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Electrorheological Fluids

Author: Tian Hao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080455440
Size: 63.73 MB
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An electrorheological (ER) suspension is made from an insulating liquid medium embodying either a semi-conductive particulate material or a semi-conductive liquid material (usually a liquid crystal material). Since its mechanical properties can be easily controlled over a wide range (almost from a pure liquid to a solid), the ER fluid can be used as an electric and mechanical interface in various industrial areas, for example, in the automotive industrial for clutch, brake and damping systems and in robotic arm joints and hands. In addition, the ER technique can be used to fabricate advanced functional materials such as photonic crystals, smart inks, and heterogeneous polymer composites. The major objective of Electrorheological Fluids is to present a comprehensive survey on the ER suspensions in term of screening high performance ER materials, physical mechanisms of the ER effect, and the applications of ER technology. * Applications of ER suspensions are of wide interest both in academia and industry * Surveys a large body of literature on the mechanism of the ER effect and the design of industrially applicable ER devices * Discusses technological problems affiliated with industrial applications

Characterization Of Liquids Nano And Microparticulates And Porous Bodies Using Ultrasound

Author: Andrei S. Dukhin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444536228
Size: 68.54 MB
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Two key words define the scope of this book: 'ultrasound' and 'colloids'. Historically, there has been little real communication between practitioners in these two fields. Although there is a large body of literature devoted to ultrasound phenomenon in colloids, there is little recognition that such phenomena may be of real importance for both the development and applications of colloid science. On the other side, colloid scientists have not embraced acoustics as an important tool for characterizing colloids. The lack of any serious dialogue between these scientific fields is the biggest motivation behind this book. - Covers in detail this multidisciplinary field combining acoustics, electroacoustics, colloid science, analytical chemistry and rheology - Provides a bibliography with more than 1,000 references - Presents theories and their experimental verification, as well as analysis of the methods and hardware pertaining to applications such as pharmaceuticals, ceramics, and polymers

Stable Gas In Liquid Emulsions

Author: Joseph D'Arrigo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444538453
Size: 16.15 MB
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View: 2008
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This title is a greatly expanded and updated second edition of the original volume published by Elsevier in 1986. New material has been integrated with the original content in an organized and comprehensive manner. Five new chapters have been included, which review over one and a half decades of research into lipid-coated microbubbles (LCM) and their medical applications. The new chapters contain much experimental data, which is examined in detail, along with relevant current literature. This current edition builds on the original work in effectively filling the gap in the market for a comprehensive account of the surfactant stabilization of coated microbubbles. Presents updated results from extensive multidisciplinary research on coated microbubbles Greatly expanded and updated 2nd edition, with five new chapters Fills the gap for a comprehensive and up-to-date account of subject matter

Nanocomposite Structures And Dispersions

Author: Ignac Capek
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080479590
Size: 34.28 MB
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Nanocomposite Structures and Dispersions summarizes the fundamentals and mechanistic approaches in preparation and characterization of colloidal nanoparticles and dispersions, providing the readers a systematic and coherent picture of the field. The book serves as an introduction to the interesting field of nanoscience based on polymer and metal colloidal nanoparticles, and also presents the basic knowledge of polymer colloids preparation. It places a special emphasis on polymer, inorganic and metal nanomaterials classified as nanoparticles, nanocrystals, nanorods, nanotubes, nanobelts, etc. deals with the chemistry of the reaction approaches by which polymer and metal particles are synthesized. The book explores both organic (synthetic and natural) and inorganic materials, as well as their hybrids. It describes in detail terms, definitions, theories, experiments, and techniques dealing with synthesis of polymer and metal particles. It also discusses a variety of synthetic approaches including emulsion, miniemulsion and microemulsion approaches, homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation approaches under mild and high temperatures. There is also a chapter on modification and passivation of colloidal particles. This book would be of interest to chemical engineers, polymer chemists, organic chemists, colloid chemists, materials scientists and nanotechnologists. Although the text discusses nanoscience and nanotechnology from the viewpoint of a chemist, it would also appeal to those just entering the field and experts seeking information in other sub-fields. Serves as a general introduction for those just entering the field and experts seeking information in other sub-fields Variety of synthetic approaches is described including emulsion, miniemulsion and microemulsion approaches, hogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation approaches under mild and high temperatures Focused on both the organic (synthetic and natural) and inorganic materials, and their hybrids

Stable Gas In Liquid Emulsions

Author: Joseph D'Arrigo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080541666
Size: 80.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 7280
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This title is a greatly expanded and updated second edition of the original volume published by Elsevier in 1986. New material has been integrated with the original content in an organized and comprehensive manner. Five new chapters have been included, which review over one and a half decades of research into lipid-coated microbubbles (LCM) and their medical applications. The new chapters contain much experimental data, which is examined in detail, along with relevant current literature. This current edition builds on the original work in effectively filling the gap in the market for a comprehensive account of the surfactant stabilization of coated microbubbles. Presents updated results from extensive multidisciplinary research on coated microbubbles Greatly expanded and updated 2nd edition, with five new chapters Fills the gap for a comprehensive and up-to-date account of subject matter

Electro Rheological Fluids And Magneto Rheological Suspensions

Author: R Tao
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814493414
Size: 42.75 MB
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Electrorheological (ER) and magnetorheological (MR) fluids, which can be transformed from the liquid state into the solid state in milliseconds by applying an electric or a magnetic field, are smart fluids having the potential to revolutionize several industrial sectors. The Seventh International Conference on Electrorheological Fluids and Magnetorheological Suspensions took place at a time when some MR and ER applications were beginning to appear on the market, making a notable impact on industries. Scientists and engineers in multidisciplinary areas came together to explore the state-of-the-art technology and identify thrust areas to be focused on. This volume of proceedings collects contributions from most leading experts in the field. It reviews the most recent MR and ER applications, discusses the materials technology, explores the basic science research on ER and MR fluids, and examines the novel properties of these fluids. It provides the most up-to-date and probably the best information about the area. It can serve as a stimulating and valuable reference for research workers and students in materials science, condensed matter physics, engineering, and chemistry. The valuable information not only reports on the leading edge of research and applications, but also provides an overview of the field. Contents:Materials Technology:Enhance the Yield Shear Stress of Magnetorheological Fluids (X Tang et al.)Muscular Contraction Mimiced by Magnetic Gels (M Zrinyi & D Szabó)Electroactive and Electrostructured Elastomer (G Bossis et al.)Physical Mechanisms:Parameters Affecting Lamellar Formations in ER Fluids: An Alternative Model for ER Activity (F E Filisko & S Henley)Transient Behavior of the Microstructure of Electrorheological Fluids in Shear Flow Mode (S L Vieira et al.)A Conduction Model Describing Particle–Particle Interaction in the Case of Surface Conducting Particles (P Gonon et al.)Microstructure:Evidence of Second Order Phase Transition in Ferrofluid in External Electric Field (X Duan & W Luo)Dynamic Simulation Studies of Structural Formation and Transition in Electro-Magneto-Rheological Fluids (Z Wang et al.)Structures of a Magnetorheological Fluid (G L Gulley & R Tao)Properties:A Comparison Between Electrorheological and Magnetorheological Fluids Subjected to Impulsive Loads (A K E Wahed et al.)Electrorheological Fluids Under Shear (R Tao et al.)Shearing Effects on the Electrorheological Response (K Tanaka et al.)Applications of Magnetorheological Fluids:Low-Cost MR Fluid Sponge Devices (J D Carlson)Heating of Magnetorheological Fluid Dampers: An Experimental Study (F Gordaninejad & D G Breese)Vibration Suppression of an MR Fluid Damper System with Frequency-Shaped LQ Control (K Kim et al.)Application of Electrorheological Fluids:Haptic Device Working with an Electrorheological Fluid (H Böse & H-J Berkemeier)Actuator Making Use of Electro-Rheological Fluids Proposition of Movable Electrode Type ER Actuator (Y Kondoh & S Yokota)Development of High-Performance Actuators Using ER Fluids (M Sakaguchi & J Furusho)and other papers Readership: Materials scientists, condensed matter physicists, chemists and engineers. Keywords:Electrorheological;Magnetorheological;Fluid;Suspension;Microstructure;Condensed MatterReviews:“The papers in this book, describing the state of the art in ER and MR technology, would be very useful to researchers developing or applying these materials.”IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine

Proceedings Of The International Conference On Colloid And Surface Science

Author: Y. Iwasawa
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080529356
Size: 26.55 MB
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The purpose of this Conference was to discuss the results of recent developments and the future prospect in science and technology of the field. The field has been growing and flourishing, while indicating many problems to be uncovered and solved. The conference was structured to encourage interaction and to stimulate the exchange of ideas to accomplish the above purpose. Key issues and materials related to the Conference were included as follows: • Molecular Assemblies in Solutions; • Fine Particles and Colloidal Dispersions; • Supramolecular Organized Films; • Nanostructural Solid Surfaces; • Industrial Applications and Products. The Conference comprised 2 plenary lectures, 42 invited lectures, 150 oral presentations and 266 poster presentations.