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Dear Professor Dyson

Author: Dwight E Neuenschwander
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814675873
Size: 72.95 MB
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' Freeman Dyson has designed nuclear reactors and bomb-powered spacecraft; he has studied the origins of life and the possibilities for the long-term future; he showed quantum mechanics to be consistent with electrodynamics and started cosmological eschatology; he has won international recognition for his work in science and for his work in reconciling science to religion; he has advised generals and congressional committees. An STS (Science, Technology, Society) curriculum or discussion group that engages topics such as nuclear policies, genetic technologies, environmental sustainability, the role of religion in a scientific society, and a hard look towards the future, would count itself privileged to include Professor Dyson as a class participant and mentor. In this book, STS topics are not discussed as objectified abstractions, but through personal stories. The reader is invited to observe Dyson''s influence on a generation of young people as they wrestle with issues of science, technology, society, life in general and our place in the universe. The book is filled with personal anecdotes, student questions and responses, honest doubts and passions. Contents:Walking with GrandfatherLiving in the QuestionsA Hexagonal MountainMartha and MaryEngines With SoulsSteered From AfarThe Swamp AngelRapid RuptureArsenals of FollyTo Touch the Face of the StarsSilenceThe Chainsaw and the White Oak"Why Should I Care?"Playing GodBonds of KinshipTwo WindowsDoubt and FaithDreams of Earth and SkyFamily First Readership: Students and academicians who are interested in issues related to science, technology and society. Key Features:Removes objective detachment and makes STS issues personal through story-telling: Science, technology and society issues are not merely objects of study; they are experiences, they are choices to be lived. Student real-time responses to Professor Dyson''s insights bring the correspondence to lifeIncludes honest questions that are more important than snappy answers: Few STS issues have black-and-white answers; they are, rather, about understanding the questions. For example, do we own our technology, or does our technology own us?Shows all things are connected: Practically every STS topic, it seems, reduces to values and ethics. STS issues are ultimately about relationships between us and nature, our machines, other species, other people — and ourselves. STS issues are too important to be left to scientists and technologistsKeywords:Freeman J Dyson;Disturbing the Universe;Science Technology and Society;Bronowki, Jacob;Astronomical Habitat;Automation;Blake, William;Bomber Command;Car Culture;Chacón, Efrain;Climate Change;Cloning;Cold War;Cosmic Unity;Cosmology;Deforestation;Doubt and Faith;Dickens, Charles;Dyson, Alice;Dyson, Freeman J;Dyson, George;Dyson, Mildred;Einstein, Albert;Evolution;Fundamentalism;Future;Genetic Technologies;Greenhouse Effect;Homogenization of Society;Hydrogen Bomb;Environmental Sustainability;Exponential Growth;Environmental Sustainability;Hubbert''s Peak;Kaufmann, Walter;Manhattan Project;Marshall, Joseph III;Masters, Edgar Lee;Mutual Assured Destruction;Native Americans;Nuclear Weapons;Oil Consumption;Pirsig, Robert;Population;Project Orion;Quetzal Education Research Center;Reverence For Life;Schweitzer, Albert;Science And Religion;Silence;Six Faces of Science;Space Exploration;Standing Bear, Luther;Stem Cells;Strategic Air Command;Thoreau, Henry David;Turkle, Sherry;Urban Sprawl;White Oak Model'

Dear Professor Dyson

Author: Freeman J. Dyson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814675865
Size: 79.20 MB
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"Freeman Dyson has designed nuclear reactors and bomb-powered spacecraft; he has studied the origins of life and the possibilities for the long-term future; he showed quantum mechanics to be consistent with electrodynamics and started cosmological eschatology; he has won international recognition for his work in science and for his work in reconciling science to religion; he has advised generals and congressional committees. An STS (Science, Technology, Society) curriculum or discussion group that engages topics such as nuclear policies, genetic technologies, environmental sustainability, the role of religion in a scientific society, and a hard look towards the future, would count itself privileged to include Professor Dyson as a class participant and mentor. In this book, STS topics are not discussed as objectified abstractions, but through personal stories. The reader is invited to observe Dyson's influence on a generation of young people as they wrestle with issues of science, technology, society, life in general and our place in the universe. The book is filled with personal anecdotes, student questions and responses, honest doubts and passions"--

Proceedings Of The Conference In Honour Of The 90th Birthday Of Freeman Dyson

Author: K K Phua
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814590126
Size: 68.98 MB
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Professor Freeman Dyson, a great physicist, thinker and futurist, has been very active in scientific, literary and public policy activities throughout his career. As a tribute to him on the occasion of his 90th birthday and to celebrate his lifelong contributions in physics, mathematics, astronomy, nuclear engineering and global warming, a conference covering a wide range of topics was held in Singapore from 26 to 29 August 2013. Distinguished scientists from around the world, including Nobel Laureate Professor David Gross, joined Professor Dyson in the celebration with a festival of lectures. This memorable volume collects an interesting lecture by Professor Dyson, Is a Graviton Detectable?, contributions by speakers at the conference, as well as guest contributions by colleagues who celebrated Dyson's birthday at Rutgers University and Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. About Freeman Dyson Freeman John Dyson FRS, born December 15, 1923, is an eminent English-born American physicist, mathematician, and futurist. He is famous for his work in quantum electrodynamics, solid-state physics, mathematics, astronomy and nuclear engineering, as well as a renowned and best-selling author. He has spent most of his life as a professor of physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, taking time off to advise the US government and write books for the public. He has won numerous notable awards including the Enrico Fermi Award, Templeton Prize, Wolf Prize, Pomeranchuk Prize, and Henri Poincaré Prize. Contents:Invited Lectures:Is a Graviton Detectable? (F Dyson)Dark Energy and Dark Matter in a Superfluid Universe (K Huang)Scaling the Universe (N E Frankel)The Relativity of Space–Time–Property (R Delbourgo)Monopole Condensation and Mass Gap in SU(3) QCD (Y M Cho)Quantum Structure of Field Theory and Standard Model Based on Infinity-Free Loop Regularization/Renormalization (Y-L Wu)Tenth-Order QED Contribution to the Electron g – 2 and High Precision Test of Quantum Electrodynamics (T Kinoshita)The MoEDAL Experiment at the LHC — A New Light on the High Energy Frontier (J L Pinfold)Leptonic CP Violation and Leptogenesis (S T Petcov)What If the Higgs Has Brothers? (N-P Chang)Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation Revisited — Universality of Robertson's Relation (K Fujikawa)Quantum Systems Based Upon Galois Fields — From Sub-Quantum to Super-Quantum Correlations (L-N Chang, Z Lewis, D Minic and T Takeuchi)A Solvable Model of Interacting Many Body Systems Exhibiting a Breakdown of the Boltzmann Equation (B H J McKellar)Yang–Baxter Equation, Majorana Fermions and Three Body Entangling States Quantum Entanglements and Applications to Physics (M-L Ge, L W Yu, K Xue and Q Zhao)Overview of the Study of Complex Shapes of Fluid Membranes, the Helfrich Model and New Applications (Z-C Ou-Yang and Z C Tu)The Importance of Being Integrable: Out of the Paper, into the Lab (M T Batchelor)Freeman in 1948 (C DeWitt-Morette)Carbon Humanism: Freeman Dyson and the Looming Battle Between Environmentalists and Humanists (P F Schewe)'Dear Professor Dyson': Twenty Years of Correspondence Between Professor Dyson and Undergraduate Students (D E Neuenschwander)Freeman Dyson: Some Early Recollections (M Longuet-Higgins)Guest Contributions:Stability and Variability (J L Lebowitz)Freeman Dyson (E H Lieb)Why Has Global Warming Paused? (W Happer)Parallel Session:Deformed Coherent State for Multiparticle Production Mechanism (W Y Wang, Q Leong, W K Ng, A Dewanto, A H Chan and C H Oh)Noncommutative Space-Time from Quantized Twistors (J Lukierski and M Woronowicz)Similarity Solutions of Fokker–Planck Equations with Time-Dependent Coefficients and Fixed/Moving Boundaries (C-L Ho)Fermion Quantum Field Theory in Black Hole Spacetimes and Information Loss (S A B Ahmad)MESTIF — A Study of the Characteristics of Matter-Energy, Space-Time and Information-Field (J A K Tan)Superluminal Propagation and Acausality of Nonlinear Massive Gravity (S Deser, K Izumi, Y C Ong and A Waldron)An Astronomer's View on Climate Change (D C Morton)A Quantum Fluctuation Operator for Deep N-Well MOSFET Flicker Noise Modeling (E Png)Yang–Mills Field as a Subset of Covariant Derivative — A Unified Yang–Mills Field and Higgs Field (W S Gan)The DGP Model Revisited (K F Ng and S C C Ng)A Search for Primordial Vortex Remnants in the SDSS (A Yang, Z-J Ong and A H Chan)The High-Redshift Galaxy Counts-in-Cells from the COSMOS Survey (F F Foo, A Yang and A H Chan)Fundamental Constraints on Physical Systems Due to Their Own Gravitation (S K Kauffmann)Freeman Dyson and Gravitational Spin Precession (N D Hari Dass) Readership: Academics and students interested in high energy physics, astrophysics, cosmology, and condensed matter physics. Keywords:Freeman Dyson;Quantum Field Theory;High Energy Physics;Cosmology;Graviton;Topological Insulator

Emmy Noether S Wonderful Theorem

Author: Dwight E. Neuenschwander
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421422670
Size: 70.13 MB
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"In the judgment of the most competent living mathematicians, Fräulein Noether was the most significant creative mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began."—Albert Einstein The year was 1915, and the young mathematician Emmy Noether had just settled into Göttingen University when Albert Einstein visited to lecture on his nearly finished general theory of relativity. Two leading mathematicians of the day, David Hilbert and Felix Klein, dug into the new theory with gusto, but had difficulty reconciling it with what was known about the conservation of energy. Knowing of her expertise in invariance theory, they requested Noether’s help. To solve the problem, she developed a novel theorem, applicable across all of physics, which relates conservation laws to continuous symmetries—one of the most important pieces of mathematical reasoning ever developed. Noether’s "first" and "second" theorem was published in 1918. The first theorem relates symmetries under global spacetime transformations to the conservation of energy and momentum, and symmetry under global gauge transformations to charge conservation. In continuum mechanics and field theories, these conservation laws are expressed as equations of continuity. The second theorem, an extension of the first, allows transformations with local gauge invariance, and the equations of continuity acquire the covariant derivative characteristic of coupled matter-field systems. General relativity, it turns out, exhibits local gauge invariance. Noether’s theorem also laid the foundation for later generations to apply local gauge invariance to theories of elementary particle interactions. In Dwight E. Neuenschwander’s new edition of Emmy Noether’s Wonderful Theorem, readers will encounter an updated explanation of Noether’s "first" theorem. The discussion of local gauge invariance has been expanded into a detailed presentation of the motivation, proof, and applications of the "second" theorem, including Noether’s resolution of concerns about general relativity. Other refinements in the new edition include an enlarged biography of Emmy Noether’s life and work, parallels drawn between the present approach and Noether’s original 1918 paper, and a summary of the logic behind Noether’s theorem.

Tensor Calculus For Physics

Author: Dwight E. Neuenschwander
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 142141564X
Size: 41.80 MB
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Understanding tensors is essential for any physics student dealing with phenomena where causes and effects have different directions. A horizontal electric field producing vertical polarization in dielectrics; an unbalanced car wheel wobbling in the vertical plane while spinning about a horizontal axis; an electrostatic field on Earth observed to be a magnetic field by orbiting astronauts—these are some situations where physicists employ tensors. But the true beauty of tensors lies in this fact: When coordinates are transformed from one system to another, tensors change according to the same rules as the coordinates. Tensors, therefore, allow for the convenience of coordinates while also transcending them. This makes tensors the gold standard for expressing physical relationships in physics and geometry. Undergraduate physics majors are typically introduced to tensors in special-case applications. For example, in a classical mechanics course, they meet the "inertia tensor," and in electricity and magnetism, they encounter the "polarization tensor." However, this piecemeal approach can set students up for misconceptions when they have to learn about tensors in more advanced physics and mathematics studies (e.g., while enrolled in a graduate-level general relativity course or when studying non-Euclidean geometries in a higher mathematics class). Dwight E. Neuenschwander's Tensor Calculus for Physics is a bottom-up approach that emphasizes motivations before providing definitions. Using a clear, step-by-step approach, the book strives to embed the logic of tensors in contexts that demonstrate why that logic is worth pursuing. It is an ideal companion for courses such as mathematical methods of physics, classical mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and relativity.

Maker Of Patterns

Author: Freeman Dyson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781631495472
Size: 32.49 MB
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Written between 1940 and the late 1970s, the postwar recollections of renowned physicist Freeman Dyson have been celebrated as an historic portrait of modern science and its greatest players, including Robert Oppenheimer, Richard Feynman, Stephen Hawking, and Hans Bethe. Chronicling the stories of those who were engaged in solving some of the most challenging quandaries of twentieth-century physics, Dyson lends acute insight and profound observations to a life's work spent chasing what Einstein called those "deep mysteries that Nature intends to keep for herself." Whether reflecting on the drama of World War II, the moral dilemmas of nuclear development, the challenges of the space program, or the demands of raising six children, Dyson's annotated letters reveal the voice of one "more creative than almost anyone else of his generation" (Kip Thorne). An illuminating work in these trying times, Maker of Patterns is an eyewitness account of the scientific discoveries that define our modern age.

Physics For Computer Science Students

Author: Narciso Garcia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468404210
Size: 70.80 MB
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This text is the product of several years' effort to develop a course to fill a specific educational gap. It is our belief that computer science students should know how a computer works, particularly in light of rapidly changing tech nologies. The text was designed for computer science students who have a calculus background but have not necessarily taken prior physics courses. However, it is clearly not limited to these students. Anyone who has had first-year physics can start with Chapter 17. This includes all science and engineering students who would like a survey course of the ideas, theories, and experiments that made our modern electronics age possible. This textbook is meant to be used in a two-semester sequence. Chapters 1 through 16 can be covered during the first semester, and Chapters 17 through 28 in the second semester. At Queens College, where preliminary drafts have been used, the material is presented in three lecture periods (50 minutes each) and one recitation period per week, 15 weeks per semester. The lecture and recitation are complemented by a two-hour laboratory period per week for the first semester and a two-hour laboratory period biweekly for the second semester.

Disturbing The Universe

Author: Freeman Dyson
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780465016778
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Spanning the years from World War II, when he was a civilian statistician in the operations research section of the Royal Air Force Bomber Command, through his studies with Hans Bethe at Cornell University, his early friendship with Richard Feynman, and his postgraduate work with J. Robert Oppenheimer, Freeman Dyson has composed an autobiography unlike any other. Dyson evocatively conveys the thrill of a deep engagement with the world-be it as scientist, citizen, student, or parent. Detailing a unique career not limited to his groundbreaking work in physics, Dyson discusses his interest in minimizing loss of life in war, in disarmament, and even in thought experiments on the expansion of our frontiers into the galaxies.