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Discrete Choice Methods With Simulation

Author: Kenneth E. Train
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139480375
Size: 12.97 MB
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This book describes the new generation of discrete choice methods, focusing on the many advances that are made possible by simulation. Researchers use these statistical methods to examine the choices that consumers, households, firms, and other agents make. Each of the major models is covered: logit, generalized extreme value, or GEV (including nested and cross-nested logits), probit, and mixed logit, plus a variety of specifications that build on these basics. Recent advances in Bayesian procedures are explored, including the use of the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm and its variant Gibbs sampling. This second edition adds chapters on endogeneity and expectation-maximization (EM) algorithms. No other book incorporates all these fields, which have arisen in the past 25 years. The procedures are applicable in many fields, including energy, transportation, environmental studies, health, labor, and marketing.

Discrete Choice Methods With Simulation

Author: Kenneth Train
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521766559
Size: 53.93 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 5445
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This book describes the new generation of discrete choice methods, focusing on the many advances that are made possible by simulation. Researchers use these statistical methods to examine the choices that consumers, households, firms, and other agents make. Each of the major models is covered: logit, generalized extreme value, or GEV (including nested and cross-nested logits), probit, and mixed logit, plus a variety of specifications that build on these basics. Simulation-assisted estimation procedures are investigated and compared, including maximum stimulated likelihood, method of simulated moments, and method of simulated scores. Procedures for drawing from densities are described, including variance reduction techniques such as anithetics and Halton draws. Recent advances in Bayesian procedures are explored, including the use of the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm and its variant Gibbs sampling. The second edition adds chapters on endogeneity and expectation-maximization (EM) algorithms. No other book incorporates all these fields, which have arisen in the past 25 years. The procedures are applicable in many fields, including energy, transportation, environmental studies, health, labor, and marketing.

Discrete Choice Methods With Simulation

Author: Kenneth Train
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521017152
Size: 80.78 MB
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The author investigates recent discrete choice methods, focusing on advances that simulation has made possible.

Discrete Choice Methods With Simulation

Author: Kenneth Train
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780511592492
Size: 15.23 MB
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View: 7139
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"This book describes the new generation of discrete choice methods, focusing on the many advances that are made possible by simulation. Researchers use these statistical methods to examine the choices that consumers, households, firms, and other agents make. Each of the major models is covered: logit, generalized extreme value, or GEV (including nested and cross-nested logits), probit, and mixed logit, plus a variety of specifications that build on these basics. Recent advances in Bayesian procedures are explored, including the use of the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm and its variant Gibbs sampling. This second edition adds chapters on endogeneity and expectation-maximization (EM) algorithms. No other book incorporates all these fields, which have arisen in the past 25 years. The procedures are applicable in many fields, including energy, transportation, environmental studies, health, labor, and marketing."--Pub. desc.

Discrete Choice Analysis

Author: Moshe E. Ben-Akiva
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262022170
Size: 24.15 MB
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The methods of discrete choice analysis and their applications in the modelling of transportation systems constitute a comparatively new field that has largely evolved over the past 15 years. Since its inception, however, the field has developed rapidly, and this is the first text and reference work to cover the material systematically, bringing together the scattered and often inaccessible results for graduate students and professionals. Discrete Choice Analysis presents these results in such a way that they are fully accessible to the range of students and professionals who are involved in modelling demand and consumer behavior in general or specifically in transportation - whether from the point of view of the design of transit systems, urban and transport economics, public policy, operations research, or systems management and planning. The introductory chapter presents the background of discrete choice analysis and context of transportation demand forecasting. Subsequent chapters cover, among other topics, the theories of individual choice behavior, binary and multinomial choice models, aggregate forecasting techniques, estimation methods, tests used in the process of model development, sampling theory, the nested-logit model, and systems of models. Moshe Ben-Akiva and Steven R. Lerman are both faculty members of the Civil Engineering Department at MIT and affiliated with its Center for Transportation Studies. Discrete Choice Analysis is ninth in the MIT Press Series in Transportation Studies, edited by Marvin Manheim.

Qualitative Choice Analysis

Author: Kenneth Train
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262200554
Size: 30.76 MB
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This book addresses two significant research areas in an interdependent fashion. It is first of all a comprehensive but concise text that covers the recently developed and widely applicable methods of qualitative choice analysis, illustrating the general theory through simulation models of automobile demand and use. It is also a detailed study of automobile demand and use, presenting forecasts based on these powerful new techniques. The book develops the general principles that underlie qualitative choice models that are now being applied in numerous fields in addition to transportation, such as housing, labor, energy, communications, and criminology. The general form, derivation, and estimation of qualitative choice models are explained, and the major models - logit, probit, and GEV - are discussed in detail. And continuous/discrete models are introduced. In these, qualitative choice methods and standard regression techniques are combined to analyze situations that neither alone can accurately forecast. Summarizing previous research on auto demand, the book shows how qualitative choice methods can be used by applying them to specific auto-related decisions as the aggregate of individuals' choices. The simulation model that is constructed is a significant improvement over older models, and should prove more useful to agencies and organizations requiring accurate forecasting of auto demand and use for planning and policy development. The book concludes with an actual case study based on a model designed for the investigations of the California Energy Commission. Kenneth Train is Visiting Associate Professor in Economics at the University of California, Berkeley, and Director of Economic Research at Cambridge Systematics, Inc., also in Berkeley. Qualitative Choice Analysis is included in The MIT Press Transportation Studies Series, edited by Marvin L. Manheim.

Applications Of Simulation Methods In Environmental And Resource Economics

Author: Riccardo Scarpa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402036841
Size: 62.82 MB
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Simulation methods are revolutionizing the practice of applied economic analysis. In this book, leading researchers from around the world discuss interpretation issues, similarities and differences across alternative models, and propose practical solutions for the choice of the model and programming. Case studies show the practical use and the results brought forth by the different methods.

Applied Choice Analysis

Author: David A. Hensher
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 131630034X
Size: 53.72 MB
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The second edition of this popular book brings students fully up to date with the latest methods and techniques in choice analysis. Comprehensive yet accessible, it offers a unique introduction to anyone interested in understanding how to model and forecast the range of choices made by individuals and groups. In addition to a complete rewrite of several chapters, new topics covered include ordered choice, scaled MNL, generalized mixed logit, latent class models, group decision making, heuristics and attribute processing strategies, expected utility theory, and prospect theoretic applications. Many additional case studies are used to illustrate the applications of choice analysis with extensive command syntax provided for all Nlogit applications and datasets available online. With its unique blend of theory, estimation, and application, this book has broad appeal to all those interested in choice modeling methods and will be a valuable resource for students as well as researchers, professionals, and consultants.

Stated Choice Methods

Author: Jordan J. Louviere
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521788304
Size: 66.95 MB
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Understanding and predicting the behaviour of decision makers when choosing among discrete goods has been one of the most fruitful areas of applied research over the last thirty years. An understanding of individual consumer behaviour can lead to significant changes in product or service design, pricing strategy, distribution channel and communication strategy selection, as well as public welfare analysis. This graduate and practitioner guide, first published in 2000, deals with the study and prediction of consumer choice behaviour, concentrating on stated preference (SP) methods - placing decision makers in controlled experiments that yield hypothetical choices - rather than revealed preferences (RP) - actual choices in the market. It shows how SP methods can be implemented, from experimental design to econometric modelling, and suggests how to combine RP and SP data to get the best from each type. The book also presents an update of econometric approaches to choice modelling.

Choice Based Conjoint Analysis

Author: Damaraju Raghavarao
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420099973
Size: 41.27 MB
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Conjoint analysis (CA) and discrete choice experimentation (DCE) are tools used in marketing, economics, transportation, health, tourism, and other areas to develop and modify products, services, policies, and programs, specifically ones that can be described in terms of attributes. A specific combination of attributes is called a concept profile. Building on the authors’ significant work in the field, Choice-Based Conjoint Analysis: Models and Designs explores the design of experiment (DOE) issues that occur when constructing concept profiles and shows how to modify commonly used designs for solving DCE and CA problems. The authors provide historical and statistical background and discuss the concepts and inference. The book covers designs appropriate for four classes of DOE problems: (1) attributes in CA and DCE studies are often ordered; (2) studies increasingly are computer-assisted; (3) choice is often influenced by competition; and (4) constraints may exist on attribute levels. Discussion begins with commonly used "generic" designs. The text then presents designs that avoid "dominated" or "dominating" profiles that may occur with ordered attributes and explores the use of orthogonal polynomials to describe relationships between ordered attribute levels and preference. Computer administration entails limited "screen real estate" for presenting concept profiles. The book covers approaches for subsetting attributes and/or levels to "fit" profiles into available "screen real estate." It then discusses strategies for sequential experimentation. Choice also is influenced by the availability of competing alternatives. The book uses availability and cross-effects designs to illustrate the design and analysis of portfolios and shows the relationship between availability effects and interaction effects in analysis of variance models. The last chapter highlights approaches to experimental design in which constraints are imposed on the levels of attributes. These designs provide the means to untangle the pricing and formulation problems in CA and DCE.