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Control Of Self Organizing Nonlinear Systems

Author: Eckehard Schöll
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319280287
Size: 35.47 MB
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The book summarizes the state-of-the-art of research on control of self-organizing nonlinear systems with contributions from leading international experts in the field. The first focus concerns recent methodological developments including control of networks and of noisy and time-delayed systems. As a second focus, the book features emerging concepts of application including control of quantum systems, soft condensed matter, and biological systems. Special topics reflecting the active research in the field are the analysis and control of chimera states in classical networks and in quantum systems, the mathematical treatment of multiscale systems, the control of colloidal and quantum transport, the control of epidemics and of neural network dynamics.

Self Organized Biological Dynamics And Nonlinear Control

Author: Jan Walleczek
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139427593
Size: 51.98 MB
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The growing impact of nonlinear science on biology and medicine is fundamentally changing our view of living organisms and disease processes. This book introduces the application to biomedicine of a broad range of interdisciplinary concepts from nonlinear dynamics, such as self-organization, complexity, coherence, stochastic resonance, fractals and chaos. It comprises 18 chapters written by leading figures in the field and covers experimental and theoretical research, as well as the emerging technological possibilities such as nonlinear control techniques for treating pathological biodynamics, including heart arrhythmias and epilepsy. This book will attract the interest of professionals and students from a wide range of disciplines, including physicists, chemists, biologists, sensory physiologists and medical researchers such as cardiologists, neurologists and biomedical engineers.

Organic Computing

Author: Rolf P. Würtz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540776575
Size: 21.19 MB
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In this book, the major ideas behind Organic Computing are delineated, together with a sparse sample of computational projects undertaken in this new field. Biological metaphors include evolution, neural networks, gene-regulatory networks, networks of brain modules, hormone system, insect swarms, and ant colonies. Applications are as diverse as system design, optimization, artificial growth, task allocation, clustering, routing, face recognition, and sign language understanding.

Self Organization In Sensor And Actor Networks

Author: Falko Dressler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470724453
Size: 48.81 MB
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Self-Organization in Sensor and Actor Networks explores self-organization mechanisms and methodologies concerning the efficient coordination between intercommunicating autonomous systems.Self-organization is often referred to as the multitude of algorithms and methods that organise the global behaviour of a system based on inter-system communication. Studies of self-organization in natural systems first took off in the 1960s. In technology, such approaches have become a hot research topic over the last 4-5 years with emphasis upon management and control in communication networks, and especially in resource-constrained sensor and actor networks. In the area of ad hoc networks new solutions have been discovered that imitate the properties of self-organization. Some algorithms for on-demand communication and coordination, including data-centric networking, are well-known examples. Key features include: Detailed treatment of self-organization, mobile sensor and actor networks, coordination between autonomous systems, and bio-inspired networking. Overview of the basic methodologies for self-organization, a comparison to central and hierarchical control, and classification of algorithms and techniques in sensor and actor networks. Explanation of medium access control, ad hoc routing, data-centric networking, synchronization, and task allocation issues. Introduction to swarm intelligence, artificial immune system, molecular information exchange. Numerous examples and application scenarios to illustrate the theory. Self-Organization in Sensor and Actor Networks will prove essential reading for students of computer science and related fields; researchers working in the area of massively distributed systems, sensor networks, self-organization, and bio-inspired networking will also find this reference useful.

Complex Systems And Self Organization Modelling

Author: Cyrille Bertelle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540880739
Size: 72.30 MB
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This book, the outcome of a workshop meeting within ESM 2006, explores the use of emergent computing and self-organization modeling within various applications of complex systems.

Dynamics Synergetics Autonomous Agents

Author: W Tschacher
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814495085
Size: 26.98 MB
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This volume focuses on the modeling of cognition, and brings together contributions from psychologists and researchers in the field of cognitive science. The shared platform of this work is to advocate a dynamical systems approach to cognition. Several aspects of this approach are considered here: chaos theory, artificial intelligence and Alfie models, catastrophe theory and, most importantly, self-organization theory or synergetics. The application of nonlinear systems theory to cognitive science in general, and to cognitive psychology in particular, is a growing field that has gained further momentum thanks to new contributions from the science of robotics. The recent development in cognitive science towards an account of embodiment, together with the general approach of complexity theory and dynamics, will have a major impact on our psychological understanding of reasoning, thinking and behavior. Contents: Theory and Concepts:Synergetics and Some Applications to Psychology (H Haken)Defending the Dynamical Hypothesis (T van Gelder)From Continuous Dynamics to Symbols (H Jaeger)On Measures for Order and Its Relation to Complexity (J Shiner et al.)Synergetics of Human Creativity (H Knyazeva & H Haken)Dynamical Concepts in Cognitive Psychology:Situated Cognition, Ecological Perception, and Synergetics: A Novel Perspective for Cognitive Psychology? (W Tschacher & J-P Dauwalder)Attitudes and the Self as Self-Organising Systems (R Eiser)An Affect-Centered Model of the Psyche and Its Consequences for a New Understanding of Nonlinear Psychodynamics (L Ciompi)Formation and Adaptation of Schemata (T Bröcker & J Kriz)Simulations of Stagewise Development with a Symbolic Architecture (F Gobet)Autonomous Agents:The Embodied Cognitive Science Approach (C Scheier & R Pfeifer)A Computational Model of Spatial Development (K Hiraki et al.)Societies of Autonomous Agents and Their Reorganization (N Glaser & P Morignot)Investigations into Internal and External Aspects of Dynamic Agent-Environment Couplings (K Dautenhahn)A Formal Theory of Collective Intelligence (W Sulis)Empirical Studies:The Detection of Catastrophe Flags in Personally Relevant Decisions (M Coulson & S Nunn)Synergetic Organization in Speech Rhythm (F Cummins)Exploring the Dynamics of Personality Change with Time Series Models (F Keller et al.)Hierarchical Dynamics Affecting Work Performance in Organizations (S J Guastello) Readership: Psychologists, cognitive scientists, computer scientists, philosophers and biologists. Keywords:Artificial Intelligence (AI);Autonomous Agents;(Embodied) Cognition;(Situated) Cognition;Dynamical Systems;Dynamics;Embodiment;Psychology;Robot;Self-Organization;Synergetics

Philosophy Of Complex Systems

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080931227
Size: 38.95 MB
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The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and so on. Our intention is to draw together in this volume, we believe for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the manifold philosophically interesting impacts of recent developments in understanding nonlinear systems and the unique aspects of their complexity. The book will focus specifically on the philosophical concepts, principles, judgments and problems distinctly raised by work in the domain of complex nonlinear dynamical systems, especially in recent years. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields are also included

Engineering Of Chemical Complexity

Author: Alexander S. Mikhailov
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814390453
Size: 27.91 MB
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This review volume, co-edited by Nobel laureate G Ertl, provides a broad overview on current studies in the understanding of design and control of complex chemical systems of various origins, on scales ranging from single molecules and nano-phenomena to macroscopic chemical reactors. Self-organizational behavior and the emergence of coherent collective dynamics in reaction diffusion systems, reactive soft matter and chemical networks are covered. Special attention is paid to the applications in molecular cell biology and to the problems of biological evolution, synthetic biology and design of artificial living cells. Starting with a detailed introduction on the history of research on complex chemical systems, its current state of the art and perspectives, the book comprises 19 chapters that survey the current progress in particular research fields. The reviews, prepared by leading international experts, yield together a fascinating picture of a rapidly developing research discipline that brings chemical engineering to new frontiers.