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Endangered Children

Author: Lita Linzer Schwartz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420040425
Size: 72.18 MB
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People are horrified when parents kill their children, yet this act occurs daily on a global basis. Endangered Children: Neonaticide, Infanticide and Filicide provides a psychological, sociological, and criminological perspective of these acts, as the authors answer the many questions that arise from these crimes. With an emphasis on neonaticide in terms of motives, alternatives, defenses offered, and penalties imposed, this book will be of interest to everyone from social workers to attorneys. A secondary area of focus is infanticide and filicide, again with attention paid to motives, defenses, and legal outcomes. Particular attention is paid to psychological/psychiatric defenses that have been offered and their impact as reported in law review articles and elsewhere. Despite universal reprobation, neonaticide and infanticide have been practiced on every continent and by people on every level of intellectual complexity. This text will examine the mothers of the victims in terms of background and motives along with the role, if any, that mental illness plays in the death of their children. What sets the stage for a parent of a newborn to abandon it to an almost certain death? What motives underlie such an act? Do the attitudes and laws regarding abortion have any relation to neonaticide? These questions, as well as many others will be answered in societal, religious and legal terms. Professionals and the lay public alike need to understand why these incidents occur and what actions can be undertaken to reduce them in the future.

Custody Care Criminality

Author: Brendan Kelly
Publisher: The History Press
ISBN: 0750958987
Size: 75.81 MB
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In this important work, Dr. Brendan Kelly explores the background to Irish psychiatry in the 1800s and its development. Using detailed case studies from the original records, the author examines some of the more bizarre treatments explored, and the history behind them. What emerges is a collection of piercing, untold stories of crime and illness, drama, and tragedy. They are filled with a sense of powerlessness amongst those detained, and enthusiastic, if somewhat misguided, paternalism amongst those trying to help, and looks at the foundations for the treatment of mental illness in Ireland.

Too Expensive To Treat

Author: Charles C. Camosy
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802865291
Size: 30.69 MB
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The moral status of newborn infants -- Arguments against the social quality of life model -- The "weak" social quality of life model -- A constructive proposal for reforming the treatment and care of imperiled newborns.

Methamphetamine Use

Author: Sandra B. McPherson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203503782
Size: 39.80 MB
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A man is accused of attempted murder of a former crystal meth addict. He claims he shot in self-defense, responding to the extremely aggressive behavior the victim was exhibiting. How will this play out in court? Most likely, the prosecution and the defense will call various expert witnesses - perhaps neurologists, psychologists, pathologists - each with testimonies based on their own theoretical viewpoints, but none with a truly comprehensive knowledge of the background and effects of methamphetamine (MA) use. This will cause confusion, complexity, and their testimonies may not comply with Daubert standards. Written by a multidisciplinary team of experts, Methaphetamine Use: Clinical and Forensic Aspects examines MA use and abuse from clinical, forensic, and criminal justice perspectives. It is the first to cover virtually every aspect, reviewing the history, pharmacology, pathology, physiology, treatment, and evidentiary value of MA and its use. It addresses Daubert considerations and victim/witness credibility, competency to confess and to stand trial, criminal responsibility, extreme emotion as mitigation to murder, and dangerousness. It also details statutes and case law to represent perspectives of both the prosecution and the defense. Growing in popularity more than any other illegal drug, methamphetamine has been shown to produce a paranoid psychotic state, which may recur months or years after use. Methamphetamine Use: Clinical and Forensic Aspects provides a comprehensive, critical survey of the current knowledge and policies regarding the use and abuse of this dangerous and ubiquitous substance.

Endangered Children

Author: Lita Linzer Schwartz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439876282
Size: 51.57 MB
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From infancy onward, children are in danger from many sources, including parental and sibling abuse, drug abuse and mental illness in the home, parental neglect, and poverty. Removing an at-risk child from a troubled environment brings on a host of new concerns and is not always a panacea. Endangered Children: Homicide, and Other Crimes, Second Edition focuses on the myriad threats facing children and provides insight into possible solutions. Beginning with a history of child abuse, the book explores this phenomenon as presented in literature and in other cultural references. It then provides sociobiological and cross-cultural perspectives on neonaticide. It examines motives for abuse and explores how shame and denial of pregnancy can lead to the killing of an infant within moments of its birth. The book examines legal ramifications to neonaticide in the U.S. and abroad, including psychological and psychiatric defenses. Additional chapters focus on shaken baby syndrome and Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy, and the book includes a new chapter on postpartum depression. The authors include profiles of several notorious cases, including Susan Smith and Andrea Yates. They also discuss issues related to abortion and euthanasia, and conclude by suggesting preventive measures to child abuse and therapeutic rehabilitation. Exploring a social tragedy from psychological, sociological, and criminological perspectives, the authors attempt to answer the many questions that arise from these crimes against our most vulnerable, offering readers a thought-provoking resource that is sure to encourage further research and inquiry.

Detecting Malingering And Deception

Author: Harold V. Hall
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420038761
Size: 31.30 MB
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NOMINATED FOR THE MANFRED S. GUTTMACHER AWARD BY THE AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION Although advances in clinical/forensic theory and technology continue to elucidate our understanding of deception analysis, the current state of the art is crude in most applications. With new interviewing techniques, psychological tests and instruments, Detecting Malingering and Deception: Forensic Distortion Analysis, Second Edition takes the reader far beyond the basic differentiation between malingering versus defensiveness as the two modes of distortion. What's new in this edition? Virtually every chapter has been updated with new studies and investigations from the past decade. The latest information is provided in such areas as post-traumatic stress disorder, amnesia, competency, criminal responsibility, and risk assessment. Several new chapters address not only the development of deceptive behavior in children, adolescents, and the elderly, but even in nonhumans. This authoritative contribution offers the reader specific steps to conduct a meaningful and contemporary deception analysis. Moreover, acknowledging the numerous methods and professions involved, it suggests a framework for integrating data from multiple sources. Nominated for the Guttmacher Award by the American Psychiatric Association, Detecting Malingering and Deception: Forensic Distortion Analysis is the single most comprehensive and thorough rendering of distortion analysis to date.

Understanding And Preventing Violence

Author: Leighton C. Whitaker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439832608
Size: 42.56 MB
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More violence has been perpetrated in the 20th century than in the two previous centuries combined. Understanding and Preventing Violence: Unmasking the Mentality of Human Destructiveness elucidates the mentality of destructive behavior with the hopes that in the future, the trend may be reversed through enlightenment. But in order to choose to be constructive, rather than destructive, there must first be an understanding. This book takes a hard look at an alarming trend. It provides a focused view of the new wave of violence - from the individual to the global levels. It. traces the influence of sexuality and the anxiety of death on human mentality and suggests ways to reverse the increase in destructive behavior. It helps criminologists with profiling and spotting trends and aids psychologists by deepening the understanding of their severely character-disordered or sociopathic patients. The author delves into the reasons and motivations prompting destructive behavior in order to promote a constructive reaction to what has become commonplace in society - senseless violent acts. Aimed at forensic and clinical psychologists, sociologists, criminal defense attorneys and criminologists, Leighton C. Whitaker delivers a work that provides an understanding of the psychodynamics of violence and the role it plays in society.

Criminal Profiling

Author: Richard N. Kocsis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1603271465
Size: 67.56 MB
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In this book, renowned profiler Dr. Richard Kocsis presents a distinct approach to profiling called Crime Action Profiling or CAP. The volume explains the scope and methodology employed in the studies that the author has undertaken over the past decade and a half. CAP adopts the view that profiling essentially represents a psychological technique that has its foundations in the disciplinary knowledge of forensic psychology.

Child Homicide

Author: Lita Linzer Schwartz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420009347
Size: 30.98 MB
Format: PDF
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From governments that enact population-limiting legislation or commit wholesale neonaticide, to families who purposely allow a weak, infirm, or unfavorably gendered infant to perish rather than expend limited resources, neonaticide, infanticide, and filicide, are practiced on every continent and by every level of cultural complexity. Taking an objective and diagnostic approach, Child Homicide: Parents Who Kill examines the crime of neonaticide from all angles including historical, cultural, psychological, and legal. Expanding on the first edition, published as Endangered Children: Neonaticide, Infanticide, and Filicide, this edition details child homicide in its many forms such as shaken baby syndrome and Munchausen-by-Proxy as well as the differing circumstances involved in infanticide and filicide. Unlike many books on the subject, it investigates the behavior of the father--deemed responsible in roughly 75 percent of these cases--whether aggressive, complicit, or merely absent, and his ultimate culpability under the law. The authors study the influence of today's media, and how its lightning-fast dissemination of these shocking and often complicated stories affect public opinion, copycat crime, and legal bias. This book explains legal defenses including insanity, differential post partum diagnosis such as post-partum psychosis, and discusses new policies, more appropriate, therapeutic punishments, and preventive measures. Child Homicide: Parents Who Kill places this phenomenon in its historical, cultural, and human context and makes us realize that this is not just someone else's nightmare.

The Encyclopedia Of Child Abuse

Author: Robin E. Clark
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 0816075069
Size: 12.68 MB
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An A to Z reference containing over 400 entries with information on key issues related to child abuse.