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Discourse On Method And Meditations On First Philosophy Fourth Edition

Author: René Descartes
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603845518
Size: 41.41 MB
Format: PDF
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This edition contains Donald Cress's completely revised translation of the Meditations (from the corrected Latin edition) and recent corrections to Discourse on Method, bringing this version even closer to Descartes's original, while maintaining the clear and accessible style of a classic teaching edition.

Meditations On First Philosophy

Author: Rene Descartes
Publisher: Charles River Editors via PublishDrive
ISBN: 1632956462
Size: 21.85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Rene Descartes was a French philosopher who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic during the Golden Age.Known as the Father of Modern Philosophy, Descartes influenced many of the great philosophers who followed him.This edition of Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy includes a table of contents.

Discourse On Method And Related Writings

Author: Rene Descartes
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101160500
Size: 61.85 MB
Format: PDF
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"It is not enough to have a good mind; it is more important to use it well" René Descartes was a central figure in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. In his Discourse on Method he outlined the contrast between mathematics and experimental sciences, and the extent to which each one can achieve certainty. Drawing on his own work in geometry, optics, astronomy and physiology, Descartes developed the hypothetical method that characterizes modern science, and this soon came to replace the traditional techniques derived from Aristotle. Many of Descartes’ most radical ideas—such as the disparity between our perceptions and the realities that cause them—have been highly influential in the development of modern philosophy. This edition sets the Discourse on Method in the wider context of Descartes’ work, with the Rules for Guiding One’s Intelligence in Searching for the Truth (1628), extracts from The World (1633) and selected letters from 1636-9. A companion volume, Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings, is also published in Penguin Classics.

Meditations And Other Metaphysical Writings

Author: Rene Descartes
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141936061
Size: 46.93 MB
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Of all the works of the man claimed by many as the father of modern philosophy, the MEDITATIONS, first published in 1641, must surely be Rene Descartes' masterpiece. This volume consists of not only a new translation of the original Latin text and the expanded objections and replies, but also includes selected correspondence and other metaphysical writings from the period 1641-49.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding 2nd Edition

Author: David Hume
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781539801924
Size: 46.90 MB
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The second edition of Hume's excellent account regarding human nature and mental functioning is published here complete and inclusive of the author's original notes. Often referred to by scholars as simply 'The Enquiry', this work is notable for setting forth a number of the concepts which would come to define David Hume's contribution to empirical philosophy. Although it sold poorly at the time of first publication in 1748, the text enjoyed greater recognition following Hume's death as his ideas became increasingly appreciated in academic circles. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding has an intuitive layout: it commences with an introduction to the philosophic matters at hand, then Hume delves incrementally into his beliefs on the nature of the human being. The ways in which people mentally formulate ideas occupies a large tract of the work, while the process of learning, assimilating and memorising information is also discussed. Later chapters focus on abstract topics, including the relation of probability to human activity, the inter-relatedness of individual ideas, and the merits of societal liberty in allowing man to exert his free will. Comparisons of human perception and behaviour with members of the animal kingdom, together with an examination of human testimony in the context of miraculous circumstances. Today, this work by Hume is considered a classic of Enlightenment era philosophy, and remains a required text in many university courses.

The Principles Of Philosophy

Author: Rene Descartes
Publisher: BookRix
ISBN: 3736807597
Size: 30.26 MB
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Principles of Philosophy is a book by Rene Descartes. It is basically a synthesis of the Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy. It set forth the principles of nature—the Laws of Physics--as Descartes viewed them. Most notably, it set forth the principle that in the absence of external forces, an object's motion will be uniform and in a straight line. Newton borrowed this principle from Descartes and included it in his own Principia; to this day, it is still generally referred to as Newton's First Law of Motion. The book was primarily intended to replace the Aristotelian curriculum then used in French and British Universities. Descartes's use of the word "philosophy" in the title refers to "natural philosophy", which is what science was called at that time.

Basic Political Writings

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Publisher: Digireads.com Publishing
ISBN: 9781420947137
Size: 33.20 MB
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While some modern lovers of philosophy, literature, and politics might not agree with his views, Jean-Jacques Rousseau was undoubtedly one of the most influential thinkers in Western civilization. Rousseau was certainly controversial during his time, as his writings were revolutionary for contemporary audiences. "Basic Political Writings" contains four essential political works written by Rousseau: "Discourse on the Science and the Arts," "Discourse on the Origin of Inequality," "Discourse on Political Economy," and "On the Social Contract." In these works, he lays out the basic foundation of society and how it has evolved since the origins of man. Then, he describes how society is pulling mankind away from the laws of nature. Foundational to his point of view is Rousseau's argument that there are no true personal possessions in nature, only the community. He writes that it was the rise of personal possessions that allowed certain people to make powerful gains, and they were the ones who controlled the political spectrum. However, Rousseau offers hope by explaining that men can change their government; they do not have to be chained by their possessions or other symbolic constraints. The author's concept of the general will is astounding, and he has since been both praised and criticized for his beliefs. Regardless of whether the reader agrees with Rousseau's political theories, the works in "Basic Political Writings" are essential reading for anyone looking to better understand the forces at work behind the rise of civilizations, power, and politics.

A Gentle Introduction To Stata Second Edition

Author: Alan C. Acock
Publisher: Stata Press
ISBN: 1597180432
Size: 30.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Updated to reflect the new features of Stata 11, A Gentle Introduction to Stata, Third Edition continues to help new Stata users become proficient in Stata. After reading this introductory text, you will be able to enter, build, and manage a data set as well as perform fundamental statistical analyses. New to the Third Edition A new chapter on the analysis of missing data and the use of multiple-imputation methods Extensive revision of the chapter on ANOVA Additional material on the application of power analysis The book covers data management; good work habits, including the use of basic do-files; basic exploratory statistics, including graphical displays; and analyses using the standard array of basic statistical tools, such as correlation, linear and logistic regression, and parametric and nonparametric tests of location and dispersion. Rather than splitting these topics by their Stata implementation, the material on graphics and postestimation are woven into the text in a natural fashion. The author teaches Stata commands by using the menus and dialog boxes while still stressing the value of do-files. Each chapter includes exercises and real data sets are used throughout.

Knowledge A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jennifer Nagel
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191637319
Size: 24.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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What is knowledge? How does it differ from mere belief? Do you need to be able to justify a claim in order to count as knowing it? How can we know that the outer world is real and not a dream? Questions like these are ancient ones, and the branch of philosophy dedicated to answering them - epistemology - has been active for thousands of years. In this thought-provoking Very Short Introduction, Jennifer Nagel considers these classic questions alongside new puzzles arising from recent discoveries about humanity, language, and the mind. Nagel explains the formation of major historical theories of knowledge, and shows how contemporary philosophers have developed new ways of understanding knowledge, using ideas from logic, linguistics, and psychology. Covering topics ranging from relativism and the problem of scepticism to the trustworthiness of internet sources, Nagel examines how progress has been made in understanding knowledge, using everyday examples to explain the key issues and debates ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Essays

Author: Michel de Montaigne
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9780140446029
Size: 26.61 MB
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To overcome a crisis of melancholy after the death of his father, Montaigne withdrew to his country estates and began to write. This title discusses Montaigne's themes such as fathers and children, conscience and cowardice, and coaches and cannibals.