Download disorders of volition bradford books mit press in pdf or read disorders of volition bradford books mit press in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get disorders of volition bradford books mit press in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



Disorders Of Volition

Author: Natalie Sebanz
Publisher: Bradford Books
ISBN: 9780262513425
Size: 34.23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 7705
Download and Read
Philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, and psychiatrists examine the will and its pathologies from theoretical and empirical perspectives, offering a conceptual overview and discussing schizophrenia, depression, prefrontal lobe damage, and substance abuse as disorders of volition. Science tries to understand human action from two perspectives, the cognitive and the volitional. The volitional approach, in contrast to the more dominant "outside-in" studies of cognition, looks at actions from the inside out, examining how actions are formed and informed by internal conditions. In Disorders of Volition, scholars from a range of disciplines seek to advance our understanding of the processes supporting voluntary action by addressing conditions in which the will is impaired. Philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, and psychiatrists examine the will and its pathologies from both theoretical and empirical perspectives, offering a conceptual overview and discussing specific neurological and psychiatric conditions as disorders of volition.After presenting different conceptual frameworks that identify agency, decision making, and goal pursuit as central components of volition, the book examines how impairments in these and other aspects of volition manifest themselves in schizophrenia, depression, prefrontal lobe damage, and substance abuse. Contributors George Ainslie, Tim Bayne, Antoine Bechara, Paul W. Burgess, Anna-Lisa Cohen, Daniel Dennett, Stéphanie Dubal, Philippe Fossati, Chris Frith, Sam J. Gilbert, Peter Gollwitzer, Jordan Grafman, Patrick Haggard, Jay G. Hull, Marc Jeannerod, Roland Jouvent, Frank Krueger, Neil Levy, Peter F. Liddle, Kristen L. Mackiewitz, Thomas Metzinger, Jack B. Nitschke, Jiro Okuda, Adrian M. Owen, Chris Parry, Wolfgang Prinz, Joëlle Proust, Michael A. Sayette, Werner X. Schneider, Natalie Sebanz, Jon S. Simons, Laurie B. Slone, Sean A. Spence

The Pragmatic Turn

Author: Andreas K. Engel
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262034328
Size: 63.47 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 2428
Download and Read
Cognitive science is experiencing a pragmatic turn away from the traditional representation-centered framework toward a view that focuses on understanding cognition as "enactive." This enactive view holds that cognition does not produce models of the world but rather subserves action as it is grounded in sensorimotor skills. In this volume, experts from cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology, robotics, and philosophy of mind assess the foundations and implications of a novel action-oriented view of cognition. Their contributions and supporting experimental evidence show that an enactive approach to cognitive science enables strong conceptual advances, and the chapters explore key concepts for this new model of cognition. The contributors discuss the implications of an enactive approach for cognitive development; action-oriented models of cognitive processing; action-oriented understandings of consciousness and experience; and the accompanying paradigm shifts in the fields of philosophy, brain science, robotics, and psychology. ContributorsMoshe Bar, Lawrence W. Barsalov, Olaf Blanke, Jeannette Bohg, Martin V. Butz, Peter F. Dominey, Andreas K. Engel, Judith M. Ford, Karl J. Friston, Chris D. Frith, Shaun Gallagher, Antonia Hamilton, Tobias Heed, Cecilia Heyes, Elisabeth Hill, Matej Hoffmann, Jakob Hohwy, Bernhard Hommel, Atsushi Iriki, Pierre Jacob, Henrik Jörntell, Jürgen Jost, James Kilner, Günther Knoblich, Peter König, Danica Kragic, Miriam Kyselo, Alexander Maye, Marek McGann, Richard Menary, Thomas Metzinger, Ezequiel Morsella, Saskia Nagel, Kevin J. O'Regan, Pierre-Yves Oudeyer, Giovanni Pezzulo, Tony J. Prescott, Wolfgang Prinz, Friedemann Pulvermüller, Robert Rupert, Marti Sanchez-Fibla, Andrew Schwartz, Anil K. Seth, Vicky Southgate, Antonella Tramacere, John K. Tsotsos, Paul F. M. J. Verschure, Gabriella Vigliocco, Gottfried Vosgerau

The Importance Of How We See Ourselves

Author: Marina A.L. Oshana
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739149350
Size: 24.46 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 552
Download and Read
The Importance of How We See Ourselves: Self-Identity and Responsible Agency analyzes the nature of the self and the phenomena of self-awareness and self-identity in an attempt to offer insight into the practical role self-conceptions play in moral development and responsible agency.

The Case For Qualia

Author: Harold I. Brown
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262731886
Size: 58.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6711
Download and Read
Many philosophers and cognitive scientists dismiss the notion of qualia, sensoryexperiences that are internal to the brain. Leading opponents of qualia (and of Indirect Realism,the philosophical position that has qualia as a central tenet) include Michael Tye, Daniel Dennett,Paul and Patricia Churchland, and even Frank Jackson, a former supporter. Qualiaphiles apparentlyface the difficulty of establishing philosophical contact with the real when their access to it isseen by qualiaphobes to be second-hand and, worse, hidden behind a "veil of sensation" -- a positionthat would slide easily into relativism and solipsism, presenting an ethical dilemma. InThe Case for Qualia, proponents of qualia defend the Indirect Realist positionand mount detailed counterarguments against opposing views. The book firstpresents philosophical defenses, with arguments propounding, variously, a new argument fromillusion, a sense-datum theory, dualism, "qualia realism," qualia as the "cement" of theexperiential world, and "subjective physicalism." Three scientific defenses follow, discussingcolor, heat, and the link between the external object and the internal representation. Finally,specific criticisms of opposing views include discussions of the Churchlands' "neurophilosophy,"answers to Frank Jackson's abandonment of qualia (one of which is titled, in a reference toJackson's famous thought experiment, "Why Frank Should Not Have Jilted Mary"), and refutations ofTransparency Theory. Contributors: Torin Alter, Michel Bitbol, Harold I. Brown,Mark Crooks, George Graham, C.L. Hardin, Terence E. Horgan, Robert J. Howell, Amy Kind, E.J. Lowe,Riccardo Manzotti, Barry Maund, Martine Nida-Rümelin, John O'Dea, Isabelle Peschard, MatjažPotrc, Diana Raffman, Howard Robinson, William S. Robinson, John R. Smythies, Edmond Wright EdmondWright is the editor of New Representationalisms: Essays in the Philosophy ofPerception and the author of Narrative, Perception, Language, andFaith.

Mind The Body

Author: Frederique De Vignemont
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019873588X
Size: 39.96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 5914
Download and Read
Mind the Body' is the first comprehensive treatment of bodily awareness. Frédérique de Vignemont seeks to answer questions such as: how do I perceive my body? How do I perceive other people's bodies? Can I really feel your pain? What makes me feel this specific body is my own? Why do I care about it? To what extent can I feel an avatar's body as my own? To answer these questions, we need a better understanding of the various aspects of bodily self-awareness, including the spatiality of bodily sensations, their multimodality, their role in social cognition, their relation to action, and to self-defence. This volume combines philosophical analysis with recent experimental results from cognitive science, leading us to question some of our most basic intuitions.

Toward Replacement Parts For The Brain

Author: Theodore W. Berger
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262025775
Size: 58.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2424
Download and Read
The latest advances in research on intracranial implantation of hardware models of neural circuitry. The continuing development of implantable neural prostheses signals a new era in bioengineering and neuroscience research. This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions. The contributors explore the creation of biologically realistic mathematical models of brain function, the production of microchips that incorporate those models, and the integration of microchip and brain function through neuron-silicon interfaces. Recent developments in understanding the computational and cognitive properties of the brain and rapid advances in biomedical and computer engineering both contribute to this cutting-edge research. The book first examines the development of sensory system prostheses--cochlear, retinal, and visual implants--as the best foundation for considering the extension of neural prostheses to the central brain region. The book then turns to the complexity of neural representations, offering, among other approaches to the topic, one of the few existing theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical organization of neural systems. Next, it examines the challenges of designing and controlling the interface between neurons and silicon, considering the necessity for bidirectional communication and for multiyear duration of the implant. Finally, the book looks at hardware implementations and explores possible ways to achieve the complexity of neural function in hardware, including the use of VLSI and photonic technologies.