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Cooperative Argumentation

Author: Josina M. Makau
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 147860946X
Size: 22.41 MB
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As the globe shrinks, it is more important than ever to search for and discover ways for diverse groups to coexist peacefully. This salient, well-researched text offers a practical guide for understanding and learning the skills and knowledge needed to participate effectively in cooperative argumentationa model for deliberative community. Developing the capacity to engage meaningfully and successfully in cooperative argumentation across differences prepares individuals for ethical and effective deliberation in diverse twenty-first-century contexts. The authors use a wide variety of examples to illustrate concrete proposals for cultivating moral abilities, cognitive skills, and communicative virtues.

Cooperative Argumentation

Author: Josina M. Makau
Publisher: Waveland PressInc
ISBN: 9781577661399
Size: 21.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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"The authors of this book offer a fresh approach to the deliberative process. They advocate making the best decision in any given situation through a deliberative model of critical thinking that helps people confront conflicts peacefully, effectively, and responsibly. This integrative approach combines the strengths of traditional models from within an interdependent ethical frame. Establishing an atmosphere of mutual respect and a recognition of interdependence are two building blocks in this reconceptualization of argumentation. Through interactive development of critical thinking abilities, crossculutural competencies, and compassionate commitment to social justice, we can share the challenge of effective resolution of the complex moral, social, economic, and political issues confronting us in the twenty-first century."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Media Ethics

Author: Patrick Lee Plaisance
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483323439
Size: 13.78 MB
Format: PDF
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Media Ethics: Key Principles for Responsible Practice makes ethics accessible and applicable to media practice, and explains key ethical principles and their application in print and broadcast journalism, public relations, advertising, marketing, and digital media. Unlike application-oriented casebooks, this text sets forth the philosophical underpinnings of key principles and explains how each should guide responsible media behavior. Author Patrick Lee Plaisance synthesizes classical and contemporary ethics in an accessible way to help students ask the right questions and develop their critical reasoning skills, as both media consumers and media professionals of the future. The Second Edition includes new examples and case studies, expanded coverage of digital media, and two new chapters that distinguish the three major frameworks of media ethics and explore the discipline across new media platforms, including blogs, new forms of digital journalism, and social networking sites.

Arguments And Arguing

Author: Thomas A. Hollihan
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478632011
Size: 62.73 MB
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The latest edition of Arguments and Arguing contains the same balance of theory and practice, breadth of coverage, current and relevant examples, and accessible writing style that made previous editions so popular in hundreds of classrooms. The authors draw from classic and recent argumentation theory and research, contextualized with well-chosen examples, to showcase a narrative style of argumentation and the values and attitudes of audiences. Readers learn how to employ both formal and informal argumentative strategies in an array of communication forums—from interpersonal interactions to academic debate to politics to business. A newly added chapter on visual argumentation and a striking color photo insert demonstrate the value and power of visual elements in the construction of arguments. The ability to argue is necessary if people are to solve problems, resolve conflicts, and evaluate alternative courses of action. While many are taught that arguing is counterproductive and arguments should be avoided, Hollihan and Baaske illustrate that arguing is an essential and fundamental human activity. Learning the art of effective argumentation entails a grasp of not only the strategies and principles of analysis and logical reasoning but also the importance of arguing in a positive and socially constructive fashion.

Scripted Affects Branded Selves

Author: Gabriella Lukács
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822393239
Size: 12.36 MB
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In Scripted Affects, Branded Selves, Gabriella Lukács analyzes the development of a new primetime serial called “trendy drama” as the Japanese television industry’s ingenious response to market fragmentation. Much like the HBO hit Sex and the City, trendy dramas feature well-heeled young sophisticates enjoying consumer-oriented lifestyles while managing their unruly love lives. Integrating a political-economic analysis of television production with reception research, Lukács suggests that the trendy drama marked a shift in the Japanese television industry from offering story-driven entertainment to producing lifestyle-oriented programming. She interprets the new televisual preoccupation with consumer trends not as a sign of the medium’s downfall, but as a savvy strategy to appeal to viewers who increasingly demand entertainment that feels more personal than mass-produced fare. After all, what the producers of trendy dramas realized in the late 1980s was that taste and lifestyle were sources of identification that could be manipulated to satisfy mass and niche demands more easily than could conventional marketing criteria such as generation or gender. Lukács argues that by capitalizing on the semantic fluidity of the notion of lifestyle, commercial television networks were capable of uniting viewers into new affective alliances that, in turn, helped them bury anxieties over changing class relations in the wake of the prolonged economic recession.

Technologies For Supporting Reasoning Communities And Collaborative Decision Making Cooperative Approaches

Author: Yearwood, John
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1609600932
Size: 35.90 MB
Format: PDF
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The information age has enabled unprecedented levels of data to be collected and stored. At the same time, society and organizations have become increasingly complex. Consequently, decisions in many facets have become increasingly complex but have the potential to be better informed. Technologies for Supporting Reasoning Communities and Collaborative Decision Making: Cooperative Approaches includes chapters from diverse fields of enquiry including decision science, political science, argumentation, knowledge management, cognitive psychology and business intelligence. Each chapter illustrates a perspective on group reasoning that ultimately aims to lead to a greater understanding of reasoning communities and inform technological developments.

Thinking Straight

Author: Monroe C. Beardsley
Publisher: Oliphant Press
ISBN: 1443731544
Size: 49.72 MB
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THINKING STRAIGHT A Guide for Readers Writers by Monroe C. Beardsley SWARTHMORR COLLEGE New York PRENTICE-HALL, INC ACKNOWLEDGMENTS JL HIS BOOK is a shorter version of Practical Logic also published by Prentice-Hall, Inc., ig o. The first six chapters are taken over in exactly the same form, but Chapters 7 and 8 present a selection of the material in the last nine chapters of Practical Logic. In writing this book I have received a considerable variety of assistance, which I am glad to acknowledge. The idea of the book, and of what is most original in its pur pose, came to me from Mr. William A. Pullin, Assistant Vice-Presi dent of Prentice-Hall, Inc., who has been constantly helpful, in a number of ways, at every stage of its composition. I thank Pro fessor Maynard Mack, Department of English Literature, . Yale University, for his guidance when the writing was just getting under way, and for many useful suggestions about the manuscript. I thank Professor Thomas G. Pollock, Dean of Washington Square College, New York University, for his patient and thorough editing of my various drafts, and for his valuable comments and corrections. Other readers have improved the manuscript in many ways. I think they will recognize their contributions, and I am grateful to all of them. They are Professor Ernest Nagel, Department of Philosophy, Columbia University Professor Henry W. Sams, Chair man of the College English Staff, the University of Chicago Pro fessor Glenn Leggett, Department of English Literature, the Ohio State University Professor John Gerbcr, Department of English Literature, the Iowa State University Professor Bruce Dearing, Department of English Literature, Swarthmore College and Professor Alburey Castell, Department of Philosophy, University of Minnesota. I have learned a great deal that has helped me to write this book from discussions with my colleagues in the Department of Philosophy at Swarthmore College Professor Richard B. Brandt, Professor Roderick Firth, and Mr. Sidney Morgenbesser. Finally, I should like to record my indebtedness to two persons whose contributions, though deep and pervasive, are not so easy to vi Acknowledgments define. I owe much to my friend and former colleague, Professor William K. Wimsatt, Jr., Department of English Literature, Yale University. An important part of what I have put into this book derives from what he has taught me about rhetoric, and I should never have undertaken to write it without certain convictions that have grown out of our discussions. And I owe very much indeed to my wife, Elizabeth Lane Beardsley, Department of Philosophy, the University of Delaware. From her I learned some of the books underlying and controlling principles of semiotic. Her en couragement carried me through several difficulties, and she clari fied for me a number of philosophical and linguistic problems. In the fullest sense, she has been a help meet for me. M. C. B. TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgments v Preview ix CRITICAL READING STRAIGHT THINKING READING FOR IN FORMATION HOW TO USE THIS BOOK 1. Sizing Up an Argument 3 1. STATEMENTS, 3 2. EXPOSITION AND ARGUMENT, 8 3. GETTING THE POINT, 12 4. THE ANATOMY OF ARGUMENT, 78 5. PUTTING YOUR REASONS IN ORDER, 22 OUTLINE SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 1, 25 EXERCISES 1-3, 26 2. Some Verbal Pitfalls 32 6. MEANING AND CONTEXT, 33 7. AMBIGUITY, 38 8. THE FALLACY OF EQUIVOCATION, 42 9. VAGUENESS, 46 10. HOW TO PINDOWN YOUR MEANING, 50 OUTLINE-SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 2, 53 EXERCISES 4-8, 54 3. Levels of Meaning 62 11. DENOTATION AND DESIGNATION, 63 12. DESIGNATION AND CONNOTATION, 68 13. STATING AND SUGGESTING, 73 14. SLANTING, 77 15. PLAIN DISCOURSE, 82 OUTLINE-SUM MARY OF CHAPTER 3, 86 EXERCISES 914, 87 4. Figurative Language 94 16. SIMILE AND METAPHOR, 96 17. INTERPRETING A META PHOR, 101 18. ANALOGIES THEIR USE AND MISUSE, 105 19. ANSWERING AN ANALOGY, 0 20. MANAGING FIGURES OF SPEECH, 114 OUTLINE-SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 4, 118 EX ERCISES 15-20, 118 vii viii Contents 5...