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Sozialunternehmen In Deutschland

Author: Stephan A Jansen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658010746
Size: 80.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Wo etablierte Akteure aus Markt, Staat und auch Zivilgesellschaft an ihre Grenzen zu stoßen scheinen, gewinnen Sozialunternehmen dadurch, dass sie soziale und ökologische Probleme auf oft unkonventionelle, innovative Weise angehen. Während der Begriff des Social Entrepreneurs in Großbritannien und den USA bereits etabliert ist, ist das Konzept des Sozialunternehmers in Deutschland erst in den vergangenen Jahren in das Licht der Öffentlichkeit geraten und blieb vorerst ein Phänomen der Medien und weniger der empirischen und theoretischen Forschung. Im Jahr 2010 hat sich der „Forscherverbund Innovatives Soziales Handeln – Social Entrepreneurship“ mit Unterstützung der Stiftung Mercator begründet, um eine erste umfassende, interdisziplinäre und vergleichende Vermessung von Sozialunternehmen in Deutschland zu erstellen und erste Handlungsempfehlungen für Unternehmer, Finanziers, die Politik und das Hochschulsystem zu generieren.

Origins Of The German Welfare State

Author: Michael Stolleis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642225225
Size: 73.80 MB
Format: PDF
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This book traces the origins of the German welfare state. The author, formerly director at the Max-Planck-Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt, provides a perceptive overview of the history of social security and social welfare in Germany from early modern times to the end of World War II, including Bismarck’s pioneering introduction of social insurance in the 1880s. The author unravels “layers” of social security that have piled up in the course of history and, so he argues, still linger in the present-day welfare state. The account begins with the first efforts by public authorities to regulate poverty and then proceeds to the “social question” that arose during the 19th-century Industrial Revolution. World War I had a major impact on the development of social security, both during the war and after, through the exigencies of the war economy, inflation and unemployment. The ruptures as well as the continuities of social policy under National Socialism and World War II are also investigated.

Inequality And Power

Author: Eric A. Schutz
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136811389
Size: 39.82 MB
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This book is about the causes and consequences of economic inequality in the advanced market economies of today. It is common that in market systems people choose their own individual economic destinies, but of course the choices people make are importantly determined by the alternatives available to them: unequal opportunity is the critical determinant of economic disparities. This begs the question; from where do the vast inequalities of opportunity arise? This book theorizes that power and social class are the real crux of economic inequality. Most of mainstream economics studiously eschews questions involving social power, preferring to focus instead on "individual choice subject to constraint" in contexts of "well-functioning markets". Yet both "extra-market" power structures and power structures arising from within the market system itself are unavoidably characteristic of real-world market-based economies. The normal working of labor and financial markets engenders an inherent wealth-favoring bias in the distribution of opportunities for occupational choice. But that bias is greatly compounded by the economic, social, political and cultural power structures that constitute the class system. For those power structures work to distribute economic benefit to class elites, and are in turn undergirded by the disparities of wealth they thus help engender. Inequality and Power offers an economic analysis of the power structures constituting that class system: employers’ power over employees; the power of certain businesses over others; professionals’ power over their clients and other employees; cultural power in the media and education systems; and political power in "democratic" government. Schutz argues that a "class analysis" of the trend of increasing economic inequality today is superior to the mainstream economic analysis of that trend. After considering what is wrong with power-based inequality in term of criteria of distributive justice and economic functionality, the book concludes with an outline of various possible correctives. This book should be of interest to students and researchers in economics, sociology, political science and philosophy, as well as anyone interested in the theories of social class.