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Discover The World Of Microbes

Author: Gerhard Gottschalk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527669396
Size: 51.36 MB
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This title is an essential primer for all students who need some background in microbiology and want to become familiar with the universal importance of bacteria for all forms of life. Written by Gerhard Gottschalk, Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology and one of the most prominent microbiologists in our time, this text covers the topic in its whole breadth and does not only focus on bacteria as pathogens. The book is written in an easy-to-read, entertaining style but each chapter also contains a `facts' section with compact text and diagrams for easy learning. In addition, more than 40 famous scientists, including several Nobel Prize winners, contributed sections, written specifically for this title. The book comes with color figures and a companion website with questions and answers. Key features: Unique, introductory text offering a comprehensive overview of the astonishing variety and abilities of Bacteria Easy-to-read, fascinating and educational Written by one of the best known microbiologists of our time Color images throughout Each chapter has a compact tutorial part with schemes on the biochemistry and metabolic pathways of Bacteria Comes with a companion website with questions and answers

Processes In Microbial Ecology

Author: David L. Kirchman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192506471
Size: 25.53 MB
Format: PDF
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Microbial ecology is the study of interactions among microbes in natural environments and their roles in biogeochemical cycles, food web dynamics, and the evolution of life. Microbes are the most numerous organisms in the biosphere and mediate many critical reactions in elemental cycles and biogeochemical reactions. Because they are essential players in the carbon cycle and related processes, microbial ecology is a vital science for understanding the role of the biosphere in global warming and the response of natural ecosystems to climate change. This second edition has been fully revised, restructured, and updated while remaining concise and accessible. It discusses the major processes carried out by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and other protists - the microbes - in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. The focus is on biogeochemical processes, starting with primary production and the initial fixation of carbon into cellular biomass, before exploring how that carbon is degraded in both oxygen-rich (oxic) and oxygen-deficient (anoxic) environments. These processes are in turn affected by ecological interactions, including competition for limiting nutrients, viral lysis, and predation by various protists in soils and aquatic habitats. The book neatly connects processes occurring at the micron scale to events happening at the global scale, including the carbon cycle and its connection to climate change issues. A final chapter is devoted to symbiosis and other relationships between microbes and larger organisms. Microbes have huge impacts not only on biogeochemical cycles, but also on the ecology and evolution of more complex forms of life, including humans.

Microbial Ecology

Author: Larry L. Barton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118015835
Size: 14.34 MB
Format: PDF
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This book covers the ecological activities of microbes in the biosphere with an emphasis on microbial interactions within their environments and communities In thirteen concise and timely chapters, Microbial Ecology presents a broad overview of this rapidly growing field, explaining the basic principles in an easy-to-follow manner. Using an integrative approach, it comprehensively covers traditional issues in ecology as well as cutting-edge content at the intersection of ecology, microbiology, environmental science and engineering, and molecular biology. Examining the microbial characteristics that enable microbes to grow in different environments, the book provides insights into relevant methodologies for characterization of microorganisms in the environment. The authors draw upon their extensive experience in teaching microbiology to address the latest hot-button topics in the field, such as: Ecology of microorganisms in natural and engineered environments Advances in molecular-based understanding of microbial phylogeny and interactions Microbially driven biogeochemical processes and interactions among microbial populations and communities Microbial activities in extreme or unusual environments Ecological studies pertaining to animal, plant, and insect microbiology Microbial processes and interactions associated with environmental pollution Designed for use in teaching, Microbial Ecology offers numerous special features to aid both students and instructors, including: Information boxes that highlight key microbial ecology issues "Microbial Spotlights" that focus on how prominent microbial ecologists became interested in microbial ecology Examples that illustrate the role of bacterial interaction with humans Exercises to promote critical thinking Selected reading lists Chapter summaries and review questions for class discussion Various microbial interactions and community structures are presented through examples and illustrations. Also included are mini case studies that address activities of microorganisms in specific environments, as well as a glossary and key words. All these features make this an ideal textbook for graduate or upper-level undergraduate students in biology, microbiology, ecology, or environmental science. It also serves as a highly useful reference for scientists and environmental professionals. PowerPoint slides of figures from the book are available for download at: ftp://ftp.wiley.com/public/sci_tech_med/microbial_ecology

Microbes From Hell

Author: Patrick Forterre
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022626582X
Size: 33.84 MB
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Patrick Forterre is a leading expert on archaea and thermophiles, and in Microbes from Hell (originally published as Microbes de l enfer by Belin, 2007) he offers an engaging, colorful overview of Archaea: single-celled microorganisms that were initially found in extreme habitats such as Yellowstone s volcanic hot springs. He starts with a history of Archaea s discovery and the conceptual revolution it sparked in our understanding of life s evolution; then, in the second chapter, he provides a personal account of his own search for thermophiles. In chapter three, Mr. Forterre discusses the challenges of living in high-temperature environments along with the ways in which thermophiles have adapted to them. In chapters four and five, he examines their relationships to other organisms as well as their role in the early evolution of life. Last, he presents the latest discoveries in thermophile research."

The Proceedings From Halophiles 2013 The International Congress On Halophilic Microorganisms

Author: R. Thane Papke
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889195708
Size: 60.85 MB
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The Halophiles 2013 meeting is a multidisciplinary international congress, with a strong history of regular triennial meetings since 1978. Our mission is to bring researchers from a wide diversity of investigation interests (e.g., protein and species evolution; niche adaptation, ecology, taxonomy, genomics, metagenomics, horizontal gene transfer, gene regulation; DNA replication, repair and recombination; signal transduction; community assembly and species distribution; astrobiology; biotechnological applications; adaptation to radiation, desiccation, osmotic stress) into a single forum for the integration and synthesis of ideas and data from all three domains of life, and their viruses, yet from a single environment; salt concentrations greater than seawater. This cross-section of research informs our understanding of the microbiological world in many ways. The halophilic environment is extreme, especially above 10% NaCl, restricting life solely to microbes. The microorganisms that live there are adapted to extreme conditions, and are notable for their ability to survive high doses of radiation and desiccation. Therefore, the hypersaline environment is a model system (both the abiotic, and biologic factors) for insightful understanding regarding conditions and life in the absence of plant and animals (e.g., life on the early earth, and other solar system bodies like Mars and Europa). Lower salinity conditions (e.g., 6-10% NaCl) form luxuriant microbial mats considered modern analogues of fossilized stromatolites, which are enormous microbially produced structures fashioned during the Precambrian (and still seen today in places like Shark’s Bay, Australia). Hypersaline systems are island-like habitats spread patchily across the earth’s surface, and similar to the Galapagos Islands represent unique systems excellent for studying the evolutionary pressures that shape microbial community assembly, adaptation, and speciation. The unique adaptations to this extreme environment produce valuable proteins, enzymes and other molecules capable of remediating harsh human instigated environments, and are useful for the production of biofuels, vitamins, and retinal implants, for example. This research topic is intended to capture the breadth and depth of these topics.

Microbes

Author: Christine Burillo-Kirch
Publisher: Nomad Press
ISBN: 1619303086
Size: 58.61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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If our vision improved one million times, we would be able to see microbes in the air, on our skin, in the soil, in water, and on food! In Microbes: Discover an Unseen World, readers journey through microscopic worlds that collide with our own on a daily basis to encounter bacteria, viruses, fungi, protists, and archaea. There are some microbes we can’t live without, such as those that help us digest our food, while others can harm or even kill us, such as influenza and ebola. Microbes looks at some of the ways the body protects itself from diseases and infections through critical thinking exercises that explore the differences between harmful and beneficial microbes. Follow in the footsteps of the scientists who had both the genius and the imagination to research and discover microbes. Hands-on experiments such as building a mini incubator, making bacterial growth plates, and growing fungi allow children to explore their microbiological surroundings safely while employing the scientific method to discover details about microbes. Fun facts and primary sources make learning fun and integrative, while cartoon illustrations engage kids' imaginations and prod their natural curiosity about this weird and fascinating topic.

Bacteria And Viruses

Author: Kara Rogers Senior Editor, Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1615303065
Size: 51.18 MB
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Discusses bacteria and viruses.

Nutrient Use Efficiency From Basics To Advances

Author: Amitava Rakshit
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132221699
Size: 60.77 MB
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This book addresses in detail multifaceted approaches to boosting nutrient use efficiency (NUE) that are modified by plant interactions with environmental variables and combine physiological, microbial, biotechnological and agronomic aspects. Conveying an in-depth understanding of the topic will spark the development of new cultivars and strains to induce NUE, coupled with best management practices that will immensely benefit agricultural systems, safeguarding their soil, water, and air quality. Written by recognized experts in the field, the book is intended to provide students, scientists and policymakers with essential insights into holistic approaches to NUE, as well as an overview of some successful case studies. In the present understanding of agriculture, NUE represents a question of process optimization in response to the increasing fragility of our natural resources base and threats to food grain security across the globe. Further improving nutrient use efficiency is a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop acreage into non-competitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and preventing environmental contamination. The nutrients most commonly limiting plant growth are N, P, K, S and micronutrients like Fe, Zn, B and Mo. NUE depends on the ability to efficiently take up the nutrient from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant and the environment. A number of approaches can help us to understand NUE as a whole. One involves adopting best crop management practices that take into account root-induced rhizosphere processes, which play a pivotal role in controlling nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. New technologies, from basic tools like leaf color charts to sophisticated sensor-based systems and laser land leveling, can reduce the dependency on laboratory assistance and manual labor. Another approach concerns the development of crop plants through genetic manipulations that allow them to take up and assimilate nutrients more efficiently, as well as identifying processes of plant responses to nutrient deficiency stress and exploring natural genetic variation. Though only recently introduced, the ability of microbial inoculants to induce NUE is gaining in importance, as the loss, immobilization, release and availability of nutrients are mediated by soil microbial processes.

Biologie

Author: Neil A. Campbell
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783868949001
Size: 75.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die 8. Auflage des Campbell (deutsche Ausgabe BA 11/09) wurde jetzt unter Beachtung der hiesigen Lehrpläne für die Oberstufe bearbeitet und erschien in einem wesentlich handlicheren, schultaschenfähigen Format. Der Campbell hatte sich bereits früher als Zusatzlehrbuch für Leistungskurse Biologie und berufliche Gymnasien mit entsprechend fachlicher Ausrichtung bewährt. Diese für Schulen optimierte Ausgabe ist im Rahmen des Imprints Pearson Schule eine folgerichtige Edition (vgl. auch M. Kölling: "Einführung in Java mit Greenfoot"; R. Hattenhauer: "Informatik für Schule und Ausbildung", beide BA 9/10). Ein Themenband zur Ökologie ist für November diesen Jahres angekündigt. - Vorrangig ist der Band für Bibliotheken mit den oben angesprochenen Schultypen im Einzugsbereich zu empfehlen. Als allgemeines Biologielehrbuch ohne bundeslandspezifische Varianten ist der auch preislich sehr akzeptable Titel aufgrund seines fachlichen Niveaus und seiner grafisch hervorragenden Gestaltung auch darüber hinaus einsetzbar. (2 S)