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Efficient Numerical Methods And Information Processing Techniques For Modeling Hydro And Environmental Systems

Author: Reinhard Hinkelmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540323791
Size: 36.11 MB
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Numerical simulation models have become indispensable in hydro- and environmental sciences and engineering. This monograph presents a general introduction to numerical simulation in environment water, based on the solution of the equations for groundwater flow and transport processes, for multiphase and multicomponent flow and transport processes in the subsurface as well as for flow and transport processes in surface waters. It displays in detail the state of the art of discretization and stabilization methods (e.g. finite-difference, finite-element, and finite-volume methods), parallel methods, and adaptive methods as well as fast solvers, with particular focus on explaining the interactions of the different methods. The book gives a brief overview of various information-processing techniques and demonstrates the interactions of the numerical methods with the information-processing techniques, in order to achieve efficient numerical simulations for a wide range of applications in environment water.

Novel Measurement And Assessment Tools For Monitoring And Management Of Land And Water Resources In Agricultural Landscapes Of Central Asia

Author: Lothar Mueller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319010174
Size: 76.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The book aims to initiate a sustainable use of land and water resources in Central Asia by the transfer of scientific methods. It deals with the most advanced methods worldwide for better monitoring and management of water and land resources. We offer an array of methods of measuring, assessing, forecasting, utilizing and controling processes in agricultural landscapes. These are laboratory and field measurement methods, methods of resource evaluation, functional mapping and risk assessment, and remote sensing methods for monitoring and modeling large areas. The book contains methods and results of data analysis and ecosystem modeling, of bioremediation of soil and water, field monitoring of soils, and methods and technologies for optimizing land use systems as well. The chapter authors are inventors and advocators of novel transferrable methods. The book starts with an analysis of the current state of water and land resources. Finally concrete proposals for the applicability of novel methods are given.

Convective Heat And Mass Transfer In Rotating Disk Systems

Author: Igor V. Shevchuk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642007187
Size: 63.24 MB
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The book is devoted to investigation of a series of problems of convective heat and mass transfer in rotating-disk systems. Such systems are widespread in scienti?c and engineering applications. As examples from the practical area, one can mention gas turbine and computer engineering, disk brakes of automobiles, rotating-disk air cleaners, systems of microclimate, extractors, dispensers of liquids, evaporators, c- cular saws, medical equipment, food process engineering, etc. Among the scienti?c applications, it is necessary to point out rotating-disk electrodes used for experim- tal determination of the diffusion coef?cient in electrolytes. The system consisting of a ?xed disk and a rotating cone that touches the disk by its vertex is widely used for measurement of the viscosity coef?cient of liquids. For time being, large volume of experimental and computational data on par- eters of ?uid ?ow, heat and mass transfer in different types of rotating-disk systems have been accumulated, and different theoretical approaches to their simulation have been developed. This obviously causes a need of systematization and generalization of these data in a book form.

Numerical Methods For Nonsmooth Dynamical Systems

Author: Vincent Acary
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540753926
Size: 78.61 MB
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This book concerns the numerical simulation of dynamical systems whose trajec- ries may not be differentiable everywhere. They are named nonsmooth dynamical systems. They make an important class of systems, rst because of the many app- cations in which nonsmooth models are useful, secondly because they give rise to new problems in various elds of science. Usually nonsmooth dynamical systems are represented as differential inclusions, complementarity systems, evolution va- ational inequalities, each of these classes itself being split into several subclasses. The book is divided into four parts, the rst three parts being sketched in Fig. 0. 1. The aim of the rst part is to present the main tools from mechanics and applied mathematics which are necessary to understand how nonsmooth dynamical systems may be numerically simulated in a reliable way. Many examples illustrate the th- retical results, and an emphasis is put on mechanical systems, as well as on electrical circuits (the so-called Filippov’s systems are also examined in some detail, due to their importance in control applications). The second and third parts are dedicated to a detailed presentation of the numerical schemes. A fourth part is devoted to the presentation of the software platform Siconos. This book is not a textbook on - merical analysis of nonsmooth systems, in the sense that despite the main results of numerical analysis (convergence, order of consistency, etc. ) being presented, their proofs are not provided.

Stability And Convergence Of Mechanical Systems With Unilateral Constraints

Author: Remco I. Leine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540769750
Size: 67.55 MB
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While the stability theory for systems with bilateral constraints is a well-established field, this monograph represents a systematic study of mechanical systems with unilateral constraints, such as unilateral contact, impact and friction. Such unilateral constraints give rise to non-smooth dynamical models for which stability theory is developed in this work. The book will be of interest to those working in the field of non-smooth mechanics and dynamics.

Maschineller Tunnelbau Im Schildvortrieb

Author: Bernhard Maidl
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3433603014
Size: 59.63 MB
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Das Buch stellt den neuesten Stand der Technik des maschinellen Schildvortriebes und die unterschiedlichen Maschinenarten vor und gibt Berechnungsansätze und Konstruktionshinweise. Weitere Kapitel befassen sich mit den Abbauwerkzeugen, den Fördereinrichtungen, der Tunnelsicherung, der Vermessung und Steuerung sowie der Arbeitssicherheit. Ferner wird ausführlich auf die vertraglichen Aspekte und das Prozess-Controlling eingegangen.

Numerical Methods For Engineers

Author: Steven C. Chapra
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789814670876
Size: 59.38 MB
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Numerical Methods for Engineers retains the instructional techniques that have made the text so successful. Chapra and Canale's unique approach opens each part of the text with sections called "Motivation" "Mathematical Background" and "Orientation". Each part closes with an "Epilogue" containing "Trade-Offs" "Important Relationships and Formulas" and "Advanced Methods and Additional References". Much more than a summary the Epilogue deepens understanding of what has been learned and provides a peek into more advanced methods. Numerous new or revised problems are drawn from actual engineering practice. The expanded breadth of engineering disciplines covered is especially evident in these exercises which now cover such areas as biotechnology and biomedical engineering. Excellent new examples and case studies span all areas of engineering giving students a broad exposure to various fields in engineering.McGraw-Hill Education's Connect is also available as an optional add on item. Connect is the only integrated learning system that empowers students by continuously adapting to deliver precisely what they need when they need it how they need it so that class time is more effective. Connect allows the professor to assign homework quizzes and tests easily and automatically grades and records the scores of the student's work. Problems are randomized to prevent sharing of answers an may also have a "multi-step solution" which helps move the students' learning along if they experience difficulty.