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Cost Sharing And Accessibility In Higher Education A Fairer Deal

Author: Pedro N. Teixeira
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140204660X
Size: 40.53 MB
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The demand and the costs for higher education have risen steeply in recent years. The most common response worldwide has been some form of cost sharing: shifting per-student costs from governments and taxpayers to parents and students. This timely book provides a comprehensive discussion of the concepts and consequences of cost-sharing in higher education. It offers a comparative approach based on several national case-studies, and proposes alternatives to prevalent approaches.

Financing Higher Education Worldwide

Author: D. Bruce Johnstone
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801894573
Size: 74.46 MB
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No issue in higher education is as salient, or as controversial, as finance. As demand for higher education around the world grows, so do the costs associated with it, especially as governments shoulder less of the burden. Tuition fees rise and student loan debt grows. Who pays for these surging costs? Who should pay? D. Bruce Johnstone and Pamela N. Marcucci examine the universal phenomenon of cost-sharing in higher education—where financial responsibility shifts from governments and taxpayers to students and families. They find that growing costs for education far outpace public revenue streams that once supported it. Even with financial aid and scholarships defraying some of these costs, students are responsible for a greater share of the cost of higher education. Featuring comprehensive economic and policy data, the authors' international comparative approach shows how economically diverse countries all face similar cost-sharing challenges. So, who should pay for higher education? While cost-sharing is both politically and ideologically debated, Johnstone and Marcucci contend that, for almost all countries, it is imperative for the financial health of colleges and universities, bringing better efficiency, equity, and responsiveness. Financing Higher Education Worldwide combines sophisticated economic explanations with sensitive political and cultural analyses of the financial pressures facing higher education throughout the world.

Competencies Higher Education And Career In Japan And The Netherlands

Author: Jim Allen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402060440
Size: 39.31 MB
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This book investigates how social and cultural factors affect the education, training and career development of graduates of higher education in Japan and the Netherlands. The aim of this book is to explore how Dutch and Japanese graduates choose and develop their careers in reference to the above-mentioned challenges. It is based on a unique data set consisting of surveys held among graduates three and eight years after leaving higher education.

Non University Higher Education In Europe

Author: James S. Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402083351
Size: 41.87 MB
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Today, a substantial portion of higher education is provided outside of the traditional universities in non-university institutions with a multitude of varied characteristics. In recent decades, higher education systems have been subjected to many changes and reforms throughout the world. One of the most important was undoubtedly the expansion of higher education in the second half of the last century from an elite system to one for the masses. While institutions of higher learning have been in existence for approximately 1,000 years, this exponential growth has been much more recent. This movement toward mass higher education has created substantial national impacts on the development of the systems of higher education. While common denominators of change and adaptation can be identified globally, there remain important differences from country to country. There are many factors challenging higher education today and in the foreseeable future. In one form or another, these issues and trends can be seen in higher education systems throughout the world. They include chronic underfunding, marketisation and competition, alternative providers, massification, internationalisation, governance, leadership, strategic management, accountability, accreditation, and social relevance. Another key factor for many countries, especially in Europe, and the focus of this book, is the current and future status of the higher education systems that differentiate the university and non-university sectors.

Education And Inequality Across Europe

Author: Peter Dolton
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN: 9781847205889
Size: 56.50 MB
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'This volume represents a new chapter in understanding income inequality. the various authors, drawn from across Europe, not only provide rich comparative views about the extent of inequality but also go on to explain some of the causes. the composite picture of the role of education that emerges provides both researchers and policy-makers with new insights into the dynamics of economic well-being. - Eric Hanushek, Stanford University, US

Dynamic Fair Dealing

Author: Rosemary Coombe
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442665629
Size: 14.26 MB
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Dynamic Fair Dealing argues that only a dynamic, flexible, and equitable approach to cultural ownership can accommodate the astonishing range of ways that we create, circulate, manage, attribute, and make use of digital cultural objects. The Canadian legal tradition strives to balance the rights of copyright holders with public needs to engage with copyright protected material, but there is now a substantial gap between what people actually do with cultural forms and how the law understands those practices. Digital technologies continue to shape new forms of cultural production, circulation, and distribution that challenge both the practicality and the desirability of Canada's fair dealing provisions. Dynamic Fair Dealing presents a range of insightful and provocative essays that rethink our relationship to Canadian fair dealing policy. With contributions from scholars, activists, and artists from across disciplines, professions, and creative practices, this book explores the extent to which copyright has expanded into every facet of society and reveals how our capacities to actually deal fairly with cultural goods has suffered in the process. In order to drive conversations about the cultural worlds Canadians imagine, and the policy reforms we need to realize these visions, we need Dynamic Fair Dealing.

Entrepreneurial Universities

Author: Basilius Eberle
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640645243
Size: 56.91 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensfuhrung, Management, Organisation, Note: 2,0, Universitat Augsburg (Lst. f. Organisation und Unternehmensfurung Prof. Lehmann), Veranstaltung: Proseminar, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Universitaten als Bildungseinrichtungen mussen sich den Herausforderungen, die ein verandertes Arbeitsumfeld, nicht zuletzt durch die Globalisierung und Dynamisie-rung der Markte an sie stellt. Dadurch entsteht vermehrt der Druck, Studenten auf eine Lebenswirklichkeit vorzubereiten, die von zunehmender Unsicherheit und Komplexitat gepragt ist (Gibb und Hannon, 2006, S. 5). Dazu gehoren regelmassige Stellenwechsel ebenso wie globale Mobilitat und die Fahigkeit, sich auf fremde Kulturen einzulassen (Goshal und Gratton, 2002). In diesem Szenario kann der Universitatsabschluss nicht mehr als Garantie fur eine lebenslange Anstellung angesehen werden als vielmehr als Eintrittskarte in die Arbeitswelt. Ebenso ist der Wandel unserer Gesellschaft zu einer Wissensgesellschaft nicht mehr aufzuhalten. Besonders rohstoffarme Lander wie Deutschland tun daher gut daran, den Produktionsfaktor Wissen zu fordern und seine Anwendung in Innovationen zu unter-stutzen. Einen grossen Beitrag zur Verbreitung des Produktionsfaktors Wissen stellen dabei die Universitaten dar. Das Problem der Universitaten ist aber, dass sie zwar sehr viel Wissen generieren und fur die Gesellschaft bereitstellen, der Transfer hin zur Wirt-schaft und damit zu einer Anwendung unterbleibt aber oftmals. Um es zugespitzt zu formulieren ware das eine Verschwendung von Steuergeldern, bei der nichts als Grund-lagenforschung herauskommt (Flueglistaller, 2004, S. 22). Doch die Universitaten haben auf den Ruf nach mehr Anwendungsbezug und Wissens-transfer reagiert: Sie sind unternehmerischer geworden (Mowery et al., 2004, Siegel, 2006). Spatestens seit dem sog. Bah-Doyle Act aus dem Jahr 1980 werden Universita-ten vermehrt dazu angespornt, ihre Forschungsergebnisse zu verm"