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Electron Microscopy Of Nanotubes

Author: Zhong-lin Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461503159
Size: 35.65 MB
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Written by prominent scientists, this book is the first to specifically address the theory, techniques, and application of electron microscopy and associated techniques for nanotube research, a topic that is impacting a variety of fields, such as nanoelectronics, flat panel display, nanodevices, and novel instrumentation.

In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Studies Of Carbon Nanotube Nucleation Mechanism And Carbon Nanotube Clamped Metal Atomic Chains

Author: Dai-Ming Tang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642372597
Size: 40.68 MB
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Using an in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) approach to investigate the growth mechanism of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as well as the fabrication and properties of CNT-clamped metal atomic chains (MACs) is the focus of the research summarized in this thesis. The application of an in situ TEM approach in the above-mentioned research provides not only real-time observation but also monitored machining and structural evolvement at the atomic level. In this thesis, the author introduces a CNT tubular nano furnace that can be operated under TEM for investigation of the CNT nucleation mechanism. By studying the nucleation process of CNTs in the presence of various catalysts, including iron-based metallic catalysts and silicon oxide-based non-metallic catalysts, the physical states of the catalysts as well as the nucleation and growth process of CNTs are revealed. Based on the understanding of the nucleation mechanism, the author proposes a hetero-epitaxial growth strategy of CNTs from boron nitride, which provides a new route for the controllable growth of CNTs. In addition, the author presents an electron beam-assisted nanomachining technique and the fabrication of a CNT-clamped MAC prototype device based on this technique. The formation process of CNT-clamped Fe atomic chains (ACs) can be monitored with atomic resolution. The demonstrated quantized conductance and uninfluenced half-metallic properties of Fe ACs indicate that CNTs can be promising nanoscale electrodes or interconnectors for the linking and assembly of nano and subnano structures.

Cryogenic Temperature Electron Microscopy Direct Imaging Of Carbon Nanotubes And Graphene Solutions In Superacids

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Cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo‐EM) is a powerful tool for imaging liquid and semiliquid systems. While cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo‐TEM) is a standard technique in many fields, cryogenic scanning electron microscopy (cryo‐SEM) is still not that widely used and is far less developed. The vast majority of systems under investigation by cryo‐EM involve either water or organic components. In this paper, we introduce the use of novel cryo‐TEM and cryo‐SEM specimen preparation and imaging methodologies, suitable for highly acidic and very reactive systems. Both preserve the native nanostructure in the system, while not harming the expensive equipment or the user. We present examples of direct imaging of single‐walled, multiwalled carbon nanotubes and graphene, dissolved in chlorosulfonic acid and oleum. Moreover, we demonstrate the ability of these new cryo‐TEM and cryo‐SEM methodologies to follow phase transitions in carbon nanotube (CNT)/superacid systems, starting from dilute solutions up to the concentrated nematic liquid‐crystalline CNT phases, used as the 'dope' for all‐carbon‐fibre spinning. Originally developed for direct imaging of CNTs and graphene dissolution and self‐assembly in superacids, these methodologies can be implemented for a variety of highly acidic systems, paving a way for a new field of nonaqueous cryogenic electron microscopy.

The Science And Technology Of Carbon Nanotubes

Author: T. Yamabe
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080540757
Size: 36.69 MB
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Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) is the material lying between fullerenes and graphite as a new member of carbon allotropes. The study of CNT has gradually become more and more independent from that of fullerenes. As a novel carbon material, CNTs will be far more useful and important than fullerenes from a practical point of view, in that they will be directly related to an ample field of nanotechnology. This book presents a timely, second-generation monograph covering as far as practical, application of CNT as the newest science of these materials. Most updated summaries for preparation, purification and structural characterisation of single walled CNT and multi walled CNT are given. Similarly, the most recent developments in the theoretical treatments of electronic structures and vibrational structures are covered. The newest magnetic, optical and electrical solid-state properties providing a vital base to actual application technologies are described. Explosive research trends towards application of CNTs, including the prospect for large-scale synthesis, are also introduced. It is the most remarkable feature of this monograph that it devotes more than a half of the whole volume to practical aspects and offers readers the newest developments of the science and technological aspects of CNTs.

Image Formation In Low Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy

Author: Ludwig Reimer
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 9780819412065
Size: 50.89 MB
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While most textbooks about scanning electron microscopy (SEM) cover the high-voltage range from 5-50 keV, this volume considers the special problems in low-voltage SEM and summarizes the differences between LVSEM and conventional SEM. Chapters cover the influence of lens aberrations and design on electron-probe formation; the effect of elastic and inelastic scattering processes on electron diffusion and electron range; charging and radiation damage effects; the dependence of SE yield and the backscattering coefficient on electron energy, surface tilt, and material as well as the angular and energy distributions; and types of image contrast and the differences between LVSEM and conventional SEM modes due to the influence of electron-specimen interactions.

Carbon Nanotechnology

Author: Liming Dai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080459325
Size: 17.61 MB
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Nanotechnology is no longer a merely social talking point and is beginning to affect the lives of everyone. Carbon nanotechnology as a major shaper of new nanotechnologies has evolved into a truly interdisciplinary field, which encompasses chemistry, physics, biology, medicine, materials science and engineering. This is a field in which a huge amount of literature has been generated within recent years, and the number of publications is still increasing every year. Carbon Nanotechnology aims to provide a timely coverage of the recent development in the field with updated reviews and remarks by world-renowned experts. Intended to be an exposition of cutting-edge research and development rather than a kind of conference proceeding, Carbon Nanotechnology will be very useful not only to experienced scientists and engineers, who wish to broaden their knowledge of the wide-ranging nanotechnology and/or to develop practical devices, but also to graduate and senior undergraduate students who look to make their mark in this field of the future. · A comprehensive treatment from materials chemistry and structure-property to practical applications · Offers an in-depth analysis of various carbon nanotechnologies from both fundamental and practical perspectives · An easily accessible assessment of the materials properties and device performances based on all of the major classes of carbon nanomaterials, including: carbon fiber; diamond; C60; and carbon nanotubes · A concise compilation of the practical applications of carbon nanotechnologies from polymer-carbon nanocomposites to sensors, electron emitters, and molecular electronics

Advanced Transmission Electron Microscopy

Author: Francis Leonard Deepak
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319151770
Size: 35.38 MB
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This book highlights the current understanding of materials in the context of new and continuously emerging techniques in the field of electron microscopy. The authors present applications of electron microscopic techniques in characterizing various well-known & new nanomaterials. The applications described include both inorganic nanomaterials as well as organic nanomaterials.

Carbon Nanotubes

Author: M. Endo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008054553X
Size: 65.88 MB
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Carbon nanotubes have been studied extensively in relation to fullerenes, and together with fullerenes have opened a new science and technology field on nano scale materials. A whole range of issues from the preparation, structure, properties and observation of quantum effects in carbon nanotubes in comparison with 0-D fullerenes are discussed. In addition, complementary reviews on carbon nanoparticles such as carbon nano-capsules, onion-like graphite particles and metal-coated fullerenes are covered. This book aims to cover recent research and development in this area, and so provide a convenient reference tool for all researchers in this field. It is also hoped that this book can serve to stimulate future work on carbon nanotubes.