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Energy Production And Storage

Author: Robert H. Crabtree
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118632664
Size: 70.13 MB
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Energy production and storage are central problems for our time. Inprinciple, abundant energy is available from the sun to run theearth in a sustainable way. Solar energy can be directly harnessedby agricultural and photovoltaic means, but the sheer scale of theenergy demand poses severe challenges, for example any majorcompetition between biomass production and food production wouldsimply transfer scarcity from energy to food. Indirect use of solarenergy in the form of wind looks also promising, especially forthose regions not blessed with abundant sunlight. Other modes suchas tidal and wave energy may well become important niche players. Inorganic chemistry plays a decisive role in the development ofnew energy technologies and this Volume covers somepromising modes of alternative energy production and storage thatminimize the atmospheric burden of fossil-derived carbon monoxide.No one production or storage mode is likely to dominate, at leastat first, and numerous possibilities need to be explored to comparetheir technical feasibility and economics. This provides thecontext for a broad exploration of novel ideas that we are likelyto see in future years as the field expands. This Volume covers a wide range of topics, such as: - Watersplitting, only water is a sufficiently cheap and abundant electronsource for global exploitation; - Energy conversion byphotosynthesis; - Molecular catalysts for water splitting; -Thermochemical water splitting; - Photocatalytic hydrogenproduction; - Artificial photosynthesis, progress of the SwedishConsortium; - Hydrogen economy; - Reduction of carbon dioxide touseful fuels; - Conversion of methane to methanol; - Dye sensitizedsolar cells; - Photoinitiated electron transfer in fuel cells; -Proton exchange membranes for fuel cells; - Intermediatetemperature solid oxide fuel cells; - Direct Ethanol fuel cells; -Molecular catalysis for fuel cells; - Enzymes and microbes in fuelcells; - Li-Ion batteries; - Magic Angle Spinning NMR studies ofbattery materials; Supercapacitors and electrode materials. About EIC Books The Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry (EIC) has provedto be one of the defining standards in inorganic chemistry, andmost chemistry libraries around the world have access either to thefirst or second print edition, or to the online version. Manyreaders, however, prefer to have more concise thematic volumes,targeted to their specific area of interest. This feedback from EICreaders has encouraged the Editors to plan a series of EIC Books,focusing on topics of current interest. They will appear on aregular basis, and will feature leading scholars in their fields.Like the Encyclopedia, EIC Books aim to provide both the startingresearch student and the confirmed research worker with a criticaldistillation of the leading concepts in inorganic and bioinorganicchemistry, and provide a structured entry into the fieldscovered. This volume is also available as part of Encyclopedia ofInorganic Chemistry, 5 Volume Set. This set combines all volumes published as EIC Books from 2007to 2010, representing areas of key developments in the field ofinorganic chemistry published in the Encyclopedia of InorganicChemistry. ahref="http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1119994284.html"Findout more/a.

Computational Inorganic And Bioinorganic Chemistry

Author: Edward I. Solomon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111861724X
Size: 19.51 MB
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Over the past several decades there have been major advances in ourability to computationally evaluate the electronic structure ofinorganic molecules, particularly transition metal systems. Thisadvancement is due to the Moore’s Law increase in computingpower as well as the impact of density functional theory (DFT) andits implementation in commercial and freeware programs for quantumchemical calculations. Improved pure and hybrid density functionalsare allowing DFT calculations with accuracy comparable tohigh-level Hartree-Fock treatments, and the results of thesecalculations can now be evaluated by experiment. When calculations are correlated to, and supported by,experimental data they can provide fundamental insight intoelectronic structure and its contributions to physical propertiesand chemical reactivity. This interplay continues to expand andcontributes to both improved value of experimental results andimproved accuracy of computational predictions. The purpose of this EIC Book is to provide state-of-the-artpresentations of quantum mechanical and related methods and theirapplications, written by many of the leaders in the field. Part 1of this volume focuses on methods, their background andimplementation, and their use in describing bonding properties,energies, transition states and spectroscopic features. Part 2focuses on applications in bioinorganic chemistry and Part 3discusses inorganic chemistry, where electronic structurecalculations have already had a major impact. This addition to theEIC Book series is of significant value to both experimentalistsand theoreticians, and we anticipate that it will stimulate bothfurther development of the methodology and its applications in themany interdisciplinary fields that comprise modern inorganic andbioinorganic chemistry. This volume is also available as part of Encyclopedia ofInorganic Chemistry, 5 Volume Set. This set combines all volumes published as EIC Books from 2007to 2010, representing areas of key developments in the field ofinorganic chemistry published in the Encyclopedia of InorganicChemistry. ahref="http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1119994284.html"Findout more/a.

Radionuclides In The Environment

Author: David A. Atwood
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118632699
Size: 54.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Nuclear energy is the one energy source that could meet the world'sgrowing energy needs and provide a smooth transition from fossilfuels to renewable energy in the coming decades and centuries. Itis becoming abundantly clear that an increase in nuclear energycapacity will, and probably must, take place. However, nuclear energy and the use of radionuclides forcivilian and military purposes lead to extremely long-lived wastethat is costly and highly problematic to deal with. Therefore, itis critically important ot understand the environmentalimplications of radionuclides for ecosystems and human health ifnuclear energy is to be used to avoid the impending global energycrisis. The present volume of the EIC Books series addresses thiscritical need by providing fundamental information onenvironmentally significant radionuclides. The content of this book was developed in collaboration withmany of the authors of the chapters. Given the enormity of thesubject the Editor and the Authors had to be judicious in selectingthe chapters that would appropriately encompass and describe theprimary topics, particularly those that are of importance to thehealth of ecosystems and humans. The resulting chapters were chosento provide this information in a book of useful and appropriatelength. Each chapter provides fundamental information on thechemistry of the radionuclides, their occurrence and movement inthe enivornment, separation and analyses, and the technologiesneeded for their remediation and mitigation. The chapters arestructured with a common, systematic format in order to facilitatecomparions between elements and groups of elements. About EIC Books The Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry (EIC) has provedto be one of the defining standards in inorganic chemistry, andmost chemistry libraries around the world have access either to thefirst of second print editon, or to the online version. Manyreaders, however, prefer to have more concise thematic volumes,targeted to their specific area of interest. This feedback from EICreaders has encouraged the Editors to plan a series of EIC Books,focusing on topics of current interest. They will appear on aregular basis, and will feature leading scholars in their fields.Like the Encyclopedia, EIC Books aims to provide both the startingresearch student and the confirmed research worker with a criticaldistillation of the leading concepts in inorganic and bioinorganicchemistry, and provide a structured entry into the fieldscovered. This volume is also available as part of Encyclopedia ofInorganic Chemistry, 5 Volume Set. This set combines all volumes published as EIC Books from 2007to 2010, representing areas of key developments in the field ofinorganic chemistry published in the Encyclopedia of InorganicChemistry. ahref="http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1119994284.html"Findout more/a.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 67.77 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Die Welt Der Elemente Die Elemente Der Welt

Author: Hans-Jürgen Quadbeck-Seeger
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527317899
Size: 18.41 MB
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Übersicht über die natürlichen und synthetischen Elemente bis zur Ordnungszahl 103. Für naturwissenschaftlich interessierte Leser und Schüler ab Sek I.

Kologie

Author: Thomas M. Smith
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783827373137
Size: 17.77 MB
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Populations, ecosystems, species interactions, community.

Astronomie

Author: Jeffrey O. Bennett
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783827373601
Size: 80.54 MB
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