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Early Reading Instruction

Author: Diane McGuinness
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262263825
Size: 43.17 MB
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Early Reading Instruction is a comprehensive analysis of the research evidence from early writing systems to computer models of reading. In this book, Diane McGuinness provides an innovative solution to the "reading war" -- the century-old debate over the efficacy of phonics (sound-based) versus whole-word (meaning- based) methods. She has developed a prototype -- a set of elements that are critical to the success of a reading method.McGuinness shows that all writing systems, without exception, are based on a sound unit in the language. This fact, and other findings by paleographers, provides a platform for the prototype. Other elements of the prototype are based on modern research. For example, observational studies in the classroom show that time spent on three activities strongly predicts reading success: learning phoneme/symbol correspondences, practice at blending and segmenting phonemes in words, and copying/writing words, phrases, and sentences. Most so-called literacy activities have no effect, and some, like sight word memorization, have a strongly negative effect.The National Reading Panel (2000) summarized the research on reading methods after screening out thousands of studies that failed to meet minimum scientific standards. In an in-depth analysis of this evidence, McGuinness shows that the most successful methods (children reading a year or more above age norms) include all the elements in the prototype. Finally, she argues, because phonics-type methods are consistently shown to be superior to whole-word methods in studies dating back to the 1960s, it makes no sense to continue this line of research. The most urgent question for future research is how to get the most effective phonics programs into the classroom.

Literacy Unbound Multiliterate Multilingual Multimodal

Author: Toni Dobinson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030012557
Size: 68.16 MB
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This volume promotes a thought-provoking discussion on contemporary issues surrounding the teaching of language and literacy based on first hand experiences and research. Drawing on the authors’ experiences as teacher educators, language and literacy teachers, and researchers on literacy issues it brings together the multiple traditions. What makes the proposed volume unique is the common theme that runs through all the chapters: the examination of the term literacy, the complexity of this term and the importance of having a wide understanding of what it is before tackling educational issues of pedagogy, assessment and student engagement. What is more, as the editors argue, it is necessary to join up the dots and explore the commonalities that form the core of the literacy spectrum.

International Case Studies Of Dyslexia

Author: Peggy L. Anderson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136735917
Size: 41.39 MB
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Dyslexia is a disability that exists in all countries that have high expectations for literacy. The inability to read in spite of normal intellectual potential represents one of the most puzzling educational challenges for literate societies, regardless of the culture or language. This book examines medical, psychological, educational, and sociological data from comprehensive case studies of preteen dyslexic children, in order to profile the disability as it occurs in seventeen different nations. Interviews with the children and their parents reveal how children with dyslexia are identified and treated around the world, and provide a look at various perceptions of dyslexia and its challenges. Researchers and practitioners in education, psychology, and health-related professions will find this case book to be an excellent reference. Parents of children with dyslexia will find the advocacy recommendations helpful.

Supporting Readers In Secondary Schools

Author: Wendy Jolliffe
Publisher: Learning Matters
ISBN: 1473905559
Size: 43.65 MB
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Supporting Readers in Secondary Schools Are you a secondary school teacher who needs to know about phonics and teaching reading? Then this book is for you. There are lots of books on teaching phonics but most are written to support primary teachers. This book is written specifically for secondary teachers working with children who need support with reading. There are loads of case studies from secondary schools and useful tips on teaching strategies and ideas for resources. It covers the phonics subject knowledge you need to know as a secondary teacher and gives guidance on planning and methods of assessment. It also explores a range of intervention programmes and resources to give you comprehensive support in teaching reading. Linked to the Teachers’ Standards.

Literate Thought

Author: Peter V. Paul
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 0763778524
Size: 41.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Literate Thought: Understanding Comprehension and Literacy introduces students and professionals to the multifaceted concept of literate thought and related complex concepts such as language, literacy, cognition, and comprehension, as well as other areas such as the new and multiple literacies, psychological or disciplinary models, and critico-creative thinking. Literate Thought: Understanding Comprehension and Literacy details the various aspects of a model or theory of literate thought with examples to enhance understanding of the concept. This incisive text provides an overview of literate thought and emphasizes the necessity to develop literate thought in individuals from a multiple perspective, not just from print literacy only. With alternative and additional options for developing literate thought, the possibility to improve levels of thinking in everyone, including children with disabilities and those learning English as a second language, may be increased. This ground-breaking text provides meaningful application in practice for speech-language pathology, special education, psychology, and reading and literacy professionals.

Verbal Behavior Analysis

Author: Robert Douglas Greer
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205458370
Size: 47.59 MB
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Help children develop language and verbal functions! "This is definitely a book I will be purchasing for my professional use. I supervise student teachers in home-based programs as well as school programs and this book will be a perfect fit for the program implementation we currently present. Greer and Ross have produced an excellent accumulation of research compilation, assessment and program descriptions for implementation by professionals training and working with autistic children and adults." -Dr. Irfa Karmali, Shelby Residential and Vocational Services "Overall, a very technically accurate book and one well suited to accompany a practicum component in verbal behavior. Very comprehensive and [does] a good job of covering most questions, concerns and issues [for] training others to implement verbal behavior strategies. I thoroughly enjoyed reading it." -Janet Goodman, University of West Georgia Responding to the overwhelming demand for effective language development tools for children with no language and severe language delays related to autism and other disabilities, Douglas Greer and Denise Ross present newly identified methods to assist teachers and parents in their efforts to provide verbal capabilities to children. In their book Verbal Behavior Analysis, Doug and Denise describe how to help children produce novel and spontaneous verbal functions, acquire language incidentally, and become socially verbal. They carefully integrate the latest research, including many new findings, and present readers with a clear outline of the current state of the science of verbal behavior and its application to children with real needs. Behavior analysts, parents, and teachers will find the procedures applicable to all forms of language (signs, pictures, and voice-generating devices) while maintaining a strong emphasis on the vocal production of a child's speech. Describes how to teach children to be literate listeners, reducing the number of instructional times required to teach basic skills from four to ten times. (Chapter 3). Presents the necessary procedures to teach children to become observational learners. (Chapter 5 and 7). Offers practitioners methods for teaching children to acquire novel language and language usage incidentally, allowing children to expand their language without direct instruction. (Chapters 3, 5, and 6). Demonstrates helping children to move from emergent speakers to readers, and learn to enjoy books in free time, and to read. (Chapter 6). Introduces a verbal developmental scheme to guide instruction and aid practitioners in determining which children need particular interventions and when they need them, along with alternative tactics and strategies for solving learning problems. (Chapters 2 and 7).

Textbooks And Quality Learning For All

Author: Unesco
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 9789231040276
Size: 72.75 MB
Format: PDF
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Focused on the dual aspects of access and quality, this publication discusses the role of textbooks in facilitating quality education for all. The book consists of two reviews with international perspectives: the first focused on supply, access, and content and the second on didactics and impact; two chapters, one on Brazil and the other on the Russian Federation, that review the challenges of developing, evaluating, and distributing high-quality, affordable, and relevant textbooks for all in these federal contexts; a sixth element that analyses the impact of development interventions on textbook provision; and an exploration of the relationship between textbook content and identitybased conflict in Rwanda. The authors document strategies that could help to optimise procedures of textbook development, production, and evaluation; enhance textbooks' pedagogical impact; improve teachers' selection of textbooks; raise textbook supply efficiently; and constructively manage textbook and identity development in federal contexts, countries of transition, or zones of post-conflict reconstruction. This book aims to be of interest to academics and practitioners in this area, including teachers, specialists in pedagogy, curriculum developers, policy-makers, professionals in textbook production, and development agencies.

Learning To Read And Write In One Elementary School

Author: Connie Juel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387940380
Size: 58.78 MB
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This unique book presents a four-year longitudinal study of the literacy development of children attending an Austin, Texas area elementary school. The reading and writing development of this microcosm of "at-risk" children was followed as they progressed from first through fourth grade. The author poses the question, "What skills and abilities of the child, and what classroom factors, appear to foster literacy development?" Included here are the author's models of reading and writing acquisition, and application of these models to six children: three with literacy problems and three with successful literacy development. Interviews with the children are presented along with measures of their cognitive development and skills, samples of their reading and writing from and throughout the four year study, and an examination of their successes and failures in relations to the models presented in earlier chapters. Additionally, one chapter examines school-related factors that may play a role in the children's reading development. The book is intended for graduate students at all levels and literacy researchers who are interested in the process of literacy acquisition as it occurs in the school setting.

Starting Out Right

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309064104
Size: 69.42 MB
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A devastatingly large number of people in America cannot read as well as they need for success in life. With literacy problems plaguing as many as four in ten children in America, this book discusses how best to help children succeed in reading. This book identifies the most important questions and explores the authoritative answers on the topic of how children can grow into readers, including: What are the key elements all children need in order to become good readers? What can parents and caregivers provide all children so that they are prepared for reading instruction by the time that they get to school? What concepts about language and literacy should be included in beginning reading instruction? How can we prevent reading difficulties starting with infants and into the early grades? What to ask school boards, principals, elected officials, and other policy makers who make decisions regarding early reading instruction. You'll find out how to help youngsters build word recognition, avoid comprehension problems, and more--with checklists of specific accomplishments to be expected at different ages: for very young children, for kindergarten students, and for first, second, and third grade students. Included are 55 activities to do with children to help them become successful readers, a list of recommended children's books, and a guide to CD-ROMs and websites. Great strides have been made recently toward identifying the best ways to teach children to read. Starting Out Right provides a wealth of knowledge based on a summary of extensive research. It is a "must read" for specialists in primary education as well as parents, pediatricians, child care providers, tutors, literacy advocates, policy makers, and teachers.