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Elementary Particles

Author: Harald Fritzsch
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814338133
Size: 68.40 MB
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This highly readable book uncovers the mysteries of the physics of elementary particles for a broad audience. From the familiar notions of atoms and molecules to the complex ideas of the grand unification of all the basic forces, this book allows the interested lay public to appreciate the fascinating building blocks of matter that make up our universe. Beginning with a description of the quantum nature of atoms and particles, readers are introduced to the elementary constituents of atomic nuclei: quarks. The book goes on to consider all of the important ideas in particle physics: quantum electrodynamics and quantum chromodynamics, the theory of strong interactions, the gauge theories of the weak and electromagnetic interactions, as well as the problem of mass generation. To conclude the book, the ideas of grand unification are described, and finally, some applications to astrophysics are discussed. Your guide to this exciting world is an author who, together with the originator of the idea of quarks, Murray Gell-Mann, has played an important role in the development of the theory of quantum chromodynamics and the concept of grand unification. Contents: Electrons and Atomic NucleiQuantum Properties of Atoms and ParticlesThe Knives of DemocritusQuarks Inside Atomic NucleiQuantum ElectrodynamicsQuantum ChromodynamicsMesons, Baryons and QuarksElectroweak InteractionsGrand Unification Readership: General readers with an interest in physics. Keywords:Elementary Particles;Quarks;Atoms;Nuclei;Particle Interactions;Particle Symmetries;Quantum ChromodynamicsKey Features:Provides a good introduction to particle physics for the lay publicContains all the essential ideas on the topics in an accessible and compact volume

Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Egon Wiberg
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123526519
Size: 10.68 MB
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Inorganic Chemistry easily surpasses its competitors in sheer volume and depth of information. Readers are presented with summaries that ease exam preparation, an extensive index, numerous references for further study, six invaluable appendixes, and over 150 tables that provide important data on elements at a quick glance. Now in its 101st printing, Inorganic Chemistry provides an authoritative and comprehensive reference for graduate students, as well as chemists and scientists in fields related to chemistry such as physics, biology, geology, pharmacy, and medicine. Translated for the first time into English, Holleman and Wiberg's book is a bestseller in Germany, where every chemist knows and values it. Prior to this translation, there was no equivalent to Holleman and Wiberg's book in English.

Building Blocks Of Matter

Author: John S. Rigden
Publisher: Macmillan Reference USA
Size: 15.74 MB
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Presents alphabetized, cross-referenced, signed articles on 153 topics and figures in the history of elementary particle physics, each including a further reading list.

Elementary Particles The Building Blocks Of The Universe Physics And The Universe Children S Physics Books

Author: Baby Professor
Publisher: Speedy Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1541919068
Size: 25.50 MB
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The universe may be gigantic but it came from something very small, like the elementary particles. In this book, we’re going to learn about the building blocks of he universe. The science behind the birth of outer space will be made known to you. Reading can be fun, as long as you choose the right resources. Go ahead and grab a copy today!

Symmetry As A Developmental Principle In Nature And Art

Author: Werner Hahn
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814500038
Size: 15.34 MB
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Looking beyond the boundaries of various disciplines, the author demonstrates that symmetry is a fascinating phenomenon which provides endless stimulation and challenges. He explains that it is possible to readapt art to the sciences, and vice versa, by means of an evolutionary concept of symmetry. Many pictorial examples are included to enable the reader to fully understand the issues discussed. Based on the artistic evidence that the author has collected, he proposes that the new ars evolutoria can function as an example for the sciences. The book is divided into three distinct parts, each one focusing on a special issue. In Part I, the phenomenon of symmetry, including its discovery and meaning is reviewed. The author looks closely at how Vitruvius, Polyclitus, Democritus, Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus, Augustine, Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci and Durer viewed symmetry. This is followed by an explanation on how the concept of symmetry developed. The author further discusses symmetry as it appears in art and science, as well as in the modern age. Later, he expounds the view of symmetry as an evolutionary concept which can lead to a new unity of science. In Part II, he covers the points of contact between the form-developing process in nature and art. He deals with biological questions, in particular evolution. The collection of new and precise data on perception and knowledge with regard to the postulated reality of symmetry leads to further development of the evolutionary theory of symmetry in Part III. The author traces the enormous treasure of observations made in nature and culture back to a few underlying structural principles. He demonstrates symmetry as a far-reaching, leading, structuring, causal element of evolution, as the idea lying behind nature and culture. Numerous controllable reproducible double-mirror experiments on a new stereoscopic vision verify a symmetrization theory of perception. Contents:On the Concept and Significance of Symmetry:The Discovery of SymmetryOn the Term Symmetry from the Antiquity to the RenaissanceThe Development of an Exact Concept of Symmetry through Scientific ProgressOn Symmetry and Asymmetry as Evolutionary Factors in Nature. The Development of an Evolutionary Concept of SymmetryEvolutionary Symmetrizations in Two and Three Dimensions. On the Syntax and Semantics of SymmetrismOn the Problem of Organic Form Development:Can an Artist Approach the World and Its Content Only in a Metaphorical Way?Evolution: Fairy Tale, Theory or Fact? Can We Experience Evolution Directly?Evolutionism/Ars Evolutoria — The Theory of Light/Colour and Form, Morphogenesis, Morpho-Mutability and Morpho-Evolution as Causal Form Theory: On the Question Whether There can be a Pre-Object, Pre-Morph “Life Process of Form” in Nature and ArtPreliminary Proof for the Principle of Symmetrization as a Form of Movement in Space and TimeCauses and Processes of Morphological Evolution. Essential Facts and InterpretationsThe Architects Symmetrization and Asymmetrization as the Bases for the Perception of Objects and Order as well as Insight-Behaviour and Cultural EvolutionReanimation of Modernism Using Integrating Neo-RenaissanceEvolutionary Symmetry Theory and Universal Evolution Theory Readership: General, biologists and artists. keywords:Evolutionary Symmetry Theory;Asymmetrization/Symmetrization Principle;Formvariation/Mutation;Ars Evolutoria;Science Art;Double-Mirror-Experiments;Cultural Evolution;Neo-Evolutionism;Theory of Protoform;Bifurcation Morphology (Evolutionary Geometry) “Thus it is a great merit to have unrolled the phenomena of symmetries in their full breadth to a monumental work; whether in quanta, atoms, and crystals, or in corporeal forms, senses, and brains, or in the forms of all the artifacts that have originated from human activity. Only then will we become aware of our potentialities: the concert of relations that joins the inorganic and the organic, our sensibilities, our thoughts, and our deeds; that which reciprocally unites nature and culture in the human psyche.” From the Foreword by Professor Rupert Riedl “This book is readable even for those, who have not made detailed studies in the phenomena of symmetry, asymmetry … It must be kept in reach to the desk of any researcher of the evolution and any specialist — regardless of his/her discipline — of symmetry phenomena.” Symmetry: Culture and Science


Author: Harry Y. McSween, Jr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139489461
Size: 42.29 MB
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How did the Solar System's chemical composition evolve? This textbook provides the answers in the first interdisciplinary introduction to cosmochemistry. It makes this exciting and evolving field accessible to undergraduate and graduate students from a range of backgrounds, including geology, chemistry, astronomy and physics. The authors - two established leaders who have pioneered developments in the field - provide a complete background to cosmochemical processes and discoveries, enabling students outside geochemistry to understand and explore the Solar System's composition. Topics covered include: - synthesis of nuclides in stars - partitioning of elements between solids, liquids and gas in the solar nebula - overviews of the chemistry of extraterrestrial materials - isotopic tools used to investigate processes such as planet accretion and element fractionation - chronology of the early Solar System - geochemical exploration of planets Boxes provide basic definitions and mini-courses in mineralogy, organic chemistry, and other essential background information for students. Review questions and additional reading for each chapter encourage students to explore cosmochemistry further.

Band Structure Of Semiconductors

Author: I. M. Tsidilkovski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483157865
Size: 43.30 MB
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Band Structure of Semiconductors provides a review of the theoretical and experimental methods of investigating band structure and an analysis of the results of the developments in this field. The book presents the problems, methods, and applications in the study of band structure. Topics on the computational methods of band structure; band structures of important semiconducting materials; behavior of an electron in a perturbed periodic field; effective masses and g-factors for the most commonly encountered band structures; and the treatment of cyclotron resonance, Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations, magnetophonon resonance, and magneto-optical phenomena are discussed. Experimental physicists, theoretical physicists, students and research workers, and engineers working in the field of semiconductor electronics will find this book a great source of vital information.

Elementary Particle Physics In A Nutshell

Author: Christopher G. Tully
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691131163
Size: 55.61 MB
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The new experiments underway at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Switzerland may significantly change our understanding of elementary particle physics and, indeed, the universe. Suitable for first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates, this textbook provides an introduction to the field

The Weak Interaction In Nuclear Particle And Astrophysics

Author: K. Grotz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780852743133
Size: 70.91 MB
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The Weak Interaction in Nuclear, Particle and Astrophysics presents concepts of the weak interaction and its integration into modern gauge theories of particle physics, such as grand unification and supersymmetry. The book explores the close connections between micro (nuclear and particle) physics and macro physics (astrophysics and cosmology) induced by the weak interaction. Special attention is given to neutrinos, which have a key role in the understanding of elementary particle theories. In addition to the theoretical aspects, the book covers the important research topics of solar and galactic neutrinos and double beta decay. Assuming knowledge of elementary electrodynamics and quantum mechanics, this resource provides an insight into the diversity of the problem areas associated with the weak interaction and will encourage intensive study of particular themes.