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Energy Conservation In Buildings

Author: J. R. Waters
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405151870
Size: 35.78 MB
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The conservation of fuel and power in buildings is an important part of the UK government's strategy to reduce national energy conservation. The revision to Part L of the Building Regulations, which came into force on 1 April 2002, lays down detailed and extensive requirements for conserving energy in almost all buildings and it covers most potential causes of building energy consumption. This guide explains these detailed requirements and shows how they apply to particular cases, with the use of numerous worked examples. It includes a chapter on air tightness and leakage testing, a topic with which many building professionals are unfamiliar.

Energy Efficiency And Historic Buildings

ISBN: 9781848025202
Size: 29.52 MB
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Historic England supports the Government's aims to improve the energy efficiency of existing buildings through Part L of the Building Regulations. Many improvements can be carried out, often at a relatively low cost, significantly enhancing the comfort of the building for its users, as well as providing savings on fuel bills and helping to meet greenhouse gas emission reduction targets. Improving energy and carbon performance may also give a welcome opportunity to protect and enhance a historic building and ensure that it remains viable into the future. For historic buildings a balance needs to be achieved between improving energy efficiency and avoiding damage both to the significance of the building and its fabric. Taking a 'whole building approach' can achieve significant improvements in most cases, although not always to the standards recommended in the Regulations. Achieving an appropriate balance requires an understanding of the Regulations and the building, particularly the point at which alteration to the building's character and significance becomes unacceptable. The Building Regulations Approved Documents for Part L make it clear that a reasonable compromise on the energy efficiency targets may be acceptable in order to preserve character and appearance and to avoid technical risks. They do this by specifically including some 'exemptions' and circumstances where 'special considerations' apply for historic buildings and those of traditional construction. The guidance has been produced to help prevent conflicts between energy efficiency requirements in Part L of the Building Regulations and the conservation of historic and traditionally constructed buildings. It also provides strategic advice on implementing measures, highlighting the various stages and issues that need to be considered when reducing energy use and thermally upgrading existing buildings. The advice also acts as 'second tier' supporting guidance in the interpretation of the Building Regulations (referred to in paragraph 3.10 of the Approved Documents L1B and L2B) that should be taken into account when determining appropriate energy performance standards for works to historic buildings. Part L of the Buildings Regulations defines 'historic' as buildings that are listed, in conservation areas or are scheduled monuments. However, not all buildings falling into this category will necessarily be of traditional construction. Some historic buildings date from after the Second World War and have a quite different form of construction.

Non Domestic Heating Cooling And Ventilation Compliance Guide

Author: Stationery Office
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780117036482
Size: 52.14 MB
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This 'Non-Domestic Heating, Cooling and Ventilation Compliance Guide' provides guidance on the means of complying with the requirements of Part L for conventional space heating systems, hot water systems, cooling and ventilation systems in non-domestic buildings. Its sets out the minimum provisions for: efficiency of the plant that generates heat, hot water or cooling; controls to ensure that the system is not generating heat, hot water or cooling unnecessarily or excessively;other factors affecting the safety or energy efficiency of the system; insulation of pipes and ducts serving space heating, hot water and cooling systems; and acceptable specific fan power ratings for fans serving air distribution systems. The guide also provides a set of additional measures which may improve the efficiency of the plant: these are non-prescriptive may be either required or optional depending on the type of plant.

The Building Regulations 2000 Approved Document L1a

Author: Stationery Office
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780117068476
Size: 67.33 MB
Format: PDF
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The new Part L1A, will require a 25% improvement on the 2006 standards for every new home. An aggregate approach for improvements of new non-domestic buildings will deliver an improvement of 25% overall, rather than for each individual building. This is due to the fact that there is a greater variety amongst non-domestic buildings and some will be much easier than others to make efficient. The changes to Part L will increase the minimum levels of energy efficiency for building fabric and services, so that CO2 targets cannot be achieved through renewables alone. This reflects the principles of reducing overall demand for energy. The measures will also be relevant when people elect to carry out work to existing buildings including extensions and conversions, fabric renovations, replacement windows and boilers. This Approved Document L1A (2010) comes into force October 2010 and supports the Building Regulations 2000. The Approved Documents provide technical guidance on ways of complying with the Building Regulations. They are continuously revised in line with new legislations.

The Building Regulations

Author: M. J. Billington
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119070848
Size: 51.18 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Since publication of the first edition in 1976, The Building Regulations: Explained and Illustrated has provided a detailed, authoritative, highly illustrated and accessible guide to the regulations that must be adhered to when constructing, altering or extending a building in England and Wales. This latest edition has been fully revised throughout. Much of the content has been completely rewritten to cover the substantial changes to the Regulations since publication of the 13th edition, to ensure it continues to provide the detailed guidance needed by all those concerned with building work, including architects, building control officers, Approved Inspectors, Competent Persons, building surveyors, engineers, contractors and students in the relevant disciplines.

A Carbon Primer For The Built Environment

Author: Simon Foxell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131793394X
Size: 11.81 MB
Format: PDF
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In a world increasingly concerned about the impact of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere on global climate, the A Carbon Primer for the Built Environment will provide an understanding of the science and the public policy and regulation intended to tackle climate change. It will spell out the essential information needed for navigating through the growing regulatory maze with confidence. The book will: Provide an explanation of climate change, why carbon has been targeted as the main culprit and how this will impact the working lives of architects Explain key concepts such as: carbon footprinting, contraction & convergence, concentration based targets, the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, decarbonising supply and reducing energy demand as well as the relevance of relevant government targets and international agreements Suggest an overall framework for achieving the carbon reduction targets and the requirements that will place on building designers Outline requirements and common standards and codes – providing guidance on compliance mechanisms Suggest and examine likely models for future practice The book will be essential reading for anyone wanting to familiarise themselves with the new landscape of carbon reduction in the built environment, with a particular focus on building design. It will also provide an accessible reference volume for information on particular policies, terms and initiatives as well as key data and numbers that will assist initial carbon calculations.

Guide To Building Control

Author: Anthony Gwynne
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118507762
Size: 28.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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To clarify the practical requirements of the Building Regs and help you meet their requirements first go, all the information contained in the building regulations 2010 and approved documents is presented here in an easy-to-understand format, clear, concise and fully illustrated. Guidance is given for domestic buildings of up to three storeys in England and Wales, including extensions, loft conversions, new dwellings, conversions (garages, basements and barns), and upgrading of existing buildings - including the use of natural lime mortars, plasters renders and paints. There are clear explanations of how the technical design and construction requirements of the Building Regs can be met with sufficient information to draw up an effective specification and design to be developed. Guide to Building Control illustrates the design and construction of the various building elements and explains the principles and processes of the building regulations and approved documents - including structure, fire safety, contaminates, sound insulation, ventilation, water efficiency, drainage systems, combustion appliances, stairs and guarding, energy conservation/green building issues, disabled access, safety glazing, electrical safety, materials and workmanship. The Guide contains up-to-date examples of everyday practices and procedures gained by the author - a practicing building control surveyor - from years of responding to requests from property professionals, builders, property owners and students for clarification of the practical requirements of the building regulations. Accompanied by detailed diagrams, tables and text offering an enlightened understanding of the complexities of building regulations the Guide is both an authoritative reference for use at planning stage and a practical handbook on site. Students and professionals will find it an essential, easy-to-use resource for building control surveyors, building designers, building contractors, self-build, and others working in the construction industry.

Design Professional S Guide To Zero Net Energy Buildings

Author: Charles Eley
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610917650
Size: 77.70 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the United States, direct energy use in buildings accounts for 39% of carbon dioxide emissions per year—more than any other sector. Buildings contribute to a changing climate and warming of the earth in ways that will significantly affect future generations. Zero net energy (ZNE) buildings are a practical and cost-effective way to reduce our energy needs, employ clean solar and wind technologies, protect the environment, and improve our lives. Interest in ZNE buildings, which produce as much energy as they use over the course of a year, has been growing rapidly. In the Design Professional's Guide to Zero Net Energy Buildings, Charles Eley draws from over 40 years of his own experience, and interviews with other industry experts, to lay out the principles for achieving ZNE buildings and the issues surrounding their development. Eley emphasizes the importance of building energy use in achieving a sustainable future; describes how building energy use can be minimized through smart design and energy efficiency technologies; and presents practical information on how to incorporate renewable energy technologies to meet the lowered energy needs. The book identifies the building types and climates where meeting the goal will be a challenge and offers solutions for these special cases. It shows the reader, through examples and explanations, that these solutions are viable and cost-effective. ZNE buildings are practical and cost-effective ways to address climate change without compromising our quality of life. ZNE buildings are an energizing concept and one that is broadly accepted yet, there is little information on what is required to actually meet these goals. This book shows that the goal is feasible and can be practically achieved in most buildings, that our construction industry is up to the challenge, and that we already have the necessary technologies and knowledge.

Building Services Design For Energy Efficient Buildings

Author: Paul Tymkow
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136893660
Size: 71.12 MB
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The role and influence of building services engineers is undergoing rapid change and is pivotal to achieving low-carbon buildings. However, textbooks in the field have largely focused on the detailed technicalities of HVAC systems, often with little wider context. This book addresses that need by embracing a contemporary understanding of energy efficiency imperatives, together with a strategic approach to the key design issues impacting upon carbon performance, in a concise manner. The key conceptual design issues for planning the principal systems that influence energy efficiency are examined in detail. In addition, the following issues are addressed in turn: Background issues for sustainability and the design process Developing a strategic approach to energy-efficient design How to undertake load assessments System comparison and selection Space planning for services Post-occupancy evaluation of completed building services In order to deliver sustainable buildings, a new perspective is needed amongst building and services engineering designers, from the outset of the conceptual design stage and throughout the whole design process. In this book, students and practitioners alike will find the ideal introduction to this new approach.