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Educational Reform In Post Soviet Russia

Author: Ben Eklof
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780714657059
Size: 22.73 MB
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This volume consists of a collection of essays devoted to study of the most recent educational reform in Russia. In his first decree Boris Yeltsin proclaimed education a top priority of state policy. Yet the economic decline which accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union dealt a crippling blow to reformist aspirations, and to the existing school system itself. The public lost faith in school reform and by the mid-1990s a reaction had set in. Nevertheless, large-scale changes have been effected in finance, structure, governance and curricula. At the same time, there has been a renewed and widespread appreciation for the positive aspects of the Soviet legacy in schooling. The essays presented here compare current educational reform to reforms of the past, analyze it in a broader cultural, political and social context, and study the shifts that have occurred at the different levels of schooling 'from political decision-making and changes in school administration to the rewriting textbooks and teachers' everyday problems. The authors are both Russian educators, who have played a leading role in implementation of the reform, and Western scholars, who have been studying it from its very early stages. Together, they formulate an intricate but cohesive picture, which is in keeping with the complex nature of the reform itself. Contributors: Kara Brown, (Indiana University) * Ben Eklof (Indiana University) * Isak D. Froumin, (World Bank, Moscow) * Larry E. Holmes (University of South Alabama) * Igor Ionov, (Russian History Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences) * Viacheslav Karpov & Elena Lisovskaya, (Western Michigan University) * Vera Kaplan, (Tel Aviv University) * Stephen T. Kerr, (University of Washington) * James Muckle, (University of Nottingham) * Nadya Peterson, (Hunter College) * Scott Seregny, (Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis) * Alexander Shevyrev, (Moscow State University) * Janet G. Vaillant, (Harvard University)

Education In For Socialism

Author: Tom G. Griffiths
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131735303X
Size: 62.39 MB
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This book re-examines aspects of historical socialism, and includes case studies of education within twenty-first century socialist and post-socialist contexts shaped by the trajectories of historical socialism. Through these case studies, contributions offer insights into key questions: How are education systems and student subjectivities shaped by post-socialist trajectories and current regional politics, economics and resistance movements? How do sedimented socialist discourses and geographies alter and contest the ‘neoliberal child’ and ‘childhood’ in post-socialist education? How have disjunctures between the rhetoric of historical Marxism-Leninism and the practices of educators, students and student political organizations played out under socialism, and what could we learn from that for our present? How much emancipatory potential is there in the theories and practices of (popular) education for combatting injustice in the absence of mass, revolutionary political parties? Above all, this volume affirms the need to move beyond simplistic accounts of historical socialism and post-socialist transitions. By exploring how socialist trajectories remain influential and have potential in our current contexts, this book contributes to the work of politically engaged educators working to re-imagine and reconstruct education. This book was originally published as a special issue of Globalisation, Societies and Education.

Exiled To Palestine

Author: Ziva Galili y Garcia
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780714657080
Size: 55.74 MB
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"Utilizing fresh documents from archives opened after the collapse of the Soviet Union, as well as British and Zionist sources, the authors examine the means by which internal power struggles and personal interventions in the uppermost echelons of the Soviet leadership enabled the Zionists to disseminate their message and recruit thousands of members before the massive arrests of the mid-1920s. They further reveal the extent to which personal contacts between Zionists and Soviet officials were vital in initiating and sustaining the phenomenon of exile to Palestine and assess the crucial role of Anglo-Soviet cooperation in facilitating the immigration of Zionist convicts." "A selection of twenty-two translated and annotated documents from Israeli and Russian archival collections is included. This book will be of great interest to all students of Jewish and Israeli history, Russian and Soviet studies and the history of British rule in Palestine."--BOOK JACKET.

Post Socialism Is Not Dead

Author: Iveta Silova
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0857244175
Size: 27.27 MB
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This volume will provide a comparative account of the meanings and processes of post-socialist transformations in education by exploring recent theories, concepts, and debates on post-socialism and globalization in national, regional, and international contexts.

Education For Decline

Author: Dennis Soltys
ISBN: 9780802041760
Size: 42.79 MB
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Perestroika -- Economic and Political Reform -- Is What The World Associated with Mikhail Gorbachev when he led the USSR. There were, however, some political scientists in the West who saw Gorbachevism as a time of conservatism and not radical change. Dennis Soltys confirms these assertions in this study of educational policy and institutions in the former Soviet Union. Focusing on vocational and technical schooling, Soltys reveals very strong continuity from Khrushchev to Brezhnev to Gorbachev. In 1991, schools still functioned on the principles of vocational education and applied science inherited from the Khrushchev era, instead of embracing a more forward-looking model based on technical education and basic science. Soltys examines the role of ideas, institutions, and societal actors in the development of educational policy, with emphasis on the period from 1981 to 1991. He demonstrates how poor conceptual design and institutional fragmentation damaged Soviet education at all levels. Education for Decline offers more than a lesson in educational and public policy making. It provides an important baseline for understanding state and society-building in Soviet successor countries. Commercial entrepreneurs, diplomats, and development agencies should give this book serious consideration.

Die Russische Revolution Und Das Unvollendete Zwanzigste Jahrhundert

Author: David North
Publisher: MEHRING Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 388634732X
Size: 49.79 MB
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Die Schlachten des 20. Jahrhunderts auf den Gebieten der Politik, Wirtschaft, Philosophie und Kunst sind nicht entschieden. Hundert Jahre nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg und der russischen Revolution bedrohen Wirtschaftskrisen, soziale Ungleichheit, Krieg und Diktatur wieder die Menschheit. Im Gegensatz zum Postmodernismus, der die Geschichtsschreibung als rein subjektives „Narrativ“ auffasst, betont David North, dass die gründliche materialistische Kenntnis der Geschichte eine Voraussetzung für das Überleben der Menschheit bildet. In 15 brillanten, polemischen Essays geht er auf die wichtigsten politischen und theoretischen Kontoversen des vergangenen Jahrhunderts ein. North spielt seit mehr als 40 Jahren eine führende Rolle in der internationalen sozialistischen Bewegung und ist Chefredakteur der World Socialist Web Site.

Die Weltweite Ungleichheit

Author: Facundo Alvaredo
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406723861
Size: 53.13 MB
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Mit seinem Weltbestseller «Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert» hat Thomas Piketty eine heftige Kontroverse über die wachsende Ungleichheit in den westlichen Gesellschaften und deren Ursachen ausgelöst. Nun folgt der «World Inequality Report» – der gründlichste und aktuellste Bericht zur Lage der weltweiten Ungleichheit. Ein junges Team von Ökonomen, zu dem auch Piketty gehört, legt darin Fakten und Analysen vor, die ganz klar zeigen: Fast überall auf der Welt nimmt die Ungleichheit dramatisch zu. 1980 verdienten in den USA die unteren 50 Prozent der Lohnskala 21 Prozent des gesamten nationalen Einkommens, während das oberste 1 Prozent 11 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens mit nach Hause nahm. Doch dieser gewaltige Spagat hat sich heute sogar noch umgekehrt: Während die untersten 50 Prozent nur noch 13 Prozent des Einkommens nach Hause bringen, sichert sich das oberste 1 Prozent mehr als 20 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens. Diesen Trend zunehmender ökonomischer Ungleichheit gibt es nicht nur in den USA, sondern nahezu überall auf der Welt. Er wirkt wie eine bedrohliche kapitalistische Urgewalt, gegen die sich im Zeitalter von Globalisierung und Beschleunigung nichts ausrichten lässt. Der «World Inequality Report» zeigt, dass dies nicht stimmt. Wir können und müssen etwas gegen diesen Trend unternehmen – und eine starke Demokratie mit klaren Spielregeln für die Marktwirtschaft kann dies bewirken.