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Copper Catalyzed Electrophilic Amination Of Sp2 And Sp3 C H Bonds

Author: Stacey L. McDonald
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319388789
Size: 67.41 MB
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This thesis reports the latest developments in the direct amination of various C−H bonds using an H−Zn exchange/electrophilic amination strategy. McDonald and co-workers reveal this approach to be a rapid and powerful method for accessing a variety of functionalized amines. The material outlined in this book shows how McDonald achieved C−H zincation using strong, non-nucleophilic zinc bases and subsequent electrophilic amination of the corresponding zinc carbanions with copper as a catalyst and O-benzoylhydroxylamines as the electrophilic nitrogen source. McDonald’s findings are of relevance to medicinal chemistry, drug discovery and materials science. Her thesis is a source of inspiration for scientists entering the field and students beginning their PhD in a related area.

A Theoretical Study Of Pd Catalyzed C C Cross Coupling Reactions

Author: Max García Melchor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319014900
Size: 22.28 MB
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Find out how theoretical calculations are used to determine, elucidate and propose mechanisms for Pd-catalyzed C-C cross-coupling reactions in Max Garcia Melchor's outstanding thesis. Garcia Melchor investigates one of the most significant and useful types of reactions in modern organic synthesis; the Pd-cross coupling reaction. Due to its versatility, broad scope and selectivity under mild conditions, this type of reaction can now be applied in fields as diverse as the agrochemical and pharmaceutical industry. Garcia Melchor studies the reaction intermediates and transition states involved in the Negishi, the copper-free Sonogashira and the asymmetric version of Suzuki-Miyaura coupling. He also characterizes and provides a detailed picture of the associated reaction mechanisms. The author has won numerous prizes for this work which has led to over eight publications in internationally renowned journals.

Nanoscale Fluid Transport

Author: Tuan Anh Ho
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319470035
Size: 40.44 MB
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This thesis demonstrates how molecular modeling techniques can be used to gain significant insights into numerous applications that are increasingly attracting research interest because of their societal importance. It presents innovative ideas that, by altering the fundamental physical phenomena occurring at the solid/liquid interface, allow the fluid transport in nanochannels to be manipulated so as to improve the performance of the practical applications. The applications explicitly considered in this thesis are the design of drag-reducing and self-cleaning surfaces; water desalination; and shale gas exploration – all of which are, to some extent, governed by nanoscale fluid transport. Overall, this thesis is useful for students and researchers entering the field who wish to understand how molecular modeling can improve the performance in a wide range of applications.

Nitrogenation Strategy For The Synthesis Of N Containing Compounds

Author: Ning Jiao
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811028133
Size: 61.64 MB
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This book focuses on direct nitrogenation strategies to incorporate one or more N-atoms into simple substrates especially hydrocarbons via C–H and/or C–C bond cleavage, which is a green and sustainable way to synthesize nitrogen-containing compounds. The book consists of seven chapters demonstrating interesting advances in the preparation of amines, amides, nitriles, carbamides, azides, and N-heterocyclic compounds and illustrating the mechanisms of these novel transformations. It offers an accessible introduction to nitrogenation reactions for chemists involved in N-compound synthesis and those interested in discovering new reagents and reactions. Ning Jiao is a Professor of Chemistry at Peking University, China.

Sustainable C Sp3 H Bond Functionalization

Author: Jin Xie
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662494965
Size: 10.32 MB
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This book highlights major achievements made in the last five years concerning sustainable C(sp3)-H bond functionalization and offers a promising and emerging tool-kit for organic synthesis. The book is divided into three chapters demonstrating key advances in C(sp3)-H bond functionalization. Chapter 1 reviews transition-metal-catalyzed C(sp3)-H bond functionalization using different directing groups, while Chapter 2 addresses the new methods of transition-metal-catalyzed and metal-free C(sp3)-H bond functionalization without directing groups, in addition to briefly highlighting redox-neutral C(sp3)-H bond functionalization. In closing, Chapter 3 examines visible-light photoredox catalysis, an emerging and highly sustainable C(sp3)-H bond functionalization strategy. The book offers an intriguing and useful reference guide for a broad readership working and/or interested in the fields of organic, organometallic, and green chemistry.

Ionic Liquid Properties

Author: Yizhak Marcus
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319303139
Size: 52.51 MB
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This volume deals with substances in the liquid state that range from high melting salts, such as calcium fluoride, through slags, such as silicates, down to lower melting salts, such as lithium nitrate, molten hydrated salts, such as magnesium chloride hexahydrate, to room temperature ionic liquids, such as 1,3-dimethylimmidazolium tetraphenylborate. It provides the reader with annotated, critically examined, and compiled data for such materials. The data includes a variety of thermochemical, structural, and transport properties. The book includes correlations of measured properties; these correlations should enable the reader to estimate, on a sound basis, properties for ionic liquids that have not yet been measured.

Controlling The Morphology Of Polymers

Author: Geoffrey R. Mitchell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319393227
Size: 26.41 MB
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This book focuses on controlling morphology of different scales for polymers. The authors explain the need for successful control of morphology to yield target macroscopic physical properties in the application of polymers to diverse areas such as engineering materials, nanodielectrics and photonic crystals. The book combines specialized chapters with an introduction to the morphology of polymers and the range of experimental techniques available to evaluate it.

Applied Cross Coupling Reactions

Author: Yasushi Nishihara
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642323685
Size: 71.35 MB
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“Applied Cross-Coupling Reactions” provides students and teachers of advanced organic chemistry with an overview of the history, mechanisms and applications of cross-coupling reactions. Since the discovery of the transition-metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions in 1972, numerous synthetic uses and industrial applications have been developed. The mechanistic studies of the cross-coupling reactions have disclosed that three fundamental reactions: oxidative addition, transmetalation, and reductive elimination, are involved in a catalytic cycle. Cross-coupling reactions have allowed us to produce a variety of compounds for industrial purposes, such as natural products, pharmaceuticals, liquid crystals and conjugate polymers for use in electronic devices. Indeed, the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2010 was awarded for work on cross-coupling reactions. In this book, the recent trends in cross-coupling reactions are also introduced from the point of view of synthesis design and catalytic activities of transition-metal catalysts.

Synthesis And Modification Of Heterocycles By Metal Catalyzed Cross Coupling Reactions

Author: Tamás Patonay
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319326104
Size: 77.52 MB
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The series Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry presents critical reviews on present and future trends in the research of heterocyclic compounds. Overall the scope is to cover topics dealing with all areas within heterocyclic chemistry, both experimental and theoretical, of interest to the general heterocyclic chemistry community. The series consists of topic related volumes edited by renowned editors with contributions of experts in the field.

Beta Lactams

Author: Bimal K. Banik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319556215
Size: 29.68 MB
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This book presents an essential overview of beta-lactams and their medicinal value and use in the preparation of other biologically active compounds. Written by internationally respected authors, the individual chapters explore beta-lactams’ synthesis, their mechanism of formation, biological effects, and function as base materials for other heterocycles of major importance.