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Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Author: Patrick H. Tolan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461475570
Size: 74.74 MB
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Aggressive behavior among children and adolescents has confounded parents and perplexed professionals—especially those tasked with its treatment and prevention—for countless years. As baffling as these behaviors are, however, recent advances in neuroscience focusing on brain development have helped to make increasing sense of their complexity. Focusing on their most prevalent forms, Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder, Disruptive Behavior Disorders advances the understanding of DBD on a number of significant fronts. Its neurodevelopmental emphasis within an ecological approach offers links between brain structure and function and critical environmental influences and the development of these specific disorders. The book's findings and theories help to differentiate DBD within the contexts of normal development, non-pathological misbehavior and non-DBD forms of pathology. Throughout these chapters are myriad implications for accurate identification, effective intervention and future cross-disciplinary study. Key issues covered include: Gene-environment interaction models. Neurobiological processes and brain functions. Callous-unemotional traits and developmental pathways. Relationships between gender and DBD. Multiple pathways of familial transmission. Disruptive Behavior Disorders is a groundbreaking resource for researchers, scientist-practitioners and graduate students in clinical child and school psychology, psychiatry, educational psychology, prevention science, child mental health care, developmental psychology and social work.

Gene Environment Transactions In Developmental Psychopathology

Author: Patrick H. Tolan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319492276
Size: 16.50 MB
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This book examines the current research in gene-environment transactions (GEX) and its potential use in developing interventions and applications tailored to individual genetic makeups. Key concepts underlying GEX studies in this area are defined, identifying fundamental challenges in devising informed research questions and conducting valid and useful experiments. Chapters analyze GEX models inspired by the present day genome-based frameworks, particularly in terms of advances in identifying and understanding complex environmental factors, using examples from common psychological conditions, such as antisocial behavior, chronic physical aggression, and chronic internalizing disorder. In addition, the book presents new and potential applications of the framework in the contexts of prevention science and intervention research. Topics featured in this book include: Epigenetics and the biology of gene x environment interactions. Gene by environment interactions and its potential use for intervention strategies in anxiety disorders. The challenges and potential for research on gene-environment interactions within autism spectrum disorder. Using genetically informed prevention trials to test gene x environment hypothese. Challenges for intervention research within the GEX framework. Gene-Environment Transactions in Developmental Psychopathology is a must-have resource for researchers/professors, clinicians, and related professionals as well as graduate students in developmental psychology, psychiatry, human genetics, and related disciplines.

Handbook Of Psychopathy Second Edition

Author: Christopher J. Patrick
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462535135
Size: 53.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Widely considered the go-to reference--and now extensively revised with over 65% new material--this authoritative handbook surveys the landscape of current knowledge on psychopathy and addresses essential clinical and applied topics. Leading researchers explore major theoretical models; symptomatology and diagnostic subtypes; assessment methods; developmental pathways; and causal influences, from genes and neurobiology to environmental factors. The volume examines manifestations of psychopathy in specific populations as well as connections to antisocial behavior and recidivism. It presents contemporary perspectives on prevention and treatment and discusses special considerations in clinical and forensic practice. New to This Edition *Extensively revised with more than a decade's theoretical, empirical, and clinical advances. *Many new authors and topics. *Expanded coverage of phenotypic facets, with chapters on behavioral disinhibition, callous–unemotional traits, and boldness. *Chapters on DSM-5, clinical interviewing, cognitive and emotional processing, and serial murder. *Significantly updated coverage of etiology, assessment methods, neuroimaging research, and adult and juvenile treatment approaches.

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Mental Disorders Across The Lifespan

Author: Stephanie M. Woo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118689186
Size: 77.46 MB
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A versatile reference text for developing and applying clinical psychopathology skills Designed to serve as a trusted desktop reference on mental disorders seen across the lifespan for mental health professionals at all levels of experience, Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders Across the Lifespan, Second Edition expertly covers etiology, clinical presentation, intake and interviewing, diagnosis, and treatment of a wide range of DSM disorders at all developmental stages. Unlike other references, this book takes a lifespan approach that allows readers to develop the clinical skills necessary to respond to mental health concerns in a patient-centered manner. Introductory and advanced features support clinicians at every stage of their careers and help students develop their skills and understanding. Authors Woo and Keatinge combine a review of cutting edge and state-of-the-art findings on diagnosis and treatment with the tools for diagnosing and treating a wide range of mental disorders across the lifespan. . This second edition incorporates the following changes: Fully updated to reflect the DSM-5 Chapters have been reorganized to more closely follow the structure of the DSM-5 Cultural and diversity considerations have been expanded and integrated throughout the book A new integrative model for treatment planning Expanded discussion of rapport building skills and facilitating active engagement Identity issues and the fit between client and intervention model has been added to the case conceptualization model Mental health disorders affect patients of all ages, and the skilled clinician understands that there are no one-size-fits-all treatments. Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders Across the Lifespan, Second Edition will instruct clinicians and students in psychopathology for every life stage. Praise for the first edition: Reviews This handbook, Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders Across the Lifespan, comprehensively integrates best practices necessary for clinicians who deal with a wide range of mental disorders across the continuum of development in a practical, applied, and accessible manner. One of the unique aspects of the book is the length to which the authors go to ensure that the up-to-date information contained in the book is practical, user-friendly, and accessible to beginners in clinical practice

Intervention With Aggressive Children

Author: John Lochman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415841689
Size: 58.24 MB
Format: PDF
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This workshop is focused on a school-based group intervention for children who have difficulty controlling their anger and aggressive behavior. Dr. Lochman describes the research supporting his group-based program for children with aggression problems. He and Dr. Boxmeyer give a session by session review of how to conduct Coping Power. They also demonstrate techniques for Coping Power using case examples, videos, and role-plays. Techniques described include teaching children how to identify feelings, solve problems, accomplish goals, and more. Lastly, Dr. Lochman describes how to implement the parent component of Coping Power.

Brain Behavior And Epigenetics

Author: Arturas Petronis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642174261
Size: 35.15 MB
Format: PDF
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Biomedical research in the first decade of the 21st century has been marked by a rapidly growing interest in epigenetics. The reasons for this are numerous, but primarily it stems from the mounting realization that research programs focused solely on DNA sequence variation, despite their breadth and depth, are unlikely to address all fundamental aspects of human biology. Some questions are evident even to non-biologists. How does a single zygote develop into a complex multicellular organism composed of dozens of different tissues and hundreds of cell types, all genetically identical but performing very different functions? Why do monozygotic twins, despite their stunning external similarities, often exhibit significant differences in personality and predisposition to disease? If environmental factors are solely the cause of such variation, why are similar differences also observed between genetically identical animals housed in a uniform environment? Over the last couple of decades, epigenetics has undergone a significant metamorphosis from an abstract developmental theory to a very dynamic and rapidly developing branch of molecular biology. This volume represents a compilation of our current understanding about the key aspects of epigenetic processes in the brain and their role in behavior. The chapters in this book bring together some of the leading researchers in the field of behavioral epigenetics. They explore many of the epigenetic processes which operate or may be operating to mediate neurobiological functions in the brain and describe how perturbations to these systems may play a key role in mediating behavior and the origin of brain diseases.

Children And Their Development

Author: Robert V. Kail
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 45.19 MB
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Illustrating both the splendor of child development and the strides that researchers have made in understanding developmental psychology, this accessible book presents the core research, theory, and application of the developmental psychology field. A noted researcher in cognitive development, using a modular format, writes it and a clear and engaging style. Readers are encouraged to focus on the main concepts through the use of real case studies, outlines, objectives, questions, special features, and other devices. Chapter topics include issues related to the science and genetic bases of child development; prenatal development, birth, and the newborn; physical and motor development; sensory and perceptual development; Piaget's theory of cognitive development; information-processing approaches to cognitive development; intelligence and individual differences in cognition; language and communication; emotional development; understanding self and others; moral understanding and behavior; gender and development; family relationships; and influences beyond the family. For individuals who want to learn more about the key issues and diversity, of children's developmental journeys into adulthood.

Handbook Of Developmental Psychopathology

Author: Michael Lewis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146149608X
Size: 66.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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When developmental psychologists set forth the theory that the roots of adult psychopathology could be traced to childhood experience and behavior, the idea quickly took hold. Subsequently, as significant research in this area advanced during the past decade, more sophisticated theory, more accurate research methodologies, and improved replication of empirical findings have been the result. The Third Edition of the Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology incorporates these research advances throughout its comprehensive, up-to-date examination of this diverse and maturing field. Integrative state-of-the-art models document the complex interplay of risk and protective factors and other variables contributing to normal and pathological development. New and updated chapters describe current refinements in assessment methods and offer the latest research findings from neuroscience. In addition, the Third Edition provides readers with a detailed review across the spectrum of salient topics, from the effects of early deprivation to the impact of puberty. As the field continues to shift from traditional symptom-based concepts of pathology to a contemporary, dynamic paradigm, the Third Edition addresses such key topics as: Early Childhood disorders, including failure to thrive and attachment disorders. Aggression, ADHD, and other disruptive conditions. Developmental models of depression, anxiety, self-injury/suicide, and OCD. The autism spectrum and other chronic developmental disorders. Child maltreatment and trauma disorders. The Third Edition of the Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology is a discipline-defining, forward-looking resource for researchers, clinicians, scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in such fields as developmental psychology, psychiatry, social work, child and school psychology, educational psychology, and pediatrics.“p>

Starting Smart

Author: Theresa Hawley
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780943657486
Size: 15.29 MB
Format: PDF
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Developed by Zero to Three in partnership with the Ounce of Prevention Fund, this publication summarizes research on early brain development, the connection between emotional development and the infant brain, how trauma and chronic stress affect brain development, and how to help families support healthy brain development.