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Diffusive Gradients In Thin Films For Environmental Measurements

Author: William Davison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316692434
Size: 31.51 MB
Format: PDF
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The diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) technique is a means of measuring the concentration and speciation of metals in natural waters. Edited by one of the pioneers of the technique, this unique volume provides a complete and authoritative guide to the theory and applications of DGT. The book includes explanations of the fundamental principles of DGT, accessible to readers with a modest background in chemistry, as well as more advanced chapters that provide a thorough treatment of the physical and chemical dynamics of this technique and evaluate how well it mimics the biological uptake process. Chapters on natural waters, soils and sediments illustrate the applications of DGT, and detailed instructions are included on how to use DGT in practice. Combining the fundamentals of DGT with more advanced principles, this is an indispensable text for students, researchers and professional scientists interested in the chemistry of natural waters, soils and sediments.

Chemical Mixtures And Combined Chemical And Nonchemical Stressors

Author: Cynthia V. Rider
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319562347
Size: 46.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this book, both basic and advanced concepts are discussed for considering mixtures from initial exposure characterization through evaluation of risk associated with combined exposures. This book will provide an introduction to key issues and multiple options for evaluating both the toxicity of mixtures as well as the risk associated with exposure to mixtures. Additionally, promising tools adapted from other disciplines will be discussed in the context of mixtures toxicology and risk assessment. Finally, the discussion will move beyond chemical mixtures to address incorporating non-chemical stressors into toxicity studies and cumulative risk assessments. Although exposure to multiple chemical and non-chemical stressors is the rule, not the exception, consideration of mixtures in toxicology and risk assessment continues to be a significant challenge. This book will be an essential resource for researchers and professionals in the fields of toxicology, epidemiology, exposure science, risk assessment, and statistics.

Environmental Colloids And Particles

Author: Kevin J. Wilkinson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047002433X
Size: 61.36 MB
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This text presents the current knowledge of environmental colloids and includes reviews of the current understanding of structure, role and behaviour of environmental colloids and particles, whilst focussing directly on aquatic systems and soils. In addition, there is substantial critical assessment of the techniques employed for the sampling, size fractionation and characterisation of colloids and particles. Chemical, physical and biological processes and interactions involving colloids are described, and particular attention is paid to quantitative approaches that take account of particle heterogeneity and polydispersity. Presents critical reviews of the state-of-the-art knowledge of environmental colloids Critical assessment of techniques employed for the sampling, size fractionation and characterisation of colloids and particles are given Theoretical and experimental aspects of the methods as well as the required developments and possible recommendations are discussed Each chapter gives a brief introduction general enough for the non-specialist Written by a internationally recognized group of contributors

Heavy Metals In Soils

Author: Brian J. Alloway
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400744706
Size: 77.72 MB
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This third edition of the book has been completely re-written, providing a wider scope and enhanced coverage. It covers the general principles of the natural occurrence, pollution sources, chemical analysis, soil chemical behaviour and soil-plant-animal relationships of heavy metals and metalloids, followed by a detailed coverage of 21 individual elements, including: antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gold, lead, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, silver, thallium, tin, tungsten, uranium, vanadium and zinc. The book is highly relevant for those involved in environmental science, soil science, geochemistry, agronomy, environmental health, and environmental engineering, including specialists responsible for the management and clean-up of contaminated land.

Faktor Vier

Author: Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker
ISBN: 9783426772867
Size: 40.95 MB
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Das Know-how für eine neue umweltschonende Wachstumspolitik ist vorhanden. Wir können heute Solarhäuser bauen, deren Energiekosten fast bei Null liegen, oder Supersparautos, die nicht nur sparsam und sicher, sondern auch komfortabel sind. Der Umweltschutz, von der Wirtschaft immer als Kostenfaktor gefürchtet, ist längst dabei, zum Nutzenfaktor zu werden. Die Autoren machen sich für eine Effizienzrevolution stark, die dazu führen soll, daß wir die Naturgüter mindestens viermal besser nutzen als bisher. Das ist allerdings nur mit Unterstützung der Politik möglich, die endlich aufhören muß, Vergeudung zu subventionieren, und sich zu einer ökologischen Steuerreform entschließen sollte.