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Crime In The United States 2012

Author: Gwenavere W. Dunn
Publisher: Bernan Press
ISBN: 1598885227
Size: 44.41 MB
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Crime in the United States contains findings from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the offenses, known to law enforcement, released annually from its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Because the FBI no longer prints these findings, Bernan Press continues to provide this practical information in convenient book form. In this intricately detailed source, legal and law enforcement professionals, researchers, and those who are just curious will find violent and property crime statistics for the nation as a whole—and for regions, states, counties, cities, towns, and even college and university campuses. Crime in the United States includes statistics for: • violent and property crimes • hate crimes • crime trends • victims, by type • crimes cleared (those closed by arrest or other means) • persons arrested (age, sex, and race) • juvenile offenders • law enforcement personnel (including the number of sworn officers killed or assaulted) • characteristics of homicides (including age, sex, and race of victims and offenders; victim-offender relationships; weapons used; and circumstances surrounding homicides) In addition to data, Crime in the United States also includes text and pertinent figures that explain the data in greater detail and supplies a visual perspective of these major offenses. Violent crimes include: • murder and non-negligent manslaughter • forcible rape • robbery • aggravated assault Property crimes include: • burglary • larceny-theft • motor vehicle theft • arson Hate crimes include any crime motivated by bias against: • race • religion • sexual orientation • ethnicity/national origin • and/or disability Data include the following: offense type, location, bias motivation, victim type, number of individual victims, number of offenders, and the race of the offenders. New in 2012 A section on crime trends and the rise in Internet crime, including recent high profile cyber crime and tips on protecting your personal information and credit card accounts. Some examples of information found in Crime in the United States, 2012: Nationwide, there were an estimated 1,246,248 violent crimes and 9,082,887 property crimes in 2010. The number of violent crimes has decreased for the fourth year in a row—a 6.0 percent decrease. Property crimes also decreased 2.7 percent in 2010, marking the eighth year these offenses have dropped below the previous year’s total. From 2009 to 2010 crime has declined: • Murder and non-negligent manslaughter, down 4.2 percent. • Forcible rape, down 5.1 percent. • Robbery, down 10.0 percent. • Aggravated assaults, down 4.1 percent. • Motor vehicle theft, down 7.4 percent. • Burglaries, down 2.0 percent. Although the nation has been steadily decreasing in the rate of violent and property crime over the past several years, the numbers of these incidents are still staggering. The violent crime rate for the year was 403.6 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants; property crime rate was 2,941.9 offenses per 100,000 persons. More than 6 million larceny thefts occurred in the United States in 2010; almost 3 million of which were valued at more than $200. Larceny theft includes pocket-picking, purse-snatching, shoplifting, bicycles, and articles from motor vehicles, buildings, and coin-operated machines. More than 737,000 vehicle thefts occurred in the United States in 2010; 481,236 vehicle thefts were automobiles, while 109,266 were trucks or buses. More than 1.5 million burglaries of residences occurred, and almost 600,000 burglaries occurred in non-residences, such as stores or offices. Of the violent crimes, more than 14,500 murders occurred in the U.S. and there were more than 85,500 rapes were reported. Firearms were used in 128,793 robberies and 138,403 aggravated assaults, while 24,388 robberies and 127,857 aggravated assaults were committed with a knife or other cutting instrument. Firearms were used in 67.5 percent of the nation’s murders, 41.4 percent in robberies, and 20.6 percent in aggravated assaults. Although the largest percentage of murders and robberies were committed with firearms, weapons such as clubs and blunt objects accounted for 33.1 percent of aggravated assaults. Of the property stolen in the United States, only 21 percent of all stolen property is recovered; about 56 percent of locally stolen motor vehicles are recovered, while currency and household goods are recovered least, both at a little more than 3 percent. It is estimated that there were 13.1 million arrests in 2010 (excluding traffic violations). The arrest rate for violet crimes was 179.2 per 100,000 inhabitants; and the rate for crimes involving property was 538.5 per 100,000 inhabitants. Agencies reported that as of October 31, 2010, they collectively employed 705,009 sworn officers and 308,599 civilians, a rate of 3.5 employees for each 1,000 persons.

State Crime And Resistance

Author: Elizabeth Stanley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415691931
Size: 64.13 MB
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Within criminology 'the state' is often ignored as an active participant, or represented as a neutral force. While state crime studies have proliferated, criminologists have not paid attention to the history and impact of resistance to state crime. This book recognises that crimes of the state are far more serious and harmful than crimes committed by individuals, and considers how such crimes may be contested, prevented, challenged or stopped. Gathering together key scholars from the UK, USA, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, this book offers a deepened understanding of state crime through the practical and analytical lens of resistance. This book focuses on crimes ranging from gross violations of human rights (such as genocide, war crimes, mass killings, summary executions, torture, harsh detention and rape during war), to entrenched discrimination, unjust social policies, border controls, corruption, fraud, resource plunder and the failure to provide the regulatory environment and principled leadership necessary to deal with global warming. As the first to focus on state crime and resistance, this collection inspires new questions as it maps the contours of previously unexplored territory. It is aimed at students and academics researching state crimes, resistance, human rights and social movements. It is also essential reading for all those interested in joining the struggles to champion ways of living that value humanity and justice over power.

Crime In The United States 2012

Author: Gwenavere White Dunn
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1598885219
Size: 30.63 MB
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This reference, formerly published by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), is a comprehensive collection of the nation's criminal statistics. It provides the latest data submitted by city, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies.

Popular Crime

Author: Bill James
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 141655274X
Size: 56.28 MB
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Presents a cultural analysis of sensational crime in America that profiles such infamous cases as the Lindbergh baby kidnapping, the Black Dahlia murder, and O.J. Simpson's trial to offer insight into topics ranging from evidence practices to radicalism.

Masters Of True Crime

Author: R. Barri Flowers
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1616145684
Size: 78.77 MB
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Spanning murder cases from the beginning of the twentieth century to today, this is a must-read for fans of true crime and will also be compelling to mystery and thriller readers. The contributors include Harold Schechter, Katherine Ramsland, Carol Anne Davis, Burl Barer, and other leading writers in this genre. In February 1975, nine-year-old Marcia Trimble left her house in Nashville to deliver Girl Scout cookies in the neighborhood. She never returned. After a massive but fruitless search, her body was discovered on Easter Sunday. Outrage and horror gripped the community of Nashville, but the murder investigation was frustrated at every turn. The case went cold for three decades until it was finally solved. In January 1997, Herbert Blitzstein was found murdered in the living room of his Las Vegas townhouse. A notorious mob insider, "Fat Herbie" had pursued loan sharking and other rackets for decades. Now, Blitzstein had been dispatched gangland style—by three bullets to the back of the head—in what appeared to be a classic contract killing. But the details of who killed him and why turned out to be much more complicated, and the real motives and circumstances remain murky to this day. These are just two examples of the riveting stories assembled in this unparalleled collection of some of the top true-crime writers in the world. Each of the seventeen contributors draws on his or her own strengths, backgrounds, interests, and research skills to describe in a vivid narrative not only the facts of each notorious case but also the terrible emotions and macabre circumstances surrounding the crimes. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Crime Numbers Game

Author: John A. Eterno
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466551704
Size: 57.56 MB
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In the mid-1990s, the NYPD created a performance management strategy known as Compstat. It consisted of computerized data, crime analysis, and advanced crime mapping coupled with middle management accountability and crime strategy meetings with high-ranking decision makers. While initially credited with a dramatic reduction in crime, questions quickly arose as to the reliability of the data. The Crime Numbers Game: Management by Manipulation brings together the work of two criminologists—one a former NYPD captain—who present the first in-depth empirical analysis of this management system—exposing the truth about crime statistics manipulation in the NYPD and the repercussions suffered by crime victims and those who blew the whistle on this corrupt practice. Providing insider insight into a system shrouded in secrecy, this volume: Documents and analyzes a wide array of data that definitively demonstrates the range of manipulation reflected in official New York City crime statistics Explores how the consequences of unreliable crime statistics ripple throughout police organizations, affecting police, citizens, and victims Documents the widening spell of police performance management throughout the world Reviews current NYPD leadership approaches and offers alternatives Analyzes the synchronicity of the media’s and the NYPD’s responses to the authors’ findings Explores the implications of various theoretical approaches to Compstat Offers a new approach based on organizational transparency Presenting a story of police reform gone astray, this book stunningly demonstrates how integrity succumbed to a short-term numbers game, casting a cloud on the department from which we can only hope it will emerge. For more information, check out the authors' blog, Unveiling Compstat, at blogspot.com and their website. Eterno and Silverman’s work in this book was cited in the article The Truth About Chicago’s Crime Rates: Part 2 in the June 2014 issue of Chicago magazine. The Authors in the News The authors' studies on crime were featured in a November 1, 2010 New York Times article and their comments were published on the editorial page. Their work was also cited in a November 30, 2010 Uptowner article about police manipulation of crime statistics. Silverman and Eterno described a proposed strategy for improving community confidence in the integrity of crime statistics in a January 24, 2011 Daily News article. On August 22, 2011, Eli Silverman commented on a recent rise in NYC crime statistics in a New York Post article. On November 29, 2011, the Village Voice featured an article written by Silverman and Eterno on crime statistics manipulation and recent corruption scandals. Eli Silverman was interviewed by the Plainview Patch in a December 20, 2011 article about people's perception of crime in a community. The book is cited in a February 23, 2012 Wall Street Journal article about a lawsuit filed by a NYPD officer. John Eterno was a featured guest on Talkzone Internet Talk Radio on February 25, 2012. Eli Silverman spoke in a February 27, 2012 NY1 Online video about concerns regarding NYPD's stop and frisk policy. The book was profiled in a February 27, 2012 article in The Chief, a weekly newspaper for New York civil service employees. The authors appeared on a March 26, 2012 local ABC news program about underreported crime rates. thePolipit blog discussed the book on April 2, 2012. John Eterno was quoted in an April 9, 2012 New York Times article about the NYPD's stop-and-frisk policy. Eli Silverman was quoted in a May 2, 2012 DNAinfo.com article about rising New York City crime rates. A New York Times Op-Ed piece referenced Eli Silverman on May 13, 2012. John Eterno's Op-Ed piece entitled "Policing by the Numbers" appeared in the New York Times on June 17, 2012. The book was cited in a June 19, 2012 Mother Jones article. John Eterno was featured in a Reuters TV program about the NYPD's "stop and frisk" policy. Eli Silverman testified on April 4, 2013 in a class action lawsuit related to the NYPD stop and frisk policy. On July 14, 2014, an article written by John Eterno and Eli Silversman about Police Commissioner Bratton's stop-and-frisk policy appeared in the New York Daily News.

More Guns Less Crime

Author: John R. Lott
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226493671
Size: 11.19 MB
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On its initial publication in 1998, John R. Lott’s More Guns, Less Crime drew both lavish praise and heated criticism. More than a decade later, it continues to play a key role in ongoing arguments over gun-control laws: despite all the attacks by gun-control advocates, no one has ever been able to refute Lott’s simple, startling conclusion that more guns mean less crime. Relying on the most rigorously comprehensive data analysis ever conducted on crime statistics and right-to-carry laws, the book directly challenges common perceptions about the relationship of guns, crime, and violence. For this third edition, Lott draws on an additional ten years of data—including provocative analysis of the effects of gun bans in Chicago and Washington, D.C—that brings the book fully up to date and further bolsters its central contention.

An Introduction To Political Crime

Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1847426794
Size: 60.68 MB
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Jeffrey Ian Ross here provides a comprehensive analysis of political crime, addressing violent and nonviolent crimes committed by and against the state including political corruption, illegal domestic surveillance, and human rights violations in the United States and other industrialized democracies since the 1960s. He explores various aspects of the issue, including its causes, ways to control it, and the effects of different types of political crime. Integrating new scholarship on state crime in the wake of 9/11, Ross uses numerous examples to help readers understand this complex issue. A companion website for this book, including resources for students and teachers, can be found at: http: //www.policypress.co.uk/resources/ross/"

Persisters And Desisters In Crime From Adolescence Into Adulthood

Author: Machteld Hoeve
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317082001
Size: 66.70 MB
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Too many juvenile delinquents persist in their offending into adulthood. They constitute a major burden for individual victims, for businesses and the justice system, all contributing to the total cost of crime for society. Focusing on the transition between juvenile offending and adult crime, this book examines research based on Dutch, European and North-American studies on the persistence and discontinuity of offending between late adolescence and early adulthood. Presenting empirical studies showing why persistence or discontinuity take place, the book provides up-to-date information on preventive and remedial interventions to promote discontinuity of offending amongst young adults. From the same team who produced 'Tomorrow's Criminals', this book will be a valuable resource for criminologists, criminal justice professionals, psychologists, sociologists, and psychiatrists interested in juvenile and young adult offenders, as well as those interested in what makes career criminals and youth who reform.