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Desalination Engineering Planning And Design

Author: Nikolay Voutchkov
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071777164
Size: 33.42 MB
Format: PDF
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An in-depth guide to reverse osmosis desalination This Water Environment Federation and WateReuse Association publication provides comprehensive information on the planning and engineering of brackish and seawater desalination projects for municipal water supplies. After a brief overview of widely used desalination technologies, Desalination Engineering focuses on reverse osmosis desalination. The book discusses basic principles, planning and environmental review of projects, design and selection of key desalination plant components, desalinated water posttreatment, and concentrate management. Guidelines on sizing and cost estimation of desalination plant facilities are also included in this practical resource. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Source water quality characterization Fundamentals of reverse osmosis desalination Planning considerations Environmental review and permitting Intakes for source water collection Intake pump stations Source water screening and conditioning Sand removal, sedimentation, and dissolved air flotation Pretreatment by granular media filtration Pretreatment by membrane filtration Comparison of granular media and membrane pretreatment Reverse osmosis separation Post-treatment of desalinated water Desalination plant discharge management Desalination project cost estimates

Desalination Engineering Operation And Maintenance

Author: Nikolay Voutchkov
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071804226
Size: 18.44 MB
Format: PDF
View: 838
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THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE TO DESALINATION PLANT OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE This Water Environment Federation and WateReuse Association publication describes state-of-the art operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting methods for reverse osmosis brackish and seawater desalination plants for municipal water supplies. All plant components are discussed in detail, from intake and pretreatment to discharge management. Best practices for maintaining plant equipment are also provided. Real-world examples illustrating the latest technologies and their practical implementation are included throughout this authoritative resource. Desalination Engineering covers: Source water open and subsurface intakes Source water pretreatment -- chemical conditioning, dissolved air flotation clarifiers, and granular media, membrane, and cartridge filters Reverse osmosis system operation Reverse osmosis system troubleshooting Post-treatment -- lime and carbon dioxide, calcite conditioning, remineralization, and disinfection Desalination plant discharge management Equipment maintenance -- pumps, air blowers, motors, bearings, valves, mechanical seals, mechanical drives, chemical feed systems, automatic samplers

Desalination Technology

Author: Joseph Cotruvo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439828938
Size: 80.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Desalination Technology: Health and Environmental Impacts covers the latest developments in desalination, examining the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies. Written by international experts, the text presents specifications for assessing water quality, technical issues associated with desalination technologies, and the chemical aspects of desalinated water and its microbiology. The book also discusses environmental protection issues that assist in the optimization of proposed and existing desalination facilities to ensure that nations and consumers enjoy the benefits of the expanded access to desalinated water. This includes coverage of health and environmental issues such as energy conservation and sustainability as well as protection of delicate coastal ecosystems and groundwater from contamination by surface disposal of concentrates—challenges that must be addressed during the design, construction, and operation of a desalination facility. Development of new and improved desalinization technologies, including major cost reduction trends, have significantly broadened the opportunities to access large quantities of safe water in many parts of the world. And while there are many books available on desalination, this book’s unusual approach blends technical coverage of the latest technologies with coverage of the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies, setting it apart from other resources. It provides technical guidance based on the practical expertise of a balanced group of international scientists and engineers.

Thermal Solar Desalination

Author: Vassilis Belessiotis
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128097825
Size: 80.26 MB
Format: PDF
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Thermal Solar Desalination: Methods and Systems presents numerous thermal seawater desalination technologies varying from the very simple, easy to construct and operate solar stills, to the more advance membrane and indirect distillation methods. All types of solar thermal desalination technologies are presented in detail to enable readers to comprehend the subject, from design details to enabling further research to be carried out in this area. The various units used in desalination are outlined, along with diagrams of all detailed working principles of desalination methods and systems. The authors consider the economic aspects of these processes, demonstrating successful implementation of desalination units suitable for areas where supplies of fresh water in natural ways is limited or non-existent. Includes detailed descriptions and design of all types of solar thermal desalination systems Lists a comprehensive record of seawater and fresh water thermophysical properties required in the design of desalination systems Contains equations to calculate and analyze the performance of the processes examined and assesses their practicality and application

27th European Symposium On Computer Aided Process Engineering

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444639705
Size: 13.59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, Volume 40 contains the papers presented at the 27th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event held in Barcelona, October 1-5, 2017. It is a valuable resource for chemical engineers, chemical process engineers, researchers in industry and academia, students, and consultants for chemical industries. Presents findings and discussions from the 27th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event

Comprehensive Membrane Science And Engineering

Author: Enrico Drioli
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444637966
Size: 13.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, Second Edition is an interdisciplinary and innovative reference work on membrane science and technology. Written by leading researchers and industry professionals from a range of backgrounds, chapters elaborate on recent and future developments in the field of membrane science and explore how the field has advanced since the previous edition published in 2010. Chapters are written by academics and practitioners across a variety of fields, including chemistry, chemical engineering, material science, physics, biology and food science. Each volume covers a wide spectrum of applications and advanced technologies, such as new membrane materials (e.g. thermally rearranged polymers, polymers of intrinsic microporosity and new hydrophobic fluoropolymer) and processes (e.g. reverse electrodialysis, membrane contractors, membrane crystallization, membrane condenser, membrane dryers and membrane emulsifiers) that have only recently proved their full potential for industrial application. This work covers the latest advances in membrane science, linking fundamental research with real-life practical applications using specially selected case studies of medium and large-scale membrane operations to demonstrate successes and failures with a look to future developments in the field. Contains comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage, helping readers understand the latest theory Offers readers a variety of perspectives on how membrane science and engineering research can be best applied in practice across a range of industries Provides the theory behind the limits, advantages, future developments and failure expectations of local membrane operations in emerging countries

Desalination Project Cost Estimating And Management

Author: Nikolay Voutchkov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351242717
Size: 77.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is a comprehensive reference encompassing key issues associated with the estimation of costs for desalination plants, including all aspects of desalination project cost estimating and management: direct and indirect capital costs, fixed and variable operation and maintenance costs, and total costs for water production. It provides a full overview of the key factors which influence project costs and will discuss key technological and project delivery methods to control and optimize project costs. The book includes cost curves for commonly used seawater desalination facilities and numeric examples illustrating how to prepare a budgetary cost estimate of typical desalination project.

Water Diplomacy In Action

Author: Shafiqul Islam
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783084928
Size: 36.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Complex water problems cannot be resolved by numbers or narratives. Contingent and negotiated approaches are necessary for actionable outcome. In the face of a constantly changing array of interconnected water issues that cross multiple boundaries, the challenge is how to translate solutions that emerge from science and technology into the context of real-world policy and politics. Water Diplomacy in Action addresses this task by synthesizing two emerging ideas––complexity science and negotiation theory––to understand and manage risks and opportunities for an uncertain water future. Rooted in the ideas of complexity science and mutual gains negotiation, this edited volume shows why traditional systems engineering approaches may not work for complex problems, what emerging tools and techniques are needed and how these are used to resolve complex water problems.

Membranverfahren

Author: Robert Rautenbach
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662086557
Size: 45.85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Membranverfahren haben sich in den vergangenen 15 Jahren von einem exotischen Sonderverfahren zu einem zuverlässigen Standardverfahren entwickelt. Für die Zwecke der Meerwasserentsalzung und Abwasseraufbereitung, aber auch für die Trennung organischer Stoffgemische in der chemischen Industrie stehen Polymer- und anorganische Membranen zur Verfügung, die selektiv, leistungsfähig und in hohem Maße beständig sind. Ausgehend von den verfahrenstechnischen Grundlagen werden in diesem Werk Methoden aufgeführt und hinsichtlich Genauigkeit und Grenzen diskutiert, die den Leser in die Lage versetzen, Anlagen schnell und doch mit ausreichender Sorgfalt auszulegen und mit Alternativen zu vergleichen.

Letter Report On The Review Of The Desalination And Water Purification Technology Roadmap

Author: Water Science and Technology Board
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309561434
Size: 67.60 MB
Format: PDF
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The letter report reviews the Bureau of Reclamation and Sandia National Laboratories’ jointly produced Roadmap, which is intended to serve as a guide for federal agencies and other public and private organizations in their desalination research and technology investment decisions through 2020. The report recommends the continuation of these activities and commends the Bureau of Reclamation and Sandia National Laboratories for providing the leadership in this important national initiative.