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Discipline And Experience

Author: Peter Dear
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226139432
Size: 57.49 MB
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Although the Scientific Revolution has long been regarded as the beginning of modern science, there has been little consensus about its true character. While the application of mathematics to the study of the natural world has always been recognized as an important factor, the role of experiment has been less clearly understood. Peter Dear investigates the nature of the change that occurred during this period, focusing particular attention on evolving notions of experience and how these developed into the experimental work that is at the center of modern science. He examines seventeenth-century mathematical sciences—astronomy, optics, and mechanics—not as abstract ideas, but as vital enterprises that involved practices related to both experience and experiment. Dear illuminates how mathematicians and natural philosophers of the period—Mersenne, Descartes, Pascal, Barrow, Newton, Boyle, and the Jesuits—used experience in their argumentation, and how and why these approaches changed over the course of a century. Drawing on mathematical texts and works of natural philosophy from all over Europe, he describes a process of change that was gradual, halting, sometimes contradictory—far from the sharp break with intellectual tradition implied by the term "revolution."

The Question Of Christian Philosophy Today

Author: Francis J. Ambrosio
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
ISBN: 9780823219827
Size: 24.16 MB
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Based on papers delivered at a conference, explores various issues confronting Christian philosophy at the brink of the twenty-first century, from traditionalism to post-modernism.

Computer Simulation Rhetoric And The Scientific Imagination

Author: Aimee Kendall Roundtree
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739175572
Size: 39.27 MB
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The book investigates the rhetorical nature of scientific computer simulations, and it discusses the implications of those rhetorical strategies for how we understand, use and evaluate simulated evidence in the real world.

Literature Language And The Rise Of The Intellectual Disciplines In Britain 1680 1820

Author: Robin Valenza
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139482813
Size: 72.33 MB
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The divide between the sciences and the humanities, which often seem to speak entirely different languages, has its roots in the way intellectual disciplines developed in the long eighteenth century. As various fields of study became defined and to some degree professionalized, their ways of communicating evolved into an increasingly specialist vocabulary. Chemists, physicists, philosophers, and poets argued about whether their discourses should become more and more specialised, or whether they should aim to remain intelligible to the layperson. In this interdisciplinary study, Robin Valenza shows how Isaac Newton, Samuel Johnson, David Hume, Adam Smith, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth invented new intellectual languages. By offering a much-needed account of the rise of the modern disciplines, Robin Valenza shows why the sciences and humanities diverged so strongly, and argues that literature has a special role in navigating between the languages of different areas of thought.