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Crime Control Politics And Policy

Author: Peter J. Benekos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317523474
Size: 20.78 MB
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This book reviews concepts, information and points of view that help to explain the context and constraints of the criminal justice system. The chapters summarize developments in public policy and crime control, and interweave themes central to the discussion: the impact of ideology, the role of the media, and the politicization of crime and criminal justice.

The Politics Of Crime Control

Author: Professor Kevin Martin Stenson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446234365
Size: 57.70 MB
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What is meant by crime, crime prevention and crime control? Who defines the acts which are deemed as criminal? Who devises the sanctions and who acts as agents of social control? This timely and challenging book brings together a group of leading international criminologists from all sides of the political spectrum. They first examine the formation and implementation of official crime prevention and control policies. In the second part they look at a range of critical perspectives which explore the definition of crime and discuss proposals for its prevention and control.

Crime Prevention

Author: Daniel Gilling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135364516
Size: 53.29 MB
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First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

A History Of Federal Crime Control Initiatives 1960 1993

Author: Nancy E. Marion
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275946494
Size: 13.33 MB
Format: PDF
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Discusses federal initiatives for crime control and presents the argument that presidential and congressional initiatives are largely symbolic, in chapters that examine the anticrime policy agendas of Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, and Clinton. The final chapter provides information on

The New Politics Of Crime And Punishment

Author: Roger Matthews
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113599482X
Size: 16.93 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book provides an overview of recent government initiatives in the field of crime and punishment, reviewing both the policies themselves, the perceived problems and issues they seek to address, and the broader social and political context in which this is taking place. The underlying theme of the book is that a qualitative change has taken place in the politics of crime control in the UK since the early 1990s. Although crime has stabilised, imprisonment rates continue to climb, there is a new mood of punitiveness, and crime has become a central policy issue for the government, no longer just a technical matter of law enforcement. At the same time the politics of crime control have taken on a pronounced gender, race and age preoccupation. This book will be essential reading for anybody seeking an understanding of why crime and criminal justice policy have risen to the top of the political agenda.

Crime

Author: James Q. Wilson
Publisher: Ics Press
ISBN:
Size: 52.72 MB
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The Perils Of Federalism

Author: Lisa L. Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199715886
Size: 34.55 MB
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Much of the existing research on race and crime focuses on the manipulation of crime by political elites or the racially biased nature of crime policy. In contrast, Lisa L. Miller here specifically focuses on political and socio-legal institutions and actors that drive these developments and their relationship to the politics of race and poverty; in particular, the degree to which citizens at most risk of victimization--primarily racial minorities and the poor--play a role in the development of political responses to crime and violence. Miller begins her study by providing a detailed analysis of the narrow and often parochial nature of national and state crime politics, drawing a sharp contrast to the active and intense local political mobilization on crime by racial minorities and the urban poor. In doing so, The Perils of Federalism illustrates the ways in which the structure of U.S. federalism has contributed to the absence of black and poor victims of violence from national policy responses to crime and how highly organized but narrowly focused interest groups, such as the National Rifle Association, have a disproportionate influence in crime politics. Moreover, it illustrates how the absence of these groups from the policy process at other levels promotes policy frames that are highly skewed in favor of police, prosecutors, and narrow citizen interests, whose policy preferences often converge on increasing punishments for offenders. Ultimately, The Perils of Federalism challenges the conventional wisdom about the advantages of federalization and explains the key disadvantages that local communities face in trying to change policy.

Crime Control And Community

Author: Gordon Hughes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135989508
Size: 66.51 MB
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Community-based crime control has become one of the principal policy responses to crime and disorder across western societies, and is regarded now as one of the keys to successful crime prevention and reduction. The aim of this book is to bring together findings from case studies of community-based crime control in England as a means of examining the prospects for this approach, its evolving relationship with criminal justice and social policies, and to assess the lessons internationally that can be drawn from this in the theory, research methods, politics and practice of crime control. At the same time the book advances an important new conceptual framework for understanding community-based crime control, focusing on an understanding of the diversity of control and preventative strategies, the locally particular conditions in which they are conducted, and the degree of choices open to local political actors involved in their conduct. Understanding diversity in this way is central to drawing lessons about the transferability of crime control theory and practice from one social context to another, avoiding the naïve emulation of practices in different contexts.

Crime Control In Ireland

Author: Ian O'Donnell
Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC.
ISBN: 9781859182741
Size: 51.83 MB
Format: PDF
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Public and political interest in issues of crime and punishment in Ireland has grown substantially in recent years. However, the debate tends to be poorly informed and rarely rises above the level of hollow rhetoric. This is an area where important decisions are made in a vacuum. Rhetoric and reaction, rather than reason and principle, are the primary forces shaping criminal justice policy. Over the past five years the official crime rate has declined sharply. This has been offered as support for the politics of zero tolerance. However there is a range of alternative explanations which are rarely discussed but equally plausible. The reduction in recorded crime has been accompanied by a major redirection of criminal justice policy. " The War on Crime" explores why a punitive political consensus has emerged at a time when, according to the Garda statistics, society has become much safer. The book provides a radical critique of criminal statistics, locates Irish crime patterns in a European context and suggests a new framework for analyzing trends in crime and its management.

Crime Prevention Policies In Comparative Perspective

Author: Adam Crawford
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134027583
Size: 80.38 MB
Format: PDF
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This book brings together a collection of leading international experts to explore the lessons learnt through implementation and the future directions of crime prevention policies. Through a comparative analysis of developments in crime prevention policies across a number of European countries, contributors address questions such as: How has 'the preventive turn' in crime control policies been implemented in various different countries and what have its implications been? What lessons have been learnt over the ensuing years and what are the major trends influencing the direction of development? What does the future hold for crime prevention and community safety? Contributors explore and assess the different models adopted and the shifting emphasis accorded to differing strategies over time. The book also seeks to compare and contrast different approaches as well as the nature and extent of policy transfer between jurisdictions and the internationalisation of key ideas, strategies and theories of crime prevention and community safety.