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Empire Of Magic

Author: Geraldine Heng
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023150067X
Size: 41.52 MB
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Empire of Magic offers a genesis and genealogy for medieval romance and the King Arthur legend through the history of Europe's encounters with the East in crusades, travel, missionizing, and empire formation. It also produces definitions of "race" and "nation" for the medieval period and posits that the Middle Ages and medieval fantasies of race and religion have recently returned. Drawing on feminist and gender theory, as well as cultural analyses of race, class, and colonialism, this provocative book revises our understanding of the beginnings of the nine hundred-year-old cultural genre we call romance, as well as the King Arthur legend. Geraldine Heng argues that romance arose in the twelfth century as a cultural response to the trauma and horror of taboo acts—in particular the cannibalism committed by crusaders on the bodies of Muslim enemies in Syria during the First Crusade. From such encounters with the East, Heng suggests, sprang the fantastical episodes featuring King Arthur in Geoffrey of Monmouth's chronicle The History of the Kings of England, a work where history and fantasy collide and merge, each into the other, inventing crucial new examples and models for romances to come. After locating the rise of romance and Arthurian legend in the contact zones of East and West, Heng demonstrates the adaptability of romance and its key role in the genesis of an English national identity. Discussing Jews, women, children, and sexuality in works like the romance of Richard Lionheart, stories of the saintly Constance, Arthurian chivralic literature, the legend of Prester John, and travel narratives, Heng shows how fantasy enabled audiences to work through issues of communal identity, race, color, class and alternative sexualities in socially sanctioned and safe modes of cultural discussion in which pleasure, not anxiety, was paramount. Romance also engaged with the threat of modernity in the late medieval period, as economic, social, and technological transformations occurred and awareness grew of a vastly enlarged world beyond Europe, one encompassing India, China, and Africa. Finally, Heng posits, romance locates England and Europe within an empire of magic and knowledge that surveys the world and makes it intelligible—usable—for the future. Empire of Magic is expansive in scope, spanning the eleventh to the fifteenth centuries, and detailed in coverage, examining various types of romance—historical, national, popular, chivalric, family, and travel romances, among others—to see how cultural fantasy responds to changing crises, pressures, and demands in a number of different ways. Boldly controversial, theoretically sophisticated, and historically rooted, Empire of Magic is a dramatic restaging of the role romance played in the culture of a period and world in ways that suggest how cultural fantasy still functions for us today.

Traumatic Memory And The Ethical Political And Transhistorical Functions Of Literature

Author: Susana Onega
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319552783
Size: 15.62 MB
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This volume addresses the construction and artistic representation of traumatic memories in the contemporary Western world from a variety of inter- and trans-disciplinarity critical approaches and perspectives, ranging from the cultural, political, historical, and ideological to the ethical and aesthetic, and distinguishing between individual, collective, and cultural traumas. The chapters introduce complementary concepts from diverse thinkers including Cathy Caruth, Jacques Derrida, Judith Butler, Homi Bhabha, Abraham and Torok, and Joyce Carol Oates; they also draw from fields of study such as Memory Studies, Theory of Affects, Narrative and Genre Theory, and Cultural Studies. Traumatic Memory and the Political, Economic, and Transhistorical Functions of Literature addresses trauma as a culturally embedded phenomenon and deconstructs the idea of trauma as universal, transhistorical, and abstract.

Magic And The Supernatural In Medieval English Romance

Author: Corinne J. Saunders
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
ISBN: 1843842211
Size: 21.18 MB
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The themes of magic and the supernatural in medieval romance are here fully explored and put into the context of thinking at the time in this first full study of the subject.

Christen Muslime Und Der Erste Kreuzzug

Author: Kristin Skottki
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830976828
Size: 49.52 MB
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Kaum ein Ereignis der mittelalterlichen Geschichte hat so widersprüchliche Beurteilungen erfahren wie die Kreuzzüge. Für manche symbolisieren sie den 'Kampf der Kulturen' zwischen Islam und Abendland. Andere finden in ihnen Beispiele für friedliche Kulturkontakte zwischen Christen und Muslimen. Kristin Skottki rekonstruiert die Entstehungszusammenhänge dieser unterschiedlichen Interpretationen und reflektiert dabei die Bedingungen historischer Forschung im Spannungsfeld von Orientalismus, Okzidentalismus und Mediävalismus. Zugleich bietet sie eine narratologische Analyse der Darstellungen von Begegnungen zwischen Kreuzfahrern und Muslimen in mittelalterlichen Chroniken des Ersten Kreuzzugs. Auf diese Weise wird nicht nur der Frage nach Konstruktionsprozessen von Identitäten und Alteritäten nachgegangen, sondern auch der nach einem ethisch verantworteten Umgang mit schwierigen Texten der mittelalterlichen Vergangenheit. Hardly any other medieval event has been judged so contradictorily as the Crusades. For some they denote a >Clash of Civilizations Kristin Skottki (*1981) ist Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Lehrstuhl für Kirchengeschichte an der Universität Rostock. Nach Abschluss ihres Studiums der Geschichtswissenschaft und der Theologie/Religious Studies war sie von 2006 bis 2009 Stipendiatin des DFG-Graduiertenkollegs >Kulturkontakt und Wissenschaftsdiskurs an der Universität Rostock. 2011 wurde sie mit dieser Untersuchung an der Theologischen Fakultät Rostock promoviert. Kristin Skottki (*1981) is Assistant Professor at the Department of Church History at Rostock University (Germany). After she received the Master of Arts (M.A.) in History and Theology/Religious Studies, she was a PhD-candidate and fellow of the graduate school Cultural Encounters and the Discourses of Scholarship

The Gender Sexuality Reader

Author: Roger N. Lancaster
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415910057
Size: 14.62 MB
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A sophisticated survey of the best recent work on bodies and desires across cultures and through time, this collection of essays shows how gender, sexuality, and power are historically connected and practically intertwined. Contributors include Susan Bordo, Judith Butler, Jane Collier, John D'Emilio, Michelle Rosaldo, and others. 28 illustrations.

John Gower Trilingual Poet

Author: Elisabeth M. Dutton
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
ISBN: 1843842505
Size: 18.76 MB
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John Gower wrote in three languages - Latin, French, and English - and their considerable and sometimes competing significance in fourteenth-century England underlies his trilingualism. The essays collected in this volume start from Gower as trilingual poet, exploring Gower's negotiations between them - his adaptation of French sources into his Latin poetry, for example - as well as the work of medieval translators who made Gower's French poetry available in English. "Translation" is also considered more broadly, as a "carrying over" (its etymological sense) between genres, registers, and contexts, with essays exploring Gower's acts of translation between the idioms of varied literary and non-literary forms; and further essays investigate Gower's writings from literary, historical, linguistic, and codicological perspectives. Overall, the volume bears witness to Gower's merit and his importance to English literary history, and increases our understanding of French and Latin literature composed in England; it also makes it possible to understand and to appreciate fully the shape and significance of Gower's literary achievement and influence, which have sometimes suffered in comparison to Chaucer. Elisabeth Dutton is Fellow of Worcester College, Oxford. Contributors: Elisabeth Dutton, Jean Pascal Pouzet, Ethan Knapp, Carolyn P. Collette, Elliot Kendall, Robert R. Edwards, George Shuffleton, Nigel Saul, David Carlson, Candace Barrington, Andreea Boboc, Tamara F. O'Callaghan, Stephanie Batkie, Karla Taylor, Brian Gastle, Matthew Irvin, Peter Nicholson, J.A. Burrow, Holly Barbaccia, Kim Zarins, Richard F. Green, Cathy Hume, John Bowers, Andrew Galloway, R.F. Yeager, Martha Driver

The Oxford Handbook Of Medieval Christianity

Author: John H. Arnold
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191015016
Size: 73.17 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity takes as its subject the beliefs, practices, and institutions of the Christian Church between 400 and 1500AD. It addresses topics ranging from early medieval monasticism to late medieval mysticism, from the material wealth of the Church to the spiritual exercises through which certain believers might attempt to improve their souls. Each chapter tells a story, but seeks also to ask how and why 'Christianity' took particular forms at particular moments in history, paying attention to both the spiritual and otherwordly aspects of religion, and the material and political contexts in which they were often embedded. This Handbook is a landmark academic collection that presents cutting-edge interpretive perspectives on medieval religion for a wide academic audience, drawing together thirty key scholars in the field from the United States, the UK, and Europe. Notably, the Handbook is arranged thematically, and focusses on an analytical, rather than narrative, approach, seeking to demonstrate the variety, change, and complexity of religion throughout this long period, and the numerous different ways in which modern scholarship can approach it. While providing a very wide-ranging view of the subject, it also offers an important agenda for further study in the field.

A Blessed Shore

Author: Alfred Thomas
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801445682
Size: 34.47 MB
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"Although Thomas gives original readings of famous English texts by Chaucer and Shakespeare, this is also a book about Czech writers and travelers; one Czech expatriate, Anne of Bohemia, became Queen of England. For both countries these were decades of religious and dynastic turbulence, and Thomas's analyses of the relations between Wyclif and Hus, Lollards and Hussites, help us to understand why Bohemia was viewed as an almost utopian land of refuge ("a blessed shore" on which a ship might wash up) for persecuted English men and women. Of particular interest is his analysis of the ways in which English court culture emulated that of Prague, which was an imperial seat at a time when England was still a peripheral place with little influence on the heart of Europe.

The Invention Of Race In The European Middle Ages

Author: Geraldine Heng
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108397263
Size: 39.68 MB
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In The Invention of Race in the European Middle Ages, Geraldine Heng questions the common assumption that the concepts of race and racisms only began in the modern era. Examining Europe's encounters with Jews, Muslims, Africans, Native Americans, Mongols, and the Romani ('Gypsies'), from the 12th through 15th centuries, she shows how racial thinking, racial law, racial practices, and racial phenomena existed in medieval Europe before a recognizable vocabulary of race emerged in the West. Analysing sources in a variety of media, including stories, maps, statuary, illustrations, architectural features, history, saints' lives, religious commentary, laws, political and social institutions, and literature, she argues that religion - so much in play again today - enabled the positing of fundamental differences among humans that created strategic essentialisms to mark off human groups and populations for racialized treatment. Her ground-breaking study also shows how race figured in the emergence of homo europaeus and the identity of Western Europe in this time.