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Earthquakes And Their Impact On Society

Author: Sebastiano D'Amico
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319217534
Size: 66.71 MB
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This book provides an integrated approach to the assessment of seismic hazards. The reduction of losses expected by future earthquakes is probably the most important contribution of seismology to society. Large earthquakes occurred in densely populated areas highlight the dramatic inadequacy of a massive portion of the buildings demonstrating the high risks of modern industrial societies. Building earthquake-resistant structures and retrofitting old buildings on a national scale can be extremely expensive and can represent an economic challenge even for developed western countries. Earthquakes can cause also several psychological problems due to the fact that such kind of disasters will result in casualties, collapsing of houses, strategic buildings and facilities and deeply affect a community. Moreover in our society it is necessary to properly plan emergency responses and rescues taking into account any possible secondary effect in order to avoid more casualties.

Earthquake Blast And Impact

Author: Seced - The Society For Earthquake & Civil Engineering Dynamics
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482286726
Size: 79.14 MB
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This volume consists of papers presented at the International Conference on Earthquake, Blast and Impact held at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK, 18-20 September 1991, organised by the Society for Earthquake and Civil Engineering Dynamics (SECED) and supported by the Institution of Civil Engineers, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and the Institution of Structural Engineers.

Der Siebte Sinn Der Tiere

Author: Rupert Sheldrake
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104020221
Size: 19.77 MB
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Der Querdenker unter den Naturwissenschaftlern mit neuen revolutionären Thesen! Tiere verfügen über Fähigkeiten, die uns immer wieder erstaunen: Viele Hunde und Katzen ahnen, wann ihr Besitzer nach Hause kommt; andere spüren, wenn »ihrem Menschen« etwas zustößt. Manche Tiere legen unglaubliche Distanzen zurück, um nach Hause zu finden. Einige merken intuitiv, dass ihnen ein Tierarztbesuch bevorsteht, andere können Naturkatastrophen im Voraus spüren. Rupert Sheldrake beschäftigt sich mit dem Phänomen, dass Tiere Fähigkeiten besitzen, die wir Menschen verloren haben und die uns unerklärlich scheinen. Tiere, so seine These, können dazu beitragen, unser Verständnis vom Leben zu erweitern. Vollständig überarbeitete und aktualisierte Neuausgabe

Post Earthquake Rehabilitation And Reconstruction

Author: F.Y. Cheng
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080539300
Size: 63.61 MB
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Damage assessment, rehabilitation, decision-making, social consequences, repair and reconstruction; these are all critical factors for considerations following natural disasters such as earthquakes. In order to address these issues, the United States of America and the Peoples Republic of China regularly organize bilateral symposia/workshops to investigate multiple hazard mitigation, particularly with respect to earthquake engineering. This book contains state-of-the-art reports presented by world-renowned researchers at the US/PRC Sympsosium Workshop on Post-Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction held in Kunming, Yunnan, China, May 1995. The following key areas are addressed: damage assessment of structures after earthquakes; lessons of post-earthquake recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction, including public policy, land use options, urban planning, and design; issues in and examples of decision-making, and implementation of rehabilitation and reconstruction plans and policies; repair, strengthening, retrofit and control of structures and lifeline systems, post-earthquake socio-economic problems covering issues of relief and recovery; human and organizational behavior during emergency response, and strategies for improvement; real-time monitoring of earthquake response and damage.

Mega Quakes Cascading Earthquake Hazards And Compounding Risks

Author: Katsuichiro Goda
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889454541
Size: 10.40 MB
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Large-scale earthquake hazards pose major threats to modern society, generating casualties, disrupting socioeconomic activities, and causing enormous economic loss across the world. Events, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, highlighted the vulnerability of urban cities to catastrophic earthquakes. Accurate assessment of earthquake-related hazards (both primary and secondary) is essential to mitigate and control disaster risk exposure effectively. To date, various approaches and tools have been developed in different disciplines. However, they are fragmented over a number of research disciplines and underlying assumptions are often inconsistent. Our society and infrastructure are subjected to multiple types of cascading earthquake hazards; therefore, integrated hazard assessment and risk management strategy is needed for mitigating potential consequences due to multi-hazards. Moreover, uncertainty modeling and its impact on hazard prediction and anticipated consequences are essential parts of probabilistic earthquake hazard and risk assessment. The Research Topic is focused upon modeling and impact assessment of cascading earthquake hazards, including mainshock ground shaking, aftershock, tsunami, liquefaction, and landslide.

Earthquake Engineering Handbook

Author: Charles Scawthorn
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420042440
Size: 56.26 MB
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Earthquakes are nearly unique among natural phenomena - they affect virtually everything within a region, from massive buildings and bridges, down to the furnishings within a home. Successful earthquake engineering therefore requires a broad background in subjects, ranging from the geologic causes and effects of earthquakes to understanding the impact of these effects on foundations, buildings, structures, the infrastructure, and even their social and economic impact. The Earthquake Engineering Handbook is a comprehensive resource that covers the spectrum of topics relevant to designing for and mitigating earthquakes. In it, international experts present engineering practices, research, and developments in North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim countries. The emphasis is on professional applications, with discussion ranging from basic dynamics and geoscience to new technologies intended to avoid rather than resist the forces of earthquakes. Covering both traditional and innovative practices, the Earthquake Engineering Handbook is the first professional reference that brings together all of earthquake engineering's many facets. Formulas, tables, and illustrations give immediate answers to questions arising in practice, and summaries of the essential elements of each topic paint a global picture from which readers can develop understanding and the ability to think beyond the results presented.

Disaster Management And Civil Society

Author: Alpaslan Özerdem
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845110536
Size: 39.53 MB
Format: PDF
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This analysis of the aftermath of earthquakes in Japan, Turkey and India reveals important insights into how the outcome of each was affected by the different styles of state-society relationships. Using a comparative approach the book also seeks to draw out patterns and lessons that can be applied more generally to societies in the aftermath of such events. The result is a groundbreaking work that will be of major importance to all those whose work involves them in dealing with the aftermath of disasters and major conflict

How Big Are The Benefits Of Economic Diversification Evidence From Earthquakes

Author: Mr. Rodney Ramcharan
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 145190603X
Size: 58.90 MB
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Economic activity is risky. Returns across economic sectors can be highly variable, potentially causing costly adjustments to consumption. However, when returns are imperfectly correlated across sectors and insurance is unavailable, diversification can reduce the economic impact of shocks. Therefore, despite the well-known efficiency benefits from specialization, the risks of too little diversification have long been acknowledged. But how big are the benefits of diversification? This paper exploits the exogeneity and randomness of earthquakes to address this question. There is robust evidence that more specialized economies experience larger declines in consumption when earthquakes occur, and consistent with the insurance channel, the cost of specialization is smaller in more financially developed economies.

Engineering Geology For Society And Territory Volume 5

Author: Giorgio Lollino
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319090488
Size: 47.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is one out of 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes, and deals with the theme of urban geology. Along with a rapidly growing world population, the wave of urban growth continues, causing cities to swell and new metropolitan centers to emerge. These global trends also open new ventures for underground city development. Engineering geology plays a major role in facing the increasing issues of the urban environment, such as: finding aggregates for construction works; providing adequate water supply and waste management; solving building problems associated to geological and geomorphological conditions; evaluating host rock conditions for underground constructions; preventing or mitigating geological and seismic hazards. Furthermore, this book illustrates recent advancements in sustainable land use planning, which includes conservation, protection, reclamation and landscape impact of open pit mining and alternative power generation. The Engineering Geology for Society and Territory volumes of the IAEG XII Congress held in Torino from September 15-19, 2014, analyze the dynamic role of engineering geology in our changing world and build on the four main themes of the congress: environment, processes, issues and approaches. The congress topics and subject areas of the 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes are: 1. Climate Change and Engineering Geology 2. Landslide Processes River Basins 3. Reservoir Sedimentation and Water Resources 4. Marine and Coastal Processes Urban Geology 5. Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation 6. Applied Geology for Major Engineering Projects 7. Education, Professional Ethics and Public Recognition of Engineering Geology 8. Preservation of Cultural Heritage