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Effective Properties Of Heterogeneous Materials

Author: Mark Kachanov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400757158
Size: 72.91 MB
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The book contains state-of the-art reviews in the area of effective properties of heterogeneous materials - the classical field at interface of materials science and solid mechanics. The primary focus is on thermo-mechanical properties, materials science applications, as well as computational aspects and new opportunities provided by rapidly increasing computer powers. The reviews are at the level that is appropriate for a substantial community of researchers working in this field, both at universities and in the industry, and to graduate students. The book can be used as supplementary reading to graduate level courses.

Computational Methods For Solids And Fluids

Author: Adnan Ibrahimbegovic
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319279963
Size: 53.15 MB
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This volume contains the best papers presented at the 2nd ECCOMAS International Conference on Multiscale Computations for Solids and Fluids, held June 10-12, 2015. Topics dealt with include multiscale strategy for efficient development of scientific software for large-scale computations, coupled probability-nonlinear-mechanics problems and solution methods, and modern mathematical and computational setting for multi-phase flows and fluid-structure interaction. The papers consist of contributions by six experts who taught short courses prior to the conference, along with several selected articles from other participants dealing with complementary issues, covering both solid mechanics and applied mathematics.

Micromechanics Of Heterogeneous Materials

Author: Valeriy Buryachenko
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387684859
Size: 77.31 MB
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Here is an accurate and timely account of micromechanics, which spans materials science, mechanical engineering, applied mathematics, technical physics, geophysics, and biology. The book features rigorous and unified theoretical methods of applied mathematics and statistical physics in the material science of microheterogeneous media. Uniquely, it offers a useful demonstration of the systematic and fundamental research of the microstructure of the wide class of heterogeneous materials of natural and synthetic nature.

Multiscale Modeling In Solid Mechanics

Author: Ugo Galvanetto
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 184816307X
Size: 31.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This unique volume presents the state of the art in the field of multiscale modeling in solid mechanics, with particular emphasis on computational approaches. For the first time, contributions from both leading experts in the field and younger promising researchers are combined to give a comprehensive description of the recently proposed techniques and the engineering problems tackled using these techniques. The book begins with a detailed introduction to the theories on which different multiscale approaches are based, with regards to linear homogenization as well as various nonlinear approaches. It then presents advanced applications of multiscale approaches applied to nonlinear mechanical problems. Finally, the novel topic of materials with self-similar structure is discussed.

Iutam Symposium On Scaling In Solid Mechanics

Author: Feodor M Borodich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402090331
Size: 26.55 MB
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This volume constitutes the Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on ‘Scaling in Solid Mechanics’, held in Cardiff from 25th to 29th June 2007. The Symposium was convened to address and place on record topical issues in theoretical, experimental and computational aspects of scaling approaches to solid mechanics and related elds. Scaling is a rapidly expanding area of research having multidisciplinary - plications. The expertise represented in the Symposium was accordingly very wide, and many of the world’s greatest authorities in their respective elds participated. Scaling methods apply wherever there is similarity across many scales or one need to bridge different scales, e. g. the nanoscale and macroscale. The emphasis in the Symposium was upon fundamental issues such as: mathematical foundations of scaling methods based on transformations and connections between multi-scale approaches and transformations. The Symposium remained focussed on fundam- tal research issues of practical signi cance. The considered topics included damage accumulation, growth of fatigue cracks, development of patterns of aws in earth’s core and inice, abrasiveness of rough surfaces, and soon. The Symposium consisted of forty-two oral presentations. All of the lectures were invited. Full record of the programme appears as an Appendix. Several of the lectures are not represented, mainly because of prior commitments to publish elsewhere. The proceedings p- vide a reasonable picture of understanding as it exists at present. The Symposium showed that scaling methods cannot be reduced solely to dimensional analysis and fractal approaches.

Heterogeneous Media

Author: Konstantin Markov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461213320
Size: 31.51 MB
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Most materials used in contemporary life and industry are heterogeneous (composites) and multicomponent, possessing a rich and complex internal structure. This internal structure, or microstructure, plays a key role in understanding and controlling the continuum behavior, or macroscopic, of a wide variety of materials. The modeling process is a critical tool for scientists and engineers studying the analysis and experimentation for the micromechanics and behavior of these materials. "Heterogeneous Media" is a critical, in-depth edited survey of the major topics surrounding the modeling and analysis of problems in micromechanics of multicomponent systems, including conceptual and practical aspects. The goal of this extensive and comprehensive survey is to provide both specialists and nonspecialists with an authoritative and interdisciplinary perspective of current ideas and methods used for modeling heterogeneous materials behavior and their applications. Topics and Features: * all chapters use interdisciplinary modeling perspective for investigating heterogeneous media*Five chapters provide self-contained discussions, with background provided*Focuses only upon most important techniques and models, fully exploring micro-macro interconnections*extensive introductory survey chapter on micromechanics of heterogeneous media*microstructure characterization via statistical correlation functions*micro-scale deformation of pore space*wave fields and effective dynamical properties*modeling of the complex production technologies for composite materials The book is ideal for a general scientific and engineering audience needing an in-depth view and guide to current ideas, methods and

Metal Foams

Author: Nihad Dukhan
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605950149
Size: 58.23 MB
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•Covers all phases of metal foam theory and technology •Techniques linking pore structure to custom properties •New applications in transportation, energy absorption, and orthopedic implants •Foams from a variety of metals as well as special shapes and lotus-type

Micromechanics

Author: S. Nemat-Nasser
Publisher: North-Holland
ISBN: 9780444500847
Size: 25.44 MB
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In this second edition several new topics of technological interest have been added. These include: coupled mechanical and nonmechanical overall properties of heterogeneous piezoelectric materials, new upper and lower bounds for these coupled properties, a systematic comparison between the average-field theory and the results obtained using multi-scale perturbation theory, an account of the uniform-field theory, improveable bounds on overall moduli of heterogeneous materials which remain finite even when isolated cavities and rigid inclusions are present, and a brief account of a fundamental duality principle in anisotropic elasticity. In addition, better explanations of a number of topics are given, more recent references are added, the Subject Index has been expanded and printing and typographical errors have been corrected. The material is organized into two parts preceded by a précis. Part 1 consists of four chapters which are organized into fourteen sections and four appendixes. It deals with materials with microdefects such as cavities, cracks, and inclusions, as well as with elastic composites. Part 2 consists of two chapters which are divided into seven sections. It provides an introduction to the theory of linear elasticity, added to make the book self-contained, since linear elasticity serves as the basis of the development of small-deformation micromechanics. Part 2 mainly contains part of the lecture notes on elasticity which the first author wrote in the late 1960's. The material is mostly standard, given for background information.

Micromechanics Of Composite Materials

Author: George Dvorak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400741014
Size: 54.59 MB
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This book presents a broad exposition of analytical and numerical methods for modeling composite materials, laminates, polycrystals and other heterogeneous solids, with emphasis on connections between material properties and responses on several length scales, ranging from the nano and microscales to the macroscale. Many new results and methods developed by the author are incorporated into the rich fabric of the subject, which has developed from the work of many researchers over the last 50 years. Among the new results, the book offers an extensive analysis of internal and interface stresses caused by eigenstrains, such as thermal, transformation and inelastic strains in the constituents, which often exceed those caused by mechanical loads, and of inelastic behavior of metal matrix composites. Fiber prestress in laminates, and modeling of functionally graded materials are also analyzed. Furthermore, this book outlines several key subjects on modeling the properties of composites reinforced by particles of various shapes, aligned fibers, symmetric laminated plates and metal matrix composites. This volume is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and engineers interested and involved in analysis and design of composite structures.

Fracture Mechanics Of Piezoelectric Materials

Author: Qing-Hua Qin
Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
ISBN: 9781853128561
Size: 39.29 MB
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A comprehensive treatment of crack problems arising in piezoelectric materials under coupled thermal, mechanical and electric loads, this volume summarizes the current state of practice and presents the most recent research outcomes. Emphasis is placed on fundamental concepts, the development of mathematical models and their computational approaches, while the mathematical models used are stated in an accessible and self-contained manner. The book is a stimulating guide to a field that provides fascinating and technically important challenges to postgraduate students, research scientists and engineers.