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Driver Distraction

Author: Kristie Young
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007497
Size: 79.45 MB
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A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.

Driver Distraction And Inattention

Author: John D. Lee
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1317147871
Size: 65.73 MB
Format: PDF
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It is estimated that, in the United States, around 20 percent of all Police-reported road crashes involve driver distraction as a contributing factor. This figure increases if other forms of inattention are considered. Evidence (reviewed in this volume) suggests that the situation is similar in other countries and that driver distraction and inattention are even more dangerous as contributing factors in crashes than drug and alcohol intoxication. Having a solid evidence-base from which to develop injury countermeasures is a cornerstone of road-safety management. This book adds to the accumulating evidence-base on driver distraction and inattention. With 24 chapters by 52 authors from more than 10 countries, it provides important new perspectives on the definition and meaning of driver distraction and inattention, the mechanisms that characterize them, the measurement of their effects, strategies for mitigating their effects, and recommendations for further research. The goal of this book is to inspire further research and countermeasure development to prevent and mitigate the potentially adverse effects of driver distraction and driver inattention, and, in doing so, to save lives.

Handbook Of Traffic Psychology

Author: Bryan E. Porter
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123819857
Size: 44.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Handbook of Traffic Psychology covers all key areas of research in this field including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce risk on roadways. Comprehensive in scope, the methodology section includes case-control studies, self-report instruments and methods, field methods and naturalistic observational techniques, instrumented vehicles and in-car recording techniques, modeling and simulation methods, in vivo methods, clinical assessment, and crash datasets and analyses. Experienced researchers will better understand what methods are most useful for what kinds of studies and students can better understand the myriad of techniques used in this discipline. Focuses specifically on traffic, as opposed to transport Covers all key areas of research in traffic psychology including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce the risk of variables and behavior Contents include how to conduct traffic research and how to analyze data Contributors come from more than 10 countries, including US, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Mexico, Australia, Canada, Turkey, France, Finland, Norway, Israel, and South Africa

Applied Attention Theory

Author: Christopher D. Wickens
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420063367
Size: 74.98 MB
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Eye witness testimony, training, driving, and display design: these are just a few of the real-world domains in which depend on undivided attention. Emphasizing the link between theory and application, Applied Attention Theory provides a deep understanding of how theories of attention, developed from laboratory-based psychological research, can inform our understanding of everyday human performance in a wide number of applications and environments. The basic theories discussed concern divided, focused, and selective attention, and areas of application include mental workload measurement, multi-tasking, distracted driving, complex display design, education, and the training of attentional skills.

The Psychology Of Driving

Author: Graham Hole
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805859782
Size: 71.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Road accidents are the major cause of death and injury among young people in the developing world, and the field of psychology can offer great insights into the many factors that are at play when we get behind the wheels of our cars. Based on data collected around the world on drivers of all age groups, Graham Hole provides an up to date picture of the realities of driving, including visual perception issues, cell phone distractions, fatigue, drugs, and the effects of aging. These insights can help explain why we crash, as well as how we achieve the amazing feat of not crashing more often than we do. In this jargon-free and very accessible book, Hole applies psychological methods and insights to this every-day experience with two audiences in mind. First, he speaks to accident investigators, who frequently rely on well-developed understandings of engineering and forensics and less insight into the psychology of the driver. Second, of course, this book will be of value to anyone interested in the application of cognitive psychology to real-world behaviors, and to anyone who drives.

Denken Hilft Zwar N Tzt Aber Nichts

Author: Dan Ariely
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 3426402092
Size: 63.21 MB
Format: PDF
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Die Logik der Unvernunft Wie gehen wir mit Geld um? Was bedeutet es uns? Warum sind so viele Menschen bereit, sich hoffnungslos zu verschulden? Und was treibt Banker, den Kollaps unseres Finanzsystems zu riskieren? In der erweiterten Neuausgabe seines internationalen Bestsellers zeigt Dan Ariely, wie unsere Entscheidungen gelenkt werden und weshalb wir in vielen Lebenssituationen zu unserem eigenen Nachteil handeln. »Ein ebenso amüsantes wie lehrreiches Buch.« Der Spiegel Denken hilft zwar, nützt aber nichts von Dan Ariely: im eBook erhältlich!

Die 5 Dysfunktionen Eines Teams

Author: Patrick M. Lencioni
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527690352
Size: 73.41 MB
Format: PDF
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Nach ihren ersten zwei Wochen als neuer CEO von DecisionTech fragte sich Kathryn Petersen angesichts der dortigen Probleme, ob es wirklich richtig gewesen war, den Job anzunehmen. Sie war eigentlich froh über die neue Aufgabe gewesen. Doch hatte sie nicht ahnen können, dass ihr Team so fürchterlich dysfunktional war und die Teammitglieder sie vor eine Herausforderung stellen würden, die sie niemals zuvor so erlebt hatte ... In "Die 5 Dyfunktionen eines Teams" begibt sich Patrick Lencioni in die faszinierende und komplexe Welt von Teams. In seiner Leadership-Fabel folgt der Leser der Geschichte von Kathryn Petersen, die sich mit der ultimativen Führungskrise konfrontiert sieht: die Einigung eines Teams, das sich in einer solchen Unordnung befindet, dass es den Erfolg und das Überleben des gesamten Unternehmens gefährdet. Im Verlauf der Geschichte enthüllt Lencioni die fünf entscheidenden Dysfunktionen, die oft dazu führen, dass Teams scheitern. Er stellt ein Modell und umsetzbare Schritte vor, die zu einem effektiven Team führen und die fünf Dysfunktionen beheben. Diese Dysfunktionen sind: - Fehlendes Vertrauen, - Scheu vor Konflikten, - Fehlendes Engagement, - Scheu vor Verantwortung, - Fehlende Ergebnis-Orientierung. Wie in seinen anderen Büchern hat Patrick Lencioni eine fesselnde Fabel geschrieben, die eine wichtige Botschaft für alle enthält, die danach streben, außergewöhnliche Teamleiter und Führungskräfte zu werden.

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Reading And Writing Text Based Messages While Driving

Author: Joel M. Cooper
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Previous research, using driving simulation, crash data, and naturalistic methods, has begun to shed light on the dangers of texting while driving. Perhaps because of the dangers, no published work has experimentally investigated the dangers of texting while driving using an actual vehicle. Additionally, previous research does not clearly differentiate the dangers associated with reading and writing text messages. To address these issues, 42 participants drove an instrumented research vehicle on a closed driving course. Participants drove under a control, text reading, and text writing condition. Baseline text reading and writing data were also collected outside of the research vehicle. Results indicated that impairment associated with texting while driving may be greater than previously thought. Principally, when reading or writing texts, drivers exhibited reductions in reaction time that were nearly twice as great as previously thought. Drivers also exhibited nearly identical impairment in the reading and writing conditions, suggesting that both reading and writing text messages may be equally dangerous. These results have immediate implications for improving our understanding of the dangers of texting while driving and may be useful for future public policy discussions.