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Deep Water

Author: Jacques Leslie
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 9780374707859
Size: 77.21 MB
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"If the wars of the last century were fought over oil, the wars of this century will be fought over water." -Ismail Serageldin, The World Bank The giant dams of today are the modern Pyramids, colossally expensive edifices that generate monumental amounts of electricity, irrigated water, and environmental and social disaster. With Deep Water, Jacques Leslie offers a searching account of the current crisis over dams and the world's water. An emerging master of long-form reportage, Leslie makes the crisis vivid through the stories of three distinctive figures: Medha Patkar, an Indian activist who opposes a dam that will displace thousands of people in western India; Thayer Scudder, an American anthropologist who studies the effects of giant dams on the peoples of southern Africa; and Don Blackmore, an Australian water manager who struggles to reverse the effects of drought so as to allow Australia to continue its march to California-like prosperity. Taking the reader to the sites of controversial dams, Leslie shows why dams are at once the hope of developing nations and a blight on their people and landscape. Deep Water is an incisive, beautifully written, and deeply disquieting report on a conflict that threatens to divide the world in the coming years.

Dams And Development

Author: Sanjeev Khagram
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801489075
Size: 76.48 MB
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Big dams built for irrigation, power, water supply, and other purposes were among the most potent symbols of economic development for much of the twentieth century. Of late they have become a lightning rod for challenges to this vision of development as something planned by elites with scant regard for environmental and social consequences—especially for the populations that are displaced as their homelands are flooded. In this book, Sanjeev Khagram traces changes in our ideas of what constitutes appropriate development through the shifting transnational dynamics of big dam construction.Khagram tells the story of a growing, but contentious, world society that features novel and increasingly efficacious norms of appropriate behavior in such areas as human rights and environmental protection. The transnational coalitions and networks led by nongovernmental groups that espouse such norms may seem weak in comparison with states, corporations, and such international agencies as the World Bank. Yet they became progressively more effective at altering the policies and practices of these historically more powerful actors and organizations from the 1970s on.Khagram develops these claims in a detailed ethnographic account of the transnational struggles around the Narmada River Valley Dam Projects in central India, a huge complex of thirty large and more than three thousand small dams. He offers further substantiation through a comparative historical analysis of the political economy of big dam projects in India, Brazil, South Africa, and China as well as by examining the changing behavior of international agencies and global companies. The author concludes with a discussion of the World Commission on Dams, an innovative attempt in the late 1990s to generate new norms among conflicting stakeholders.

Dams And Reservoirs Under Changing Challenges

Author: Anton J. Schleiss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203804090
Size: 50.23 MB
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In the past, boundary conditions in the building of dams have changed, as technological developments have been influential on dam planning, construction, operation and maintenance processes. It is ICOLD’s mission to not only consider these developments but also adequately deal with environmental aspects and related infrastructure issues. Altered water cycles, more extreme weather conditions and an increasing number of natural hazards clearly affect the safe and economical operation of dams and reservoirs. Moreover, emission-free hydropower production as the most important form of “liquid” solar energy and the provision of water for irrigation and potable water supply is becoming more and more important to meet the world’s fast growing demand for energy and food in a sustainable way. Dams and Reservoirs Under Changing Challenges covers subjects ranging from dam engineering through the benefits and drawbacks of dams, including the latest developments dealing with dams and reservoirs under changing environmental and socioeconomic conditions. It is a valuable resource for professional and dam engineers, water manager, governmental organizations and commercial consultants responsible for dam design and management.

Displacement Beyond Conflict

Author: Christopher McDowell
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1845459830
Size: 20.21 MB
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There is growing political concern about the increasing numbers of people displaced both within the borders of their countries and internationally. This volume explores the interrelated drivers of contemporary global displacement with a particular focus on low-level conflict, climatic and environmental change and infrastructure development. The authors examine the governance of global displacement assessing the protection needs and responses of national governments and the international community. It further considers options for improving the humanitarian and political management of this growing problem.

Water

Author: Binayak Ray
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739130277
Size: 58.28 MB
Format: PDF
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Water: The Looming Crisis in India analyzes the key issues in developing national freshwater policies for the mainland countries of the South Asian sub-continent. Ray suggests that freshwater policy must cover all aspects of physical environment and human life, by noting that food and drought management are parts of freshwater policy and acknowledging that water is a scarce natural resource and has economic value. He calls for the development of basin-wide policies to minimize conflicts within riparian countries, as well as a freshwater policy baseline to minimize internal conflicts on water sharing arrangements. By pointing out the need for full participation of all stakeholders in developing a baseline policy including people displaced by the construction of large dams, Ray suggests a new system in which riparian countries are guaranteed that no water-related project proceeds without a transparently developed environmental impact assessment and evaluation of alternative options.

A Companion To Global Environmental History

Author: J. R. McNeill
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118279549
Size: 63.35 MB
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The Companion to Global Environmental History offers multiple points of entry into the history and historiography of this dynamic and fast-growing field, to provide an essential road map to past developments, current controversies, and future developments for specialists and newcomers alike. Combines temporal, geographic, thematic and contextual approaches from prehistory to the present day Explores environmental thought and action around the world, to give readers a cultural, intellectual and political context for engagement with the environment in modern times Brings together environmental historians from around the world, including scholars from South Africa, Brazil, Germany, and China

Powering The Future

Author: Daniel B. Botkin
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780137083589
Size: 11.92 MB
Format: PDF
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Dr. Daniel B. Botkin objectively assesses the true prospects, limitations, costs, risks, dangers, and tradeoffs associated with every leading and emerging source of energy, including oil, natural gas, coal, hydroelectric, nuclear, wind, solar, ocean power, and biofuels. Next, Botkin addresses the energy distribution system, outlining how it currently works, identifying its inefficiencies, and reviewing options for improving it. Finally, Botkin turns to solutions, offering a realistic, scientifically and economically viable path to a sustainable, energy-independent future: one that can improve the quality of life for Americans and for people around the world. The Future of Fossil Fuels What can we realistically expect from oil, gas, and coal? Will Alternative Energy Sources Really Matter? Running the numbers on solar, wind, biofuels, and other renewables Must We All Wear Sweaters and Live in Caves? The right role for efficiency--and why energy minimalism isn’t the solution Where We Can Start--and What Will Happen if We Don’t No magic bullet, but there are sensible, realistic solutions

A Deluge Of Consequences

Author: Jacques Leslie
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 1483511456
Size: 24.93 MB
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Poised atop the high Himalayas is a frightening daisy chain of fragile glacial lakes, all produced by glacial melting as a result of climate change. When the lakes burst, the torrents of water sweep entire populations in their wake. In A Deluge of Consequences, intrepid journalist Jacques Leslie takes us along on a mythic, spell-binding trip to the bucolic kingdom of Bhutan, where the planet’s next environmental disaster is set to unfold. Bhutan’s environmental policies are among the world’s most advanced, yet the saga shows that no one is exempt from climate changes’ depredations. For four summers the Bhutanese government sent hundreds of workers on a ten-day journey, beyond 17,000 feet, and over one of the toughest trekking trails in the world to reach a lake in imminent danger of collapse; then the workers stood in ice water while wielding nothing but hand tools to carve an alternate channel for the lake’s water. Along the way, workers succumbed to altitude sickness and lost toes to frostbite, and the team doctor struggled to carry out an heroic rescue. Leslie’s last book, Deep Water: The Epic Struggle Over Dams, Displaced People, and the Environment, won the J. Anthony Lukas Work-in-Progress Award for its “elegant, beautiful prose.” A master of narrative nonfiction, he tells the story with grace and precision.