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Differential Topology

Author: Victor Guillemin
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821851934
Size: 74.40 MB
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Differential Topology provides an elementary and intuitive introduction to the study of smooth manifolds. In the years since its first publication, Guillemin and Pollack's book has become a standard text on the subject. It is a jewel of mathematical exposition, judiciously picking exactly the right mixture of detail and generality to display the richness within. The text is mostly self-contained, requiring only undergraduate analysis and linear algebra. By relying on a unifying idea--transversality--the authors are able to avoid the use of big machinery or ad hoc techniques to establish the main results. In this way, they present intelligent treatments of important theorems, such as the Lefschetz fixed-point theorem, the Poincaré-Hopf index theorem, and Stokes theorem. The book has a wealth of exercises of various types. Some are routine explorations of the main material. In others, the students are guided step-by-step through proofs of fundamental results, such as the Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem. An exercise section in Chapter 4 leads the student through a construction of de Rham cohomology and a proof of its homotopy invariance. The book is suitable for either an introductory graduate course or an advanced undergraduate course.

An Introduction To Differentiable Manifolds And Riemannian Geometry

Author: William Munger Boothby
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780121160517
Size: 76.71 MB
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The second edition of this text has sold over 6,000 copies since publication in 1986 and this revision will make it even more useful. This is the only book available that is approachable by "beginners" in this subject. It has become an essential introduction to the subject for mathematics students, engineers, physicists, and economists who need to learn how to apply these vital methods. It is also the only book that thoroughly reviews certain areas of advanced calculus that are necessary to understand the subject. Line and surface integrals Divergence and curl of vector fields

Lectures On The Topology Of 3 Manifolds

Author: Nikolai Saveliev
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110250365
Size: 69.89 MB
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This textbook – now in its second revised and extended edition – introduces the topology of 3- and 4-dimensional manifolds. It also considers new developments especially related to the Heegaard Floer and contact homology. The book is accessible to graduate students in mathematics and theoretical physics familiar with some elementary algebraic topology, including the fundamental group, basic homology theory, and Poincaré duality on manifolds.

A Geometric Approach To Differential Forms

Author: David Bachman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817683046
Size: 54.42 MB
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This text presents differential forms from a geometric perspective accessible at the undergraduate level. It begins with basic concepts such as partial differentiation and multiple integration and gently develops the entire machinery of differential forms. The subject is approached with the idea that complex concepts can be built up by analogy from simpler cases, which, being inherently geometric, often can be best understood visually. Each new concept is presented with a natural picture that students can easily grasp. Algebraic properties then follow. The book contains excellent motivation, numerous illustrations and solutions to selected problems.

Differentialgeometrie Topologie Und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662453002
Size: 63.69 MB
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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Modern Geometric Structures And Fields

Author: Сергей Петрович Новиков
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821839292
Size: 27.77 MB
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The book presents the basics of Riemannian geometry in its modern form as geometry of differentiable manifolds and the most important structures on them. The authors' approach is that the source of all constructions in Riemannian geometry is a manifold that allows one to compute scalar products of tangent vectors. With this approach, the authors show that Riemannian geometry has a great influence to several fundamental areas of modern mathematics and its applications. In particular, Geometry is a bridge between pure mathematics and natural sciences, first of all physics. Fundamental laws of nature are formulated as relations between geometric fields describing various physical quantities. The study of global properties of geometric objects leads to the far-reaching development of topology, including topology and geometry of fiber bundles. Geometric theory of Hamiltonian systems, which describe many physical phenomena, led to the development of symplectic and Poisson geometry. Field theory and the multidimensional calculus of variations, presented in the book, unify mathematics with theoretical physics. Geometry of complex and algebraic manifolds unifies Riemannian geometry with modern complex analysis, as well as with algebra and number theory. Prerequisites for using the book include several basic undergraduate courses, such as advanced calculus, linear algebra, ordinary differential equations, and elements of topology.

Lectures On Differential Geometry

Author: Shlomo Sternberg
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821813854
Size: 29.59 MB
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This book is based on lectures given at Harvard University during the academic year 1960-1961. The presentation assumes knowledge of the elements of modern algebra (groups, vector spaces, etc.) and point-set topology and some elementary analysis. Rather than giving all the basic information or touching upon every topic in the field, this work treats various selected topics in differential geometry. The author concisely addresses standard material and spreads exercises throughout the text. His reprint has two additions to the original volume: a paper written jointly with V. Guillemin at the beginning of a period of intense interest in the equivalence problem and a short description from the author on results in the field that occurred between the first and the second printings.

Topology

Author: Solomon Lefschetz
Publisher: Taylor & Francis US
ISBN: 9780828401166
Size: 58.91 MB
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Anschauliche Geometrie

Author: David Hilbert
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662366851
Size: 49.24 MB
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.