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Essentials Of Applied Dynamic Analysis

Author: Junbo Jia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642370039
Size: 63.79 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents up-to-date knowledge of dynamic analysis in engineering world. To facilitate the understanding of the topics by readers with various backgrounds, general principles are linked to their applications from different angles. Special interesting topics such as statistics of motions and loading, damping modeling and measurement, nonlinear dynamics, fatigue assessment, vibration and buckling under axial loading, structural health monitoring, human body vibrations, and vehicle-structure interactions etc., are also presented. The target readers include industry professionals in civil, marine and mechanical engineering, as well as researchers and students in this area.

Megaproject Risk Analysis And Simulation

Author: Prince Boateng
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 178635831X
Size: 62.86 MB
Format: PDF
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6.4. Practical Guide -- 6.5. Limitations and Further Research -- 6.5.1. Limitations -- 6.5.2. Further Research -- References -- Appendices -- Appendix A: Model Validation -- A.1. Introduction -- A.2. Philosophical Aspects of Model Validity -- A.3. Model Validation Process -- A.4. Methods for Testing and Validating the Integrated System Models -- A.5. Importance of the Integrated System Model Objective -- A.6. Validating the Model Structure -- A.7. Tests of Suitability -- A.7.1. Structure Verification -- A.7.2. Parameter Verification -- A.7.3. Boundary Adequacy -- A.7.4. Dimensional Consistency -- A.7.5. Extreme Conditions -- A.8. Validating the Model Behaviour -- A.8.1. Behaviour Reproduction Test -- A.8.2. Sensitivity Analysis -- A.8.3. Numerical Sensitivity Analysis -- A.8.4. Behaviour Mode Sensitivity Analysis -- A.9. Other Tests -- A.9.1. Policy Analysis, Design and Improvement -- A.9.2. Feedback Approach -- A.9.3. Disaggregation Approach -- A.9.4. Simulation Approach -- A.9.5. Manageable Model Size -- A.10. Policy Implementation -- A.11. Summary -- Appendix B: Structured Interview Questionnaire and Participants -- Appendix C: Respondent's Mean Scores of Importance -- Index

Risk Engineering

Author: Adrian Gheorghe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401147841
Size: 24.93 MB
Format: PDF
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Industrial development is essential to improvement of the standard of living in all countries. People's health and the environment can be affected, directly or indirectly by routine waste discharges or by accidents. A series of recent major industrial accidents and the effect of pollution highlighted, once again, the need for better management of routine and accidental risks. Moreover, the existence of natural hazards complicate even more the situation in any given region. In the past effort to cope with these risks, if made at all, have been largely on a plant by plant basis; some plants are well equipped to manage environmental and health hazards, while others are not. Managing the hazards of modern technological systems has become a key activity in highly industrialised countries. Decision makers are often confronted with complex issues concerning economic and social development, industrialisation and associated infrastructure needs, population and land use planning. Such issues have to be addressed in such a way that ensures that public health will not be disrupted or substantially degraded. Due to the increasing complexity of technological systems and the higher geographical density of punctual hazard sources, new methodologies and a novel approach to these problems are challenging risk managers and regional planers. Risks from these new complex technological systems are inherently different form those addressed by the risk managers for decades ago.

Dynamic Analysis And Design Of Offshore Structures

Author: Srinivasan Chandrasekaran
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132222776
Size: 49.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book attempts to provide readers with an overall idea of various types of offshore platform geometries. It covers the various environmental loads encountered by these structures, a detailed description of the fundamentals of structural dynamics in a class-room style, estimate of damping in offshore structures and their applications in the preliminary analysis and design. Basic concepts of structural dynamics are emphasized through simple illustrative examples and exercises. Design methodologies and guidelines, which are FORM based concepts are explained through a few applied example structures. Each chapter also has tutorials and exercises for self-learning. A dedicated chapter on stochastic dynamics will help the students to extend the basic concepts of structural dynamics to this advanced domain of research. Hydrodynamic response of offshore structures with perforated members is one of the recent research applications, which is found to be one of the effective manner of retrofitting offshore structures. Results of recent research, validated by the experimental and numerical studies are presented to update of the readers. Integration of the concepts of structural dynamics with the FORM-evolved design of offshore structures is a unique approach used in this book. The book will prove useful to the practicing and consulting offshore structural engineers, as also to students and researchers working in the field.

Soil Dynamics And Foundation Modeling

Author: Junbo Jia
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319403583
Size: 69.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents a comprehensive topical overview on soil dynamics and foundation modeling in offshore and earthquake engineering. The spectrum of topics include, but is not limited to, soil behavior, soil dynamics, earthquake site response analysis, soil liquefactions, as well as the modeling and assessment of shallow and deep foundations. The author provides the reader with both theory and practical applications, and thoroughly links the methodological approaches with engineering applications. The book also contains cutting-edge developments in offshore foundation engineering such as anchor piles, suction piles, pile torsion modeling, soil ageing effects and scour estimation. The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners in the field of offshore engineering, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Risk Management And Simulation

Author: Aparna Gupta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439835950
Size: 20.73 MB
Format: PDF
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The challenges of the current financial environment have revealed the need for a new generation of professionals who combine training in traditional finance disciplines with an understanding of sophisticated quantitative and analytical tools. Risk Management and Simulation shows how simulation modeling and analysis can help you solve risk management problems related to market, credit, operational, business, and strategic risk. Simulation models and methodologies offer an effective way to address many of these problems and are easy for finance professionals to understand and use. Drawing on the author’s extensive teaching experience, this accessible book walks you through the concepts, models, and computational techniques. How Simulation Models Can Help You Manage Risk More Effectively Organized into four parts, the book begins with the concepts and framework for risk management. It then introduces the modeling and computational techniques for solving risk management problems, from model development, verification, and validation to designing simulation experiments and conducting appropriate output analysis. The third part of the book delves into specific issues of risk management in a range of risk types. These include market risk, equity risk, interest rate risk, commodity risk, currency risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, and strategic, business, and operational risks. The author also examines insurance as a mechanism for risk management and risk transfer. The final part of the book explores advanced concepts and techniques. The book contains extensive review questions and detailed quantitative or computational exercises in all chapters. Use of MATLAB® mathematical software is encouraged and suggestions for MATLAB functions are provided throughout. Learn Step by Step, from Basic Concepts to More Complex Models Packed with applied examples and exercises, this book builds from elementary models for risk to more sophisticated, dynamic models for risks that evolve over time. A comprehensive introduction to simulation modeling and analysis for risk management, it gives you the tools to better assess and manage the impact of risk in your organizations. The book can also serve as a support reference for readers preparing for CFA exams, GARP FRM exams, PRMIA PRM exams, and actuarial exams.

Engineering Geology For Society And Territory Volume 2

Author: Giorgio Lollino
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319090577
Size: 57.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is one out of 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes, and deals with Landslide processes, including: field data and monitoring techniques, prediction and forecasting of landslide occurrence, regional landslide inventories and dating studies, modeling of slope instabilities and secondary hazards (e.g. impulse waves and landslide-induced tsunamis, landslide dam failures and breaching), hazard and risk assessment, earthquake and rainfall induced landslides, instabilities of volcanic edifices, remedial works and mitigation measures, development of innovative stabilization techniques and applicability to specific engineering geological conditions, use of geophysical techniques for landslide characterization and investigation of triggering mechanisms. Focuses is given to innovative techniques, well documented case studies in different environments, critical components of engineering geological and geotechnical investigations, hydrological and hydrogeological investigations, remote sensing and geophysical techniques, modeling of triggering, collapse, run out and landslide reactivation, geotechnical design and construction procedures in landslide zones, interaction of landslides with structures and infrastructures and possibility of domino effects. The Engineering Geology for Society and Territory volumes of the IAEG XII Congress held in Torino from September 15-19, 2014, analyze the dynamic role of engineering geology in our changing world and build on the four main themes of the congress: environment, processes, issues, and approaches. The congress topics and subject areas of the 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes are: Climate Change and Engineering Geology. Landslide Processes. River Basins, Reservoir Sedimentation and Water Resources. Marine and Coastal Processes. Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation. Applied Geology for Major Engineering Projects. Education, Professional Ethics and Public Recognition of Engineering Geology. Preservation of Cultural Heritage.

Engineering A Safer World

Author: Nancy G. Leveson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262297302
Size: 54.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety -- more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world -- based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques.Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

The Economic Foundations Of Risk Management

Author: Robert Jarrow
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813147539
Size: 37.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Economic Foundations of Risk Management presents the theory, the practice, and applies this knowledge to provide a forensic analysis of some well-known risk management failures. By doing so, this book introduces a unified framework for understanding how to manage the risk of an individual's or corporation's or financial institution's assets and liabilities. The book is divided into five parts. The first part studies the markets and the assets and liabilities that trade therein. Markets are differentiated based on whether they are competitive or not, frictionless or not (and the type of friction), and actively traded or not. Assets are divided into two types: primary assets and financial derivatives. The second part studies models for determining the risks of the traded assets. Models provided include the Black-Scholes-Merton, the Heath-Jarrow-Morton, and the reduced form model for credit risk. Liquidity risk, operational risk, and trading constraint models are also contained therein. The third part studies the conceptual solution to an individual's, firm's, and bank's risk management problem. This formulation involves solving a complex dynamic programming problem that cannot be applied in practice. Consequently, Part IV investigates how risk management is actually done in practice via the use of diversification, static hedging, and dynamic hedging. Finally, Part V applies these collective insights to six case studies, which are famous risk management failures. These are Penn Square Bank, Metallgesellschaft, Orange County, Barings Bank, Long Term Capital Management, and Washington Mutual. The credit crisis is also discussed to understand how risk management failed for many institutions and why.