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Development Of Auditory And Vestibular Systems

Author: Raymond Romand
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124081088
Size: 31.11 MB
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Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems fourth edition presents a global and synthetic view of the main aspects of the development of the stato-acoustic system. Unique to this volume is the joint discussion of two sensory systems that, although close at the embryological stage, present divergences during development and later reveal conspicuous functional differences at the adult stage. This work covers the development of auditory receptors up to the central auditory system from several animal models, including humans. Coverage of the vestibular system, spanning amphibians to effects of altered gravity during development in different species, offers examples of the diversity and complexity of life at all levels, from genes through anatomical form and function to, ultimately, behavior. The new edition of Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems will continue to be an indispensable resource for beginning scientists in this area and experienced researchers alike. Full-color figures illustrate the development of the stato-acoustic system pathway Covers a broad range of species, from drosophila to humans, demonstrating the diversity of morphological development despite similarities in molecular processes involved at the cellular level Discusses a variety of approaches, from genetic-molecular biology to psychophysics, enabling the investigation of ontogenesis and functional development

Development Of Auditory And Vestibular Systems 3 Molecular Development Of The Inner Ear

Author: Raymond Romand
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080490915
Size: 76.95 MB
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Thanks to advances in genetics and genomics, research on inner ear development has flourished. Better approaches and experimental models have shed light on the function of a variety of vertebrate genes and their related proteins. This latest volume of Current Topics in Developmental Biology delves into this new research to show how the discovery of more genes involved in the development of the inner ear leads to the generation of new models that examine a wealth of issues -- from the origins of human deafness to the roles of genes during inner ear induction, development and differentiation. The wide variety of experimental approaches will help readers to understand the broad range of issues related to inner ear morphogenesis and other concepts from complementary areas of investigation. This state-of-the-art overview will be essential reading for researchers, clinicians and students alike. * Scores of high-quality, full- color figures * Detailed schemes on the structure and timing of ear development * Current Topics in Developmental Biology is the longest-running forum for contemporary issues in developmental biology

Auditory And Vestibular Efferents

Author: David K. Ryugo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441970701
Size: 79.56 MB
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Efferent sensory systems have emerged as major components of processing by the central nervous system. Whereas the afferent sensory systems bring environmental information into the brain, efferent systems function to monitor, sharpen, and attend selectively to certain stimuli while ignoring others. This ability of the brain to implement these functions enables the organism to make fine discriminations and to respond appropriately to environmental conditions so that survival is enhanced. Our focus will be on auditory and vestibular efferents, topics linked together by the inner ear connection. The biological utility of the efferent system is striking. How it functions is less well understood, and with each new discovery, more questions arise. The book that is proposed here reflects our vision to share what is known on the topic by authors who actually have made the observations.

Morphology Of The Auditory And Vestibular Organs In Mammals With Emphasis On Marine Species

Author: Galina Solntseva
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900416202X
Size: 25.44 MB
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This monograph describes the directions of the structural evolution of the peripheral part of the auditory system in representatives of different ecological groups of mammals. Special attention is paid to the least studied orders of marine mammals (pinnipeds, cetaceans), being of great interest both with regards to the echolocating abilities in dolphins and the influence of the aquatic environment on the development of morphological adaptations in the structure of the outer, middle and inner ears. Undertaken for the first time, a comparative embryological study of the peripheral part of the auditory system in marine mammals allowed the author to reveal the developmental pattern of the auditory and equilibrium organs in animals with a different auditory specialization. The influence of ecological factors on the adaptive trait development in the structural organization of the outer, middle and inner ears in semi-aquatic and aquatic species is discussed. The book is illustrated with a large number of high-quality micro-photos.

Development Of The Auditory System

Author: Edwin W. Rubel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461221862
Size: 62.68 MB
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The contributors to this volume have provided a detailed and integrated introduction to the behavioural, anatomical, and physiological changes that occur in the auditory system of developing animals. Edwin W Rubel is Virginia Merrill Bloedel Professor of Hearing Sciences at the Virginia Merrill Bloedel Hearing Research Center at the University of Washington, Arthur N. Popper is Professor and Chair of the Department of Zoology at the University of Maryland, while Richard R. Fay is Associate Director of the Parmly Hearing Institute and Professor of Psychology at Loyola University of Chicago. Each volume in this series is independent and authoritative; taken as a set, the series will be the definitive resource in the field.

Plasticity Of The Auditory System

Author: Thomas N. Parks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475742193
Size: 73.81 MB
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The auditory system has a remarkable ability to adjust to an ever-changing environment. The six review chapters that comprise Plasticity of the Central Auditory System cover a spectrum of issues concerning this ability to adapt, defined by the widely applicable term "plasticity". With chapters focusing on the development of the cochlear nucleus, the mammalian superior olivary complex, plasticity in binaural hearing, plasticity in the auditory cortex, neural plasticity in bird songs, and plasticity in the insect auditory system, this volume represents much of the most current research in this field. The volume is thorough enough to stand alone, but is closely related a previous SHAR volume, Development of the Auditory System (Volume 9) by Rubel, Popper, and Fay. The book fully addresses the difficulties, challenges, and complexities of this topic as it applies to the auditory development of a wide variety of species.

Vertigo And Dizziness Across The Lifespan An Issue Of Otolaryngologic Clinics E Book

Author: Bradley W. Kesser
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455709727
Size: 74.32 MB
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Dizziness comes in many forms in each age group – some specific to an age group (e.g. benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood) while others span the age spectrum (e.g., migraine-associated vertigo). This content organizes evaluation and management of the dizzy patient by age to bring a fresh perspective to seeing these often difficult patients. The pediatric section begins with a review of vestibular embryology and physiology and moves toward a comprehensive discussion of methods – both bedside and in the vestibular lab - to evaluate the child with dizziness, or “clumsiness,” concluding with an exploration of the differential diagnosis of dizziness and relevant findings. Dizziness in the adolescent points to migraine headache as a common cause, enumerates treatment strategies for migraine-associated vertigo, and offers guidelines for when to image the adolescent with dizziness. Adult dizziness is more a compilation of the relevant diagnoses, but the section starts with dizziness that can affect young adults – especially members of our Armed Forces fighting overseas – traumatic brain injury/blast injury. This content also has relevance for patients in motor vehicle accidents and head injury patients. Medicolegal aspects of evaluation and management of dizzy patients are succinctly covered in “Evaluation of Dizziness in the Litigating Patient.” The final chapter in this section, “Other Causes of Dizziness,” provides a very thorough overview of unusual causes of dizziness in the adult population. Dizziness associated with advancing age is quite common and often multifactorial, as is highlighted in the chapter “Dizziness in the Elderly.” A comprehensive review of the posterior cerebral circulation, transient ischemic attacks, and posterior circulation stroke is presented in the chapter, “Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency.” No coverage of dizziness in the elderly is complete without an exposition of polypharmacy and medication effects. Other common diagnoses of dizziness in the elderly are thoughtfully reviewed along with a survey of new and old techniques to rehabilitate the older patient with dizziness or disequilibrium. Patients presenting with dizziness can harbor serious, if not life-threatening, conditions such as stroke, brain abscess, or severe chronic ear disease. At the end of several articles, the reader will find a relevant table – What Not To Miss – a list of clinically significant signs and symptoms not to ignore, or conditions (differential diagnosis) that may masquerade as that discussed in the chapter but critically important that the practitioner should not overlook in the evaluation of the patient. Many articles in this edition start with a clinical scenario so the reader can recognize common presenting symptoms, demographic features, and factors in the medical history that will aid in making the diagnosis.

Glasscock Shambaugh Surgery Of The Ear

Author: Michael E. Glasscock
Publisher: PMPH-USA
ISBN: 9781550091519
Size: 16.16 MB
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Glasscock-Shambaugh Surgery of the Ear has long been the reference of choice for otolaryngologists and neurosurgeons. In this fifth edition of the classic text, the authors have maintained its authoritative and practical character while enhancing its relevance by updating its contents to reflect the evolution of otology. Glasscock-Shambaugh Surgery of the Ear, 5/e answers the need for a readable resource to the surgical management of diseases and disorders of the temporal bone, lateral skull base, and related structures. It includes expanded coverage of specific topics such as cochlear implants. This book will prove to be an ideal reference for the practicing clinician and the perfect study guide for the resident/fellow. Key Features: