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Economic Development Education And Transnational Corporations

Author: Mark Hanson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135984352
Size: 36.83 MB
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This book focuses on the questions of: why do some economically disadvantaged nations develop significantly faster than others, and what roles do their educational systems play? In the early 1960s Mexico and South Korea were both equally underdeveloped agrarian societies. Since that time, the development strategies pursued by each country resulted in dramatically different results. By the turn of the century South Korea possessed one of the finest educational systems in the world and was a world-class producer of high-tech products. Mexico, on the other hand, was still graduating less than half of its secondary school-age students and bogged down in assembling products owned by others. This book addresses the issues of what happened and why, and frames the consequences for other developing nations facing similar challenges. Professor Hanson argues that the key to understanding involves the manner and intensity in which these countries engaged their educational, governmental and business institutions to acquire manufacturing knowledge from offshored transnational corporations, and how they used these insights to grow their own local industries. Whereas South Korea studied the foreign outsourced plants as if they were educational systems and pursued with tenacity the new knowledge they possessed, Mexico viewed them as ‘cash cows’ that generated wages and reduced unemployment. The author emphasizes that significant educational reform will only break down the barriers of institutional bureaucracies when responding to the pressures and demands of industrialization. This is one of the first books of its kind to compare South-East Asian and Latin American economies and their links to educational systems.

Ungleichheit In Kapitalistischen Gesellschaften

Author: Boike Rehbein
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783779929475
Size: 30.51 MB
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Long description: Das Buch legt eine neue Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit in Gegenwartsgesellschaften vor. Es stützt sich auf eigene empirische Forschung auf drei Kontinenten und argumentiert, dass Ungleichheit bisher unzureichend verstanden wurde, weil ausschließlich westliche Gesellschaften Grundlage der Interpretation waren. Das vorliegende Buch betrachtet Gesellschaft nicht als funktionales oder ökonomisches System, sondern als sinnhafte Praxis. Es zeigt auf, dass und wie die symbolische Vermittlung von Macht die strukturelle Wurzel der Ungleichheit bildet. Das Buch legt eine neue Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit in Gegenwartsgesellschaften auf der Basis empirischer Forschung auf drei Kontinenten vor. Es betrachtet Gesellschaft nicht als funktionales oder ökonomisches System, sondern als sinnhafte Praxis. Die zentrale These lautet, dass die symbolische Vermittlung von Macht die strukturelle Wurzel der Ungleichheit bildet. Die symbolische Welt kapitalistischer Gesellschaften zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass sie wissenschaftlich begründet ist, Ungleichheit als meritokratisches Resultat der Konkurrenz gleicher Individuen erscheinen lässt und die überlieferte symbolische Ungleichheit zwischen Klassen von Menschen dadurch unsichtbar macht und reproduziert.

Routledge International Handbook Of World Systems Analysis

Author: Salvatore Babones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135179158
Size: 49.31 MB
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Its long-term historical insights on globalization and its crises make world-systems analysis an indispensable tool for our time. The Handbook of World-Systems Analysis is the first comprehensive review of the field. It builds on over four decades of scholarship and includes contributions from a global, interdisciplinary group of more than 80 world-systems scholars. The clear style and broad scope of the Handbook will make it essential reading for students and scholars across the social sciences.

Understanding Fdi Assisted Economic Development

Author: Sanjaya Lall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136876790
Size: 40.52 MB
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It is nowadays well accepted that both economic growth and development are highly dependent on improving not just the availability of capital, but also access to technological capabilities, infrastructure and resources. This has gone hand-in-hand with an increasing economic liberalization of most developing countries. The role of the MNE as a viable source of both capital and technology is one of the key features of this new openness. In the process of embracing FDI as a solution to the myriad of economic ills - something even the World Bank has begun to do - little attempt is made to understand the rationale and the costs associated with this policy stance. Simply put, FDI is not a condition sine qua non for development. Too much emphasis has been placed on attracting FDI, and not on understanding how to optimise the benefits for the host economy. This volume aims to encourage and promote research related to these issues. This volume was previously published as a special issue of the European Journal of Development Research.

Routledge Handbook Of Southeast Asian Economics

Author: Ian Coxhead
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317586050
Size: 47.98 MB
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The Routledge Handbook of Southeast Asian Economics offers new insights into the rapidly-developing economies of Southeast Asia. Despite widespread initial deprivation, Southeast Asia has achieved and sustained a remarkable rate of growth, in the course of which tens of millions have successfully escaped severe poverty. Though the economies of the region vary in many dimensions, integration into the wider East Asian network of production and trade is a notable common feature, one that continues a centuries-long history of engagement with global trade. A second striking feature is the pace and extent of transformation in the structure of production and in sources of household income in the region, which has undergone remarkably rapid industrialization and urban growth. However, the search for sustained and sustainable growth through and beyond middle-income continues to confront pressing economic and policy challenges. This Handbook offers a timely and comprehensive overview of Southeast Asian economic development. Organized according to the logic of chronological and thematic unity, it is structured in these sections: Growth and development over the long term Food, agriculture and natural resources Trade, investment and industrialization Population, labor, and human capital Poverty and political economy Twenty-first century challenges This original Handbook, written by experts in their fields, is unique in the breadth and depth of its coverage. Its forward-looking perspective renders it relevant both now and in the future. This advanced level reference work will be essential reading for students, researchers and scholars of Asian Studies, Economics and Southeast Asian studies.

Routledge International Encyclopedia Of Women

Author: Cheris Kramarae
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135963150
Size: 60.66 MB
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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

International Economic Development

Author: Tony Fu-Lai Yu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317813863
Size: 33.37 MB
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Written by experts in their respective areas, this book is an excellent review of theories, policies and empirical evidences on important topics in global economic development. The book is both a superb teaching tool and a valuable handbook in development economics. The volume compiled 13 articles on contemporary issues influencing the world development. The book covers issues ranging from global financial crisis, the rise of China and the world economic order, multinational corporations, sweat factories and social responsibilities to Japan's nuclear meltdown and sustainable development. The book highlights the impacts of globalization on human well-being and examines the relationship between developed and developing economies in the global perspective. With cases and box illustration, this book is an essential reader for undergraduate students in economic development, international development and development economics. It is also a great reference for more advanced students, as well as a very useful guide to policymakers and practitioners interested in recent advances in global development.

Foreign Direct Investment And Human Development

Author: Olivier De Schutter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135128065
Size: 58.35 MB
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This book presents original research that examines the growth of international investment agreements as a means to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and considers how this affects the ability of capital-importing countries to pursue their development goals. The hope of countries signing such treaties is that foreign capital will accelerate transfers of technologies, create employment, and benefit the local economy through various types of linkages. But do international investment agreements in fact succeed in attracting foreign direct investment? And if so, are the sovereignty costs involved worth paying? In particular, are these costs such that they risk undermining the very purpose of attracting investors, which is to promote human development in the host country? This book uses both economic and legal analysis to answer these questions that have become central to discussions on the impact of economic globalization on human rights and human development. It explains the dangers of developing countries being tempted to 'signal' their willingness to attract investors by providing far-reaching protections to investors' rights that would annul, or at least seriously diminish, the benefits they have a right to expect from the arrival of FDI. It examines a variety of tools that could be used, by capital-exporting countries and by capital-importing countries alike, to ensure that FDI works for development, and that international investment agreements contribute to that end. This uniquely interdisciplinary study, located at the intersection of development economics, international investment law, and international human rights is written in an accessible language, and should attract the attention of anyone who cares about the role of private investment in supporting the efforts of poor countries to climb up the development ladder.

Global Economic Crisis And Local Economic Development

Author: Jason Begley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317246691
Size: 74.77 MB
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This book offers a collaborative investigation of the policies and practices which have redeveloped local and national economies in the aftermath of the global economic crisis which erupted in 2008. It explores 'localised' models of economic development, including problems of diversity and balance and the role of firms, industries and clusters, alongside comparative studies of policy responses to the crisis at local, regional and national levels Global Economic Crisis and Local Economic Development seeks routes for economic development in a post-crisis world. The roles of innovation, entrepreneurship, knowledge infrastructures, public policies, business strategies and responses, as well as global contexts and positioning are explored as investigative themes which run throughout the collection as a whole. This text brings together a range of international disciplinary experts from economics, geography, history, business and management, politics and sociology. Its coverage is comparative and global, with contributions focusing on the U.S., Japan, China, and India, as well as European contexts and cases. This book is of value both for the intrinsic quality of its individual studies and for the contrasts and comparisons enabled by the collection when viewed as a whole. It has an accessible but rigorous style, making it ideal for a range of users including academics, researchers and students who study economic development and regional development.

Globalization And East Asia

Author: Erdener Kaynak
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317955056
Size: 68.27 MB
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Learn to apply the strategies used in East Asia’s phenomenal economic expansion The phenomenal economic growth of many countries in East Asia has no historic parallel. Globalization and East Asia: Opportunities and Challenges examines different aspects of the economic performance of the region over the past three decades, with a focus on what it takes to replicate the experience elsewhere. Nineteen of the finest presentations from the 12th International Conference of the International Trade and Finance Association in Bangkok, Thailand, have been carefully selected and revised by their expert authors, providing powerful, practical economic development approaches that can be used to develop other economies. This comprehensive volume presents an insightful four-part view of the intricate economic workings of East Asia. The first part introduces the distinctive qualities of the policies that sparked economic growth and development. Part two provides comparative studies of different countries and industries in the region and an in-depth study of the East Asian area over the past fifty years. Part three presents sector specific studies within several countries, focusing on international finance. The fourth part spotlights important industry-specific elements and explores the future of globalization in relation to its effects on East Asia. Each chapter is extensively referenced, and several use tables and charts to clearly reinforce crucial points. Globalization and East Asia includes topics such as: the characteristics of East Asian economic growth—and how other areas will benefit the rapid economic growth of the region since the end of World War II an evaluation of efficiency and leveraging of assets comparing the United States and the Four Dragon (FD) industries structural weaknesses within Asian countries trade flows between the United States and Thailand— a bilateral study the progress of APEC’s environmental cooperation financial resource flows during the 1990s Malaysian financial markets and the Asian financial crisis China’s economic transition and exchange rate policies the use of dual production theory as a model in the world economy Thailand’s telecommunications sector—and how it provides illustration for other sector specific industries in developing countries development of bilateral trade negotiations between the United States and Vietnam the status of United States apparel imports Globalization and East Asia is important, insightful reading for researchers, scholars, and professionals specializing in regional economics and economic development.