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Drylands

Author: Peter Beaumont
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317858204
Size: 37.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Drylands, which cover over half the world's area, have witnessed rapid development, exploitation and change with the discovery of mineral reserves, urbanization and population growth. Environmental management is critical to the conservation and sustainable use of resources. This comprehensive text offers a systematic study of the physical nature of drylands and the history of human response to and uses of these harsh landscapes. Detailed case studies, including urban as well as pastoral drylands from California to Soviet Central Asia, the Middle East, the Sahara and Australia, contrast different management approaches and problems.

The Environment

Author: Chris C. Park
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415217712
Size: 64.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This second edition provides an account of modern environmental issues and the physical and socio-economic framework in which they are set. It explains the principles and applications of the different parts of the Earth's system: the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, and explains the interrelationships within and between these systems. It explores the present environmental crisis, examines how the planet Earth fits in the wider universe and explores human-environment interactions. (Midwest).

Economics Of Dryland Management

Author: John A. Dixon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134047134
Size: 59.85 MB
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We have always had land in which the agricultural productivity is limited because there is not enough moisture. Systems of farming and burning often degrade dryland further until it is desert. Today, however, the problem is becoming much more serious. Over 20 per cent of the world's population lives in dryland areas, and unless action is taken drylands will increase dramatically. This book focuses on the people who live and .farm in the drylands, their use of land resources and the economic returns from their decisions. In a clear and thorough economic appraisal, the authors show how it is still possible to arrest the problem. Originally published in 1989

The Future Of Drylands

Author: Cathy Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402069707
Size: 40.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Drylands have been cradles to some of the world’s greatest civilizations, and contemporary dryland communities feature rich and unique cultures. Dryland ecosystems support a surprising amount of biodiversity. Desertification, however, is a significant land degradation problem in the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions of the world. Deterioration of soil and plant cover has adversely affected 70% of the world’s drylands as a result of extended droughts as well as mismanagement of range and cultivated lands. The situation is likely to worsen with high population growth rates and accompanying land-use conflicts. The contributions to The Future of Drylands – an international scientific conference held under the leadership of UNESCO – address these issues and offer practical solutions for combating desertification along with conserving and sustainably managing dryland ecosystems. Major themes include the conservation of dryland biological and cultural diversity and the human dryland interface. This volume documents how our improved understanding of drylands provides insight into the health and future prospects of these precious ecosystems that should help ensure that dryland communities enjoy a sustainable future.

Social Aspects Of Sustainable Dryland Management

Author: Daniel Stiles
Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited
ISBN: 9780471956334
Size: 16.46 MB
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With dryland areas accommodating approximately one billion people in over a hundred countries, there is obviously a problem of increased stress being placed on the natural resources of these areas, which ultimately contributes to overall land degradation. Coupled with this, many developing countries, particularly in Africa, are showing a fall in agricultural production per capita, with people migrating away from dryland areas; such relocation to marginal lands and forests or to already over-populated cities further enhances global land degradation. With this in mind, Social Aspects of Sustainable Dryland Management attempts to address the overall problem of land degradation and provides ways in which dryland productivity and viability can be increased and managed for future years. The volume bases its results on case studies and field research projects, and encourages a greater involvement of the local population in developing methods of management of their own natural resources. This volume therefore embodies a concept of development far beyond conventional methods. It aims to show that land management must develop around the priorities, needs and objectives of the people concerned and emphasises the need to involve local people in solving the problems of resource degradation, so that future research and modern technologies can be developed with their participation. Above all, it seeks to recognise the value of indigenous knowledge in sustainable development, so that such knowledge systems can become the starting point from which to plan management strategies and new technological adaptations.