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Epileptic Seizures And The Eeg

Author: Andrea Varsavsky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439812047
Size: 16.35 MB
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Analysis of medical data using engineering tools is a rapidly growing area, both in research and in industry, yet few texts exist that address the problem from an interdisciplinary perspective. Epileptic Seizures and the EEG: Measurement, Models, Detection and Prediction brings together biology and engineering practices and identifies the aspects of the field that are most important to the analysis of epilepsy. Analysis of EEG records The book begins by summarizing the physiology and the fundamental ideas behind the measurement, analysis and modeling of the epileptic brain. It introduces the EEG as a measured signal and explains its use in the study of epilepsy. Next, it provides an explanation of the type of brain activity likely to register in EEG measurements, offering quantitative analysis of the populations of neurons that contribute to both scalp and cortical EEG and discussing the limitations and effects that choices made in the recording process have on the data. The book provides an overview of how these EEG records are and have been analyzed in the past, concentrating on the mathematics relevant to the problem of classification of EEG. The authors use these extracted features to differentiate between or classify inter-seizure, pre-seizure and seizure EEG. The challenge of seizure prediction The book focuses on the problem of seizure detection and surveys the physiologically based dynamic models of brain activity. Finally, the book addresses the fundamental question: can seizures be predicted? Through analysis of epileptic activity spanning from 3 hours to 25 years, it is proposed that seizures may be predictable, but the amount of data required is greater than previously thought. Based on the authors’ extensive research, the book concludes by exploring a range of future possibilities in seizure prediction.

Brain Informatics And Health

Author: Giorgio A. Ascoli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319471031
Size: 34.95 MB
Format: PDF
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Brain and Health Informatics, BHI 2016, held in Omaha, USA, in October 2016. The 37 revised full papers, including two workshop papers from BAI 2016, presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on cognitive and computational foundations of brain science; investigations of human information processing systems; brain big data analytics, curation and management; new methodologies for brain and mental health; brain-inspired intelligence and computing; brain and artificial intelligence.

Proceedings Of 2nd International Conference On Communication Computing And Networking

Author: C. Rama Krishna
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811312176
Size: 77.17 MB
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The book provides insights from the 2nd International Conference on Communication, Computing and Networking organized by the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research, Chandigarh, India on March 29–30, 2018. The book includes contributions in which researchers, engineers, and academicians as well as industrial professionals from around the globe presented their research findings and development activities in the field of Computing Technologies, Wireless Networks, Information Security, Image Processing and Data Science. The book provides opportunities for the readers to explore the literature, identify gaps in the existing works and propose new ideas for research.

Proceedings Of The International Conference On Data Engineering And Communication Technology

Author: Suresh Chandra Satapathy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 981101678X
Size: 23.52 MB
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This two-volume book contains research work presented at the First International Conference on Data Engineering and Communication Technology (ICDECT) held during March 10–11, 2016 at Lavasa, Pune, Maharashtra, India. The book discusses recent research technologies and applications in the field of Computer Science, Electrical and Electronics Engineering. The aim of the Proceedings is to provide cutting-edge developments taking place in the field data engineering and communication technologies which will assist the researchers and practitioners from both academia as well as industry to advance their field of study.

Nonlinear Analysis In Neuroscience And Behavioral Research

Author: Tobias A. Mattei
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889199967
Size: 45.14 MB
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Although nonlinear dynamics have been mastered by physicists and mathematicians for a long time (as most physical systems are inherently nonlinear in nature), the recent successful application of nonlinear methods to modeling and predicting several evolutionary, ecological, physiological, and biochemical processes has generated great interest and enthusiasm among researchers in computational neuroscience and cognitive psychology. Additionally, in the last years it has been demonstrated that nonlinear analysis can be successfully used to model not only basic cellular and molecular data but also complex cognitive processes and behavioral interactions. The theoretical features of nonlinear systems (such unstable periodic orbits, period-doubling bifurcations and phase space dynamics) have already been successfully applied by several research groups to analyze the behavior of a variety of neuronal and cognitive processes. Additionally the concept of strange attractors has lead to a new understanding of information processing which considers higher cognitive functions (such as language, attention, memory and decision making) as complex systems emerging from the dynamic interaction between parallel streams of information flowing between highly interconnected neuronal clusters organized in a widely distributed circuit and modulated by key central nodes. Furthermore, the paradigm of self-organization derived from the nonlinear dynamics theory has offered an interesting account of the phenomenon of emergence of new complex cognitive structures from random and non-deterministic patterns, similarly to what has been previously observed in nonlinear studies of fluid dynamics. Finally, the challenges of coupling massive amount of data related to brain function generated from new research fields in experimental neuroscience (such as magnetoencephalography, optogenetics and single-cell intra-operative recordings of neuronal activity) have generated the necessity of new research strategies which incorporate complex pattern analysis as an important feature of their algorithms. Up to now nonlinear dynamics has already been successfully employed to model both basic single and multiple neurons activity (such as single-cell firing patterns, neural networks synchronization, autonomic activity, electroencephalographic measurements, and noise modulation in the cerebellum), as well as higher cognitive functions and complex psychiatric disorders. Similarly, previous experimental studies have suggested that several cognitive functions can be successfully modeled with basis on the transient activity of large-scale brain networks in the presence of noise. Such studies have demonstrated that it is possible to represent typical decision-making paradigms of neuroeconomics by dynamic models governed by ordinary differential equations with a finite number of possibilities at the decision points and basic heuristic rules which incorporate variable degrees of uncertainty. This e-book has include frontline research in computational neuroscience and cognitive psychology involving applications of nonlinear analysis, especially regarding the representation and modeling of complex neural and cognitive systems. Several experts teams around the world have provided frontline theoretical and experimental contributions (as well as reviews, perspectives and commentaries) in the fields of nonlinear modeling of cognitive systems, chaotic dynamics in computational neuroscience, fractal analysis of biological brain data, nonlinear dynamics in neural networks research, nonlinear and fuzzy logics in complex neural systems, nonlinear analysis of psychiatric disorders and dynamic modeling of sensorimotor coordination. Rather than a comprehensive compilation of the possible topics in neuroscience and cognitive research to which non-linear may be used, this e-book intends to provide some illustrative examples of the broad range of

Computational Neuroscience In Epilepsy

Author: Ivan Soltesz
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080559537
Size: 26.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects millions of patients worldwide and arises from the concurrent action of multiple pathophysiological processes. The power of mathematical analysis and computational modeling is increasingly utilized in basic and clinical epilepsy research to better understand the relative importance of the multi-faceted, seizure-related changes taking place in the brain during an epileptic seizure. This groundbreaking book is designed to synthesize the current ideas and future directions of the emerging discipline of computational epilepsy research. Chapters address relevant basic questions (e.g., neuronal gain control) as well as long-standing, critically important clinical challenges (e.g., seizure prediction). Computational Neuroscience in Epilepsy should be of high interest to a wide range of readers, including undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and faculty working in the fields of basic or clinical neuroscience, epilepsy research, computational modeling and bioengineering. Covers a wide range of topics from molecular to seizure predictions and brain implants to control seizures Contributors are top experts at the forefront of computational epilepsy research Chapter contents are highly relevant to both basic and clinical epilepsy researchers

Electroencephalography

Author: Ernst Niedermeyer
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780781751261
Size: 35.19 MB
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Established in 1982 as the leading reference on electroencephalography, Drs. Niedermeyer's and Lopes da Silva's text is now in its thoroughly updated Fifth Edition. An international group of experts provides comprehensive coverage of the neurophysiologic and technical aspects of EEG, evoked potentials, and magnetoencephalography, as well as the clinical applications of these studies in neonates, infants, children, adults, and older adults. This edition includes digital EEG and advances in areas such as neurocognition. Three new chapters cover the topics of Ultra-Fast EEG Frequencies, Ultra-Slow Activity, and Cortico-Muscular Coherence. Hundreds of EEG tracings and other illustrations complement the text.

Quantitative Neuroscience

Author: Panos M. Pardalos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402077517
Size: 21.49 MB
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Advances in the field of signal processing, nonlinear dynamics, statistics, and optimization theory, combined with marked improvement in instrumenta tion and development of computers systems, have made it possible to apply the power of mathematics to the task of understanding the human brain. This verita ble revolution already has resulted in widespread availability of high resolution neuroimaging devices in clinical as well as research settings. Breakthroughs in functional imaging are not far behind. Mathematical tech niques developed for the study of complex nonlinear systems and chaos already are being used to explore the complex nonlinear dynamics of human brain phys iology. Global optimization is being applied to data mining expeditions in an effort to find knowledge in the vast amount of information being generated by neuroimaging and neurophysiological investigations. These breakthroughs in the ability to obtain, store and analyze large datasets offer, for the first time, exciting opportunities to explore the mechanisms underlying normal brain func tion as well as the affects of diseases such as epilepsy, sleep disorders, movement disorders, and cognitive disorders that affect millions of people every year. Ap plication of these powerful tools to the study of the human brain requires, by necessity, collaboration among scientists, engineers, neurobiologists and clini cians. Each discipline brings to the table unique knowledge, unique approaches to problem solving, and a unique language.

Epilepsy An Issue Of Neurosurgery Clinics E Book

Author: Edward F. Chang
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455712140
Size: 65.72 MB
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In this issue of Neurosurgery Clinics, Drs. Chang and Barbaro provide a thorough look at epilepsy, with sections focusing on devices in epilepsy surgery, open loop systems, closed loop systems, and non-stimulation. Topics in this issue include history and overview of stimulation for epilepsy, trigeminal nerve stimulation, anterior thalamus DBS, hippocampal stimulation, neuropace RNS, seizure detection/prediction algorithms, cooling, seizure prediction and its applications, stimulation paradigms, and experimental stimulation.

Seizure Prediction In Epilepsy

Author: Björn Schelter
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527625208
Size: 57.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Comprising some 30 contributions, experts from around the world present and discuss recent advances related to seizure prediction in epilepsy. The book covers an extraordinarily broad spectrum, starting from modeling epilepsy in single cells or networks of a few cells to precisely-tailored seizure prediction techniques as applied to human data. This unique overview of our current level of knowledge and future perspectives provides theoreticians as well as practitioners, newcomers and experts with an up-to-date survey of developments in this important field of research.