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Environmental Ngos In World Politics

Author: Matthias Finger
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113482162X
Size: 77.21 MB
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At a time when states are reactive, at best, to the global ecological crisis and when economic globalization seems to be significantly contributing to the acceleration of that crisis, environmental non-governmental orgainisations (NGOs) are proliferating. This book explains the key role of NGOs in an emerging world environmental politics, showing how NGOs act both as independent bargainers and as agents of social learning, to link biophysical conditions to the political realm at both the local and global levels. Throught the use of case studies the authors reveal the richness and diversity of NGO activity and the dificulty of the choices facing decision-makers in their attempts to protect the environment, seek new forms of governance and foster social environmental learning. The book generates questions that are central, not only to an understanding of NGO relations, but to the study of international environmental politics. Environmental NOGs in World Politics will be of great interest to upper level student sand scholars of both environmental politics and international relations. It will also appeal to environmental-policy professionals.

Die Europ Isierung Von Umweltorganisationen

Author: Jochen Roose
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322868923
Size: 15.90 MB
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Die Kompetenzen in der Umweltpolitik wurden in den letzten Jahren zunehmend auf die EU-Ebene verlagert. Das Buch untersucht vergleichend, in welchem Ausmaß nationale Umweltorganisationen in Deutschland und Großbritannien sich auf diese Veränderung einstellen. In Anschluss an die Strukturierungstheorie von Giddens wird der in der Bewegungsforschung verbreitete Political Opportunity Structure-Ansatz zu einem Ansatz der Strukturierung politischer Gelegenheiten modifiziert und auf den Gegenstand angewendet. So kann der Ansatz die Aktivitäten der Umweltorganisationen jeweils aus ihrer Situation erklären und gleichzeitig verständlich machen, wie bzw. unter welchen Bedingungen diese jeweilige Situation aufrechterhalten wird. Dabei zeigt sich, dass zwar in fast allen Umweltorganisationen die EU als sehr wichtiger Akteur wahrgenommen wird, aber nur ein kleiner Teil in der Lage ist, auf europäischer Ebene in nennenswertem Ausmaß politisch aktiv zu werden. Vor allem Organisationen, die traditionell auf Lobbying setzen und auf europäischer Ebene in einem thematisch spezifischen Netzwerk intensiv eingebunden sind, können mit den Schwierigkeiten der politischen Arbeit bei der EU umgehen. Dagegen tun sich vor allem solche Umweltorganisationen schwer, die auf Öffentlichkeitsarbeit, Protest und aktive Einbindung der Basis setzen.

Nichtregierungsorganisationen Soziale Bewegungen Und Global Governance

Author: Armin Stickler
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 383940407X
Size: 28.74 MB
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Mit der Globalisierungsthematik sind seit den 1990er Jahren Nichtregierungsorganisationen (NGOs) in den Mittelpunkt des Interesses sowohl der Politik als auch der Sozialwissenschaften gerückt. Oftmals wurden NGOs dabei als Träger der Hoffnungen auf Entfaltung zivilgesellschaftlicher Entwicklungen in der Weltgesellschaft betrachtet. Die vorliegende Studie analysiert die inzwischen ausdifferenzierte Debatte um NGOs und zeigt kritisch deren theoretische Defizite auf, indem verschiedene Theorien der Weltgesellschaft sowie der herrschaftskritischen Organisationstheorie auf innovative Weise zusammengeführt werden. NGOs erscheinen so eben nicht als Gegenspieler der Globalisierung, sondern als Vermittler der universalistisch-rationalistischen Grundstruktur der Moderne. Ihre Einbettung in das hegemoniale Doppelkonzept von »dialogischen Verfahren« und »formaler Organisierung« verhindert, dass emanzipatorische Alternativen auf globaler Ebene relevant werden.

Third World Political Ecology

Author: Sinead Bailey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134798040
Size: 20.10 MB
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An effective response to contemporary environmental problems demands an approach that integrates political, economic and ecological issues. Third World Political Ecology provides an introduction to an exciting new research field that aims to develop an integrated understanding of the political economy of environmental change in the Third World. The authors review the historical development of the field, explain what is distinctive about Third World political ecology, and suggest areas for future development. Clarifying the essentially politicised condition of environmental change today, the authors explore the role of various actors - states, multilateral institutions, businesses, environmental non-governmental organisations, poverty-stricken farmers, shifting cultivators and other 'grassroots' actors - in the development of the Third World's politicised environment. Third World Political Ecology is the first major attempt to explain the development and characteristics of environmental problems that plague parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Drawing on examples from throughout the Third World, the book will be of interest to all those who wish to understand the political and economic bases of the Third World's current predicament.

International Environmental Governance

Author: PeterM. Haas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351562428
Size: 68.67 MB
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International Environmental Governance reviews the contentious approaches to addressing global and transboundary environmental threats. The volume collects together the most influential and important literature on the major political approaches to dealing with these problems, their histories, major debates, and research frontiers. It is accompanied by a substantial introduction which reviews the evolution of the academic contribution to environmental governance, focusing on a wide array of international environmental problems.

The Compromise Of Liberal Environmentalism

Author: Steven Bernstein
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231504306
Size: 15.80 MB
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The most significant shift in environmental governance over the last thirty years has been the convergence of environmental and liberal economic norms toward "liberal environmentalism"—which predicates environmental protection on the promotion and maintenance of a liberal economic order. Steven Bernstein assesses the reasons for this historical shift, introduces a socio-evolutionary explanation for the selection of international norms, and considers the implications for our ability to address global environmental problems. The author maintains that the institutionalization of "sustainable development" at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) legitimized the evolution toward liberal environmentalism. Arguing that most of the literature on international environmental politics is too rationalist and problem-specific, Bernstein challenges the mainstream thinking on international cooperation by showing that it is always for some purpose or goal. His analysis of the norms that guide global environmental policy also challenges the often-presumed primacy of science in environmental governance.

Confronting The Blue Revolution

Author: Saidul Islam
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442665564
Size: 61.23 MB
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Like the Green Revolution of the 1960s, a “Blue Revolution” has taken place in global aquaculture. Geared towards quenching the appetite of privileged consumers in the global North, it has come at a high price for the South: ecological devastation, displacement of rural subsistence farmers, and labour exploitation. The uncomfortable truth is that food security for affluent consumers depends on a foundation of social and ecological devastation in the producing countries. In Confronting the Blue Revolution, Md Saidul Islam uses the shrimp farming industry in Bangladesh and across the global South to show the social and environmental impact of industrialized aquaculture. The book pushes us to reconsider our attitudes to consumption patterns in the developed world, neoliberal environmental governance, and the question of sustainability.

International Investment Law And Soft Law

Author: Andrea K. Bjorklund
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 178100322X
Size: 57.98 MB
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This important book examines the development of soft law instruments in international investment law and the feasibility of a 'codification' of the present state of this field of international economic law. It draws together the views of international experts on the use of soft law in international law generally and in discrete fields such as WTO, commercial, and environmental law. The book assesses whether investment law has sufficiently coalesced over the last 50 years to be 'codified' and focuses particularly on topical issues such as most-favoured-nation treatment and expropriation. This timely book will appeal to academics interested in the development of international law and legal theory, to those working in investment law, Government investment treaty negotiators and arbitration practitioners.