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Econocide

Author: Seymour Drescher
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807899595
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In this classic analysis and refutation of Eric Williams's 1944 thesis, Seymour Drescher argues that Britain's abolition of the slave trade in 1807 resulted not from the diminishing value of slavery for Great Britain but instead from the British public's mobilization against the slave trade, which forced London to commit what Drescher terms "econocide." This action, he argues, was detrimental to Britain's economic interests at a time when British slavery was actually at the height of its potential. Originally published in 1977, Drescher's work was instrumental in undermining the economic determinist interpretation of abolitionism that had dominated historical discourse for decades following World War II. For this second edition, which includes a foreword by David Brion Davis, Drescher has written a new preface, reflecting on the historiography of the British slave trade since this book's original publication.

Handbuch Geschichte Der Sklaverei

Author: Michael Zeuske
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110278812
Size: 45.33 MB
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This handbook is the first publication to systematically present the history of slavery in the context of global history. The point of departure is an understanding of slavery as the capitalization of the human body. The most diverse types of slavery are analyzed – on all continents, under its respective names and in its historical context. This broad empirical basis leads to a history of slavery beginning around 10,000 BC and continuing to the present day.

The Business Of Abolishing The British Slave Trade 1783 1807

Author: Judith Jennings
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317791878
Size: 64.30 MB
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This study presents new information about the four Quaker businessmen who helped found the London Abolition Committee in 1787 and remained active in the late anti-slave trade movement throughout their lifetimes. Drawing on previously unused primary sources, the study traces the close personal, business, social and religious ties binding the men together and shaping their abolition activities and arguments. By closely examining the lives of Joseph Woods, James Philips, George Harrison and Samuel Hoare, the study presents a new view of the factors shaping the arguments and strategies of abolitionism in Britain.

The Politics Of Reproduction

Author: Katherine Paugh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192506994
Size: 45.70 MB
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Many British politicians, planters, and doctors attempted to exploit the fertility of Afro-Caribbean women's bodies in order to ensure the economic success of the British Empire during the age of abolition. Abolitionist reformers hoped that a homegrown labor force would end the need for the Atlantic slave trade. By establishing the ubiquity of visions of fertility and subsequent economic growth during this time, The Politics of Reproduction sheds fresh light on the oft-debated question of whether abolitionism was understood by contemporaries as economically beneficial to the plantation colonies. At the same time, Katherine Paugh makes novel assertions about the importance of Britain's Caribbean colonies in the emergence of population as a political problem. The need to manipulate the labor market on Caribbean plantations led to the creation of new governmental strategies for managing sex and childbearing, such as centralized nurseries, discouragement of extended breastfeeding, and financial incentives for childbearing, that have become commonplace in our modern world. While assessing the politics of reproduction in the British Empire and its Caribbean colonies in relationship to major political events such as the Haitian Revolution, the study also focuses in on the island of Barbados. The remarkable story of an enslaved midwife and her family illustrates how plantation management policies designed to promote fertility affected Afro-Caribbean women during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The Politics of Reproduction draws on a wide variety of sources, including debates in the British Parliament and the Barbados House of Assembly, the records of Barbadian plantations, tracts about plantation management published by doctors and plantation owners, and missionary records related to the island of Barbados.

Business And Human Rights

Author: Nadia Bernaz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317233840
Size: 55.63 MB
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Business corporations can and do violate human rights all over the world, and they are often not held to account. Emblematic cases and situations such as the state of the Niger Delta and the collapse of the Rana Plaza factory are examples of corporate human rights abuses which are not adequately prevented and remedied. Business and human rights as a field seeks to enhance the accountability of business – companies and businesspeople – in the human rights area, or, to phrase it differently, to bridge the accountability gap. Bridging the accountability gap is to be understood as both setting standards and holding corporations and businesspeople to account if violations occur. Adopting a legal perspective, this book presents the ways in which this dual undertaking has been and could be further carried out in the future, and evaluates the extent to which the various initiatives in the field bridge the corporate accountability gap. It looks at the historical background of the field of business and human rights, and examines salient periods, events and cases. The book then goes on to explore the relevance of international human rights law and international criminal law for global business. International soft law and policy initiatives which have blossomed in recent years are evaluated along with private modes of regulation. The book also examines how domestic law, especially the domestic law of multinational companies’ home countries, can be used to prevent and redress corporate related human rights violations.

Die Britische Abolitionsbewegung Und Der Parlamentarische Kampf Um Die Abschaffung Des Sklavenhandels

Author: Marcus Giebeler
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638709302
Size: 75.60 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - and. Lander - Neuzeit, Absolutismus, Industrialisierung, Note: 2,0, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitat Mainz (Historisches Seminar), Veranstaltung: Hauptseminar: Die Sklaverei in der fruhen Neuzeit, 32 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Am 23. Februar des Jahres 1807 wurde das britische Unterhaus Zeuge eines denkwurdigen Augenbli-ckes: Nachdem Sir Samuel Romilly fur die Beendigung des britischen Sklavenhandels geworben hatte, schloss er seinen Redebeitrag mit einem lang andauernden und emotionalen Tribut an den Ab-geordneten William Wilberforce. Der so Geehrte - Wilberforce hatte beinahe 20 Jahre fur den folgen-den Moment gekampft - wurde wahrend der Rede von seinen Gefuhlen uberwaltigt und begann - seinen Kopf in seine Hande gestutzt - vor Freude und Gluck zu weinen: Wilberforce was overcome by the power of Romilly's concluding passages, and sat with his head in his hands, tears streaming down his face. As Romilly reached his final sentences the House broke into one of those scenes that is reserved for great occasion. Members stood and cheered him tumultuously." Was war zwischen 1788 - dem Jahr, in dem mit dem Dolben Act erste Massnahmen zur Regulierung des britischen Sklavenhandels ergriffen worden waren - und jenem (fur das sonst als so zuruckhal-tend geltende House of Commons) aussergewohnlichen Februartag geschehen, welche Hintergrund-variablen waren fur diese Entwicklung notwendig gewesen? Es ist das Ziel dieser Arbeit, diesen Zeit-raum ereignisgeschichtlich darzustellen und gleichzeitig einen Blick auf die Motive, die Protagonisten und die kulturhistorischen Grundlagen sowie die politischen Hintergrunde und Prozesse zu werfen. Im Zuge der Debatte der Frage nach den eigentlichen Ursachen fur das britische Verbot des Sklaven-handels (wirtschaftshistorischen Aspekte ./. politische Aspekte) wird eine eindeutige Gewichtung auf die Relevanz des politischen' Faktors gele

Akten

Author: Cornelia Vismann
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 80.67 MB
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