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Dams And Development

Author: World Commission on Dams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134897987
Size: 74.97 MB
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By the year 2000, the world had built more than 45,000 large dams to irrigate crops, generate power, control floods in wet times and store water in dry times. Yet, in the last century, large dams also disrupted the ecology of half the world's rivers, displaced tens of millions of people from their homes and left nations burdened with debt. Their impacts have inevitably generated growing controversy and conflicts. Resolving their role in meeting water and energy needs is vital for the future and illustrates the complex development challenges that face our societies. The Report of the World Commission on Dams: - is the product of an unprecedented global public policy effort to bring governments, the private sector and civil society together in one process - provides the first comprehensive global and independent review of the performance and impacts of dams - presents a new framework for water and energy resources development - develops an agenda of seven strategic priorities with corresponding criteria and guidelines for future decision-making. Challenging our assumptions, the Commission sets before us the hard, rigorous and clear-eyed evidence of exactly why nations decide to build dams and how dams can affect human, plant and animal life, for better or for worse. Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision-Making is vital reading on the future of dams as well as the changing development context where new voices, choices and options leave little room for a business-as-usual scenario.

Water Planet The Culture Politics Economics And Sustainability Of Water On Earth

Author: Camille Gaskin-Reyes
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440838178
Size: 63.30 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Through case studies, opposing viewpoints, and primary documents, this reference work examines the environmental and sustainability issues regarding water as well as how water is an intrinsic part of human culture. • Presents a variety of resources and multidisciplinary perspectives on water in a single book • Offers opposing viewpoints on current world water issues that enable readers to consider these problems from political, cultural, economic, and scientific vantage points • Documents how some practical necessities regarding our global water problems are in conflict with established cultural tradition and values

Evaluating Dam Sustainability The Challenge Of Lao Nam Theun 2

Author: Wayne White
ISBN: 0557003237
Size: 28.63 MB
Format: PDF
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This book is both a needed methodology for evaluating the sustainability of hydropower/ dam projects, and a case study of one of the more precedent setting dam developments of our time, the Nam Theun 2 project in the Lao PDR. It combines issues of biodiversity, indigenous persons, and poverty alleviation, against the backdrop of the World Bank's search for legitimacy for returning to a role promoting massive dams.

Dams And Development In China

Author: Bryan Tilt
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023153826X
Size: 54.52 MB
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China is home to half of the world's large dams and adds dozens more each year. The benefits are considerable: dams deliver hydropower, provide reliable irrigation water, protect people and farmland against flooding, and produce hydroelectricity in a nation with a seeimingly insatiable appetite for energy. As hydropower responds to a larger share of energy demand, dams may also help to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, welcome news in a country where air and water pollution have become dire and greenhouse gas emissions are the highest in the world. Yet the advantages of dams come at a high cost for river ecosystems and for the social and economic well-being of local people, who face displacement and farmland loss. This book examines the array of water-management decisions faced by Chinese leaders and their consequences for local communities. Focusing on the southwestern province of Yunnan—a major hub for hydropower development in China—which encompasses one of the world's most biodiverse temperate ecosystems and one of China's most ethnically and culturally rich regions, Bryan Tilt takes the reader from the halls of decision-making power in Beijing to Yunnan's rural villages. In the process, he examines the contrasting values of government agencies, hydropower corporations, NGOs, and local communities and explores how these values are linked to longstanding cultural norms about what is right, proper, and just. He also considers the various strategies these groups use to influence water-resource policy, including advocacy, petitioning, and public protest. Drawing on a decade of research, he offers his insights on whether the world's most populous nation will adopt greater transparency, increased scientific collaboration, and broader public participation as it continues to grow economically.

Impacts Of Large Dams A Global Assessment

Author: Cecilia Tortajada
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642235700
Size: 68.52 MB
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One of the most controversial issues of the water sector in recent years has been the impacts of large dams. Proponents have claimed that such structures are essential to meet the increasing water demands of the world and that their overall societal benefits far outweight the costs. In contrast, the opponents claim that social and environmental costs of large dams far exceed their benefits, and that the era of construction of large dams is over. A major reason as to why there is no consensus on the overall benefits of large dams is because objective, authoritative and comprehensive evaluations of their impacts, especially ten or more years after their construction, are conspicuous by their absence. This book debates impartially, comprehensively and objectively, the positive and negative impacts of large dams based on facts, figures and authoritative analyses. These in-depth case studies are expected to promote a healthy and balanced debate on the needs, impacts and relevance of large dams, with case studies from Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and Latin America.

Dams In Japan

Author: Japan Commission on Large Dams - JCOLD
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203091868
Size: 71.68 MB
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Overview of Japan’s long water history, by the Japanese Commission on large dams. Starting from the 7th century, when irrigation ponds were first constructed for paddy cropping, until the beginning of the 21st century. Elaborates on various roles of dams: water supply, power generation and flood control. Moreover, tries to clarify the negative impacts of dams on the natural environment and local societies, as well as extensive efforts made to minimize these impacts. Includes appendices with location and characteristics of main dams, administrative organs, river management system and water resources development river systems and facilities to offer the full picture. Richly-illustrated. Intended for dam and water resources professionals.

Contemporary Water Governance In The Global South

Author: Leila M. Harris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113512504X
Size: 59.92 MB
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The litany of alarming observations about water use and misuse is now familiar—over a billion people without access to safe drinking water; almost every major river dammed and diverted; increasing conflicts over the delivery of water in urban areas; continuing threats to water quality from agricultural inputs and industrial wastes; and the increasing variability of climate, including threats of severe droughts and flooding across locales and regions. These issues present tremendous challenges for water governance. This book focuses on three major concepts and approaches that have gained currency in policy and governance circles, both globally and regionally—scarcity and crisis, marketization and privatization, and participation. It provides a historical and contextual overview of each of these ideas as they have emerged in global and regional policy and governance circles and pairs these with in-depth case studies that examine manifestations and contestations of water governance internationally. The book interrogates ideas of water crisis and scarcity in the context of bio-physical, political, social and environmental landscapes to better understand how ideas and practices linked to scarcity and crisis take hold, and become entrenched in policy and practice. The book also investigates ideas of marketization and privatization, increasingly prominent features of water governance throughout the global South, with particular attention to the varied implementation and effects of these governance practices. The final section of the volume analyzes participatory water governance, querying the disconnects between global discourses and local realities, particularly as they intersect with the other themes of interest to the volume. Promoting a view of changing water governance that links across these themes and in relation to contemporary realities, the book is invaluable for students, researchers, advocates, and policy makers interested in water governance challenges facing the developing world.

Dams And Dikes In Development

Author: H. van Duivendijk
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 905809541X
Size: 67.52 MB
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The Proceedings of the Symposium at World Water Day, 2001 presents a discussion of dams and dikes. Various speakers considered the benefits and drawbacks of dams, and there was discussion about why it is that people are against dams in specific situations, and how such situations may be resolved. Solutions are suggested to such controversies. These proceedings contain the full text of the presentations. They will be a useful resource for decision-makers and planners of future projects. This work highlights the international nature of these important hydraulic engineering strucures and both their technology and social implications.


Author: Ramaswamy R Iyer
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8132103815
Size: 19.55 MB
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`This is an unusual, intriguing and insightful book.... [Water] sometimes reads like a detective yarn, where wily old Poirot attempts to unravel the complex chains of events, actions (inactions sometimes) that have led to the present failure of hydrological institution building in India.... This is a useful book, and indeed and important one' - Progress in Development Studies `This book will be of interest to the general reader as also to students and academics on the fields of water resources, hydrology, environmental studies and public administration. It will also attract the attention of policy makers and the media' - CAB Abstracts Water resources are an issue of ever increasing importance worldwide given rising populations and increasing environmental degradation. Water has also become a divisive issue, both within and between countries. This book discusses and analyses several interlinked themes related to crucial aspects and many dimensions of water resources in India. The author draws upon his vast administrative experience to present a lucid view of the issues affecting water resources while critically renewing policy and constitutional provisions. The six sections of the book respectively cover a wealth of topics including: - water resources in India's federal framework; the adequacy or otherwise of constitutional provisions to resolve inter-State water disputes; and a critique of National Water Policy 2002 - the different ways in which water resources are perceived, and whether there is a need to fashion a national water law - the controversies surrounding large-dam projects in India; a critique of the Supreme Court's recent judgement concerning the Sardar Sarovar Project; and an examination of the dysfunctional relationship that has developed between the Government of India and the World Commission on Dams - the recent trend of discussing scarcities and conflicts relating to water resources in the language of security, and the fallacies and dangers implicit in that discourse - conflict-resolution with reference to the water treaties India has entered into with its neighbours, and the idea of augmenting the flow of the Ganges - ways to minimize, if not eliminate, the dilemmas that face water resource management in India, and whether or not various river-linkage schemes should be implemented. With its lucid coverage of numerous topics of seminal and topical importance marked by original and unconventional thinking, this book will be of interest to students and academics in the fields of water resources, hydrology, environmental studies, development studies and public administration, as well as to the general reader, activists, policy makers and journalists.