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Coping With Demographic Change A Comparative View On Education And Local Government In Germany And Poland

Author: Reinhold Sackmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319103016
Size: 54.25 MB
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With many OECD countries experiencing a decline in their populations, this book offers a theoretical model of coping with demographic change and examines different strategies that societies have used to come to terms with demographic change. In particular, it details the different ways that Germany and Poland have tried to cope with this challenge and reveals three conflicting strategies: expansion, reduction, and phasing out. Coverage includes: · How and why demographic change was used in Poland to expand the education system · The variance of linkage between demographic change and growth rates in different fields of education in a German Bundesland · Modes of reflexivity and personnel policy in German and Polish municipalities · Effects of demographic change and forms of coping on fiscal capacity and unemployment rates in German municipalities Coping with Demographic Change examines how and why societies cope with these detrimental effects. It conceptualizes the challenges a society faces as a result of demographic change and focuses on the processes by which actors, organizations and nation-states try to cope with this new situation.

Economic Foundations For Creative Ageing Policy

Author: Andrzej Klimczuk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137465336
Size: 58.58 MB
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Ageing populations are a major consideration for socio-economic development in the early twenty-first century. This demographic change is mainly seen as a threat rather than as an opportunity to improve the quality of human life, especially in Europe, where ageing has resulted in a reduction in economic competitiveness. Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy mixes the silver economy, the creative economy, and the social economy to construct positive solutions for an ageing population. Klimczuk covers theoretical analyses and case study descriptions of good practices to suggest strategies that could be internationally popularized.

Handbuch Bev Lkerungssoziologie

Author: Yasemin Niephaus
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658014105
Size: 46.87 MB
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In diesem Band präsentieren die Herausgebenden das Forschungsgebiet der Bevölkerungssoziologie. Mit unterschiedlichen Fragestellungen der Bevölkerungssoziologie befasste Autoren und Autorinnen tragen durch ihre Beiträge dazu bei. Nach einem ausführlichen Überblick über die in der Bevölkerungssoziologie gängigen Themen, Theorien und Daten werden die Bereiche Fertilität, Familie und Lebensformen, Migration und Mobilität sowie Mortalität, Morbidität und Pflege vorgestellt. Abschließend folgt eine Erörterung des gesellschaftlichen Umgangs mit demographischem Wandel. Damit richtet sich das Handbuch Bevölkerungssoziologie an ein breites Publikum, das Studierende, Wissenschaftler und Wissenschaftlerinnen, Politiker und Politikerinnen wie auch die interessierte Öffentlichkeit umfasst.

Local Government In The Member States Of The European Union A Comparative Legal Perspective

Author: Ángel Manuel Moreno
Publisher: INAP
ISBN: 8473514181
Size: 17.96 MB
Format: PDF
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Obra de referencia en cuanto al análisis de la administración local, en el marco de los países de la Unión europea, tratado por los principales especialistas en la materia. Contenido: Capítulo 1. Local government in Austria // Capítulo 2. Local government in Belgium // Capítulo 3. Local government in Bulgaria // Capítulo 4. Local government in Cyprus // Capítulo 5.Local Government in Czech Republic // Capítulo 6. Local government in Denmark // Capítulo 7. Local Government in Estonia // Capítulo 8. Local government in Finland // Capítulo 9. Local Government in France // Capítulo 10. Local government in Germany // Capítulo 11. Local government in Greece // Capítulo 24. Local government in Slovenia // Capítulo 25. Local government in Spain // Capítulo 26. Local government in Sweden // Capítulo 27. Local government in Uk.

Germany S New Security Demographics

Author: Wenke Apt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400769644
Size: 37.34 MB
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Military recruitment will become more difficult in times of demographic aging. The question arises whether demographic change will constrain the capacity of aging states like Germany to conduct foreign policy and pursue their national security interests. Since contemporary military operations still display a strong human element, particular scrutiny is given to the empirical analysis of the determinants of military propensity and military service among youth. An additional human capital projection until 2030 illustrates how the decline in the youth population will interact with trends in educational attainment and adolescent health to further complicate military recruitment in the future. A concluding review of recruiting practices in other NATO countries provides insight in best-practice policy options to reduce the military’s sensitivity to demographic change. Following this approach, the book gives prominence to a topic that has thus far been under-represented in the greater discussion of demographic change today, namely the demographic impact on international affairs and strategic calculations.

Childlessness In Europe Contexts Causes And Consequences

Author: Michaela Kreyenfeld
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319446673
Size: 26.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This open access book provides an overview of childlessness throughout Europe. It offers a collection of papers written by leading demographers and sociologists that examine contexts, causes, and consequences of childlessness in countries throughout the region.The book features data from all over Europe. It specifically highlights patterns of childlessness in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland. An additional chapter on childlessness in the United States puts the European experience in perspective. The book offers readers such insights as the determinants of lifelong childlessness, whether governments can and should counteract increasing childlessness, how the phenomenon differs across social strata and the role economic uncertainties play. In addition, the book also examines life course dynamics and biographical patterns, assisted reproduction as well as the consequences of childlessness. Childlessness has been increasing rapidly in most European countries in recent decades. This book offers readers expert analysis into this issue from leading experts in the field of family behavior. From causes to consequences, it explores the many facets of childlessness throughout Europe to present a comprehensive portrait of this important demographic and sociological trend.

The Political Economy Of Local Regulation

Author: Alberto Asquer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137588284
Size: 43.12 MB
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This book offers theoretical and methodological guidelines for researching the complex regulation of local infrastructure, utilities and public services in the context of rapid urbanisation, technological change, and climate change. It examines the interactions between regulators, public officers, infrastructure and utilities firms, public service providers, citizens, and civil society organisations. It contains contributions from academics and practitioners from various disciplinary perspectives and from many regions of the world, illustrated with case studies from several sectors including water, natural gas and electricity distribution, local public transport, district heating, urban waste, and environmental services.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Size: 35.59 MB
Format: PDF
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Public Policy

Author: Potůček, Martin et al.
Publisher: Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press
ISBN: 8024635569
Size: 77.47 MB
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Publikace je určena především zahraničním studentům veřejné politiky. Představuje originální příspěvek k již publikovaným učebnicím veřejné politiky - jakožto mladé, leč rychle se rozvíjející mezioborové disciplíny. Čerpá z mnohaletých zkušeností autora z výzkumu i z výuky této disciplíny v České republice i v zahraničí. První část je teoretická, kapitoly jsou řazeny od nejobecnějších témat (vymezení klíčových pojmů, hodnotové základy oboru, soudobá podoba vládnutí) ke konkrétnějším charakteristikám aktérů, institucí a nástrojů veřejné politiky. Druhá část (zpracovaná spolu s Veronikou Rudolfovou) je věnována případovým studiím z oblasti reforem důchodového systému. Tyto případové studie jsou vhodně provázány s předchozí teoretickou částí a jsou tak pro čtenáře snadněji pochopitelné, právě tak jako možnosti uplatnění různých teorií ve výzkumné praxi. Kromě studentů je kniha určena i politikům, úředníkům, představitelům občanského a komerčního sektoru a dalším veřejně činným osobnostem se zájmem o rozhodování založeném na znalostech.