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Enclosure Fire Dynamics

Author: Bjorn Karlsson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420050219
Size: 79.37 MB
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The increasing complexity of technological solutions to both fire safety design issues and fire safety regulations demand higher levels of training and continuing education for fire protection engineers. Historical precedents on how to deal with fire hazards in new or unusual buildings are seldom available, and new performance-based building codes often require mathematical or computer fire modeling. Until now, however, there has been no current, truly comprehensive engineering book that builds an in-depth understanding of the scientific aspects of enclosure fires. Enclosure Fire Dynamics fills this void with a complete description of enclosure fires and how the outbreak of a fire in a compartment causes changes in the environment. The authors-both internationally renowned experts in fire safety and protection engineering-offer a clear presentation of the dominant mechanisms controlling enclosure fires and develop simple analytical relationships useful in designing buildings for fire safety. They show readers how to derive engineering equations from first principles, stating the assumptions clearly and showing how the resulting equations compare to experimental data. The details and the approach offered by this text provide readers with a confidence in-and the applicability of-a wide range of commonly used engineering equations and models. Enclosure Fire Dynamics will enhance the knowledge of professional fire protection engineers, researchers, and investigators and help build a strong foundation for engineering students.

Advances In Chemical Propulsion

Author: Gabriel D. Roy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420040685
Size: 44.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Complex, vast, and multidisciplinary, chemical propulsion has been the subject of extensive investigation over the past few decades. Under the leadership of Gabriel Roy, this has been particularly true at the Office of Naval Research (ONR), where his team has focused on the three primary goals of combustion research: improving the efficiency, increasing the range and speed, and reducing the emissions and signatures of combustion systems. Advances in Chemical Propulsion: Science to Technology reports on the progress achieved by the outstanding team of scientists and engineers participating in the ONR Propulsion Program. Its chapters, each written by the scientists who performed the research, cover all aspects of the combustion process, from chemical synthesis to reaction pathways of the fuel, from combustor performance to the reduction of emissions, from the sooting problem to thrust vectoring, and from diagnostics to control. They discuss the relevant issues, describe the approach used and the results obtained, and show how the findings can be extended to practical applications. Richly illustrated and carefully edited for clarity, uniformity, and readability, Advances in Chemical Propulsion offers a comprehensive survey of the field, from pre- to post-combustion. It suggests directions for new research efforts and reflects the state-of-the-art technologies and issues that have a direct impact on combustion systems, both present and future.

Handbook Of Fluid Dynamics Second Edition

Author: Richard W. Johnson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439849579
Size: 22.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Handbook of Fluid Dynamics offers balanced coverage of the three traditional areas of fluid dynamics—theoretical, computational, and experimental—complete with valuable appendices presenting the mathematics of fluid dynamics, tables of dimensionless numbers, and tables of the properties of gases and vapors. Each chapter introduces a different fluid dynamics topic, discusses the pertinent issues, outlines proven techniques for addressing those issues, and supplies useful references for further research. Covering all major aspects of classical and modern fluid dynamics, this fully updated Second Edition: Reflects the latest fluid dynamics research and engineering applications Includes new sections on emerging fields, most notably micro- and nanofluidics Surveys the range of numerical and computational methods used in fluid dynamics analysis and design Expands the scope of a number of contemporary topics by incorporating new experimental methods, more numerical approaches, and additional areas for the application of fluid dynamics Handbook of Fluid Dynamics, Second Edition provides an indispensable resource for professionals entering the field of fluid dynamics. The book also enables experts specialized in areas outside fluid dynamics to become familiar with the field.

Fluid Mechanics Aspects Of Fire And Smoke Dynamics In Enclosures

Author: Bart Merci
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498778100
Size: 53.82 MB
Format: PDF
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This book aims at fulfilling the need for a handbook at undergraduate and starting researcher level on fire and smoke dynamics in enclosures, giving fluid mechanics aspects a central role. Fluid mechanics are essential at the level of combustion, heat transfer and fire suppression, but they are described only cursorily in most of the existing fire safety science literature, including handbooks. The scope of this handbook ranges from the discussion of the basic equations for turbulent flows with combustion, through a discussion on the structure of flames, to fire and smoke plumes and their interaction with enclosure boundaries. Using this knowledge, the fire dynamics and smoke and heat control in enclosures are discussed. Subsequently, a chapter is devoted to the effect of water and the related fluid mechanics aspects. The book concludes with a chapter on CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics), the increasingly popular calculation method in the field of fire safety science. The authors have attempted to write a book where the theory is illustrated by worked-out examples and the reader is challenged to complete additional clarifying exercises. The book is intended primarily for teaching purposes, but at the same time should prove a useful tool for starting researchers in the field of fire safety science, providing in-depth insight into fluid mechanics in relation to fire phenomena.

Sfpe Handbook Of Fire Protection Engineering

Author: Morgan J. Hurley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493925652
Size: 61.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Revised and significantly expanded, the fifth edition of this classic work offers both new and substantially updated information. As the definitive reference on fire protection engineering, this book provides thorough treatment of the current best practices in fire protection engineering and performance-based fire safety. Over 130 eminent fire engineers and researchers contributed chapters to the book, representing universities and professional organizations around the world. It remains the indispensible source for reliable coverage of fire safety engineering fundamentals, fire dynamics, hazard calculations, fire risk analysis, modeling and more. With seventeen new chapters and over 1,800 figures, the this new edition contains: Step-by-step equations that explain engineering calculations Comprehensive revision of the coverage of human behavior in fire, including several new chapters on egress system design, occupant evacuation scenarios, combustion toxicity and data for human behavior analysis Revised fundamental chapters for a stronger sense of context Added chapters on fire protection system selection and design, including selection of fire safety systems, system activation and controls and CO2 extinguishing systems Recent advances in fire resistance design Addition of new chapters on industrial fire protection, including vapor clouds, effects of thermal radiation on people, BLEVEs, dust explosions and gas and vapor explosions New chapters on fire load density, curtain walls, wildland fires and vehicle tunnels Essential reference appendices on conversion factors, thermophysical property data, fuel properties and combustion data, configuration factors and piping properties “Three-volume set; not available separately”

Computational Fluid Dynamics In Fire Engineering

Author: Guan Heng Yeoh
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080570037
Size: 36.26 MB
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Fire and combustion presents a significant engineering challenge to mechanical, civil and dedicated fire engineers, as well as specialists in the process and chemical, safety, buildings and structural fields. We are reminded of the tragic outcomes of ‘untenable’ fire disasters such as at King’s Cross underground station or Switzerland’s St Gotthard tunnel. In these and many other cases, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is at the forefront of active research into unravelling the probable causes of fires and helping to design structures and systems to ensure that they are less likely in the future. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is routinely used as an analysis tool in fire and combustion engineering as it possesses the ability to handle the complex geometries and characteristics of combustion and fire. This book shows engineering students and professionals how to understand and use this powerful tool in the study of combustion processes, and in the engineering of safer or more fire resistant (or conversely, more fire-efficient) structures. No other book is dedicated to computer-based fire dynamics tools and systems. It is supported by a rigorous pedagogy, including worked examples to illustrate the capabilities of different models, an introduction to the essential aspects of fire physics, examination and self-test exercises, fully worked solutions and a suite of accompanying software for use in industry standard modeling systems. · Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is widely used in engineering analysis; this is the only book dedicated to CFD modeling analysis in fire and combustion engineering · Strong pedagogic features mean this book can be used as a text for graduate level mechanical, civil, structural and fire engineering courses, while its coverage of the latest techniques and industry standard software make it an important reference for researchers and professional engineers in the mechanical and structural sectors, and by fire engineers, safety consultants and regulators · Strong author team (CUHK is a recognized centre of excellence in fire eng) deliver an expert package for students and professionals, showing both theory and applications. Accompanied by CFD modeling code and ready to use simulations to run in industry-standard ANSYS-CFX and Fluent software.

Combustion Fire And Computational Modeling Of Industrial Combustion Systems

Author: C. Presser
Publisher: Amer Society of Mechanical
ISBN:
Size: 59.50 MB
Format: PDF
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The 14 papers in this volume were presented during the November 2000 conference, and primarily discuss developments in combustion modeling of flows associated with industrial reactors. Computation investigations address modeling issues (appropriate numerical schemes, convergence and grid resolution)

An Introduction To Fire Dynamics

Author: Dougal Drysdale
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: 9780471972914
Size: 31.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An Introduction to Fire Dynamics Second Edition Dougal Drysdale University of Edinburgh, UK Fire Safety Engineering, identified in the original edition as 'a relatively new discipline', has since grown significantly in stature, as Fire Safety Engineers around the world begin to apply their skills to complex issues that defy solution by the old 'prescriptive' approach to fire safety. This second edition has the same structure as the first highly successful text, but has been updated with the latest research results. Fire processes are discussed and quantified in terms of the mechanisms of heat transfer and fluid flow. Problems addressed include: * The conditions necessary for ignition and steady burning of combustible materials to occur * How large a fire has to become before fire detectors and sprinkler heads will operate * The circumstances that can lead to flashover in a compartment This book is unique in that it identifies fire science and fire dynamics and provides the scientific background necessary for the development of fire safety engineering as a professional discipline. It is essential reading for all those involved in this wide ranging field, from Fire Prevention Officers to Consulting Engineers, whether involved in problems of fire risk assessment, fire safety design, or fire investigation. It will also be of considerable interest and value to research scientists working in building design, fire physics and chemistry.

Energy Research Abstracts

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 35.23 MB
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Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.