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Design And Safety Assessment Of Critical Systems

Author: Marco Bozzano
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439803325
Size: 46.20 MB
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Safety-critical systems, by definition those systems whose failure can cause catastrophic results for people, the environment, and the economy, are becoming increasingly complex both in their functionality and their interactions with the environment. Unfortunately, safety assessments are still largely done manually, a time-consuming and error-prone process. The growing complexity of these systems requires an increase in the skill and efficacy of safety engineers and encourages the adoption of formal and standardized techniques. An introduction to the area of design and verification of safety-critical systems, Design and Safety Assessment of Critical Systems focuses on safety assessment using formal methods. Beginning with an introduction to the fundamental concepts of safety and reliability, it illustrates the pivotal issues of design, development, and safety assessment of critical systems. The core of the book covers traditional notations, techniques, and procedures, including Fault Tree Analysis, FMECA, HAZOP, and Event Tree Analysis, and explains in detail how formal methods can be used to realize such procedures. It looks at the development process of safety-critical systems, and highlights influential management and organizational aspects. Finally, it describes verification and validation techniques and new trends in formal methods for safety and concludes with some widely adopted standards for the certification of safety-critical systems. Providing an in-depth and hands-on view of the application of formal techniques to advanced and critical safety assessments in a variety of industrial sectors, such as transportation, avionics and aerospace, and nuclear power, Design and Safety Assessment of Critical Systems allows anyone with a basic background in mathematics or computer science to move confidently into this advanced arena of safety assessment.

Technology And Assessment Of Safety Critical Systems

Author: Felix Redmill
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447120825
Size: 22.84 MB
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The programme for the Second Safety-critical Systems Symposium was planned to examine the various aspects of technology currently employed in the design of safety-critical systems, as well as to emphasise the importance of safety and risk management in their design and operation. assessment There is an even balance of contributions from academia and industry. Thus, industry is given the opportunity to express its views of the safety-critical domain and at the same time offered a glimpse of the technologies which are currently under development and which, if successful, will be available in the medium-term future. In the field of technology, a subject whose importance is increasingly being recognised is human factors, and there are papers on this from the University of Hertfordshire and Rolls-Royce. Increasingly, PLCs are being employed in safety-critical applications, and this domain is represented by contributions from Nuclear Electric and August Computers. Then there are papers on maintainability, Ada, reverse engineering, social issues, formal methods, and medical systems, all in the context of safety. And, of course, it is not possible to keep the 'new' technologies out of the safety-critical domain: there are papers on neural networks from the University of Exeter and knowledge-based systems from ERA Technology.

Automated Technology For Verification And Analysis

Author: Franck Cassez
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319119362
Size: 26.55 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Automated Technology for Verification and Analysis, ATVA 2014, held in Sydney, Australia, in November 2014. The 29 revised papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 76 submissions. They show current research on theoretical and practical aspects of automated analysis, verification and synthesis by providing an international forum for interaction among the researchers in academia and industry.

Reliability Of Safety Critical Systems

Author: Marvin Rausand
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118553381
Size: 29.72 MB
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Presents the theory and methodology for reliabilityassessments of safety-critical functions through examples from awide range of applications Reliability of Safety-Critical Systems: Theory andApplications provides a comprehensive introduction toreliability assessments of safety-related systems based onelectrical, electronic, and programmable electronic (E/E/PE)technology. With a focus on the design and development phases ofsafety-critical systems, the book presents theory and methodsrequired to document compliance with IEC 61508 and the associatedsector-specific standards. Combining theory and practical applications, Reliability ofSafety-Critical Systems: Theory and Applications implements keysafety-related strategies and methods to meet quantitative safetyintegrity requirements. In addition, the book details a variety ofreliability analysis methods that are needed during all stages of asafety-critical system, beginning with specification and design andadvancing to operations, maintenance, and modification control. Thekey categories of safety life-cycle phases are featured, includingstrategies for the allocation of reliability performancerequirements; assessment methods in relation to design; andreliability quantification in relation to operation andmaintenance. Issues and benefits that arise from complex moderntechnology developments are featured, as well as: Real-world examples from large industry facilities with majoraccident potential and products owned by the general public such ascars and tools Plentiful worked examples throughout that provide readers witha deeper understanding of the core concepts and aid in the analysisand solution of common issues when assessing all facets ofsafety-critical systems Approaches that work on a wide scope of applications and can beapplied to the analysis of any safety-critical system A brief appendix of probability theory for reference With an emphasis on how safety-critical functions are introducedinto systems and facilities to prevent or mitigate the impact of anaccident, this book is an excellent guide for professionals,consultants, and operators of safety-critical systems who carry outpractical, risk, and reliability assessments of safety-criticalsystems. Reliability of Safety-Critical Systems: Theory andApplications is also a useful textbook for courses inreliability assessment of safety-critical systems and reliabilityengineering at the graduate-level, as well as for consultingcompanies offering short courses in reliability assessment ofsafety-critical systems.

The Safety Critical Systems Handbook

Author: David J. Smith
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 008100897X
Size: 76.82 MB
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The Safety Critical Systems Handbook: A Straightforward Guide to Functional Safety: IEC 61508 (2010 Edition), IEC 61511 (2016 Edition) & Related Guidance, Fourth Edition, presents the latest on the electrical, electronic, and programmable electronic systems that provide safety functions that guard workers and the public against injury or death, and the environment against pollution. The international functional safety standard IEC 61508 was revised in 2010, and authors David Smith and Kenneth Simpson provide a comprehensive guide to the revised standard, as well as the revised IEC 61511 (2016). The book enables engineers to determine if a proposed or existing piece of equipment meets the safety integrity levels (SIL) required by the various standards and guidance, and also describes the requirements for the new alternative route (route 2H), introduced in 2010. A number of other areas have been updated by Smith and Simpson in this new edition, including the estimation of common cause failure, calculation of PFDs and failure rates for redundant configurations, societal risk, and additional second tier guidance documents. As functional safety is applicable to many industries, this book will have a wide readership beyond the chemical and process sector, including oil and gas, machinery, power generation, nuclear, aircraft, and automotive industries, plus project, instrumentation, design, and control engineers. Provides the only comprehensive guide to IEC 61508, updated to cover the 2010 amendments, that will ensure engineers are compliant with the latest process safety systems design and operation standards Addresses the 2016 updates to IEC 61511 to helps readers understand the processes required to apply safety critical systems standards and guidance Presents a real-world approach that helps users interpret new standards, with case studies and best practice design examples throughout

Guide To Applying Human Factors Methods

Author: Pietro C. Cacciabue
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447138120
Size: 32.20 MB
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Human error plays a significant role in many accidents involving safety-critical systems, and it is now a standard requirement in both the US and Europe for Human Factors (HF) to be taken into account in system design and safety assessment. This book will be an essential guide for anyone who uses HF in their everyday work, providing them with consistent and ready-to-use procedures and methods that can be applied to real-life problems. The first part of the book looks at the theoretical framework, methods and techniques that the engineer or safety analyst needs to use when working on a HF-related project. The second part presents four case studies that show the reader how the above framework and guidelines work in practice. The case studies are based on real-life projects carried out by the author for a major European railway system, and in collaboration with international companies such as the International Civil Aviation Organisation, Volvo, Daimler-Chrysler and FIAT.

Safety Critical Systems Problems Process And Practice

Author: Chris Dale
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848823495
Size: 13.26 MB
Format: PDF
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"Safety-Critical Systems: Problems, Process and Practice" contains the papers presented at the seventeenth annual Safety-critical Systems Symposium, held at Brighton, UK, in February 2009. The Symposium is for engineers, managers and academics in the field of system safety, across all industry sectors, so the papers making up this volume offer a wide-ranging coverage of current safety topics, and a blend of academic research and industrial experience. They include both recent developments in the field and discussion of open issues that will shape future progress. The first paper reflects a tutorial - on Hazard Analysis - held on the first day of the Symposium. The subsequent 14 papers are presented under the headings of the Symposium's sessions: the Economics of Safety, Transport Safety, Safety in Society, New Challenges, Safety Assessment and Safety Standards. The book will be of interest to both academics and practitioners working in the safety-critical systems arena.

Directions In Safety Critical Systems

Author: Felix Redmill
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144712037X
Size: 56.92 MB
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0 e This is the proceedings of the first annual symposium of the Safety-critical Systems Club (The Watershed Media Centre, Bristol, 9-11 February 1993), which provided a forum for exploring and discussing ways of achieving safety in computer systems to be used in safety-critical industrial applications. The book is divided into three parts, which correspond with the themes of the three days of the symposium. The first - Experience from Around Europe - brings together information on developments in safety-critical systems outside the UK. The second - Current Research - consists of papers on large projects within the UK, which involve collaboration between academia and industry, providing techniques and methods to enhance safety. The final part - Achieving and Evaluating Safety - explores how methods already in use in other domains may be applied to safety, and examines the relationships between safety and other attributes such as quality and security. The papers identify the current problems and issues of interest in the field of safety-critical software-based systems, and provide valuable up-to-date material for those in both academia and industry. The academic will benefit from information about current research complimentary to his own, and the industrialist will learn of the technologies which will soon be available and where to find them.

Computer Safety Reliability And Security

Author: Amund Skavhaug
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319454803
Size: 36.51 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of four workshops co-located with SAFECOMP 2016, the 35th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security, held in Trondheim, Norway, in September 2016. The 30 revised full papers presented together with 4 short and 5 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. This year’s workshop are: ASSURE 2016 - Assurance Cases for Software-intensive Systems; DECSoS 2016 - EWICS/ERCIM/ARTEMIS Dependable Cyber-physical Systems and Systems-of-Systems Workshop; SASSUR 2016 - Next Generation of System Assurance Approaches for Safety-Critical Systems; and TIPS 2016 – Timing Performance in Safety Engineering.

Mission Critical And Safety Critical Systems Handbook

Author: Kim Fowler
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 9780080942551
Size: 73.37 MB
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This handbook provides a consolidated, comprehensive information resource for engineers working with mission and safety critical systems. Principles, regulations, and processes common to all critical design projects are introduced in the opening chapters. Expert contributors then offer development models, process templates, and documentation guidelines from their own core critical applications fields: medical, aerospace, and military. Readers will gain in-depth knowledge of how to avoid common pitfalls and meet even the strictest certification standards. Particular emphasis is placed on best practices, design tradeoffs, and testing procedures. *Comprehensive coverage of all key concerns for designers of critical systems including standards compliance, verification and validation, and design tradeoffs *Real-world case studies contained within these pages provide insight from experience