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Encyclopedia Of Russian Women S Movements

Author: Norma C. Noonan
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313304385
Size: 59.62 MB
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A comprehensive resource profiling individuals and organizations associated with Russian women's movements from the early 19th century to the post-Soviet era. Contributions by approximately fifty authors from the United States, Russia, Europe, and Canada focus upon the struggle of women to change their society and advance their gender interests. Women activists pursued improvement in educational opportunities, fought for suffrage, established journals, and sought to transform women's consciousness and establish women's studies programs and women's crises centers. They were a strong voice against the tsarist regime and the oppression of communism. Their objectives were as diverse as their strategies, which ranged from incremental reform, to terrorism, to the establishment of women's electoral organizations. This volume contains a comprehensive glossary of term and phrases and a chronology to help put events and developments into historical context. Entries are fully cross-referenced and are followed by suggested readings. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Russian history and politics, women's history and gender studies.

Equality And Revolution

Author: Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822973758
Size: 20.63 MB
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On July 20, 1917, Russia became the world's first major power to grant women the right to vote and hold public office. Yet in the wake of the October Revolution later that year, the foundational organizations and individuals who pioneered the suffragist cause were all but erased from Russian history. The women's movement, when mentioned at all, is portrayed as meaningless to proletariat and peasant women, based in elitist and bourgeoisie culture of the tsarist era, and counter to socialist ideology. In this groundbreaking book, Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild reveals that Russian feminists in fact appealed to all classes and were an integral force for revolution and social change, particularly during the monumental uprisings of 1905-1917. Ruthchild offers a telling examination of the dynamics present in imperialist Russia that fostered a growing feminist movement. Based upon extensive archival research in six countries, she analyzes the backgrounds, motivations, methods, activism, and organizational networks of early Russian feminists, revealing the foundations of a powerful feminist intelligentsia that came to challenge, and eventually bring down, the patriarchal tsarist regime. Ruthchild profiles the individual women (and a few men) who were vital to the feminist struggle, as well as the major conferences, publications, and organizations that promoted the cause. She documents political party debates on the acceptance of women's suffrage and rights, and follows each party's attempt to woo feminist constituencies despite their fear of women gaining too much political power. Ruthchild also compares and contrasts the Russian movement to those in Britain, China, Germany, France, and the United States. Equality and Revolution offers an original and revisionist study of the struggle for women's political rights in late imperial Russia, and presents a significant reinterpretation of a decisive period of Russian--and world--history.

Women In Russia And Ukraine

Author: Rosalind J. Marsh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521498722
Size: 23.75 MB
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In this book, leading western specialists and Russian and Ukrainian feminists examine how gender has shaped Russian and Ukrainian history from the twelfth century to the present. In particular, they analyse the current backlash against women's emancipation. Using new archival materials and the insights of feminist theory, the contributors explore the relevance of gender equality and difference in Russian history. They find that women have not merely submitted to the patriarchal system, but instead have found creative ways of resisting it. Chapters focusing on contemporary Russia discuss abortion, pornography, sexual minorities, young women's lifestyles, the impact of economic reform on women and the development of the women's movement. This book will be of interest to students and specialists in Russian, Ukrainian and women's studies, as well as to historians, political scientists, sociologists and economists.

Women S Activism In Contemporary Russia

Author: Linda Racioppi
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9781566395212
Size: 46.70 MB
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Provides an introduction to the women's movement and women's organizations in Russia and shows how their ability to organize was constrained by social structures and state policies. This book focuses on the development of women's activism and the challenges for activists in a time of resurgent nationalism and turmoil over democratic reform.

Women In Russia

Author: Anastasia Posadskaya
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9780860916574
Size: 38.15 MB
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The collapse of the monolithic Soviet state sounded the death knell for many myths about the Soviet Union. Yet one of the most persistent misapprehensions continues to thrive. The emancipation of women in the early years of the Soviet regime was regarded by many as a simple fact. The most frequently cited proof of equal rights was the large number of women who worked outside the home. But as the contributors to Women in Russia show, work outside the home became a powerful instrument of enslavement for women, a situation which continues today. Far from achieving economic and professional equality, women predominate in low-paid and insecure manual positions. Mikhail Gorbachev's policies of glasnost and perestroika did little to further the cause of women's rights. On the contrary, he called for 'women to return to their womanly mission'—a sentiment echoed by the press—while failing to put into place any social assistance for women who wished to stay at home. Ranging over women's rights in post-Soviet Russia, the role of women in the labour market, women in the political system, and the history of feminism in Russia, Women in Russia is a highly original and invaluable addition to feminist political study. Contributors: Anastasia Posadskaya, Tatiana Klimenkova, Olga Voronina, Valentina Konstantinova, Yelena Mezentseva, Zoya Khotkina, Olga Lipovskaya, Olga Zhuk, Svetlana Aivazova.

Russische Geschichte 1547 1917

Author: Christoph Schmidt
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 348670091X
Size: 68.68 MB
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Mit Christoph Schmidts Band gibt es eine kompakte Einführung in die Geschichte des Zarenreichs. Gut zu lesen führt die Darstellung durch annähernd vier Jahrhunderte russischer Geschichte. Im Mittelpunkt des Forschungsteils stehen vier grundlegende Aspekte: Geografie, Ethnologie, Orthodoxie und Autokratie. Ein idealer Leitfaden durch den aktuellen Stand der Forschung ist das thematisch gegliederte Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis. Aus der Presse "... Schmidts Kompetenz zeigt sich vor allem dort, wo er sich auf seine eigenen Forschungen über Staat und Gesellschaft im Russland der Frühen Neuzeit berufen kann. Wer eine knappe, gleichwohl erschöpfende Zusammenfassung der historischen Literatur über Autokratie, Adel und Ständeverfassung im Russland des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts erwartet, wird nicht enttäuscht werden." Jörg Baberowski in: Geschichte und Wissenschaft und Unterricht (Heft 11, November 2007)

Women S Studies Encyclopedia

Author: Helen Tierney
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313310737
Size: 80.67 MB
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A multidisciplinary reference on the collective experiences of women. Prepared by 425 scholars from all disciplines, features 701 alphabetically listed entries, coverage of 1,250 historical figures, analysis of women and society and culture throughout history, cross-references, and bibliography.