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Dynamics Of Cancer

Author: Dominik Wodarz
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814566381
Size: 36.46 MB
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The book aims to provide an introduction to mathematical models that describe the dynamics of tumor growth and the evolution of tumor cells. It can be used as a textbook for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses, and also serves as a reference book for researchers. The book has a strong evolutionary component and reflects the viewpoint that cancer can be understood rationally through a combination of mathematical and biological tools. It can be used both by mathematicians and biologists. Mathematically, the book starts with relatively simple ordinary differential equation models, and subsequently explores more complex stochastic and spatial models. Biologically, the book starts with explorations of the basic dynamics of tumor growth, including competitive interactions among cells, and subsequently moves on to the evolutionary dynamics of cancer cells, including scenarios of cancer initiation, progression, and treatment. The book finishes with a discussion of advanced topics, which describe how some of the mathematical concepts can be used to gain insights into a variety of questions, such as epigenetics, telomeres, gene therapy, and social interactions of cancer cells. Contents:Teaching GuideCancer and Somatic EvolutionMathematical Modeling of TumorigenesisBasic Growth Dynamics and Deterministic Models:Single Species GrowthTwo-Species Competition DynamicsCompetition Between Genetically Stable and Unstable CellsChromosomal Instability and Tumor GrowthAngiogenesis Inhibitors, Promoters, and Spatial GrowthEvolutionary Dynamics and Stochastic Models:Evolutionary Dynamics of Tumor Initiation Through Oncogenes: The Gain-of-Function ModelEvolutionary Dynamics of Tumor Initiation Through Tumor-Suppressor Genes: The Loss-of-Function Model and Stochastic TunnelingMicrosatellite and Chromosomal Instability in Sporadic and Familial Colorectal CancersEvolutionary Dynamics in Hierarchical PopulationsSpatial Evolutionary Dynamics of Tumor InitiationComplex Tumor Dynamics in SpaceStochastic Modeling of Cellular Growth, Treatment, and Resistance GenerationEvolutionary Dynamics of Drug Resistance in Chronic Myeloid LeukemiaAdvanced Topics:Evolutionary Dynamics of Stem-Cell Driven Tumor GrowthTumor Growth Kinetics and Disease ProgressionEpigenetic Changes and the Rate of DNA MethylationTelomeres and Cancer ProtectionGene Therapy and Oncolytic Virus TherapyImmune Responses, Tumor Growth, and TherapiesTowards Higher Complexities: Social Interactions Readership: Researchers in mathematical biology, mathematical modeling, biology, mathematical oncology. Keywords:Mathematical Oncology;Dynamics;Evolution;Evolutionary Dynamics;Cancer;Mathematical Models;Somatic Evolution;TeachingKey Features:Both a reference book for the topic, and provides material for undergraduate and graduate coursesTries to bridge the divide between mathematicians and biologists, which is also reflected in the backgrounds of the two authorsShows how mathematical concepts can be translated into experimentally and clinically useful insightsRooted in evolutionary biology, the book handles this very complex phenomenon in an intuitive and mathematically elegant wayContains problems and research projects for each topic10 pages of figures in color

A Guide To Outcome Modeling In Radiotherapy And Oncology

Author: Issam El Naqa
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429840349
Size: 12.52 MB
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This book explores outcome modeling in cancer from a data-centric perspective to enable a better understanding of complex treatment response, to guide the design of advanced clinical trials, and to aid personalized patient care and improve their quality of life. It contains coverage of the relevant data sources available for model construction (panomics), ranging from clinical or preclinical resources to basic patient and treatment characteristics, medical imaging (radiomics), and molecular biological markers such as those involved in genomics, proteomics and metabolomics. It also includes discussions on the varying methodologies for predictive model building with analytical and data-driven approaches. This book is primarily intended to act as a tutorial for newcomers to the field of outcome modeling, as it includes in-depth how-to recipes on modeling artistry while providing sufficient instruction on how such models can approximate the physical and biological realities of clinical treatment. The book will also be of value to seasoned practitioners as a reference on the varying aspects of outcome modeling and their current applications.

Cellular Automata

Author: Giancarlo Mauri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319998137
Size: 12.44 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2018, held in Como, Italy, in September 2018. The 47 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 64 submissions. This volume contains invited contributions and accepted papers from the main track and from the three organized workshops. The volume is organized in the following topics: biological systems modeling; simulation and other applications of CA; multi-agent systems; pedestrian and traffic dynamics; synchronization and control; theory and cryptography; asynchronous cellular automata; and crowds, traffic and cellular automata.

Integrated Population Biology And Modeling

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444640738
Size: 30.25 MB
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Integrated Population Biology and Modeling: Part A offers very complex and precise realities of quantifying modern and traditional methods of understanding populations and population dynamics. Chapters cover emerging topics of note, including Longevity dynamics, Modeling human-environment interactions, Survival Probabilities from 5-Year Cumulative Life Table Survival Ratios (Tx+5/Tx): Some Innovative Methodological Investigations, Cell migration Models, Evolutionary Dynamics of Cancer Cells, an Integrated approach for modeling of coastal lagoons: A case for Chilka Lake, India, Population and metapopulation dynamics, Mortality analysis: measures and models, Stationary Population Models, Are there biological and social limits to human longevity?, Probability models in biology, Stochastic Models in Population Biology, and more. Covers emerging topics of note in the subject matter Presents chapters on Longevity dynamics, Modeling human-environment interactions, Survival Probabilities from 5-Year Cumulative Life Table Survival Ratios (Tx+5/Tx), and more

Parallel Processing And Applied Mathematics

Author: Roman Wyrzykowski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319780247
Size: 29.64 MB
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The two-volume set LNCS 10777 and 10778 constitutes revised selected papers from the 12th International Conference on Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics, PPAM 2017, held in Lublin, Poland, in September 2017. The 49 regular papers presented in this volume were selected from 98 submissions. For the workshops and special sessions, that were held as integral parts of the PPAM 2017 conference, a total of 51 papers was accepted from 75 submissions. The papers were organized in topical sections named as follows: Part I: numerical algorithms and parallel scientific computing; particle methods in simulations; task-based paradigm of parallel computing; GPU computing; parallel non-numerical algorithms; performance evaluation of parallel algorithms and applications; environments and frameworks for parallel/distributed/cloud computing; applications of parallel computing; soft computing with applications; and special session on parallel matrix factorizations. Part II: workshop on models, algorithms and methodologies for hybrid parallelism in new HPC systems; workshop power and energy aspects of computations (PEAC 2017); workshop on scheduling for parallel computing (SPC 2017); workshop on language-based parallel programming models (WLPP 2017); workshop on PGAS programming; minisymposium on HPC applications in physical sciences; minisymposium on high performance computing interval methods; workshop on complex collective systems.

Medizinische Mikrobiologie

Author: Ernest Jawetz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662001551
Size: 11.17 MB
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Die Autoren haben beabsichtigt, diejenigen Gebiete der medizinischen Mikrobiologie kurz, exakt und in ihrem gegenwärtigen Stand darzustellen, die für die Infektionskrankheiten und ihre Chemotherapie von besonderer Bedeutung sind. Das Buch wendet sich in erster Linie an Medizinstudenten, außerdem an alle Ärzte in Krankenhaus und Praxis. Die Notwendigkeit für ein klares Verständnis der mlkrobiologischen Grundtatsachen ist in den letzten Jahren stärker geworden, da in Biochemie, Virologie und Chemotherapie so wie auf weiteren, die Medizin beeinflussenden Gebieten bedeutende Entwicklungen statt gefunden haben. Ein wesendicher Teil dieses Lehrbuches ist deswegen der Darstellung der Grundlagen gewidmet, wodurch sich das Buch auch für die Einführung des Studenten in den mikrobiologischen Kurs als brauchbar erweisen wird. Für die neue Auflage wurde ein Kapitel über Virus und Krebs neu geschrieben, und das Kapitel über antimikrobielle Chemotherapie wurde von Grund auf neu bearbeitet. Die Autoren freuen sich, bei dem Erscheinen der 7. amerikanischen Ausgabe von einer spanischen, deutschen, italienischen und griechischen Ausgabe, sowie von der Vorbereitung für eine serbokroatische Übersetzung berichten zu können. Die Autoren möchten nochmals allen danken, die ihnen bei der Bearbeitung dieser Auf lage behilflich waren, und die es ihnen durch ihre Kommentare und ihre Kritik ermöglicht haben, die in 2jährigen Abständen erscheinenden Revisionen dieses Buches auf dem neu esten Stand zu halten. ERNEsr JAWETZ JOSEPH L MELNICK San Frandsco, August 1966 EnWARD A AnELBERG III Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Kapitell Die ~lt der Mikroben 8 Kapitel 2 Cytologie der Bakterien Optische Methoden 8 9 Eukaryote Zellstrukturen Prokaryote Zellstrukturen . 12 14 Cytoplasmatische Strukturen. 27 Färbeverfahren .

E Branding Strategien

Author: Hans-Christian Riekhof
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322890597
Size: 25.55 MB
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Orientierung im Internet bieten Marken, zu denen der Verbraucher ein Vertrauensverhältnis aufgebaut hat. Daher ist es für alle Unternehmen, die im Internet agieren, wichtig, für ihre E-Commerce-Strategien eine klare E-Brand-Strategie zu entwickeln. Dieses Buch stellt praxiserprobte Werkzeuge vor und beschreibt Methoden der Erfolgskontrolle. Mit vielen Praxisbeispielen.

Integrales Logistikmanagement

Author: Paul Schönsleben
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662483343
Size: 10.29 MB
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Dieses bewährte Fachbuch zeigt das Integrale Logistikmanagement als das Management des Güter-, Daten- und Steuerungsflusses auf der umfassenden Supply Chain, also entlang des gesamten Lebenszyklus von Produkten materieller oder immaterieller Natur (Industrie oder Dienstleistung). Für die siebte Auflage haben Fragen zur Strategie und zum Design von Supply Chains an Bedeutung gewonnen. Ein zweites Kapitel zum Supply Chain Design umfasst neu • die integrierte Gestaltung von Produktions-, Versand-, Einzelhandels-, Service- und Transportnetzwerken • die integrierte Messung von Umwelt- und ökonomischer Leistung in nachhaltigen Supply Chains Weitere neue Teilkapitel behandeln den Nutzen von • neuen Methoden zum „engineer-to-order“ (ETO) für Produktfamilien und Einmalproduktion • befähiger-orientierten Technologien hin zur personalisierten Produktion, z.B. cyber-physische Systeme, die additive Fertigung (3D-Druck) oder die personalisierte Medikation Die übrigen Kapitel wurden gestrafft. Der behandelte Stoff umfasst die meisten Schlüsselbegriffe der APICS CPIM Module sowie des APICS CSCP Programms.

Kompendium Systembiologie

Author: Andreas Kremling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834886076
Size: 48.71 MB
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Das Buch beschreibt die Grundlagen der mathematischen Modellierung zellulärer Systeme. Nach einer Klassifikation von Modellen wird schwerpunktmäßig auf deterministische Modelle eingegangen und für alle relevanten zellulären Prozesse entsprechende Gleichungen angegeben. Anschließend werden eine Reihe von Verfahren zur Modellanalyse vorgestellt. Etwas kürzer werden Verfahren zum Reverse Engineering und zur Analyse von Netzwerkgraphen abgehandelt. Am Ende werden noch Verfahren der Parameteridentifikation besprochen.