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Cosmopolis

Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226808383
Size: 67.23 MB
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In the seventeenth century, a vision arose which was to captivate the Western imagination for the next three hundred years: the vision of Cosmopolis, a society as rationally ordered as the Newtonian view of nature. While fueling extraordinary advances in all fields of human endeavor, this vision perpetuated a hidden yet persistent agenda: the delusion that human nature and society could be fitted into precise and manageable rational categories. Stephen Toulmin confronts that agenda—its illusions and its consequences for our present and future world. "By showing how different the last three centuries would have been if Montaigne, rather than Descartes, had been taken as a starting point, Toulmin helps destroy the illusion that the Cartesian quest for certainty is intrinsic to the nature of science or philosophy."—Richard M. Rorty, University of Virginia "[Toulmin] has now tackled perhaps his most ambitious theme of all. . . . His aim is nothing less than to lay before us an account of both the origins and the prospects of our distinctively modern world. By charting the evolution of modernity, he hopes to show us what intellectual posture we ought to adopt as we confront the coming millennium."—Quentin Skinner, New York Review of Books

Cosmopolis

Author: Stephen Toulmin
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 55.96 MB
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Discusses the seventeenth century obsession with manageable rational categories, and argues that the failure of modernity is making that attitude popular again

An Introduction To Reasoning

Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN:
Size: 26.94 MB
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First level of analysis : the soundness of arguments - Second level of analysis : the strength of arguments - Fallacies : how arguments go wrong - Critical practice - Special fields of reasoning.

Return To Reason

Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674044428
Size: 30.42 MB
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Stephen Toulmin argues that the potential for reason to improve our lives has been hampered by a serious imbalance in our pursuit of knowledge. The centuries-old dominance of rationality has diminished the value of reasonableness. Toulmin issues a powerful call to redress the balance between rationality and reasonableness.

Vygotsky S Psychology

Author: Alex Kozulin
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674943667
Size: 51.55 MB
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Alex Kozulin, translator of Vygotsky's work and distinguished Russian-American psychologist, has written the first major intellectual biography about Vygotsky's theories and their relationship to twentieth-century Russian and Western intellectual culture. In the last two decades, Vygotsky's theories have become highly influential while those of other theoretical giants have faded. Kozulin's biography of Vygotsky reflects many of the conflicts of twentieth-century psychology--from the early battles between introspectionists and reflexologists to the current argument concerning the cultural and social, rather than natural, construction of the human mind.

Theory And Educational Research

Author: Jean Anyon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135854432
Size: 70.70 MB
Format: PDF
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Most empirical researchers avoid the use of theory in their studies, providing data but little or no social explanation. Theoreticians, on the other hand, rarely test their ideas with empirical projects. As this groundbreaking volume makes clear, however, neither data nor theory alone is adequate to the task of social explanation—rather they form and inform each other as the inquiry process unfolds. Theory and Educational Research bridges the age-old theory/research divide by demonstrating how researchers can use critical social theory to determine appropriate empirical research strategies, and extend the analytical, critical – and sometimes emancipatory – power of data gathering and interpretation. Each chapter models a theoretically informed empiricism that places the data research yields in constant conversation with theoretical arsenals of powerful concepts. Personal reflections following each chapter chronicle the contributors’ trajectories of struggle and triumph utilizing theory and its powers in research. In the end this rich collection teaches education scholars how to deliberately engage with critical social theory in research to produce work that is simultaneously theoretically inspired, politically engaged, and empirically evocative.

Meaning In History

Author: Karl Löwith
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226495552
Size: 49.33 MB
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Modern man sees with one eye of faith and one eye of reason. Consequently, his view of history is confused. For centuries, the history of the Western world has been viewed from the Christian or classical standpoint—from a deep faith in the Kingdom of God or a belief in recurrent and eternal life-cycles. The modern mind, however, is neither Christian nor pagan—and its interpretations of history are Christian in derivation and anti-Christian in result. To develop this theory, Karl Löwith—beginning with the more accessible philosophies of history in the nineteenth and eighteenth centuries and working back to the Bible—analyzes the writings of outstanding historians both in antiquity and in Christian times. "A book of distinction and great importance. . . . The author is a master of philosophical interpretation, and each of his terse and substantial chapters has the balance of a work of art."—Helmut Kuhn, Journal of Philosophy

The Discovery Of Time

Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226808420
Size: 16.43 MB
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Examines the development of the concept of history and analyzes its impact on science and attitudes toward the natural world