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Discovering The Social Mind

Author: Christopher D. Frith
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317247221
Size: 68.64 MB
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In the World Library of Psychologists series, international experts themselves present career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces - extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, and their major practical theoretical contributions. Christopher D. Frith has an international reputation as an eminent scholar and pioneer in the fields of schizophrenia, consciousness, and social cognition. A specially written introduction gives an overview of his career and contextualises the selection in relation to changes in the field during this time. This collection reflects the various directions of Frith’s work, which has become increasingly philosophically oriented throughout his career, and enables the reader to trace major developments in these areas over the last forty years. Frith has had his work nominated for the Royal Society Science Book Award and, in 2009, was awarded the Fyssen Foundation Prize for his work on neuropsychology. He has also been awarded several prestigious prizes for his collaborative work with Uta Frith. This book is an essential read for those students and researchers engaged in the fields of social cognition, cognitive psychology and consciousness studies.

Social Cognition

Author: Susan Professor Fiske
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351739638
Size: 11.58 MB
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In the World Library of Psychologists series, international experts present career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces—extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, and their major practical theoretical contributions. Susan T. Fiske has an international reputation as an eminent scholar and pioneer in the field of social cognition. Throughout her distinguished career, she has investigated how people make sense of other people, using shortcuts that reveal prejudices and stereotypes. Her research in particular addresses how these biases are encouraged or discouraged by social relationships, such as cooperation, competition, and power. In 2013, she was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, and, in 2011, to the British Academy. She has also won several scientific honours, including the Guggenheim Fellowship, the APA Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, the APS William James Fellow Award, as well as the European Federation of Psychologists’ Associations Wundt-James Award and honorary degrees in Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, and Switzerland. This collection of selected publications illustrates the foundations of modern social cognition research and its development in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century. In a specially written introductory chapter, Fiske traces the key advances in social cognition throughout her career, and so this book will be invaluable reading for students and researchers in social cognition, person perception, and intergroup bias.

From Obscurity To Clarity In Psychometric Testing

Author: Peter Saville
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317585100
Size: 66.92 MB
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The field of psychometrics has a long and varied tradition across the social sciences. A range of academics have sought to understand human consciousness more fully by statistical testing our abilities, personalities, attitudes and beliefs. But perhaps the area where psychometric techniques have had most impact on contemporary society is in employee recruitment, where a range of psychometric tests have become common-place. Professor Peter Saville is one of the pioneers of adapting psychometric testing to the field of occupational psychology and human resource management. In a career of nearly 40 years, his work has been adopted by hundreds of public and private organizations, assessing the suitability of prospective candidates through a range of questionnaires and tests. In this anthology of his work, including both keynote conference address and journal papers, Saville provides a masterly overview of the field of psychometrics, and the key issues and questions that it raises. An ideal companion for any student or researcher of HRM, occupational or organizational psychology, or applied psychology in general, Peter Saville’s selected works represent the thinking of one of the most influential psychologists of our time.

The Motivated Mind

Author: Arie Professor Kruglanski
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351708015
Size: 65.29 MB
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In the World Library of Psychologists series, international experts themselves present career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces - extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, and their major practical theoretical contributions. In this volume Arie Kruglanski reflects on the development throughout his distinguished career of his wide-ranging research covering radicalisation, human judgement and belief formation, group and intergroup processes, and motivated cognition. This collection offers an invaluable insight into the key works behind the formation of Kruglanski’s seminal theory of lay epistemics, as well as his important input into a diverse range of fields of social psychology. A specially written introduction gives an intimate overview of this career, and contextualises the selection in relation to changes in the field during this time. With continuing relevance today, and of vast historical importance, this collection is essential reading for anyone with an interest in goals, belief formation, group processes, and social psychology in general.

Wie Unser Gehirn Die Welt Erschafft

Author: Chris Frith
Publisher: Springer Spektrum
ISBN: 9783642410383
Size: 78.97 MB
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Ist die Welt real – oder lediglich ein Konstrukt unseres Gehirns? Und wer ist eigentlich „Ich“? In Ihrem Kopf gibt es eine erstaunliche Vorrichtung, die Ihnen jede Menge Arbeit erspart – und die darin effizienter ist als die modernsten High-Tech-Computer: Ihr Gehirn. Tag für Tag befreit es Sie von Routineaufgaben wie der bewussten Wahrnehmung der Objekte und Geschehnisse um Sie herum sowie der Orientierung und Bewegung in der Welt, so dass Sie sich auf die wirklich wichtigen Dinge im Leben konzentrieren können: Freundschaften zu schließen, Beziehungen zu pflegen und Ideen auszutauschen. Wie sehr all das, was wir wahrnehmen, ein von unserem Gehirn geschaffenes Modell der Welt ist, wird uns kaum je bewusst. Doch noch überraschender – und vielleicht beunruhigender – ist die Schlussfolgerung, dass auch das „Ich“, das sich in die soziale Welt einfügt, ein Konstrukt unseres Gehirns ist. Indem das Gehirn es uns ermöglicht, eigene Vorstellungen mit anderen Menschen zu teilen, vermögen wir gemeinsam Größeres zu schaffen, als es einer von uns alleine könnte. Wie unser Gehirn dieses Kunststück vollbringt, beschreibt dieses Buch. Der britische Kognitionsforscher Chris Frith beschäftigt sich mit dem vielleicht größten Rätsel überhaupt, nämlich dem Entstehen und den Eigenschaften unserer Erlebniswelt – der einzigen Welt, die uns direkt zugänglich ist. Er behandelt dieses schwierige Thema in einer souveränen, sympathischen und sehr verständlichen Weise, immer nahe an den psychologischen und neurobiologischen Forschungsergebnissen, von denen einige bedeutende aus seinem Labor stammen. Er verzichtet dabei bewusst auf jeden bombastischen philosophischen Aufwand. Das macht das Buch unbedingt lesenswert. Gerhard Roth Frith gelingt das Kunststück, die enorme Bandbreite der kognitiven Neurowissenschaften nicht nur anhand vieler konkreter Beispiele darzustellen, sondern auch die Bedeutung ihrer Ergebnisse auszuloten ... eine Aufforderung, dem Augenschein zu misstrauen. Es gibt wenige Bücher, die diesen Appell ähnlich anschaulich und fundiert mit Leben füllen, gewürzt mit einer guten Portion Humor. Gehirn und Geist

Hilgards Einf Hrung In Die Psychologie

Author: Rita L. Atkinson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783827404893
Size: 44.79 MB
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Eine EinfA1/4hrung in die gesamte Psychologie als Kerncurriculum fA1/4r Haupt- und Nebenfachstudenten ist der deutsche Hilgard fA1/4r die deutsche Psychologie beides, ein bereits an vielen UniversitAten als PrA1/4fungslektA1/4re empfohlener Klassiker und eine NovitAt: Es gibt nAmlich kein etabliertes Lehrbuch der gesamten Psychologie, das das Kernwissen dieses Faches fA1/4r Haupt- und NebenfAchler zusammenfaAt. Die Gutachtermeinungen waren eindeutig, die Herausgeber, Prof. Elke van der Meer, Humboldt-UniversitAt, und Prof. Joachim Grabowski, PAdagogische Hochschule Heidelberg, haben das Buch an die BedA1/4rfnisse von Haupt- und Nebenfachstudenten angepaAt, so daA es das Grundwissen fA1/4r den ersten Studienabschnitt erschlieAt. Neben den Grundthemen der Allgemeinen Psychologie als Kernfach werden die Grundlagen der Biologischen, Differentiellen, der Klinischen und der Sozialpsychologie A1/4bersichtlich dargestellt - entsprechend den groAen PrA1/4fungsfAchern im Diplomstudiengang.

Autismus

Author: Uta Frith
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783860250587
Size: 64.88 MB
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What causes autism? Is it a genetic disorder, or due to some unknown environmental hazard? Are we facing an autism epidemic? What are the main symptoms, and how does it relate to Asperger syndrome? Everyone has heard of autism, but the disorder itself is little understood. It has captured the public imagination through films and novels portraying individuals with baffling combinations of disability and extraordinary talent, and yet the reality is that it often places a heavy burden on sufferers and their families. This Very Short Introduction offers a clear statement on what is currently known about autism and Asperger syndrome. Explaining the vast array of different conditions that hide behind these two labels, and looking at symptoms from the full spectrum of autistic disorders, it explores the possible causes for the apparent rise in autism and also evaluates the links with neuroscience, psychology, brain development, genetics, and environmental causes including MMR and Thimerosal. This VSI also explores the psychology behind social impairment and savantism, and sheds light on what it is like to live inside the mind of the sufferer.

Das Psychologie Buch

Author: Catherine Collin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783831022090
Size: 62.83 MB
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Der Band bietet eine leicht zugängliche, umfassende vielseitige Einführung in die Geschichte der Psychologie und ihre wichtigsten Vertreter.

Der Ego Tunnel

Author: Thomas Metzinger
Publisher: Piper Verlag
ISBN: 3492964966
Size: 38.89 MB
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Unser »Selbst« existiert gar nicht. Dies beweisen, so der Philosoph und Bewusstseinsforscher Thomas Metzinger, die Erkenntnisse der aktuellen Forschung. Aber was bedeutet das für unser Menschenbild? Was sind die technologischen und kulturellen Konsequenzen? Brauchen wir neben der Neuroethik auch eine Bewusstseinsethik? Der Ego-Tunnel eröffnet einen ebenso faszinierenden wie fundierten Zugang zur geheimnisvollen Welt des menschlichen Geistes.