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Engineering Communism

Author: Steven T. Usdin
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300127959
Size: 70.54 MB
Format: PDF
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Engineering Communism is the fascinating story of Joel Barr and Alfred Sarant, dedicated Communists and members of the Rosenberg spy ring, who stole information from the United States during World War II that proved crucial to building the first advanced weapons systems in the USSR. On the brink of arrest, they escaped with KGB’s help and eluded American intelligence for decades. Drawing on extensive interviews with Barr and new archival evidence, Steve Usdin explains why Barr and Sarant became spies, how they obtained military secrets, and how FBI blunders led to their escape. He chronicles their pioneering role in the Soviet computer industry, including their success in convincing Nikita Khrushchev to build a secret Silicon Valley. The book is rich with details of Barr’s and Sarant’s intriguing andexciting personal lives, their families, as well as their integration into Russian society. Engineering Communism follows the two spies through Sarant’s death and Barr’s unbelievable return to the United States.

ISBN: 1633884767
Size: 79.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Private World Of Soviet Scientists From Stalin To Gorbachev

Author: Maria Rogacheva
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107196361
Size: 35.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Rogacheva sheds new light on the complex transition of Soviet society from Stalinism into the post-Stalin era. Using the case study of Chernogolovka, one of dozens of scientific towns built in the USSR under Khrushchev, she explains what motivated scientists to participate in the Soviet project during the Cold War. Rogacheva traces the history of this scientific community from its creation in 1956 through the Brezhnev period to paint a nuanced portrait of the living conditions, political outlook, and mentality of the local scientific intelligentsia. Utilizing new archival materials and an extensive oral history project, this book argues that Soviet scientists were not merely bought off by the Soviet state, but that they bought into the idealism and social optimism of the post-Stalin regime. Many shared the regime's belief in the progressive development of Soviet society on a scientific basis, and embraced their increased autonomy, material privileges and elite status.

The Invisible Harry Gold

Author: Allen M. Hornblum
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300156782
Size: 37.63 MB
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A gripping account of the man who gave the USSR the plans for the atom bomb. The subject of the most intensive public manhunt in the history of the FBI, Gold was arrested in May 1950. His confession revealed scores of contacts, and his testimony in the trial of the Rosenbergs proved pivotal.

The Rise And Fall Of The Soviet Union

Author: Martin Mccauley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317867823
Size: 40.98 MB
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'An expert in probing mafia-type relationships in present-day Russia, Martin McCauley here offers a vigorously written scrutiny of Soviet politics and society since the days of Lenin and Stalin.' John Keep, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto. The birth of the Soviet Union surprised many; its demise amazed the whole world. How did imperial Russia give way to the Soviet Union in 1917, and why did the USSR collapse so quickly in 1991? Marxism promised paradise on earth, but the Communist Party never had true power, instead allowing Lenin and Stalin to become dictators who ruled in its name. The failure of the planned economy to live up to expectations led to a boom in the unplanned economy, in particular the black market. In turn, this led to the growth of organised crime and corruption within the government. The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union examines the strengths, weaknesses, and contradictions of the first Marxist state, and reassesses the role of power, authority and legitimacy in Soviet politics. Including first-person accounts, anecdotes, illustrations and diagrams to illustrate key concepts, McCauley provides a seminal history of twentieth-century Russia.

Voices Of The Soviet Space Program

Author: S. Gerovitch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113748179X
Size: 27.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this remarkable oral history, Slava Gerovitch presents interviews with the men and women who witnessed Soviet space efforts firsthand. Rather than comprising a "master narrative," these fascinating and varied accounts bring to light the often divergent perspectives, experiences, and institutional cultures that defined the Soviet space program.

Executing The Rosenbergs

Author: Lori Clune
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190265906
Size: 28.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In 1950, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were arrested for allegedly passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union, an affair FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover labeled the "crime of the century." Their case became an international sensation, inspiring petitions, letters of support, newspaper editorials, and protests in countries around the world. Nevertheless, the Rosenbergs were executed after years of appeals, making them the only civilians ever put to death for conspiracy-related activities. Yet even after their executions, protests continued. The Rosenberg case quickly transformed into legend, while the media spotlight shifted to their two orphaned sons. In Executing the Rosenbergs, Lori Clune demonstrates that the Rosenberg case played a pivotal role in the world's perception of the United States. Based on newly discovered documents from the State Department, Clune narrates the widespread dissent against the Rosenberg decision in 80 cities and 48 countries. Even as the Truman and Eisenhower administrations attempted to turn the case into pro-democracy propaganda, U.S. allies and potential allies questioned whether the United States had the moral authority to win the Cold War. Meanwhile, the death of Stalin in 1953 also raised the stakes of the executions; without a clear hero and villain, the struggle between democracy and communism shifted into morally ambiguous terrain. Transcending questions of guilt or innocence, Clune weaves the case -and its aftermath -into the fabric of the Cold War, revealing its far-reaching global effects. An original approach to one of the most fascinating episodes in Cold War history, Executing the Rosenbergs broadens a quintessentially American story into a global one.

The Enigma Spy

Author: John Cairncross
Publisher: Random House (UK)
Size: 75.44 MB
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This is the autobiography of John Cairncross, the man who gave the Russians the decrypt of the ENIGMA code, thus enabling them to win the battle of Kursk and turning the war against the Germans. It reveals why he turned to espionage, what data he passed on and how MI5 finally tracked him down.

The Generals Of Saratoga

Author: Max M. Mintz
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300052619
Size: 74.81 MB
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This work offers an account of the Saratoga campaign of 1777 through the lives of its opposing generals - John Burgoyne, the British commander, and Horatio Gates, the American (but British born) commander. The book portrays the two men and the events that developed around them. It covers both the American and British dimensions of the campaign, the only engagement in the Revolutionary War in which an all-American army captured a major British force.

A Fragile Freedom

Author: Erica Armstrong Dunbar
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300145063
Size: 48.24 MB
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Chronicling the lives of African American women in the urban north of America (particularly Philadelphia) during the early years of the republic, 'A Fragile Freedom' investigates how they journeyed from enslavement to the precarious state of 'free persons' in the decades before the Civil War.