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Coping With Demographic Change A Comparative View On Education And Local Government In Germany And Poland

Author: Reinhold Sackmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319103016
Size: 49.18 MB
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With many OECD countries experiencing a decline in their populations, this book offers a theoretical model of coping with demographic change and examines different strategies that societies have used to come to terms with demographic change. In particular, it details the different ways that Germany and Poland have tried to cope with this challenge and reveals three conflicting strategies: expansion, reduction, and phasing out. Coverage includes: · How and why demographic change was used in Poland to expand the education system · The variance of linkage between demographic change and growth rates in different fields of education in a German Bundesland · Modes of reflexivity and personnel policy in German and Polish municipalities · Effects of demographic change and forms of coping on fiscal capacity and unemployment rates in German municipalities Coping with Demographic Change examines how and why societies cope with these detrimental effects. It conceptualizes the challenges a society faces as a result of demographic change and focuses on the processes by which actors, organizations and nation-states try to cope with this new situation.

Economic Foundations For Creative Ageing Policy

Author: Andrzej Klimczuk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137465336
Size: 11.50 MB
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Ageing populations are a major consideration for socio-economic development in the early twenty-first century. This demographic change is mainly seen as a threat rather than as an opportunity to improve the quality of human life, especially in Europe, where ageing has resulted in a reduction in economic competitiveness. Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy mixes the silver economy, the creative economy, and the social economy to construct positive solutions for an ageing population. Klimczuk covers theoretical analyses and case study descriptions of good practices to suggest strategies that could be internationally popularized.

Handbuch Bev Lkerungssoziologie

Author: Yasemin Niephaus
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658014105
Size: 53.82 MB
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In diesem Band präsentieren die Herausgebenden das Forschungsgebiet der Bevölkerungssoziologie. Mit unterschiedlichen Fragestellungen der Bevölkerungssoziologie befasste Autoren und Autorinnen tragen durch ihre Beiträge dazu bei. Nach einem ausführlichen Überblick über die in der Bevölkerungssoziologie gängigen Themen, Theorien und Daten werden die Bereiche Fertilität, Familie und Lebensformen, Migration und Mobilität sowie Mortalität, Morbidität und Pflege vorgestellt. Abschließend folgt eine Erörterung des gesellschaftlichen Umgangs mit demographischem Wandel. Damit richtet sich das Handbuch Bevölkerungssoziologie an ein breites Publikum, das Studierende, Wissenschaftler und Wissenschaftlerinnen, Politiker und Politikerinnen wie auch die interessierte Öffentlichkeit umfasst.

Handbook Of Population

Author: Dudley L. Poston
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387231064
Size: 54.32 MB
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This comprehensive handbook provides an overview and update of the issues, theories, processes, and applications of the social science of population studies. The volume's 30 chapters cover the full range of conceptual, empirical, disciplinary, and applied approaches to the study of demographic phenomena. This book is the first effort to assess the entire field since Hauser and Duncan's 1959 classic, The Study of Population. The chapter authors are among the leading contributors to demographic scholarship over the past four decades. They represent a variety of disciplines and theoretical perspectives as well as interests in both basic and applied research.

Germany S New Security Demographics

Author: Wenke Apt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400769644
Size: 18.23 MB
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Military recruitment will become more difficult in times of demographic aging. The question arises whether demographic change will constrain the capacity of aging states like Germany to conduct foreign policy and pursue their national security interests. Since contemporary military operations still display a strong human element, particular scrutiny is given to the empirical analysis of the determinants of military propensity and military service among youth. An additional human capital projection until 2030 illustrates how the decline in the youth population will interact with trends in educational attainment and adolescent health to further complicate military recruitment in the future. A concluding review of recruiting practices in other NATO countries provides insight in best-practice policy options to reduce the military’s sensitivity to demographic change. Following this approach, the book gives prominence to a topic that has thus far been under-represented in the greater discussion of demographic change today, namely the demographic impact on international affairs and strategic calculations.

Applied Mathematical Demography

Author: Nathan Keyfitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475718799
Size: 51.16 MB
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What follows is a new edition of the second in a series of three books providing an account of the mathematical development of demography. The first, Introduction to the Mathematics of Population (Addison-Wesley, 1968), gave the mathematical background. The second, the original of the present volume, was concerned with demography itself. The third in the sequence, Mathematics Through Problems (with John Beekman; Springer Verlag, 1982), supplemented the first two with an ordered sequence of problems and answers. Readers interested in the mathematics may consult the earlier book, republished with revisions by Addison-Wesley in 1977 and still in print. There is no overlap in subject matter between Applied Mathematical Demography and the Introduction to the Mathematics of Population. Three new chapters have been added, dealing with matters that have come recently into the demographic limelight: multi-state calculations, family demogra phy, and heterogeneity. vii PREFACE This book is concerned with commonsense questions about, for instance, the effect of a lowered death rate on the proportion of old people or the effect of abortions on the birth rate. The answers that it reaches are not always commonsense, and we will meet instances in which intuition has to be adjusted to accord with what the mathematics shows to be the case.

Public Policy

Author: Potůček, Martin et al.
Publisher: Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press
ISBN: 8024635569
Size: 18.95 MB
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Publikace je určena především zahraničním studentům veřejné politiky. Představuje originální příspěvek k již publikovaným učebnicím veřejné politiky - jakožto mladé, leč rychle se rozvíjející mezioborové disciplíny. Čerpá z mnohaletých zkušeností autora z výzkumu i z výuky této disciplíny v České republice i v zahraničí. První část je teoretická, kapitoly jsou řazeny od nejobecnějších témat (vymezení klíčových pojmů, hodnotové základy oboru, soudobá podoba vládnutí) ke konkrétnějším charakteristikám aktérů, institucí a nástrojů veřejné politiky. Druhá část (zpracovaná spolu s Veronikou Rudolfovou) je věnována případovým studiím z oblasti reforem důchodového systému. Tyto případové studie jsou vhodně provázány s předchozí teoretickou částí a jsou tak pro čtenáře snadněji pochopitelné, právě tak jako možnosti uplatnění různých teorií ve výzkumné praxi. Kromě studentů je kniha určena i politikům, úředníkům, představitelům občanského a komerčního sektoru a dalším veřejně činným osobnostem se zájmem o rozhodování založeném na znalostech.

Public Administration Reforms In Europe

Author: Gerhard Hammerschmid
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783475404
Size: 47.23 MB
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Based on a survey of more than 6700 top civil servants in 17 European countries, this book explores the impacts of New Public Management (NPM)-style reforms in Europe from a uniquely comparative perspective. It examines and analyses empirical findings regarding the dynamics, major trends and tools of administrative reforms, with special focus on the diversity of top executives’ perceptions about the effects of those reforms.

The Future Of Families To 2030

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264168362
Size: 19.29 MB
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This report explores likely future changes in family and household structures in OECD countries; identifies the main forces shaping the family landscape to 2030; discusses the longer-term challenges; and suggests policy options for managing the challenges.