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Copper Catalyzed Electrophilic Amination Of Sp2 And Sp3 C H Bonds

Author: Stacey L. McDonald
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319388789
Size: 68.66 MB
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This thesis reports the latest developments in the direct amination of various C−H bonds using an H−Zn exchange/electrophilic amination strategy. McDonald and co-workers reveal this approach to be a rapid and powerful method for accessing a variety of functionalized amines. The material outlined in this book shows how McDonald achieved C−H zincation using strong, non-nucleophilic zinc bases and subsequent electrophilic amination of the corresponding zinc carbanions with copper as a catalyst and O-benzoylhydroxylamines as the electrophilic nitrogen source. McDonald’s findings are of relevance to medicinal chemistry, drug discovery and materials science. Her thesis is a source of inspiration for scientists entering the field and students beginning their PhD in a related area.

Green Techniques For Organic Synthesis And Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Wei Zhang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119288177
Size: 72.72 MB
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An updated overview of the rapidly developing field of green techniques for organic synthesis and medicinal chemistry Green chemistry remains a high priority in modern organic synthesis and pharmaceutical R&D, with important environmental and economic implications. This book presents comprehensive coverage of green chemistry techniques for organic and medicinal chemistry applications, summarizing the available new technologies, analyzing each technique’s features and green chemistry characteristics, and providing examples to demonstrate applications for green organic synthesis and medicinal chemistry. The extensively revised edition of Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry includes 7 entirely new chapters on topics including green chemistry and innovation, green chemistry metrics, green chemistry and biological drugs, and the business case for green chemistry in the generic pharmaceutical industry. It is divided into 4 parts. The first part introduces readers to the concepts of green chemistry and green engineering, global environmental regulations, green analytical chemistry, green solvents, and green chemistry metrics. The other three sections cover green catalysis, green synthetic techniques, and green techniques and strategies in the pharmaceutical industry. Includes more than 30% new and updated material—plus seven brand new chapters Edited by highly regarded experts in the field (Berkeley Cue is one of the fathers of Green Chemistry in Pharma) with backgrounds in academia and industry Brings together a team of international authors from academia, industry, government agencies, and consultancies (including John Warner, one of the founders of the field of Green Chemistry) Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry, Second Edition is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals, and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.

Sustainable C Sp3 H Bond Functionalization

Author: Jin Xie
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662494965
Size: 68.55 MB
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This book highlights major achievements made in the last five years concerning sustainable C(sp3)-H bond functionalization and offers a promising and emerging tool-kit for organic synthesis. The book is divided into three chapters demonstrating key advances in C(sp3)-H bond functionalization. Chapter 1 reviews transition-metal-catalyzed C(sp3)-H bond functionalization using different directing groups, while Chapter 2 addresses the new methods of transition-metal-catalyzed and metal-free C(sp3)-H bond functionalization without directing groups, in addition to briefly highlighting redox-neutral C(sp3)-H bond functionalization. In closing, Chapter 3 examines visible-light photoredox catalysis, an emerging and highly sustainable C(sp3)-H bond functionalization strategy. The book offers an intriguing and useful reference guide for a broad readership working and/or interested in the fields of organic, organometallic, and green chemistry.

Comprehensive Organic Synthesis

Author:
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 008097743X
Size: 29.72 MB
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The second edition of Comprehensive Organic Synthesis—winner of the 2015 PROSE Award for Multivolume Reference/Science from the Association of American Publishers—builds upon the highly respected first edition in drawing together the new common themes that underlie the many disparate areas of organic chemistry. These themes support effective and efficient synthetic strategies, thus providing a comprehensive overview of this important discipline. Fully revised and updated, this new set forms an essential reference work for all those seeking information on the solution of synthetic problems, whether they are experienced practitioners or chemists whose major interests lie outside organic synthesis. In addition, synthetic chemists requiring the essential facts in new areas, as well as students completely new to the field, will find Comprehensive Organic Synthesis, Second Edition an invaluable source, providing an authoritative overview of core concepts. Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award for Multivolume Reference/Science from the Association of American Publishers Contains more than170 articles across nine volumes, including detailed analysis of core topics such as bonds, oxidation, and reduction Includes more than10,000 schemes and images Fully revised and updated; important growth areas—including combinatorial chemistry, new technological, industrial, and green chemistry developments—are covered extensively

Synthesis And Modification Of Heterocycles By Metal Catalyzed Cross Coupling Reactions

Author: Tamás Patonay
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319326104
Size: 14.18 MB
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The series Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry presents critical reviews on present and future trends in the research of heterocyclic compounds. Overall the scope is to cover topics dealing with all areas within heterocyclic chemistry, both experimental and theoretical, of interest to the general heterocyclic chemistry community. The series consists of topic related volumes edited by renowned editors with contributions of experts in the field.

New Trends In Cross Coupling

Author: Thomas J Colacot
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782620257
Size: 53.81 MB
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Palladium-catalysed cross-coupling reactions constitute a powerful class of chemical methods for the creation of carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bonds used in organic synthesis, famously recognized by the 2010 Nobel Prize awarded to Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki ‘for palladium-catalysed cross-couplings in organic synthesis.’ These methods have become ubiquitous in academic and industrial settings alike, as applications span from industrial production of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, polymers, and dyes to the synthesis of complex natural products. New Trends in Cross-Coupling provides the reader with the history and basic, concepts of cross-coupling up to the state of the art in modern coupling reactions from both technology and applied perspectives. A wide breadth of topics including selecting prominent ligand types; advances in Pd-phosphine precatalysts and Pd N-heterocyclic carbene complexes; new reactions such as carboiodination; implementation of new technologies such as continuous flow and advanced metal detection methods; greener approaches to cross-coupling; as well as large-scale applications in the syntheses of pharmaceutical materials are covered. Edited by Thomas J. Colacot, an Industrial expert on cross coupling, the book contains contributions from academic and industrial world leaders in the field as well as a Forewords from Professor Barry M. Trost, Gregory C. Fu and 2010 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry Professor Ei-ichi Negishi. New Trends in Cross-Coupling serves as a reference guide for both undergraduate and graduate students as well as those who are experts in the area. '...this compilation, a “Must” for anyone interested in learning and using newer trends in cross-coupling.' Ei-ichi Negishi, 2010 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 'I am very pleased to see such a book concerning cross coupling reactions published.' Professor Akira Suzuki - 2010 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. 'this book is invaluable to anyone involved in synthesis of organic compounds for any purpose.' Professor Barry Trost, Stanford University.

Transition Metal Catalyzed Heterocycle Synthesis Via C H Activation

Author: Xiao-Feng Wu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527338888
Size: 19.77 MB
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Reflecting the tremendous growth of this hot topic in recent years, this book covers C-H activation with a focus on heterocycle synthesis. As such, the text provides general mechanistic aspects and gives a comprehensive overview of catalytic reactions in the presence of palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, copper, iron, cobalt, and iridium. The chapters are organized according to the transition metal used and sub-divided by type of heterocycle formed to enable quick access to the synthetic route needed. Chapters on carbonylative synthesis of heterocycles and the application of C-H activation methodology to the synthesis of natural products are also included. Written by an outstanding team of authors, this is a valuable reference for researchers in academia and industry working in the field of organic synthesis, catalysis, natural product synthesis, pharmaceutical chemistry, and crop protection.

Chemical Electrostatics

Author: Fernando Galembeck
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319523740
Size: 79.78 MB
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This book provides new clues for understanding electrostatic charging in solids and liquids, resulting from the surge of research in this active area of science that is taking place since the 1990's but is still largely unknown to most researchers, lecturers and engineers. Written by a leading researcher in this field, this book describes the formation and properties of the Earth capacitor, the production of environmental electricity and its effect on natural and anthropic systems and examines many situations in which water may play a decisive role in electrostatic behavior. The authors present an informed critique of the long-held assumption that pure substances should be electroneutral. In this regard, the authors show that charge partition and accumulation is expected considering the electrochemical potential under non-zero electrostatic potential, which prevails at Earth surface. This book provides conceptual tools to guide the reader through the complexities and consequences of electrostatic phenomena while covering exciting current topics such as energy scavenging from the environment, electrostatic based green production, energy-saving processes, electrochemistry at the solid-gas interface, therapeutic electrostatic treatments, applications in sanitation and pest control and control of atmospheric electricity and its use in climate engineering.

Lewis Basicity And Affinity Scales

Author: Christian Laurence
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470681893
Size: 52.80 MB
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The Lewis concept of acids and bases is discussed in every general, organic and inorganic chemistry textbook. This is usually just a descriptive treatment, as it is not possible to devise a single numerical scale suitable for all occasions. However quantitative Lewis acid-base chemistry can be developed by compiling reaction-specific basicity scales which can be used in specific branches of chemistry and biochemistry. Lewis Basicity and Affinity Scales: Data and Measurementbrings together for the first time a comprehensive range of Lewis basicity/affinity data in one volume. More than 2400 equilibrium constants of acid-base reactions, 1500 complexation enthalpies, and nearly 2000 infrared and ultraviolet shifts upon complexation are gathered together in 25 thermodynamic and spectroscopic scales of basicity and/or affinity. For each scale, the definition, the method of measurement, an exhaustive database, and a critical discussion are given. All the data have been critically examined; some have been re-measured; literature gaps have been filled by original measurements; and each scale has been made homogeneous. This collection of data will enable experimental chemists to better understand and predict the numerous chemical, physical and biological properties that depend upon Lewis basicity. Chemometricians will be able to apply their methods to the data matrices constructed from this book in order to identify the factors which influence basicity and basicity-dependent properties. In addition, measured experimental basicities and affinities are essential to computational chemists for the validation, calibration and establishment of reliable computational methods for quantifying and explaining intermolecular forces and the chemical bond. Lewis Basicity and Affinity Scales: Data and Measurement is an essential single-source desktop reference for research scientists, engineers, and students in academia, research institutes and industry, in all areas of chemistry from fundamental to applied research. "The book is a noteworthy piece of work and represents a timely and vast accumulation of knowledge regarding Lewis bases that brings together accurate thermodynamic and spectroscopic data on typical reference Lewis acids. As such, it should serve as a useful and general guide to basicity." J. AM. CHEM. SOC. 2011, 133, 642

Superbases For Organic Synthesis

Author: Tsutomu Ishikawa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470740866
Size: 60.53 MB
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Guanidines, amidines and phosphazenes have been attracting attention in organic synthesis due to their potential functionality resulting from their extremely strong basicity. They are also promising catalysts because of their potential for easy molecular modification, possible recyclability, and reduced or zero toxicity. Importantly, these molecules can be derived as natural products – valuable as scientists move towards “sustainable chemistry”, where reagents and catalysts are derived from biomaterial sources. Superbases for Organic Synthesis is an essential guide to these important molecules for preparative organic synthesis. Topics covered include the following aspects: an introduction to organosuperbases physicochemical properties of organic superbases amidines and guanidines in organic synthesis phosphazene: preparation, reaction and catalytic role polymer-supported organosuperbases application of organosuperbases to total synthesis related organocatalysts: proton sponges and urea derivatives amidines and guanidines in natural products and medicines Superbases for Organic Synthesis is a comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date guide to these important reagents for organic chemists, drug discovery researchers and those interested in the chemistry of natural products.