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Copper Catalyzed Electrophilic Amination Of Sp2 And Sp3 C H Bonds

Author: Stacey L. McDonald
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319388789
Size: 74.57 MB
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This thesis reports the latest developments in the direct amination of various C−H bonds using an H−Zn exchange/electrophilic amination strategy. McDonald and co-workers reveal this approach to be a rapid and powerful method for accessing a variety of functionalized amines. The material outlined in this book shows how McDonald achieved C−H zincation using strong, non-nucleophilic zinc bases and subsequent electrophilic amination of the corresponding zinc carbanions with copper as a catalyst and O-benzoylhydroxylamines as the electrophilic nitrogen source. McDonald’s findings are of relevance to medicinal chemistry, drug discovery and materials science. Her thesis is a source of inspiration for scientists entering the field and students beginning their PhD in a related area.

Preparation Characterisation And Reactivity Of Low Oxidation State D Block Metal Complexes Stabilised By Extremely Bulky Amide Ligands

Author: Jamie Hicks
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811029042
Size: 54.93 MB
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This thesis describes the synthesis and characterization of numerous metal-metal bonded complexes that are stabilized by extremely bulky amide ligands. It provides a comprehensive overview of the field, including discussions on groundbreaking complexes and reactions, before presenting in detail, exciting new findings from the PhD studies. The thesis appeals to researchers, professors and chemistry undergraduates with an interest in inorganic and/or organometallic chemistry.

Molecular Spintronics

Author: Marta Galbiati
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319226118
Size: 41.34 MB
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This thesis targets molecular or organic spintronics and more particularly the spin polarization tailoring opportunities that arise from the ferromagnetic metal/molecule hybridization at interfaces: the new concept of spinterface. Molecular or organic spintronics is an emerging research field at the frontier between organic chemistry and spintronics. The manuscript is divided into three parts, the first of which introduces the basic concepts of spintronics and advantages that molecules can bring to this field. The state of the art on organic and molecular spintronics is also presented, with a special emphasis on the physics and experimental evidence for spinterfaces. The book’s second and third parts are dedicated to the two main experimental topics investigated in the thesis: Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs) and Organic Semiconductors (OSCs). The study of SAMs-based magnetic tunnel nanojunctions reveals the potential to modulate the properties of such devices “at will,” since each part of the molecule can be tuned independently like a “LEGO” building block. The study of Alq3-based spin valves reveals magnetoresistance effects at room temperature and is aimed at understanding the respective roles played by the two interfaces. Through the development of these systems, we demonstrate their potential for spintronics and provide a solid foundation for spin polarization engineering at the molecular level.

Applied Cross Coupling Reactions

Author: Yasushi Nishihara
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642323685
Size: 30.40 MB
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“Applied Cross-Coupling Reactions” provides students and teachers of advanced organic chemistry with an overview of the history, mechanisms and applications of cross-coupling reactions. Since the discovery of the transition-metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions in 1972, numerous synthetic uses and industrial applications have been developed. The mechanistic studies of the cross-coupling reactions have disclosed that three fundamental reactions: oxidative addition, transmetalation, and reductive elimination, are involved in a catalytic cycle. Cross-coupling reactions have allowed us to produce a variety of compounds for industrial purposes, such as natural products, pharmaceuticals, liquid crystals and conjugate polymers for use in electronic devices. Indeed, the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2010 was awarded for work on cross-coupling reactions. In this book, the recent trends in cross-coupling reactions are also introduced from the point of view of synthesis design and catalytic activities of transition-metal catalysts.

Beta Lactams

Author: Bimal K. Banik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319556215
Size: 14.36 MB
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This book presents an essential overview of beta-lactams and their medicinal value and use in the preparation of other biologically active compounds. Written by internationally respected authors, the individual chapters explore beta-lactams’ synthesis, their mechanism of formation, biological effects, and function as base materials for other heterocycles of major importance.

C H Bond Activation And Catalytic Functionalization Ii

Author: Pierre H. Dixneuf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319293192
Size: 21.54 MB
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The series Topics in Organometallic Chemistry presents critical overviews of research results in organometallic chemistry. As our understanding of organometallic structure, properties and mechanisms increases, new ways are opened for the design of organometallic compounds and reactions tailored to the needs of such diverse areas as organic synthesis, medical research, biology and materials science. Thus the scope of coverage includes a broad range of topics of pure and applied organometallic chemistry, where new breakthroughs are being achieved that are of significance to a larger scientific audience. The individual volumes of Topics in Organometallic Chemistry are thematic. Review articles are generally invited by the volume editors. All chapters from Topics in Organometallic Chemistry are published OnlineFirst with an individual DOI. In references, Topics in Organometallic Chemistry is abbreviated as Top Organomet Chem and cited as a journal.

Directed Metallation

Author: Naoto Chatani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540758089
Size: 56.36 MB
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Directed metalation is recognized as one of the most useful methodologies for the regio- and stereoselective generation of organometallic species, the generation of which necessarily leads to the selective formation of organic products. Cyclometalation using Li, Mn, and Pd, and directed hydrometalation and carbometalation using Al and Zn, have been utilized for regio- and/or stereoselective synthesis for decades. Recently, a new chelation-assisted methodology has been developed not only for controlling regio- and stereoselectivity of reactions, but also for accelerating reactions. In particular, chelation-methodology has been utilized as a new activation method, in which a carbon-metal bond is generated directly from a C-H bond; a reaction rarely achieved using conventional methods. A wide variety of catalytic functionalization reactions of C-H bonds by the utilization of a chelation, have been developed recently and are comprehensively discussed in this book by leading experts. In addition, new approaches to directed hydrometalation and directed carbometalation as a key step are also discussed. A unique stereo- and regioselective hydroformylation has been developed through the utilization of directed hydrometalation. The regioselective Mizoroki-Heck reaction is another example in which directed carbometalation can be used to achieve a high regioselectivity. These examples emphasize how these innovative methodologies are contributing to different fields of chemistry.

Lewis Basicity And Affinity Scales

Author: Christian Laurence
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470681893
Size: 37.14 MB
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The Lewis concept of acids and bases is discussed in every general, organic and inorganic chemistry textbook. This is usually just a descriptive treatment, as it is not possible to devise a single numerical scale suitable for all occasions. However quantitative Lewis acid-base chemistry can be developed by compiling reaction-specific basicity scales which can be used in specific branches of chemistry and biochemistry. Lewis Basicity and Affinity Scales: Data and Measurementbrings together for the first time a comprehensive range of Lewis basicity/affinity data in one volume. More than 2400 equilibrium constants of acid-base reactions, 1500 complexation enthalpies, and nearly 2000 infrared and ultraviolet shifts upon complexation are gathered together in 25 thermodynamic and spectroscopic scales of basicity and/or affinity. For each scale, the definition, the method of measurement, an exhaustive database, and a critical discussion are given. All the data have been critically examined; some have been re-measured; literature gaps have been filled by original measurements; and each scale has been made homogeneous. This collection of data will enable experimental chemists to better understand and predict the numerous chemical, physical and biological properties that depend upon Lewis basicity. Chemometricians will be able to apply their methods to the data matrices constructed from this book in order to identify the factors which influence basicity and basicity-dependent properties. In addition, measured experimental basicities and affinities are essential to computational chemists for the validation, calibration and establishment of reliable computational methods for quantifying and explaining intermolecular forces and the chemical bond. Lewis Basicity and Affinity Scales: Data and Measurement is an essential single-source desktop reference for research scientists, engineers, and students in academia, research institutes and industry, in all areas of chemistry from fundamental to applied research. "The book is a noteworthy piece of work and represents a timely and vast accumulation of knowledge regarding Lewis bases that brings together accurate thermodynamic and spectroscopic data on typical reference Lewis acids. As such, it should serve as a useful and general guide to basicity." J. AM. CHEM. SOC. 2011, 133, 642

C H Bond Activation And Catalytic Functionalization I

Author: Pierre H. Dixneuf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319246305
Size: 46.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 246
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The series Topics in Organometallic Chemistry presents critical overviews of research results in organometallic chemistry. As our understanding of organometallic structure, properties and mechanisms increases, new ways are opened for the design of organometallic compounds and reactions tailored to the needs of such diverse areas as organic synthesis, medical research, biology and materials science. Thus the scope of coverage includes a broad range of topics of pure and applied organometallic chemistry, where new breakthroughs are being achieved that are of significance to a larger scientific audience. The individual volumes of Topics in Organometallic Chemistry are thematic. Review articles are generally invited by the volume editors. All chapters from Topics in Organometallic Chemistry are published OnlineFirst with an individual DOI. In references, Topics in Organometallic Chemistry is abbreviated as Top Organomet Chem and cited as a journal.

Inventing Reactions

Author: Lukas J. Gooßen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642342868
Size: 42.44 MB
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Barry Trost: Transition metal catalyzed allylic alkylation.- Jeffrey W. Bode: Reinventing Amide Bond Formation.- Naoto Chatani and Mamoru Tobisu: Catalytic Transformations Involving the Cleavage of C-OMe Bonds.- Gregory L. Beutner and Scott E. Denmark: The Interplay of Invention, Observation and Discovery in the Development of Lewis Base Activation of Lewis Acids for Catalytic Enantioselective Synthesis.- David R. Stuart and Keith Fagnou: The Discovery and Development of a Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Oxidative Cross-Coupling of Two Unactivated Arenes.- Lukas Gooßen and Käthe Gooßen: Decarboxylative Cross-Coupling Reactions.- A. Stephen K. Hashmi: Gold-Catalyzed Organic Reactions.- Ben List: Developing Catalytic Asymmetric Acetalizations.- Steven M. Bischof, Brian G. Hashiguchi, Michael M. Konnick, and Roy A. Periana: The De NovoDesign of CH Bond Hydroxylation Catalysts.- Benoit Cardinal-David, Karl A. Scheidt: Carbene Catalysis: Beyond the Benzoin and Stetter Reactions.- Kenso Soai and Tsuneomi Kawasaki: Asymmetric autocatalysis of pyrimidyl alkanol.- Douglas C. Behenna and Brian M. Stoltz: Natural Products as Inspiration for Reaction Development: Catalytic Enantioselective Decarboxylative Reactions of Prochiral Enolate Equivalents. Hisashi Yamamoto: Acid Catalysis in Organic Synthesis.