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Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Author: Patrick H. Tolan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461475570
Size: 75.34 MB
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Aggressive behavior among children and adolescents has confounded parents and perplexed professionals—especially those tasked with its treatment and prevention—for countless years. As baffling as these behaviors are, however, recent advances in neuroscience focusing on brain development have helped to make increasing sense of their complexity. Focusing on their most prevalent forms, Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder, Disruptive Behavior Disorders advances the understanding of DBD on a number of significant fronts. Its neurodevelopmental emphasis within an ecological approach offers links between brain structure and function and critical environmental influences and the development of these specific disorders. The book's findings and theories help to differentiate DBD within the contexts of normal development, non-pathological misbehavior and non-DBD forms of pathology. Throughout these chapters are myriad implications for accurate identification, effective intervention and future cross-disciplinary study. Key issues covered include: Gene-environment interaction models. Neurobiological processes and brain functions. Callous-unemotional traits and developmental pathways. Relationships between gender and DBD. Multiple pathways of familial transmission. Disruptive Behavior Disorders is a groundbreaking resource for researchers, scientist-practitioners and graduate students in clinical child and school psychology, psychiatry, educational psychology, prevention science, child mental health care, developmental psychology and social work.

Gene Environment Transactions In Developmental Psychopathology

Author: Patrick H. Tolan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319492276
Size: 21.23 MB
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This book examines the current research in gene-environment transactions (GEX) and its potential use in developing interventions and applications tailored to individual genetic makeups. Key concepts underlying GEX studies in this area are defined, identifying fundamental challenges in devising informed research questions and conducting valid and useful experiments. Chapters analyze GEX models inspired by the present day genome-based frameworks, particularly in terms of advances in identifying and understanding complex environmental factors, using examples from common psychological conditions, such as antisocial behavior, chronic physical aggression, and chronic internalizing disorder. In addition, the book presents new and potential applications of the framework in the contexts of prevention science and intervention research. Topics featured in this book include: Epigenetics and the biology of gene x environment interactions. Gene by environment interactions and its potential use for intervention strategies in anxiety disorders. The challenges and potential for research on gene-environment interactions within autism spectrum disorder. Using genetically informed prevention trials to test gene x environment hypothese. Challenges for intervention research within the GEX framework. Gene-Environment Transactions in Developmental Psychopathology is a must-have resource for researchers/professors, clinicians, and related professionals as well as graduate students in developmental psychology, psychiatry, human genetics, and related disciplines.

Handbook Of Psychopathy Second Edition

Author: Christopher J. Patrick
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462535135
Size: 11.85 MB
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Widely considered the go-to reference--and now extensively revised with over 65% new material--this authoritative handbook surveys the landscape of current knowledge on psychopathy and addresses essential clinical and applied topics. Leading researchers explore major theoretical models; symptomatology and diagnostic subtypes; assessment methods; developmental pathways; and causal influences, from genes and neurobiology to environmental factors. The volume examines manifestations of psychopathy in specific populations as well as connections to antisocial behavior and recidivism. It presents contemporary perspectives on prevention and treatment and discusses special considerations in clinical and forensic practice. New to This Edition *Extensively revised with more than a decade's theoretical, empirical, and clinical advances. *Many new authors and topics. *Expanded coverage of phenotypic facets, with chapters on behavioral disinhibition, callous–unemotional traits, and boldness. *Chapters on DSM-5, clinical interviewing, cognitive and emotional processing, and serial murder. *Significantly updated coverage of etiology, assessment methods, neuroimaging research, and adult and juvenile treatment approaches.

Children And Their Development

Author: Robert V. Kail
Size: 64.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Illustrating both the splendor of child development and the strides that researchers have made in understanding developmental psychology, this accessible book presents the core research, theory, and application of the developmental psychology field. A noted researcher in cognitive development, using a modular format, writes it and a clear and engaging style. Readers are encouraged to focus on the main concepts through the use of real case studies, outlines, objectives, questions, special features, and other devices. Chapter topics include issues related to the science and genetic bases of child development; prenatal development, birth, and the newborn; physical and motor development; sensory and perceptual development; Piaget's theory of cognitive development; information-processing approaches to cognitive development; intelligence and individual differences in cognition; language and communication; emotional development; understanding self and others; moral understanding and behavior; gender and development; family relationships; and influences beyond the family. For individuals who want to learn more about the key issues and diversity, of children's developmental journeys into adulthood.

Biosocial Bases Of Violence

Author: Adrian Raine
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9780306456015
Size: 27.23 MB
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Contains papers from a May 1996 meeting, investigating interaction between psychosocial and biological processes in violence in both adults and children. Early chapters detail biosocial theories of violence hinging on concepts of personality, temperament, and cognitive processes, and look at factors such as family interactions, autonomic and emotional processes, and demographics. Later chapters deal with the role of birth complications, physique, neurotransmitters, and hormones, and their interaction with psychosocial variables. Of interest to academics, researchers, and students in psychology, criminology, sociology, social work, medicine, and law. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Author: Robin M. Kowalski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Size: 26.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Students often get lost in the details ... most will never take a second psychology course ... they often have trouble relating the material to their everyday lives... The new Fourth Edition of Kowalski & Westen's Psychology addresses these teaching challenges. The student develops evaluative reasoning through self-discovery for a lifetime of learning. Students are drawn into the material in a way that in-trigues and stimulates so they begin to see psychology at work in their daily lives. Like its predecessors, this new edition effectively captures the diversity and breadth of psychology. A complete overview of how human beings think, feel, and behave is included. Psychology is an evolving science, which continually addresses and re-addresses the relationship between psychological events and their neural underpinnings, between cognition and emotion, be-tween cultural processes and human evolution, between nature and nurture, and more.