD. The result is a collection of chapters that synthesize the most significant findings and indicate productive avenues for intervention and further research. Among the topics covered are: chronic emotional distress in the workplace; psychodynamic research on the etiology, course, and treatment of CHD; smoking cessation -- risk reduction and evaluation of interventions; physical inactivity as a risk factor and treatment models; anxiety and depression in CHD patients; type A behavior and hostility as risk factors; chest pain, angina pectoris, panic disorder, and Syndrome X; psychosocial aspects of heart catheterization, coronary angiography, and coronary angioplasty; and stress management, relaxation, and Ornish groups. Summarizing tables are included in the book and in an accompanying website. This book will be an important reference work for health psychologists who work with CHD patients, researchers, and cardiologists and other medical professionals.

One Nation Under Stress

Author: Dana Becker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199971773
Size: 55.80 MB
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Stress. Everyone is talking about it, suffering from it, trying desperately to manage it-now more than ever. From 1970 to 1980, 2,326 academic articles appeared with the word "stress" in the title. In the decade between 2000 and 2010 that number jumped to 21,750. Has life become ten times more stressful, or is it the stress concept itself that has grown exponentially over the past 40 years? In One Nation Under Stress, Dana Becker argues that our national infatuation with the therapeutic culture has created a middle-class moral imperative to manage the tensions of daily life by turning inward, ignoring the social and political realities that underlie those tensions. Becker shows that although stress is often associated with conditions over which people have little control-workplace policies unfavorable to family life, increasing economic inequality, war in the age of terrorism-the stress concept focuses most of our attention on how individuals react to stress. A proliferation of self-help books and dire medical warnings about the negative effects of stress on our physical and emotional health all place the responsibility for alleviating stress-though yoga, deep breathing, better diet, etc.-squarely on the individual. The stress concept has come of age in a period of tectonic social and political shifts. Nevertheless, we persist in the all-American belief that we can meet these changes by re-engineering ourselves rather than tackling the root causes of stress. Examining both research and popular representations of stress in cultural terms, Becker traces the evolution of the social uses of the stress concept as it has been transformed into an all-purpose vehicle for defining, expressing, and containing middle-class anxieties about upheavals in American society.

Dysregulation Of Autonomic Cardiac Control By Traumatic Stress And Anxiety

Author: J. P. Ginsberg
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889199150
Size: 70.22 MB
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Current understanding of the interplay between sympathetic and parasympathetic influences on cardiac response to environmental stimuli and subsequent response selection (e.g. maintenance of resting homeostasis, mobilization of defensive response, task performance, tonic immobilization, and/or affiliation) will be explored. Reference will be made to how these processes conjoin with proposed polyvagal theory. Cardiac adjustments to environmental stimuli affect the internal physiological state of the organism as well as the quality of information processing that the individual can perform during the stimulus appraisal stage of the orienting response. Bradyrdia is adaptive in early stages of orientation to novel or potential threat, while greater HRV power serves to facilitate self-regulation, stimulus information processing and appraisal, and appropriate response selection. This issue is devoted to current research findings on how normal patterns of cardiac autonomic regulation of HRV are disrupted in PTSD, impairing sustained attention to the environment and increasing the rate of inappropriate responding to stimuli. Origins of our current state of understanding in the ‘intake-rejection’ hypothesis will be considered, and how the intake-rejection hypothesis has morphed into present-day Optimal Performance practice. Additionally, empirical data where available will be presented on how dysregulation of the normal pattern of cardiac autonomic regulation by PTSD impairs sustained attention to the environment, and increases the rate of inappropriate responding to stimuli through disinhibition, poor impulse control, emotional withdrawal, over-arousal, and attentional bias. Current research findings are sought that address in controlled, experimental and clinical trials the restorative effects of HRV biofeedback on HRV power, and how increases in HRV power relate to improved attention / immediate memory and self-regulation of affect using outcome measures of cognition, symptoms of PTSD and depression, stress perception, and level of adaptive function.

Social Psychology

Author: Saul Kassin
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285624785
Size: 11.45 MB
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Distinguished by its current-events emphasis, the aim to bring the outside world into the field of social psychology, strong diversity coverage, and engaging connections drawn between social psychology and everyday life, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, Ninth Edition, remains one of the most scholarly and well-written books in its field. Integrating classic and contemporary research, the book also includes comprehensive coverage of social cognition and evolutionary psychology, and features authoritative material on social psychology and the law. Coverage of culture and diversity is integrated into every chapter by Hazel Rose Markus, a leader and respected researcher in the study of cultural psychology. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Clinical Psychology And Congenital Heart Disease

Author: Edward Callus
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8847056993
Size: 40.85 MB
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This book describes those psychological features specifically characteristic of patients with congenital heart disease, from birth to adulthood. The combination of case studies, descriptions of life experiences and psychological recommendations and collaboration with non-profit organizations in the field ensure that it will serve as an excellent day-to-day learning tool. Technological advances in cardiology and cardiac surgery have resulted in an increase in the number of adults with congenital heart disease, creating a new emergency. From when they are born, these patients and their relatives require extensive support for many reasons, including the uncertainty and restrictions in their lives, frequent hospitalizations and difficulties in the work and social spheres. Clinical Psychology and Congenital Heart Disease explains how psychology can contribute to healthcare treatment of patients with congenital heart disease and their families. Emphasis is placed on the need for a multidisciplinary approach to ensure the well-being of the patient and the clinician is provided with insights and instruments that will assist greatly in the provision of appropriate support.

International Handbook Of Anger

Author: Michael Potegal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387896762
Size: 47.91 MB
Format: PDF
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Book covers a broader range of topics than other books in this area. Notably, extensive coverage of the neurobiology of anger in context of psychology and sociology is unique. Book provides broad, integrative coverage while avoiding unnecessary duplication. Contributors have read each others’ chapters and there is extensive cross-referencing from chapter to chapter. Book contains a guide to content and organization of chapters and topics, along with interpolated commentary at the end of each section.

Handbook Of Psychocardiology

Author: Marlies Alvarenga
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789812872050
Size: 45.52 MB
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This handbook brings together the full weight of contemporary evidence bearing on what is now commonly termed “psycho-cardiology”. It focuses on the role of psycho-social factors in the genesis and clinical management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The book constitutes a critically reviewed compendium of current knowledge in the area, coupled with guides to evidence-based best practice in the field of psycho-cardiology. The following categories are covered: Social/demographic risk for CVD, Personality and CVD risk, Stress and CVD risk, Psychopathology (particularly affective disorders) and CVD risk, The psychological management of those with clinical CVD, Psychology in the prevention of CVD. The book integrates the evidence into a compelling argument that clinicians, researchers and those in public health will discount the role of psychological factors in regard to CVD at their own peril. And importantly for clinicians charged with the care of patients with CVD, the book poses the argument that failure to recognize the links between psychological factors and CVD may well be at the considerable peril of those patients under their care.

Cardiovascular Diseases And Depression

Author: Bernhard T. Baune
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319324802
Size: 66.34 MB
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The world is witnessing a burgeoning global epidemic of chronic cerebro- and cardiovascular disease and depression disorders. The reader will find this comprehensive book to be a long-needed, up-to-date knowledge base on these increasingly recognized comorbid conditions that have long-term consequences for individual function and well-being and society in general. This comprehensive book outlines the complex and bidirectional relationship between various types of depression and cerebro- and cardiovascular diseases. It is written by a range of experts in the field, including psychiatrists, cardiologists, neuroscientists, psychologists, and epidemiologists, with the aim of presenting and discussing the most recent evidence on the pathophysiology, neurobiology, and clinical presentation of these common and disabling comorbid conditions and the available pharmacological, psychological, and behavioral interventions. By elucidating the underlying clinical and neurobiological mechanisms in the brain and the rich interplay between the body and the brain biology, the book brings together the latest knowledge of this overlapping area in Psychiatry and Cardiology. The clear descriptions of evidence-based approaches to clinical treatment ensure that it will serve as both an up-to-date overview and a future guide for practicing clinicians and graduate students.

Publisher: ГЭОТАР-Медиа
ISBN: 5970409138
Size: 44.77 MB
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Руководство предназначено врачам-терапевтам, кардиологам, врачам общей практики, а также аспирантам, ординаторам, интернам и студентам старших курсов медицинских вузов.

Psychosocial Factors At Work And Their Relation To Health

Author: Raija Kalimo
Size: 21.78 MB
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A multidisciplinary effort to determine the extent to which psychosocial factors peculiar to different occupational environments can influence the health of workers and managers. Wide-ranging in its approach, the book uses a diversity of research findings and conceptual models to explore the links between specific forms of occupational stress and the physical and mental well-being of employees. Attention is also given to the impact that work-related stress can have on performance levels, rates of absenteeism, alcohol abuse, employee turnover and accidents on the job.